The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries. During those years, the United States evolved from a new nation fighting Great Britain for independence (1774–1781), through the monumental American Civil War (1861–65) to the world's sole remaining superpower of the late 20th century and early 21st century.
Sid Meier's Gettysburg! is a real-time tactical computer game designed by Sid Meier, the co-founder of Firaxis Games, that was released in 1997 by Electronic Arts. In 1998, Gettysburg won the Origins Award for Best Strategy Computer Game of 1997. It was followed by Sid Meier's Antietam! in 1998.
The game allows the player to control either the Confederate or Union troops during the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War. It can be played as single scenarios, or as a campaign of linked scenarios, either recounting the original history or exploring alternative possibilities.
Edwin M. Stanton
Ulysses S. Grant
William T. Sherman
David D. Porter
Judah P. Benjamin
Robert E. Lee
Joseph E. Johnston
Kirkwood Otey (October 18, 1832-June 1, 1897) served as the commanding officer of the 11th Virginia Infantry in the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War.
Otey commanded the regiment first as a major, then as a colonel in the years 1864-1865, until General Robert E. Lee's surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. While still a major in command of the 11th Virginia, Otey was wounded in the shoulder during the immortal frontal assault known as Pickett's Charge near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This occurred on the third and final day of the Battle of Gettysburg (the bloodiest and probably most decisive engagement of the conflict), on July 3, 1863. Otey survived, however, and would serve as commanding colonel of the unit until the war ended.
Pickett's Charge was an infantry assault ordered by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee against Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's Union positions on Cemetery Ridge on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. Its futility was predicted by the charge's commander, Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, and it was arguably an avoidable mistake from which the Southern war effort never fully recovered psychologically. The farthest point reached by the attack has been referred to as the high-water mark of the Confederacy.
The charge is named after Maj. Gen. George Pickett, one of three Confederate generals who led the assault under Longstreet.