Jerry Lewis (born March 16, 1926) is an American comedian, actor, singer, film producer, screenwriter and film director. He is known for his slapstick humor in film, television, stage and radio. He was originally paired up with Dean Martin in 1946, forming the famed comedy team of Martin and Lewis. In addition to the duo's popular nightclub work, they starred in a successful series of comedy films for Paramount Pictures. Lewis is best known as the host, for more than 40 years, of the Muscular Dystrophy Association's annual Labor Day Telethon and national chairman of the MDA.
Lewis has won several awards for lifetime achievements from The American Comedy Awards, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, and Venice Film Festival, and he has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In 2005, he received the Governors Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Board of Governors, which is the highest Emmy Award presented. On February 22, 2009, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Lewis the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion. Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue.
In the 1860s, descriptions of boys who grew progressively weaker, lost the ability to walk, and died at an early age became more prominent in medical journals. In the following decade, French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne gave a comprehensive account of thirteen boys with the most common and severe form of the disease, which now carries his name—Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
The MDA Show of Strength is an annual televised benefit concert that is held each Labor Day Weekend in the United States to raise money for the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA). The program is the successor to the Jerry Lewis MDA Labor Day Telethon, an annual telethon that ran until 2010.
The history of MDA's telethon dates back to the 1950s, when the Jerry Lewis Thanksgiving Party for MDA raised funds for the organization's New York City area operations. The telethon has been held annually on Labor Day weekend since 1966, and has raised $2.45 billion for MDA from its inception through 2009.
Mizlou Television Network, Inc. or Mizlou Communications, Inc., was a former sports broadcast television network. Mizlou later branched out into cable sports channels.
The Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) is an American organization which combats muscular dystrophy and diseases of the nervous system and muscular system in general by funding research, providing medical and community services, and educating health professionals and the general public. The organization was founded in 1950 as the Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America, renamed to its present name in the 1970s.
Many celebrities assist the organization, including Jerry Lewis, Ed McMahon, Tom Bergeron, Jann Carl, Ace Young, Cynthia Garrett, Billy Gilman, Norm Crosby, Alison Sweeney, Maureen McGovern, Don Francisco, John Ondrasik, Nancy O'Dell, and many more. Several notable celebrities with Muscular Disorders make personal appeals on behalf of this association, including Todd Taylor. MDA's national headquarters are in Tucson, Arizona.
Founded in 1958, the Muscular Dystrophy Family Foundation (MDFF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit health agency located in Indianapolis, Indiana whose motto is No Boundaries. The MDFF has no affiliation with the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) or the annual fund-raising telethon associated with them. Unlike the MDA, MDFF does not have research as part of their mission. Rather, MDFF is concerned with providing adaptive equipment and emotional support to those who suffer from muscular dystrophy, both patients and their families. This support is provided in a number of ways, through financial assistance to defray the cost of equipment, maintenance of clinics for children and adults, organization of social events, organization of personal visitations in home and school settings, administration of the Project for Independence and Mobility (PIM), and administration of the Miracle Dreams for Families program.
A social issue (also called a social problem or a social situation) is an issue that relates to society's perception of a person's personal lives. Different cultures have different perceptions and what may be "normal" behavior in one society may be a significant social issue in another society. Social issues are distinguished from economic issues. Some issues have both social and economic aspects, such as immigration. There are also issues that don't fall into either category, such as wars.
Thomas Paine, in Rights of Man and Common Sense, addresses man's duty to "allow the same rights to others as we allow ourselves". The failure to do so causes the birth of a social issue.