Professional wrestling (often shortened pro wrestling, or simply wrestling) is a mode of spectacle which combines athletics and theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies, which mimic a title match combat sport. The unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws, and acrobatic maneuvers; much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees.
The matches have predetermined outcomes in order to heighten entertainment value, and all combative maneuvers are executed with the full cooperation of those involved and carefully performed in specific manners intended to lessen the chance of actual injury. These facts were once kept highly secretive but are now a widely accepted open secret. By and large, the true nature of the performance is not discussed by the performing company in order to sustain and promote the willing suspension of disbelief for the audience by maintaining an aura of verisimilitude.
Oscar Rubio Gutierrez (born December 11, 1974) is a Mexican American professional wrestler signed to WWE. Gutierrez was trained by his uncle Rey Misterio, Sr., where he learned the Lucha Libre high flying style that has been his trademark.
Gutierrez originally worked for Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA) in Mexico, from 1992 to 1995. He wrestled in Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) from 1995 to 1996 and World Championship Wrestling (WCW) from 1996 to 2001, as Rey Misterio, Jr./Rey Mysterio, Jr. ("Rey Misterio" is Spanish for "King Mystery") but dropped the "Junior" from his name when he began working for WWE in 2002.
Randal Keith "Randy" Orton (born April 1, 1980) is an American professional wrestler and actor signed to WWE, where he is the current WWE Champion in his eighth reign. Orton is a third-generation professional wrestler; his grandfather Bob Orton, Sr., father "Cowboy" Bob Orton, and uncle Barry O all competed in the professional wrestling industry. Before being promoted to the main World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) roster, Orton trained in and wrestled for Mid-Missouri Wrestling Association-Southern Illinois Conference Wrestling for a month. He was then sent to Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW), where Orton held the OVW Hardcore Championship on two separate occasions.
After signing with WWF, Orton became a member of the stable Evolution, which quickly led to a WWE Intercontinental Championship reign, his first title with the company. Orton also acquired the moniker "The Legend Killer" during a storyline where he began disrespecting Hall of Famers and physically attacking veterans of the industry outside of appropriate restrictions. At age 24, Orton became the youngest person ever to hold the World Heavyweight Championship. With this win, Orton departed from Evolution and a feud with his former stablemates began. In 2006, Orton joined forces with Edge in a tag team known as Rated-RKO. Together, Orton and Edge held the World Tag Team Championship. After the team disbanded, during mid-2007, Orton gained two WWE Championship reigns in one night. Orton formed the group The Legacy with Cody Rhodes and Ted DiBiase in 2008. It disbanded in 2010 and Orton returned to singles competition. Overall, Orton has won 13 total championships in WWE, including being a 11-time World Champion, having won the World Heavyweight Championship three times and the WWE Championship eight times. He is also the winner of the 2009 Royal Rumble match, and has headlined many pay-per-view events for the organization, including WrestleMania XXV.
TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs is a professional wrestling event produced annually by WWE, a Connecticut–based promotion, and broadcast live and available only through pay-per-view (PPV). The event was established in 2009, replacing Armageddon in the December slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar. However, the concept of the show is based around the primary matches of the card each containing a stipulation utilizing tables, ladders and/or chairs as legal weapons. The event's concept was voted by fans via WWE's official website and was chosen over an event with street fight main events and an event featuring a single-elimination tournament.
The event was held only in indoor arenas in the United States. Championship bouts were scheduled on every card, with the lower-tier titles featured on the undercard and the top-tier featured on the main card. .
John Felix Anthony Cena (born April 23, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, bodybuilder, rapper, and actor. He is signed to WWE, where he is the current World Heavyweight Champion in his third reign and a company record 14-time world champion overall.
Cena started his professional wrestling career in 2000 with Ultimate Pro Wrestling, where he held the UPW Heavyweight Championship. In 2001, Cena signed a developmental contract with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, later renamed to WWE). Cena debuted on the WWF main roster in 2002, and to date, he has won 21 championships in total, including 14 world championships (a record 11 reigns as WWE Champion and the World Heavyweight Championship three times), a company record. He has the fourth-highest number of combined days as WWE Champion, behind Bob Backlund, Hulk Hogan and Bruno Sammartino, and is the 4th longest-reigning WWE Champion in history. He is also the first man to win the match by disqualification and fail to capture a world championship upon cashing in a Money in the Bank contract.
Nicholas Theodore "Nick" Nemeth (born July 27, 1980), best known by the ring name Dolph Ziggler, is an American professional wrestler signed to WWE.
Nemeth signed a development contract with WWE in 2004, and was sent to Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW). He was brought up to the Raw brand in 2005 as Kerwin White's sidekick. He was, however, sent back to OVW shortly afterwards, where he joined the Spirit Squad. They debuted on Raw in January 2006, and won the World Tag Team Championship once before returning to OVW that November.
A Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match, often abbreviated as a TLC, is a type of professional wrestling match originated within the World Wrestling Federation, what is known now as the WWE, but can be seen under different variations in other wrestling promotions.
Phillip Jack Brooks (born October 26, 1978), better known by his ring name CM Punk, is an American professional wrestler who is signed with WWE. He is titled in the company as "the longest-reigning WWE Champion of the modern era": Punk held the title for 434 days from November 20, 2011 to January 27, 2013, and is officially recognized as the sixth-longest reigning champion of all time.
In professional wrestling, Punk is a seven-time World Champion, having held the ROH World Championship and ECW Championship once each, WWE's World Heavyweight Championship three times, and the WWE Championship twice. He has also won the World Tag Team Championship (with Kofi Kingston) and the WWE Intercontinental Championship, making him the 19th WWE Triple Crown Champion and the fastest man in WWE history to achieve this record at 203 days. Between WWE and Ring of Honor (where he is a two-time World Tag Team Champion), Punk has won a total of 11 championships. He was also the winner of the 2008 and 2009 Money in the Bank ladder matches (the only wrestler to win the match twice in a row), and was the 2011 Superstar of the Year Slammy Award winner.
Night of Champions (NOC) is a bodybuilding contest held every year in New York City, USA. It began in 1978 and is considered one of the top professional bodybuilding events, with the top five finalists qualifying for the Mr. Olympia contest.
In 1981, female bodybuilding was added to the Night of Champions but wasn't held again until 2003, along with women's figure, and fitness contests. The Night of Champions continued in 2004 with the two bodybuilding competitions, but the fitness and figure contests were cancelled. In 2005, the contest was renamed the New York Pro. Fitness and figure competitions have run under the New York Pro name since 2002, but both have been run as completely separate events on different dates.
Jeffrey Nero "Jeff" Hardy (born August 31, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, singer-songwriter, painter and musician who is currently signed to Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). He is also known for his prominent appearance with the World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment (WWE). WWE gave Hardy credit for "revolutioniz[ing] sports-entertainment", and described him as "one of the most popular WWE Champions in history."
Before gaining prominence in WWE, Hardy performed for the Organization of Modern Extreme Grappling Arts (OMEGA), a promotion he ran with his brother Matt. After being signed by WWE, the brothers worked as jobbers, before gaining notoriety in the tag team division, partly due to their participation in Tables, Ladders, and Chairs matches. With the addition of Lita, the team became known as Team Xtreme and continued to rise in popularity. As a tag team wrestler, Hardy is a seven-time World Tag Team Champion (six WWF/E World Tag Team Championships and one WCW Tag Team Championship) - all with his brother Matt.