Question:

Who is Sally the Civil War dog?

Answer:

"Sallie," a brindle Staffordshire Bull Terrier, was the regimental mascot for the 11th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Given to 1st Lt William R. Terry as a four-week old puppy, Sallie grew up among the men of the regiment.

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The 20th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was a volunteer infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Recruitment for the regiment began on Friday, April 26, 1861 and by Saturday evening, the ranks were full. William H. Gray was elected colonel, George Moore as lieutenant colonel, and Andrew H. Tippin as major. It was mustered into service the following week and spent some time in Philadelphia drilling. It was assigned to Major General Robert Patterson's Army of the Shenandoah as part of the 3rd brigade, First Division. It took part in the advance which intended to pin down General Joseph E. Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah. On July 24, it was ordered back to Philadelphia, where it was mustered out August 6.
The 11th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The 11th Iowa Infantry was organized at Davenport, Iowa and mustered into Federal service between September 28 and October 18, 1861. The regiment was mustered out on July 15, 1865. Total enrollment was 1297. The regiment lost 5 officers and 86 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 2 officers and 166 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 259 fatalities. 234 were wounded.
The 11th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was assigned to front-line combat duty in the Army of the Cumberland in the Western Theater and participated in most of its leading battles and campaigns, including the Chattanooga Campaign and the 1864 Atlanta Campaign. The 11th Michigan Infantry was organized at White Pigeon, Michigan, primarily from volunteer recruits raised from the St. Joseph County, Michigan, region. It was mustered into Federal service for a three-year enlistment on September 24, 1861. It served in a variety of assignments and campaigns, seeing action initially under its first colonel, future U.S. Congressman William L. Stoughton. The much depleted regiment was mustered out on September 30, 1864, and recruits and veterans whose terms of enlistment had not yet expired were transferred to the 11th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Reorganized). The regiment suffered 5 officers and 107 enlisted men who were killed in action or motally wounded, and 2 officers and 194 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 308 fatalities.
Here is a link to the pages of a booklet for the 27th Reunion of the Eleventh Michigan Volunteer Cavalry (includes photos): http://debwong.com/Cavalry.html
The 11th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The 11th West Virginia was organized at Elizabeth, Wheeling, Burning Springs, Ravenswood, Kanawha Station, and Point Pleasant in western Virginia between October 29, 1861 and October 8, 1862. Private George G. Moore of Company D was awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Fisher's Hill Corporal Adam White of Company G, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his exceptional heroism in charging the Rebel works, routing the enemy and capturing a brigade flag . This was during the breakthrough at Hatcher's Run during the Siege Petersburg, VA, April 2, 1865.
The 10th West Virginia was mustered out on June 17, 1865. The 11th West Virginia suffered 4 Officers and 63 enlisted men killed in battle or died from wounds, and 148 enlisted men dead from disease for a total of 215 fatalities.[1]
The 11th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was raised by orator Robert Green Ingersoll who became its first colonel and Basile D. Weeks. The 11th Illinois Cavalry was mustered into service at Peoria, Illinois on December 20, 1861. The regiment was mustered out on September 30, 1865. The regiment suffered the loss of 2 officers and 32 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds in addition to 8 officers and 237 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 279 fatalities.
The 11th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union army during the American Civil War. Organized in Boston in May 1861, the 11th Massachusetts was made up mostly of men from Boston, but also from Charlestown and Dorchester. The leading force behind the formation of the regiment was its first colonel, George Clark, Jr., who had been an officer in the Massachusetts state militia. The regiment was known as the "Boston Volunteers." Arriving in Washington, D.C. in June, the 11th was one of only three Massachusetts regiments to participate in the First Battle of Bull Run. The regiment spent the early fall of 1861 helping to build fortifications around Washington. In October, the 11th was stationed at Bud's Ferry in Indian Head, Maryland where they remained on picket duty for the winter of 1861-1862. The 11th saw its first combat during the Peninsular Campaign in the spring of 1862. They were heavily engaged during the Second Battle of Bull Run, participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg, and suffered severe casualties at the Battle of Chancellorsville and the Battle of Gettysburg.
The 11th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment was a Union army regiment that participated in the American Civil War. It had the distinction of being the oldest unit in continuous service from Pennsylvania. The 11th Pennsylvania was recruited from several counties in Pennsylvania as a three-month regiment on April 26, 1861, and sent to Camp Curtin, Harrisburg for training and organization. Phaon Jarrett served as its first colonel, with Richard Coulter as lieutenant colonel and William D. Earnest as major. It was assigned to Robert Patterson's Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment received the nickname "The Bloody Eleventh" at the Battle of Falling Waters, Virginia, July 2, 1861. The 11th was reorganized as a three-year regiment in the August of the same year at Camp Curtin in Harrisburg. After a few weeks of drill, the regiment was given garrison duty at Annapolis, Maryland. In April, it was moved to Mannassas Junction, where it guarded the railroad. It was again transferred, this time to the Shenandoah Valley, in late May as part of Irvin McDowell's Corps. They fought in the Battles of Cedar Mountain and Second Bull Run. After the Army of Virginia was merged into the Army of the Potomac, the reconstituted regiment became part of the I Corps. At Turner's Gap at the Battle of South Mountain, the 11th came under light fire only, losing two men wounded. At the Battle of Antietam three days later, it was heavily engaged on the Union right around the West Woods. In this battle, it lost 27 killed, 89 wounded, and two captured. When the original three-year enlistment period expired in January 1864, many of the men reenrolled in the regiment at the influence of Brig. Gen. Richard Coulter, a former colonel of the regiment. Because of this, the unit was designated "veteran volunteers." During the reorganization of the Army in the spring of 1864, the 11th became part of the V Corps, as the old I Corps had been disbanded, and surviving units transferred to the V Corps. The 11th fought in multiple battles in the Eastern Theater, including Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Grant's Overland Campaign, the Siege of Petersburg, and the Appomattox Campaign. It was mustered out on July 1, 1865. A total of 1,890 men served in the regiment during the war, and only 340 men were discharged at war's end. Among the numerous casualties was one that would stand out as an undying remembrance of the unit and its loyalty to the cause. The regiment's beloved mascot, a brindle bull terrier named "Sallie," traveled everywhere with the unit. She was said to have hated three things—Rebels, Democrats, and Women. Her loyalty was undying, for at Gettysburg, after the battle on the First Day was over, Sallie, tired and hungry, ambled out to where her brave comrades had fought and died. She lay down with the dead, until she was found, weak and close to death herself, on July 4, 1863. Her friends nursed her back to health, and she fought with the unit in every battle until she was mortally wounded at Hatcher's Run in February 1865. The men gave her a proper burial, never forgetting the most devoted member of their regiment. Her likeness is forever memorialized on the 11th Pennsylvania monument on Oak Ridge in the Gettysburg National Military Park. Casualties: The 11th Pennsylvania was commanded for most of its service by Colonel Richard Coulter. Two of the regiment's men were awarded the Medal of Honor, both for capturing battle flags. Private George W. Reed earned his at the Battle of Globe Tavern on August 21, 1864, and Sergeant Hiram H. De Lavie at the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865. William Henry Locke, the regimental chaplain, later wrote a history of the 11th Pennsylvania. Company K, 11th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, is based in southwest Pennsylvania. It includes not only military reenactors but also women and children portraying the families of the soldiers.
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