"The resulting battle , the first between iron-armored warships, was a tactical draw. However, USS Monitor prevented the CSS Virginia from gaining control of Hampton Roads and thus preserved the Federal blockade of the Norfolk area." AnswerParty!
The USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship and the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy during the American Civil War. Monitor is most famous for her central role in the Battle of Hampton Roads on 9 March 1862, where she fought the casemate ironclad VirginiaCSS (the former steam frigate MerrimackUSS ) to a standoff. The unique design of the ship, distinguished by its revolving turret, was quickly duplicated and established the Monitor type of warship.
Designed by the Swedish-born engineer and inventor John Ericsson, and hurriedly built in Brooklyn in only 101 days, the Monitor presented a new concept in ship design and employed a variety of new inventions and innovations in ship building that caught the attention of the world. The impetus to build the Monitor was prompted by the news that the Confederates were building an ironclad warship, the Virginia, that could engage the Union ships that were blockading Hampton Roads and the James River leading to Richmond, and ultimately advance on Washington, D. C. and other cities virtually unchallenged. Before Monitor could reach the Roads, the Confederate ironclad had destroyed the sail frigates CumberlandUSS and CongressUSS and had run the steam frigate MinnesotaUSS aground. That night the Monitor arrived and the following morning, just before the Virginia was about to finish off the Minnesota, the new Union ironclad confronted the Confederate ship, preventing her from wreaking further destruction on the wooden Union ships. A four-hour battle ensued, both ships pounding the other with close-range cannon fire, although neither ship could destroy or seriously damage the other. This was the first-ever battle fought between two armored warships and marked a turning point in naval warfare.
An ironclad was a steam-propelled warship in the early part of the second half of the 19th century, protected by iron or steel armour plates. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells. The first ironclad battleship, Gloire, was launched by the French Navy in November 1859. The British Admiralty had been considering armored warships since 1856 and prepared a draft design for an armored corvette in 1857; in early 1859 the Royal Navy started building two iron-hulled armored frigates, and by 1861 had made the decision to move to an all-armored battle fleet. After the first clashes of ironclads (both with wooden ships and with one another) took place in 1862 during the American Civil War, it became clear that the ironclad had replaced the unarmored ship of the line as the most powerful warship afloat. This type of ship would come to be very successful in the American Civil War.
Ironclads were designed for several roles, including as high seas battleships, coastal defense ships, and long-range cruisers. The rapid evolution of warship design in the late 19th century transformed the ironclad from a wooden-hulled vessel that carried sails to supplement its steam engines into the steel-built, turreted battleships and cruisers familiar in the 20th century. This change was pushed forward by the development of heavier naval guns (the ironclads of the 1880s carried some of the heaviest guns ever mounted at sea), more sophisticated steam engines, and advances in metallurgy which made steel shipbuilding possible.
Battle of Hampton Roads
CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and steam engines of the scuttled MerrimackUSS . Virginia was one of the participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads, opposing the Union's MonitorUSS in March 1862. The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads.
John Lorimer Worden
Coordinates: 36.98333°N 76.31972°W / 36°59′0″N 76°19′11″W
Tactical Confederate Victory
John Lorimer Worden (March 12, 1818 – October 19, 1897) was a U.S. rear admiral who served in the American Civil War. He commanded Monitor against the Confederate vessel Virginia (originally named Merrimack) in first battle of ironclad ships in 1862.
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