A distilled beverage, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic beverage containing ethanol that is produced by distilling (i.e., concentrating by distillation) ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables. This excludes undistilled fermented beverages such as beer, wine, and cider. Types of distilled beverages include Vodka, gin, baijiu, tequila, rum, whisky, brandy, slivovitz and soju.
The term hard liquor is used in North America to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker).
A rectified spirit, also known as rectified alcohol, grain alcohol, or neutral spirit, is highly concentrated ethanol which has been purified by means of repeated distillation, a process that is called rectification. It typically contains 95% alcohol by volume (ABV). Rectified spirits sold on the consumer market are used in mixed drinks, in the home production of liqueurs, for medicinal purposes, and as a household solvent. Rectified spirits are also produced by distillers for dilution and mixing with more traditional distilled beverages to produce inexpensive liquor.
The purity of rectified spirit has a practical limit of 95.6% ABV (191.2 US proof) when produced using conventional distillation processes, because a mixture of ethanol and water becomes an azeotrope at this concentration.
Arthur Paul "Art" Alexakis (born April 12, 1962) is best known as the American singer, composer, and guitarist of the rock band Everclear. He is of Greek ancestry. He has been a member of several notable bands, in addition to his own work as a songwriter for other artists. Alexakis founded several record labels throughout his career, and worked as an A&R representative for major record labels, between and during his own musical projects. Later he became a political activist, and lobbied for special concerns which included drug awareness policies, and support of the families of the military. Along with the band Everclear, he performed for soldiers stationed in Cuba. His political involvement continued to expand, and Alexakis campaigned for the (unsuccessful) bid of former candidate John Kerry for the position of President of the United States.