That would mean it took them 5 minutes and 32 seconds to run a mile? That is the speed they ran at.
Since the five-week voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492, crossing the Atlantic, quickly and safely, between Europe and America has always been an important issue. Today, the route has become a classic one among skippers. The record is one of the most prestigious, next to the Jules Verne Trophy, for which it is often a good preparation.
This record can be achieved both ways: from west to east or from east to west. It can also be homologated single-handed or crewed, on monohulls or on multihulls. It is homologated, since 1972, by the WSSRC
This route is the fastest, as it follows the prevailing westerlies. It is the one that meets the most interest among skippers. The crossing must be made from Ambrose Light of (New York) to an imaginary line linking Lizard Point, Cornwall to Ushant. The distance is around 2,880 nautical miles (5,330 km; 3,310 mi).
Jean-Baptiste Le Vaillant, Emmanuel Le Borgne, Marcel Van Triest, Pierre-Yves Moreau, Xavier Revil
Yann Guichard, Ronan Le Goff, Bruno Jeanjean, Loïc Le Mignon, Pascal Blouin
Ronan Le Goff, Jean-Baptiste Epron, Yann Guichard, Clément Surtel, Jean-Baptiste Le Vaillant
This crossing is made between Cadiz and San Salvador Island, for a distance of 8300 kilometres or 4,481 nautical miles (8,299 km). It was also called Road of the discovery in honor of Christopher Colombus and his 1492 crossing.
Sébastien Audigane, Frédéric Le Peutrec, Ronan Le Goff, Marcel Van Triest
Senior Tourist Trophy is a motorcycle road race that takes place during the Isle of Man TT festival; an annual event at the end of May and beginning of June. The Senior TT is the Blue Riband event of the festival and takes place on the Friday of race week. The Marquis de Mouzilly St. Mars trophy is now presented annually to the winner of the Senior TT race. The event was part of the FIM Motorcycle Grand Prix World Championship during the period 1949–1976 before being transferred to the United Kingdom after safety concerns and run by the FIM as the British Grand Prix for the 1977 season.
Until 2012 the Senior TT had never been cancelled except during the two World Wars and the foot and mouth outbreak in 2001. However, during the 2012 TT Races, inclement weather on the day prior to its traditional Friday race day – 8 June, the decision was taken to postpone racing until the following day – Saturday, 9 June. Consequently a course inspection was made, and following a meeting between riders and officials, the decision was made to cancel the running of the Senior race on the grounds of safety.
The 1911 Isle of Man TT was the first time the Senior TT race took place and was open to 500 cc single-cylinder and 585 cc twin-cylinder motorcycles. It was won by Oliver Godfrey, riding an Indian, at an average speed of 47.63 mph for the 5 laps of the Snaefell Mountain Course that was in use for the first time that year. The 1912 event was the first to limit the Senior TT to only 500 cc machines and this engine capacity prevailed until 1984.
The engine capacity has been modified from the usual (up to) 500 cc and is now (up to) 1,000 cc, though 1,000 cc machines were permitted in 1985 and 1986, 1,300 cc in 1987, 1988 and 1989, and 750 cc in 1990–1998.
The 2012 specification for entries into the Senior TT race are defined as;-
The lap record for the Senior TT is 17 Minutes and 12.30 seconds at an average speed of 131.578 mph set by John McGuinness during the 2009 Senior TT Race. The race record for the Senior TT is 1 hour, 45 minutes and 20.394 seconds, an average race speed of 128.943 mph also set by John McGuinness in 2013 during the 6 lap (236.38 Miles) race. The longest race distance for a FIM Motorcycle Grand Prix World Championship event was the 500cc 1957 Isle of Man TT race. The 8 lap (302.00 Miles) 1957 Senior TT race was won by Bob McIntyre riding a 500cc Gilera in 3 hours, 2 minutes and 57.0 seconds at an average race speed of 98.99 mph.
1907 • 1908 • 1909 • 1910
1911 • 1912 • 1913 • 1914 • World War I • 1920 • 1921 • 1922 • 1923 • 1924 • 1925 • 1926 • 1927 • 1928
1929 • 1930 • 1931 • 1932 • 1933 • 1934 • 1935 • 1936 • 1937 • 1938 • 1939 • World War II • 1947 • 1948
1949 • 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961 • 1962
1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 • 1967 • 1968 • 1969 • 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976
1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994
1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 (cancelled) • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013
The offshore-racing trimaran Banque Populaire V is Team Banque Populaire's fifth boat designed to set oceanic records. She was launched on October 4, 2008 in Nantes, France.
With her 40 m (130 ft) length, she is currently the largest racing trimaran in the world. Her current skipper is Loick Peyron. Her first skipper, Pascal Bidégorry, entered the Team Banque Populaire in 2004. Her sponsor is the French bank Banque Populaire.
The architectural project for Banque Populaire V started in 2006. The architects VPLP (Van Peteghem / Lauriot-Prévost) designed this G-Class maxi multihull. The trimaran was built by the shipyard CDK Technologies in Lorient.
She was launched at the end of August 2008 in Lorient for her sea trials.
In 2009, she made her first attempt across the northern Atlantic from west to east. On Sunday the 2nd of August 2009 she established the new record in 3 days, 15 hours, 25 minutes and 48 seconds (an average speed of 32.94 knots), beating the previous record, held by Franck Cammas on Groupama 3, by more than 12 hours. During the attempt she also broke the 24 hour distance twice, first with 880, then, several hours later, with 907 nautical miles (1,680 km).
In 2010, the boat was moored in Brest, awaiting an opportunity for an attempt to beat the Jules Verne Trophy record (circumnavigation of the world), held since 2010, by Franck Cammas and the maxi-multihull Groupama 3.
The first such attempt started on 22 January 2011 at 12:11:45, with the objective of reaching the finish line before March 11 at 19:55:37. This attempt failed on 4 February, when she hit some debris and was forced to retire.
A second, successful attempt began on 22 November 2011; she circumnavigated in 45 days, 13 hours, and 43 minutes.
In January 2013, the boat was acquired by Dona Bertarelli's racing team Spindrift Racing.
The first skipper of the trimaran was Pascal Bidégorry. Loïck Peyron took over in June 2011.
The first around the world sailing record for circumnavigation of the world was Juan Sebastián Elcano and the remaining members of Ferdinand Magellan's crew who completed their journey in 1522. The first solo record was set by Joshua Slocum in the Spray (1898).
Most races or solo attempts start from Europe. Due to the configuration of the continents, sailing around the world consists in sailing around the Antarctica continent, passing south of Cape Horn, Cape of Good Hope and Cape Leeuwin. Since 1918 the Panama Canal is an option but the locks must be entered and exited using engine power. Large stretches of the canal can be crossed under sail power.
Sailing around the world can be done by two directions: eastward or westward. The dominant winds and currents (outside tropical areas) make the voyage eastwards on the Southern hemisphere faster, most skippers and yachts who race prefer this route. Today, the multihulls perform much better than monohulls and hold the best times. Leisure yacht skippers who prefer tropical seas more often go westward, using the Trade winds (and the Panama canal).
The most famous races around the world are:
The Jules Verne Trophy is awarded to the skipper who breaks the outright record, starting from an imaginary line between the Créac'h lighthouse on Ouessant (Ushant) Island, France, and the Lizard Lighthouse, UK.
The records are homologated by the World Sailing Speed Record Council (WSSRC).
According to the WSSRC, for around the world sailing records, there is a rule saying that the length must be at least 21,600 nm calculated along the shortest possible track from the starting port and back that does not cross land and does not go below 63°S. The great-circle distance formulas are to be used, assuming that the great circle length is 21,600 nm. It is allowed to have one single waypoint to lengthen the calculated track. The equator must be crossed. In reality, this means that the boat should pass a waypoint at or not far from the antipode of the starting port of the journey (the exact position depends on how short the shortest possible track is). For example, the Vendée Globe starts at 46°N 2°W, has a waypoint at 57°S 180°E, and barely makes the distance requirement. The participants don't have to go to the antipode at 46°S 178°E since the rounding of Africa gives extra distance.
This route is the more demanding one, as it faces the dominant winds and currents. There are fewer attempts and records.
As of February 2010, no record has been homologated.
In May 2006, Dee Caffari became the first woman to sail around the world alone non-stop and single-handed westward on the Monohull Aviva, in 178 days.
The rules for intermediate records are set by the WSSRC. Four official records are listed.:
From the Atlantic Ocean: Equator => Cape Agulhas (South Africa) => Around Antarctica => Cape Horn => Equator
from Cape Agulhas, South Africa (longitude 20°E) to Tasmania south point, (longitude : 146°49'E)
Tasmania south point, (longitude : 146°49'E) to Cape Horn (longitude 67°16'W)
From Cape Horn (longitude 67°16'W) to Cape Agulhas, South Africa (longitude 20°E)
From the cape Horn, cutting the longitude 67°16'W, up to the Equator
Pascal Bidégorry, born the 15th January 1968 in Bayonne, is a French yachtsman and sailing champion.
He joined Team Banque Populaire in 2004 as skipper of the Banque Populaire IV trimaran. From February 2010 to April 2011, he was skipper of Banque Populaire V, the world's largest oceanracing trimaran at 40 metres (130 ft) in length, and campaigned the yacht in breaking oceanracing records.
The world record in the mile run
is the best mark set by a male or female runner in the middle-distance track and field event. The IAAF is the official body which oversees the records. Hicham El Guerrouj is the current men's record holder with his time of 3:43.13, while Svetlana Masterkova has the women's record of 4:12.56. Since 1976, the mile is the only non-metric distance recognized by the IAAF for record purposes.
Accurate times for the mile run (1.609344 km) were not recorded until after 1850, when the first precisely measured running tracks were built. Foot racing had become popular in England by the 17th century, when footmen would race and their masters would wager on the result. By the 19th century "pedestrianism", as it was called, had become extremely popular and the best times recorded in the period were by professionals. Even after professional foot racing died out, it was not until 1915 that the professional record of 4:12¾ (set by Walter George in 1886) was surpassed by an amateur.
Progression of the mile record accelerated in the 1930s as newsreel coverage greatly popularized the sport, making stars out of milers such as Jules Ladoumègue, Jack Lovelock, and Glenn Cunningham. In the 1940s, Swedes Arne Andersson and Gunder Hägg lowered the record to just over four minutes (4:01.4) while racing was curtailed in the combatant countries due to World War II. After the war, it was John Landy of Australia and Britain's Roger Bannister who vied for being the first to break the fabled four-minute mile barrier. Roger Bannister did it first on May 6th 1954, and John Landy followed 46 days later. By the end of the 20th century, the record had been lowered to 3:43.13, by Hicham El Guerrouj of Morocco in 1999.
On the women's side, the first sub-5:00 mile was achieved by Britain's Diane Leather 23 days after Bannister's first sub-4:00 mile. But the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) did not recognize women's records for the distance until 1967, when Anne Rosemary Smith of Britain ran 4:37.0. The current women's world record is 4:12.56 by Svetlana Masterkova of Russia, set on August 14, 1996.
As there was no recognized official sanctioning body until 1912, there are several versions of the mile progression before that year. One version starts with Richard Webster (GBR) who ran 4:36.5 in 1865, surpassed by Chinnery in 1868.
Another variation of the amateur record progression pre-1862 is as follows:
The first world record
in the mile for men
(athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1913.
To June 21, 2009, the IAAF has ratified 32 world records in the event.
Auto times to the hundredth of a second were accepted by the IAAF for events up to and including 10,000 m from 1981.
The first world record
in the mile for women
(athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1967.
To June 21, 2009, the IAAF has ratified 13 world records in the event.
The IAAF recognized times to the hundredth of a second starting in 1981.
Slaney ran 4:17.55 in Houston on 16 February 1980, and Natalya Artyomova (Soviet Union) ran 4:15.8 in Leningrad on 6 August 1984, but neither time was ratified by the IAAF.
Pete Penseyres was the winner of the bicycle Race Across America, or RAAM, in 1984 and 1986, setting a world record of 3107 miles (5000 km) in 8 days, 9 hours, and 47 minutes. His average speed of 15.40 miles per hour (24.8km/h) was the record for 27 years, finally being broken by Christoph Strasser in 2013, who averaged 15.58 miles per hour. Penseyres trained for years by cycling 65 miles to work each day.
Penseyres's performance is is particularly remarkable for several reasons. The RAAM is continuous from start to finish with no breaks; Penseyres was notable for his ability to forgo sleep to improve his time. Equipment at the time was primitive by today's standards: Penseyres introduced the use of aerobars to mimic a downhill skier's wind resistance advantage. Nutrition during the race was also not nearly as advanced as it is today.
Many different units of length have been used around the world. The main units in modern use are U.S. customary units in the United States and the Metric system elsewhere. British Imperial units are still used for some purposes in the United Kingdom and some other countries. The metric system is sub-divided into SI and non-SI units.
The base unit in the International System of Units (SI) is the metre, defined as "the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second." It is approximately equal to 1.0936 yards. Other units are derived from the metre by adding prefixes from the table below: Speed
In the sport of athletics, the four-minute mile is the act of completing the mile run (1,760 yards, or 1,609.344 metres) in less than four minutes. It was first achieved in 1954 by Roger Bannister in 3:59.4. The "four-minute barrier" has since been broken by many male athletes, and is now the standard of all male professional middle distance runners. In the last 50 years the mile record has been lowered by almost 17 seconds. Running a mile in four minutes translates to a speed of 15 miles per hour (24.14 km/h, or 2:29.13 per kilometer, or 14.91 seconds per 100 meters).
Breaking the four-minute barrier was first achieved on 6 May 1954, by Englishman Roger Bannister. Two months later, during the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games hosted in Vancouver, B.C., two competing runners, Australia's John Landy and Bannister, ran the distance of one mile in under four minutes. The race's end is memorialised in a statue of the two (with Landy glancing over his shoulder, thus losing the race) placed in front of the Pacific National Exhibition entrance plaza.
Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister, CBE (born 23 March 1929) is an English former athlete best known for running the first mile in less than 4 minutes.
In the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, Bannister set a British record in the 1500 metres, but did not win the medal he expected. This humiliation strengthened his resolve to be the first 4-minute miler. Hospitality Recreation