Beth Jacob Jerusalem (Hebrew: סמינר בית יעקב למורות, Seminar Bais Yaakov LeMorot), commonly known as BJJ, is a prestigious Haredi religious girls seminary located in the Unsdorf neighborhood of Jerusalem, Israel. It was founded in the early 1960s by Dr. Bruria David.
David founded Beth Jacob Jerusalem as a post-high-school seminary geared for American and Israeli graduates of Bais Yaakov who wished to pursue Torah study on a high academic level. The seminary also provides professional training toward a teaching degree. David interviews each applicant to maintain the school's reputation as one of the "elite" institutions in the Haredi world.
Bais Yaakov Machon Academy (also known as Bais Yaakov Machon) was a high school for Jewish girls. It primarily serviced the Jewish community located in Briarwood, Queens, New York City. Its primary goal was to help the Jewish community strengthen its Jewish education.
Bais Yaakov (בית יעקב also written Beit Yaakov, Beth Jacob, or Beis Yaakov -- literally "House [of] Jacob" in Hebrew) is a common name for Orthodox full-time Jewish elementary and secondary schools throughout the world for Jewish girls from religious families. While these schools share the Bais Yaakov name, they are not necessarily affiliated, though some are, for other reasons.
The name comes from a verse in Exodus 19:3, in which the term "house of Jacob" is traditionally understood in Judaism to refer to the female segment of the Jewish nation.
Jewish religious movements (Hebrew: התנועות הדתיות היהודית) (Yiddish: ייִדיש רעליגיעז מווומאַנץ), sometimes called "denominations" or "branches", include different groups which have developed among Jews from ancient times and especially in the modern era among Ashkenazi Jews living in anglophone countries. Despite the efforts of several of these movements to expand their membership in Israel and achieve official recognition by the Israeli government, non-Orthodox movements have remained largely a feature of Judaism in the diaspora.
Historically, the division of Jews in many Western countries into denominations, which in the United States in particular took the form of three large groups known as Orthodox, Conservative and Reform, can be traced to Jewish reaction to the Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) and its aftermath, and to a certain extent the philosophies of these movements were shaped in reaction to one another. Several smaller movements have emerged in the years since. In more recent years, all of these movements have been shaped by the challenge of assimilation.
Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Tanaim and Amoraim and subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. Orthodox Judaism generally includes Modern Orthodox Judaism and Haredi Judaism, but can include a wide range of philosophies. Orthodox Judaism is a modern self-conscious identification that, for some, distinguishes it from traditional premodern Judaism, although it was the mainstream expression of Judaism prior to the 19th century.
The majority of Jews killed during the Holocaust were Orthodox. It is estimated that they numbered between 50-70% of those who perished, (3,000,000-4,200,000).