In the Spring of 2000 Captain Crunch saved the Crunchlings of Volcania and we haven't heard about him since! Thanks!
Make the Love Connection
Make The Love Connection is a split EP featuring tracks by Captain Everything! and Route 215 and was released on the now defunct 20 Deck Recordings.
Cap'n Crunch is a product line of sweetened corn and oat breakfast cereals introduced in 1963 and manufactured by Quaker Oats Company, a division of PepsiCo since 2001.
The product line is heralded by a cartoon mascot named Cap'n Crunch. According to a 2013 Wall Street Journal article, the mascot, whose full name is Horatio Magellan Crunch, was born "on Crunch Island in the Sea of Milk – a magical place with talking trees, crazy creatures and a whole mountain (Mt. Crunchmore) made out of Cap’n Crunch cereal.” The mascot wears a "Napoleon-style" hat, leading to speculation that he may be French.
In 2013, sources including Reddit, the Wall Street Journal and Washington Times reported that the number of stripes on the mascot's uniform indicate a rank of Commander and not Captain. In jest, the Wall Street Journal reported that the U.S. Navy had no record of Crunch and that NCIS was investigating him for impersonating a naval officer.
Daws Butler provided the original voice of the Cap'n until his death in 1988. Author Philip Wylie wrote a series of short stories, Crunch and Des, beginning in the 1940s, which featured a similarly named Captain Crunch Adams. The Cap'n Crunch commercials have historically used basic cartoon animation by Hanna-Barbera animation. Vinton Studios produced a claymation ad during the 1980s.
Grandma would make this concoction with rice and the sauce that she had; it was a combination of brown sugar and butter. It tasted good, obviously. They'd put it over the rice and eat it as a kind of a treat on Sundays...
– William Low, Pamela Low's brother
Pamela Low, a flavorist at Arthur D. Little and 1951 graduate of the University of New Hampshire with a microbiology degree, developed the original Cap'n Crunch flavor in 1963 — recalling a recipe of brown sugar and butter her grandmother Luella Low served over rice at her home in Derry, New Hampshire. Before developing the flavor, the cereal already had a marketing plan, and once having arrived at the flavor coating for Cap'n Crunch, Low described it as giving the cereal a quality she called "want-more-ishness". After her death in 2007, the Boston Globe called Low "the mother of Cap'n Crunch." At Arthur D. Little, Low had also worked on the flavors for Heath, Mounds and Almond Joy candy bars.
In 1965, the Quaker Oats Company awarded Robert Rountree Reinhart, Sr., the Fredus N. Peters Award for his leadership in directing the development team of Cap'n Crunch. Reinhart developed a technique in the manufacture of Cap'n Crunch, using oil in its recipe as a flavor delivery mechanism — which initially presented problems in having the cereal bake properly.
Speculation in 2011 suggested the brand was being retired and was denied by Quaker Oats.
In early 1971, a former Air Force electronics technician named John Draper (later self-nicknamed Captain Crunch, Crunch, Crunchman, or Mr. Crunchtastic) was informed by his phone phreak friend Joe Engressia that a toy whistle that was, at the time, packaged in boxes of the cereal could be easily modified to emit a tone at precisely 2600 Hertz, the same frequency that was used by AT&T long lines to indicate that a trunk line was ready to route a new call. This would effectively disconnect one end of the trunk, allowing the still-connected side to enter an operator mode. This resulted in, among other things, the ability to place free phone calls to anywhere in the world and operator-like control over the phone system. Experimenting with this whistle inspired Draper to build blue boxes, electronic devices capable of reproducing this 2600 Hz tone and other tones required to control trunk lines. After being featured, under his pseudonym of Captain Crunch, in an article in the October 1971 issue of Esquire Magazine titled "Secrets of the Little Blue Box", he was sentenced in 1972 to five years’ probation for toll fraud.
On May 21, 2009, Judge Morrison England, Jr., of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California dismissed the case Sugawara v. PepsiCo, Inc.. The plaintiff, Janine Sugawara, claimed she had purchased the cereal Cap'n Crunch with Crunchberries because she believed "crunchberries" indicated she was eating real fruit. Sugawara alleged that after four years of purchasing the product she had only recently discovered to her dismay that said "berries" were in fact simply brightly colored cereal balls. The judge commented "In this case...it is simply impossible for Plaintiff to file an amended complaint stating a claim based upon these facts. The survival of the instant claim would require this Court to ignore all concepts of personal responsibility and common sense. The Court has no intention of allowing that to happen."
John Thomas Draper (born 1943), also known as Captain Crunch, Crunch or Crunchman (after Cap'n Crunch, the mascot of a breakfast cereal), is an American computer programmer and former phone phreak. He is a legendary figure within the computer programming world.
Draper is the son of a U.S. Air Force engineer; he described his father as distant in an interview published on the front page of the Jan 13–14, 2007 issue of The Wall Street Journal. Draper himself entered the Air Force in 1964, and while stationed in Alaska helped his fellow servicemen make free phone calls home by devising access to a local telephone switchboard. After Alaska, he was stationed at Charleston Air Force Station in Maine. In 1967, he created WKOS [W-"chaos"], a pirate station in nearby Dover-Foxcroft, but had to shut it down when a legitimate radio station, WDME, objected. He was honorably discharged from the Air Force in 1968 and did military-related work for several employers in the San Francisco Bay Area. He adopted the counterculture of the times and operated a pirate radio station out of a Volkswagen van. Draper is renowned for his poor personal and dental hygiene.
While Draper was driving around his Volkswagen Microbus to test a pirate radio transmitter he had built, he broadcast a telephone number to listeners as feedback to gauge his station's reception. A callback from a "Denny" (identified in the Discovery Channel documentary about Hacking as Denny Teresi) resulted in a meeting that caused him to blunder into the world of the phone phreaks. Teresi and a large percentage of the phone phreaks were blind. Learning of his electronic capability, they wanted him to build a multifrequency tone generator (the blue box) to gain easier entry into the AT&T system, which was controlled by tones. Then they would not have to use an organ and cassette recordings of tones to get free calls. At least one of the blind boys called Joybubbles had perfect pitch and had identified the exact frequencies. They informed him that a toy whistle that was, at the time, packaged in boxes of Cap'n Crunch cereal could emit a tone at precisely 2600 hertz—the same frequency that was used by AT&T long lines to indicate that a trunk line was ready and available to route a new call. This would effectively disconnect one end of the trunk, allowing the still connected side to enter an operator mode. Experimenting with this whistle inspired Draper to build blue boxes: electronic devices capable of reproducing other tones used by the phone company.
The class of vulnerabilities Draper and others discovered was limited to call-routing switches that employed in-band signaling, whereas newer equipment relies almost exclusively on out-of-band signaling, the use of separate circuits to transmit voice and signals. Though they no longer serve a practical use, the Cap'n Crunch whistles did become valued collector's items. Some hackers sometimes go by the handle "Captain Crunch" even today; 2600: The Hacker Quarterly is named after this whistle frequency.
The expense of sustaining the unbilled phone calls, the redesign of the line protocols, and the accelerated equipment replacement due to the blue box is difficult to calculate, or even to separate from something as complex and dynamic as the telephone long-distance network.
The 1971 Esquire article which told the world about phone phreaking got Draper in hot water. Draper was arrested on toll fraud charges in 1972 and sentenced to five years' probation. The article also brought him to the attention of Steve Wozniak, who located Draper while working as an engineer at KKUP, a Cupertino public radio station located near the future Apple campus. In the early and mid 1970s he taught his phone phreaking skills to Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, who later founded Apple Computer. He was briefly employed at Apple, and created a telephone interface board for the Apple II personal computer, which he named "The Charlie Board". Wozniak has said the reason the board was never marketed was that Wozniak was the only one in the company who liked Draper, and partially due to Draper's arrest and conviction for wire fraud. While at Apple, Draper also wrote a cross-assembler used by Steve Wozniak while developing Apple I and Apple II.
Draper wrote EasyWriter, the first word processor for the Apple II, in 1978. According to The Wall Street Journal, he hand-wrote the code while serving nights in the Alameda County Jail, then entered the code later into a computer.
Draper's personal website furnishes a more detailed version of the coding of EasyWriter. Draper was in prison, in California, at the time, but under a "work furlough" program. This meant that while he had to spend every night in prison, he spent each day working a regular job outside prison. This job was at Receiving Studios, a small band practice studio, and while there he had access to a computer, where he coded EasyWriter. He did take copies of the code "home" to prison overnight to work on it.
Draper later ported EasyWriter to the IBM PC, beating Bill Gates on the bid for the IBM contract. Draper's company, Capn' Software, posted less than $1 million revenue over six years, and he subsequently sued his software's distributor, Bill Baker, over an unauthorized version of EasyWriter that Baker released without Draper's permission – they settled out of court.
Shortly after Apple released Macintosh he taught an online course in Mac programming. Currently he writes computer security software, is a senior developer of KanTalk!, VoIP client built around singer and actress Lola Blanc (born Kandice Melonakos), and hosts an internet TV show, Crunch TV.
From 2005 to 2010, Draper was the Chief Technical Officer (CTO) for media delivery company En2go, that delivers music, video and other digital content to desktops.
In 2011 Draper joined the group Canadian Pirates Inc with longtime friend Rod Thacker.
Draper's software development history includes:
One oft-repeated story featuring Captain Crunch goes as follows: Draper picked up a public phone, then proceeded to "phreak" his call around the world. At no charge, he routed a call through different phone switches in countries such as Japan, Russia and England. Once he had set the call to go through dozens of countries, he dialed the number of the public phone next to him. A few minutes later, the phone next to him rang. Draper spoke into the first phone, and, after quite a few seconds, he heard his own voice very faintly on the other phone. He sometimes repeated this stunt at parties. Draper also claimed that he and a friend once placed a direct call to the White House during the Nixon administration, and after giving the operator President Nixon's secret code name of "Olympus", and asking to speak to the president about a national emergency, they were connected with someone who sounded like Richard Nixon; Draper's friend told the man about a toilet paper shortage in Los Angeles, at which point the person on the other end of the line angrily asked them how they'd managed to get connected to him. Draper was also a member of the Homebrew Computer Club.
John Draper appears as himself in the unreleased documentary Hackers Wanted.
John Draper's story has also inspired several mentions in popular culture. Elements of the movie Sneakers recall Draper and Joybubbles; the character Erwin "Whistler" Emory portrayed by David Strathairn, as well as Cosmo's experience of offering phreaking services to criminals while in prison, were based on them.
John Draper is specifically mentioned as "Captain Crunch" in one scene in Cowboy Bebop: The Movie, in which a hacker mentions that "Cap'n Crunch broke into the national phone system with a plastic whistle."
He is portrayed by Wayne Pére in the movie Pirates of Silicon Valley.
Captain Crunch is being searched for by Rockford during a murder investigation on the TV show The Rockford Files, season 5, episode 5, "Kill the Messenger".
In Ready Player One by Ernest Cline, John Draper is key to unlocking one of the mysteries within the story.
Cheerios is a brand of breakfast cereal by General Mills introduced on May 1, 1941 originally named CheeriOats. The name was changed to Cheerios in 1945 because of a trade name dispute with Quaker Oats. The name fit the "O" shape of the cereal pieces. In some other countries, including the United Kingdom, it is a distinct recipe (with much higher sugar levels) sold by Cereal Partners under the Nestlé brand. This was also the case until mid-2009 in Australia and New Zealand, but Cheerios are now branded as an Uncle Tobys product. In 2008, Cheerios released a line of Snack Mix, in Original and Cheese flavors. All Cheerios shipped to the eastern coast of the United States and eastern Canada are manufactured at the General Mills plant in Buffalo, New York. In 2009, a dispute developed regarding the FDA considering Cheerios an "unapproved new drug" because of its marketing and health claims.
Many of the television commercials for Cheerios have targeted children and have included animated characters (such as an animated Honeybee). Bullwinkle was featured in some early 1960's commercials; being his usual likably klutzy self; the tag line at the end of the ad being "Go with Cheerios!" followed by Bullwinkle, usually a bit the worse for wear due to his Cheerios-inspired bravery somewhat backfiring, saying "...but watch where you're going!" Also, Hoppity Hooper was featured in ads briefly during the mid-1960s, as General Mills was the primary sponsor of his animated program.
Beginning in the mid-1950s and continuing through the early 1960s, "The Cheerios Kid" was a mainstay in their commercials, ranking alongside most of the characters created for rival Post's cereals. At first, the Kid was a clumsy, absent-minded tinkerer much to the annoyance of his girlfriend, Sue, but was able to find his footing after eating Cheerios.
In later years, In numerous commercials, the Kid and Sue (more often just Sue) would get into trouble (at which point Sue would nonchalantly shout "Help, Kid...") and the Cheerios Kid, after eating his cereal to "power up", would quickly deal with the problem, often in a rather creative way. The Kid's oat-produced "Go-power" was always represented by bulging biceps with an outline of a Cheerios "o" temporarily tattooed on them; in later commercials, Sue would also eat the cereal with similar effect, looking somewhat like a miniature female bodybuilder as she joined the Kid in action. The Kid and Sue underwent numerous re-designs over the years, with their height and apparent age particularly subject to change; though their voices seemed to remain quite constant.
The Cheerios Kid was revived briefly in the late 1980s with similar commercials.
In 2012, The Cheerios Kid and Sue were revived in an online internet video that showed how Cheerios Lowered Cholesterol.
In the late 1970s, Cheerios released a series of commercials that featured an animated "stick-man" chasing a yodeling cereal box with the word "Cheerios" written on the side. The box kept zooming by the stick-man singing "Cheerio-ee-oh-ee-ohs" and "Yummy Oaty-oh-ee-oh-ee-ohs". The man would try unsuccessfully to catch the elusive box before attempting the Cheeri-yodel himself, at which point the box would land by his side.
During the 1980s, a popular series of Cheerios commercials surfaced featuring the Peanuts gang and a new slogan, "You're on your toes with Cheerios". Some of them included:
The Spoonfuls of Stories program, first began in 2002, is a program sponsored by Cheerios and is thus a 50/50 joint venture of General Mills and Simon & Schuster. Five books were published within the program when the book drive occurs.
In 2009, Olympic gold medalist and World Champion gymnast Shawn Johnson became the first athlete featured on the cover of the Cheerios box. The limited edition cereal box was distributed primarily throughout the Midwestern region of the United States exclusively by the Hy-Vee grocery store chain.
In the UK, a new slogan, "Give those O's a go", is now used, with ads featuring Stop-Motion/CGI characters.
On May 28, 2013, Cheerios posted a video on YouTube. The commercial showcased a little girl, who was mixed, a Caucasian mother, and an African-American father. The video started a social outtake on Biracial families in media. Many people stated that the commercial was "racist" and that it was "not the modern family". Due to all the negative comments on the video Cheerios disabled comments. Since then, the video have been watched by over 3 million people with 21,000 likes and 2,000 dislikes.
Among the responses on social media sites, the Fine Brothers produced an episode of their popular Kids React web series that had kids responding to this video.
From the late 1970s until the present, General Mills has introduced a succession of cereals that are versions of the original Cheerios. In Europe, unlike America (where it is made solely of oats), the product contains a mixture of four types of Cheerios, each composed of a different grain: corns, oat, rice and wheat. This mixture also has a much higher content of sugar.
Cinnamon Nut Cheerios was the first departure from regular Cheerios in mid-1976. Second was Honey Nut Cheerios which was introduced in 1979 geared towards adults as well as children. It is sweeter than the original, with a honey and almond flavor. Cinnamon Nut Cheerios was only out briefly in 1976 and 1977 and was not successful; however, a similar product, "Cinnamon Burst Cheerios," was released in 2011.
Snack based Products
Non General Mills derivatives
In May 2009, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration sent a letter to General Mills indicating that in their view Cheerios was being sold as an unapproved new drug. This was in response to the labeling of the Cheerios box, which read in part:
• "You can Lower Your Cholesterol 4% in 6 weeks" " • "Did you know that in just 6 weeks Cheerios can reduce bad cholesterol by an average of 4 percent? Cheerios is ... clinically proven to lower cholesterol. A clinical study showed that eating two 1½ cup servings daily of Cheerios cereal reduced bad cholesterol when eaten as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol."
The FDA letter indicated that General Mills needed to either change the way it marketed Cheerios or apply for federal approval to sell Cheerios as a drug. General Mills responded with a statement that their claim of soluble fiber content had been approved by the FDA, and that the claims about lowering cholesterol had been featured on the box for two years.
Crunch time (expression)
Crunchfuls is a brand that produces a variety of breakfast cereals and snacks made from pulses, and it was introduced in the year of 2010. It currently is being manufactured by Pul Foods of Mountain View, California.
Crunchfuls is a brand dedicated to making cereals and snacks that are made from steam cooking and toasting healthy beans and lentils into a crunchy texture. This is to create a superfood that scientifically fills the stomach and keeps it full. It is common to find this brand in Northern California grocery stores or online on their website. It is possible to join the Crunchfuls team by becoming an affiliate of the company. By selling the brand to customers, the seller who joined the team will receive commission for what they sell. Dr. Deepa Shenoy, PhD is the Founder of Crunchfuls Inc., and she is a Molecular Biologist and Pharmaceutical Scientist, with expertise in the areas of Ageing, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases. Crunchfuls was recognized and received a nomination for Edison's Best New product award.
The flavors of the Crunchfuls brand of cereal include the following:
The flavors of the Crunchfuls brand of snacks include the following: