Question:

What establishes the electrochemical gradient across a membrane to provide energy for ATP production?

Answer:

H+ ions (protons) collect on one side of membrane because they are pumped there by certain carriers. The electrochemical 'MORE'?


Tags:
energy
Electrochemistry
Transport proteins
Electrophysiology
Electrochemical gradient
Ion transporter
Carrier protein
Ion
Chemiosmosis
Active transport
Biology
Membrane biology
Cellular respiration
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