Iowa State researcher studies how enzymes break down cellulose
This particular enzyme breaks down cellulose by attacking bonds in the middle of sugar chains. Credit ... work inside the human digestive system to break starch or protein molecules into smaller pieces that can be absorbed by the intestines.
Let Them Eat Wood! (If It's Turned Into Starch)
The process is a form of synthetic biology and relies on enzymes to break down the cellulose into smaller units ... that wouldn't cause blood sugar levels to rise and fall. "We need a slow-metabolized sugar like starch so that humans can keep blood glucose ...
What Enzymes Are Used to Break Down Carbohydrates?
Simple carbohydrates or sugars require either one breakdown process or none at all. Carbohydrate digestion starts in your mouth with the help of a substance called "salivary amylase," an enzyme that breaks down starch into smaller glucose molecules called ...
Enzymes: The Little Molecules That Bake Bread
How exactly does the yeast process this sugar? Do all the complex flavors of bread really come from one organic molecule, ethanol? Numerous trips to the university libraries helped me understand the enzymes ... need to break starch down into sugar to ...
Health-conscious consumers buying more enzyme supplements
Some enzymes called amylases break down starches into sugar molecules. Others, called proteases, convert proteins into amino acids. The enzymes known as lipases break down fat. Consumers who have digestive problems, or don't think their bodies produce a ...