A Latin-derived alphabet is an alphabet that uses letters from the Latin script, which comprises the original Roman Latin alphabet and various extensions. Extension can be by adding diacritics to existing letters, joining multiple letters together to make ligatures, creating completely new forms, or assigning a special function to pairs or triplets of letters.
These new characters are often given a place in the alphabet by defining an alphabetical order or collation sequence, which can vary between languages. Some, especially those with diacritics, are not considered distinct letters for this purpose: French é and German ö, for example, are not used in the commonly quoted alphabet sequences. In some languages, digraphs are included in the collation sequence (eg Hungarian CS, Welsh RH).
English orthography is the alphabetic spelling system used by the English language. English orthography, like other alphabetic orthographies, exhibits a set of relationships between speech sounds and the corresponding written words. In most other languages, these relationships are regular enough to be called rules. In standard English spelling, however, nearly every sound can be spelled in more than one way, and most spellings and all letters can be pronounced in more than one way and often in many different ways. This is largely due to the complex history of the English language, together with the absence of systematic spelling reforms implemented in English, in contrast to the position in a number of other languages.
In general, English spelling does not reflect the sound changes in the pronunciation of the language that have occurred since the late fifteenth century.
A spelling pronunciation is the pronunciation of a word according to its spelling, at odds with a standard or traditional pronunciation. Words spelled with silent letters (e.g. "island", "often"), or traditionally pronounced with reduced vowels or omitted consonants (e.g. "cupboard", "Worcester"), may be subject to a spelling pronunciation.
If a word's spelling was standardized prior to sound changes that produced its "traditional" pronunciation, a spelling pronunciation may reflect an even older pronunciation. This is often the case with compound words (e.g. "waistcoat", "cupboard", "forehead"). It is also the case for many words with silent letters (e.g. "often"), though not all—silent letters are sometimes added for etymological reasons, to reflect a word's spelling in its language of origin (e.g. "victual", rhyming with "little" but derived from Late Latin victualia). Some silent letters were added on the basis of erroneous etymologies, as in the case of the word "island".
An acronym is an abbreviation formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word. These components may be individual letters (as in laser) or parts of words (as in Benelux and Ameslan). There is no universal agreement on the precise definition of various names for such abbreviations (see nomenclature) nor on written usage (see orthographic styling). In English and most other languages, such abbreviations historically had limited use, but they became much more common in the 20th century. Acronyms are a type of word formation process, and they are viewed as a subtype of blending.
In journalism, a human interest story is a feature story that discusses a person or people in an emotional way. It presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest, sympathy or motivation in the reader or viewer.
Human interest stories may be "the story behind the story" about an event, organization, or otherwise faceless historical happening, such as about the life of an individual soldier during wartime, an interview with a survivor of a natural disaster, a random act of kindness or profile of someone known for a career achievement.