A true freshman is a student who is a freshman in college.A redshirt is a freshman on the field but a sophomore in the class room.
Institute of Central Technology (Central Tech)
The Institute of Technology at Syracuse Central is a newly added high school (once a vocational school) in downtown Syracuse, New York. Tech Central was recently reopened during the 2007-2008 school year with 96 students in their freshman year.
ITC was founded as Syracuse Central High School. The historic building had been neglected and has been in a state of disrepair for some time. The project to renovate the building faced funding issues. With all of the funding issues, ITC re-opened in the building next to the original school during the 2007-2008 school year. After the 2009-2010 school year, renovating began on the new school. During the 2010-2012 school years, students attended Levy Middle School during renovations. But at the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year, students moved back into the newly renovated building, where they currently attend classes.
Students attended Levy Middle School from 2010-2012 while renovations were done on the building. At the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year, students and teachers moved back into their newly renovated building.
With the new renovations to the building, came a brand new gym for ITC. Everything is brand new, and will be completed by Thanksgiving 2012.
ITC has Varsity and Junior Varsity Football and Basketball teams. They also have District Bowling, Baseball, and Lacrosse teams. For girls, there is a volleyball team. Track is also available for boys and girls.
Xavier Oyekola Adibi (born October 18, 1984) is an American football linebacker who is currently a free agent. He was drafted by the Houston Texans in the fourth round of the 2008 NFL Draft. He played college football at Virginia Tech.
He has also played for the Minnesota Vikings, Chicago Bears, and Tennessee Titans.
Adibi attended and played high school football at Phoebus High School in Hampton, Virginia, and graduated in 2003.
He helped the Phantoms win their first state championship. Phoebus' first undefeated season came during Adibi's senior year where the Phantoms won their second consecutive state championship. Adibi rushed for 155 yards and four touchdowns in the 2002 state football game, while playing fullback, with future college teammate, D. J. Parker, as the quarterback.
Following his high school career, Adibi played in the 2003 U.S. Army All-American Bowl.
Adibi played college football at Virginia Tech. As a redshirt freshman in 2004, Adibi backed up Mikal Baquee. He was injured during the first game against USC and returned for a Thursday night game against Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Against Georgia Tech, Adibi had a prolific game, making eight tackles, including two sacks. He had a key game-saving sack on a Georgia Tech fourth quarter scoring drive. Georgia Tech had an opportunity to ice the game away, but Adibi's sack of Reggie Ball forced a field goal and kept it a one-score game, which Virginia Tech would ultimately rally to win.
Adibi earned the starting inside linebacker spot before the 2005 season and has held that position ever since.
In 2006, Adibi finished second on the team in tackles with 82. Following a 17-0 shutout of Virginia, he was honored as the ACC defensive lineman of the week for his performance, which included a forced fumble to set up the first (and winning) touchdown.
Adibi was drafted in the fourth round of the 2008 NFL Draft by the Houston Texans. On September 5, 2011, Adibi was claimed off waivers by the Minnesota Vikings.
On August 11, 2012, Adibi signed with the Chicago Bears. He was released on August 31, 2012.
On October 24, 2012, the Tennessee Titans signed Adibi to replace Zac Diles.
Adibi's older brother, Nathaniel Adibi, was a standout defensive end for the Hokies. Their father, Abiodun Adibi, was a college soccer player at Oklahoma State and is a professor at Hampton University.
Traditions of Washington & Jefferson College
A freshman (US) or fresher (UK, India, Ireland) (or sometimes fish, freshie, prep; slang plural frosh, Infidels, freshmeat or pichones) is a first-year student in secondary school, high school, college or university. The term first year can also be used as a noun, to describe the students themselves or others (e.g. They are first years).
In the United States, freshman, rather than being a slang term, is officially used by most high schools and universities.
Freshman is commonly in use as an US English idiomatic term to describe a beginner or novice, someone who is naive, a first effort, instance, or a student in the first year of study (generally referring to high school or university study).
New members of Congress in their first term are referred to as freshmen senators or freshman congressman, no matter how experienced they were in previous government positions.
High School first year students are almost exclusively referred to as Freshmen, or in some cases by their grade year, 9th graders. Second year students are Sophomores, or 10th graders, then Juniors or 11th graders, and finally Seniors or 12th graders.
At College or University Freshman denotes students in their first year of study. The grade designations of high school are not used, but the terms Sophomores, Juniors, and Seniors are kept at most schools. Some Women's colleges in the US do not use the term Freshman, but use the perceived gender neutral term: First Year, instead. Some liberal arts colleges do not use the terms Freshman, Sophomore, etc. at all, but rather stick to First Year, Second Year, Third Year, and Fourth Year designations. Beyond the fourth year, students are simply classified as fifth years, sixth years, etc. Some institutions use the term freshman for specific reporting purposes.
Fresher normally denotes a first year university student. It is not normally used in secondary schools to refer to first year students.
In India, a first year student in college is casually termed as 'First Year Student' for male and female. In more formal language, the term 'Fresher' is applicable for both the genders.
The term first year is used within Australia and New Zealand universities, primarily to describe students in their first year of tertiary education direct from secondary school. In Australia, seventh grade (eighth in some states) is the first year of high school education, in contrast to North America, where the ninth grade or "freshman year" is the first year.
In the Portuguese Praxe, referring to all student and academic traditions of Portuguese universities, a major component is the hazing of freshmen (known in Portuguese as Caloiros). There are also many music festivals and a great deal of partying.
There is an actual "Praxe Code" that describes the entire set of traditions, including the Freshman's rights. These include "The Freshman has NO rights" so he must obey. One of the traditions includes forcing the freshmen to sing university songs and paint their faces and nails with several colors and partake in various games. The tradition requires that hazing be moderate and not endanger anyone. It is also tradition to host friendly dinners for the freshman so they can meet fellow students. It is usually the third year students who "guide" the freshmen, and there´s a symbolic ceremony where the freshmen must choose a "Godmother or Godfather" (mentor) from the third year students to "guide" them throughout their university years. After the mentor is formally chosen, the freshman can no longer be hazed except with the mentor's permission. Third year students wear the traditional university outfit most of the time but it is a must to wear it at freshmen ceremonies. Sophomores are usually not allowed to haze freshmen or to join third year students, they are also not permitted to wear the traditional university outfit during their first sophomore semester.
The term first year is occasionally used in the pre-University and college English education system, and in schools it is no longer in official usage. In England and Wales a student's school career (not including pre-school nursery education) now begins with Reception, usually at the age of four, and continues up to either Year 11 or Year 13 depending on whether the student is going on to further education. However, in informal usage the term "first year" is still very common. Before the introduction of the "Year [number]" in most secondary schools in September 1990, the first year or first form almost always referred to the first year of secondary education. Years 12 and 13 are known as Sixth Form or "lower sixth" and "upper sixth" respectively.
In English universities, new students are referred to as "freshers", but not "freshmen" or "freshwomen". They are, of course, first-years, but generally only called "fresher" early in the first year, notably in the first week of attendance when specific activities are organised, both academic and social, using this expression. At some universities, certain students may continue to be referred to as "freshers" until they have sat their first examination.
In Scotland, the first year of compulsory education is Primary 1 (P1). The first year of secondary school is known as S1 but one can freely use first year.
At the four ancient Scottish universities the traditional name students for the four years at university Bejant/Bejantine (1st), semi (2nd), Tertian (3rd) and Magistrand (4th), though all Scottish universities will have a "freshers' week" and the term is as widely used with more traditional terms.
The first year university student is called "Matricola"
The first year of university is called freshman year and only those who studied abroad undergo it. Freshman year is a preparatory year and the students are major-less. Students who have finished high school in Lebanon enter the sophomore year where they study their major.
The traditions of Washington & Jefferson College are a key aspect of the culture of Washington & Jefferson College. One of the oldest traditions at Washington & Jefferson College were the "Freshman Rules," a system of rules and restrictions on freshmen. Failure by freshmen to follow these rules would subject them to beatings by upperclassmen or other punishments doled out by the "Freshman Court." During the 1870s and 1880s, the students engaged in organized athletic competitions, pitting the freshman versus sophomore classes in the "Olympic Games" that involved elaborate opening ceremonies and the smoking of a "Pipe of Peace." Another form of physical contest between the freshman and sophomore classes were the annual "color rush," where the teams fought over control over strips of fabric, the "pole rush," where the teams battled to raise a flag up a flagpole, and the "cane rush" where the teams fought over control over a ceremonial cane. These contests generally devolved into outright gang violence.
The college cheer, Whichi Coax, is so pervasive in college history and culture that in addition to being shouted during academic ceremonies and football games, it is also used as a salutation in correspondence between alumni. The college's fight song, Good Ole W&J is sung to the tune of 99 Bottles of Beer and makes fun of a number of rival colleges, including the University of Pittsburgh and the Washington Female Seminary. For a large portion of the college's history, there was no official alma mater, but there were a number of other tradition hymns and songs.
Whichi coax, coax, coax
Whichi coax, coax, coax
Say, say, say, Jay
Say, say, say, Jay, Jay, JAY
The traditional college cheer, Whichi Coax, is based on the sound that frogs make in Aristophanes' Ancient Greek comedy, The Frogs. While the date of its origins are unknown, the cheer first appears in the 1892 yearbook. The cheer is similar to Yale University's college cheer, Brick-ke-kex Coax, which is also based on The Frogs and appeared around the same time. Because of its tradition and connection to the college's history, President Tori Haring-Smith called it a "secret handshake among friends." The college yell is used during Honors Convocation ceremonies, Matriculation ceremonies, beginning-of-the-year Convocation ceremonies, campus re-dedications, and as closing salutations in letters among alumni. It also is to be yelled after the singing of the Alma Mater.
The Alma Mater of Washington & Jefferson College, composed by L. D. Hemingway, class of 1902, was first printed in the 1902 book Songs of Washington & Jefferson College. However, the song was not listed in any commencement program until 1908. However, the exact date of its adoption as the official alma mater is not clear: the July 1908 edition of College Bulletin, an alumni publication stated that the college had no recognized Alma Mater song, but expressed hope that this "defect would be remedied." Oddly, 1908 was also the first year that the song appeared in any Commencement ceremony. The alma mater is to be followed by a round of "Whichi Coax." The Washington & Jefferson College Hymn, a different song from the alma mater, was composed by Julian G. Hearne, class of 1926. In 2006, the W&J Magazine reported on the existence of several other lost songs, including My Term Report, The Red and The Black, M’Millan’s March, Alumni Song, The College Anthem, and Red and Black.
The college's fight song, Good Ole W&J, was first sung in the 1920s. The song is to the tune of 99 Bottles of Beer. The lyrics of "And the Sem will surely fail" is a reference to the neighboring Washington Female Seminary, which ceased operations in 1948. After a peak in popularity during the 1940s, the tradition was lost during the 1960s. The song was re-introduced to the student body during a matriculation ceremony in August 2005, after newly installed president Tori Haring-Smith was sung the song over the phone by an alumnus from the 1940s. The rebirth of the song did come with one change: the addition of "and daughters" to the line "Wash-Jeff's been run by loyal sons/For generations back," in recognition of the fact that the college has been co-educational for 35 years.
The classes of 1877 and 1876 began the tradition of holding annual "Olympic Games," where the freshman and sophomore classes would compete in various athletic events at the Old Fairgrounds. The opening ceremonies included partisan bands and the smoking of a "Pipe of Peace." During the 1881 Olympic Games, the competitions included the rope pull, the 100 yard dash, hop skip and jump, potato sack races, throwing of a base ball, 220 yard race, high jump, hurdle race, long jump, Indian wrestling, three legged race, 2 mile race, "scratch", and football. Traditionally, the competitors employed "ruses" to influence the officiating. These games eventually fell out of favor, as only 15 students from each class would participate. Instead, the student body preferred the "Field Days" tradition, a campus-wide student athletic campus-wide athletic festival run entirely by students, where all could participate.
During the late 19th and early 20th century, several forms of annual physical contests developed that pitted the freshmen classes against the sophomore class. In the 1890s and 1900s, the freshmen class and the sophomore class engaged in an annual "color rush" battle, where members of the freshmen class had strips of fabric sewn into their jackets after Monday chapel service and were led into the lawn between Old Main and Thompson Library. Members of the sophomore class would attack, attempting to take as many of the fabric strips as possible. These battles often left bruised bodies and hard feelings, as combatants often lost whole articles of clothing amid the "scrap". A similar event, the "pole rush," was founded in 1894 by the Class of 1897. In the pole rush, the freshman class raise their flag on a flagpole on campus and the sophomores would attempt to bring it down. Traditionally, the combatants would resort to dirty tricks to win, including dousing the opposing team with a "shower of ancient eggs and flour." By 1908, the rules were changed to prevent injuries, which had become commonplace. During the 1880s, the "cane rush" was traditionally a physically violent contest, where a member of the freshman class would taunt a sophomore with a cane, daring him to take it away from him. Next, 10 freshmen would place their hands on the cane, with a number of their classmates surrounding them, while the sophomores would run at the group, seeking to take the cane. After 12 minutes of bloody fighting, whichever class had the most hands on the cane would be the winner. The cane rush was seen as a right of passage for freshmen. The rules of play changed over time; at times the cane was hidden on campus, with the object of the game to find the cane before the other class. The rushes, which had devolved from an annual right of passed into serious physical violence, were banned by the faculty in 1913.
The campus' focus then turned to the game of pushball, which was founded in 1910. In this contest, two teams of 5 or 6 freshmen and sophomores battled each other over control of a 6 foot rubber ball. The objective of the game was to push the ball past the opposing team into a goal area, resulting in 2 points. To break a tie, 1 point was awarded for the team that had the ball in the opposition's goal area at the end of regulation. The popularity of this game waned and grew several times through the 1940s and 1950s.
One of the oldest traditions at Washington & Jefferson College were the "Freshman Rules," a system of rules and restrictions on freshmen. By tradition, the rules were to "make the frosh feel at home." Of all the rules, the sock inspection inspired the most fear, as upperclassmen were able to inspect the color and type of socks worn by any freshman at any time. Punishments for failing to wear Freshman Rules-compliant socks ranged from paddling to being drenched in the gym showers. The sock inspections often turned into a gang fight, with freshman defending their compatriot against upperclassmen.
In 1922, upperclassmen founded the "Freshman Court" was to enforce these rules. The court grew into a powerful campus organization, sponsoring contests and events for freshmen, in addition to dispensing punishment for violating the Freshman Rules. The rules changed frequently from year to year, but they generally required all freshmen to wear "dinks" and ties while on campus, as well as prescribed sock styles. Other rules included "Freshmen must not walk on the grass of the campus," "Freshmen are required to learn all College songs and cheers," "Freshmen shall not wear preparatory or high school colors, rings, or insignia," and "Freshmen should speak at all times when passing another person on campus." Most minor infractions resulted in a paddling or having their mouths washed out with soap; other punishments were ironic: freshmen found smoking on campus were punished by having to wear a Chesterfield sign, freshmen who missed a football game were forced to wear a large football schedule around their neck, and freshmen who forgot their handbook during chapel service were sentenced to wear a toilet seat around their neck. Records show that one freshman, whose offense was not recorded, was forced to wear toast over his ears and carry a sign reading "I am a ham sandwich."
By the 1930s, the year's freshman rules began to be lifted by the beginning of Christmas break. The "Vigilante Committee" was founded in 1941, serving as a grand jury for the Freshman Court. During the 1940s, the Freshman Rules fell out of favor as returning World War II veterans refused to participate. The rules were reinstated in the 1950s, once those students had graduated. In 1956, the Student Council created "Lex Ultimo," a new organization to write and enforce the Freshman rules alongside the Freshman Court. The 28 members of Lex Ultimo included 14 members of the Student Council and the 14 Freshman Court Judges, all of whom wore a uniform of red hats with a white shield and a gavel and paddle. Lex Ultimo drafted the year's rules at the first meeting of the year, known as the "blood meeting." The organization was also responsible for freshman of freshman orientation, pep rallies, freshman cheering sections, and the annual pushball contests.
The popularity of the freshman rules waned in the late 1950s and early 1960s, as the Freshman Court met only once per year and punished only the most egregious offenders. The Freshman Court ceased to function altogether in 1959. In 1960, the Student Council passed a resolution to end the tradition, but they continued. In 1962 the Student Council held hearings on ways to reform the rules, limiting their scope to requiring name badges and dinks, while adding summer reading lists and a campus-wide "big brother-little brother" mentorship system.
The college holds several formal academic ceremonies each year. One of the oldest is the baccalaureate ceremony, which is held in conjunction with the graduation exercises. The first baccalaureate ceremonies were held in 1859 by Washington College and 1865 by Jefferson College. Early graduation ceremonies were week-long affairs, with large meals, college dances, and debates held by the literary societies. The tradition of recognizing 50-year graduates as members of the "Old Guard" began in 1930, and became organized as an official alumni group in the 1950s. The procession of seniors to the graduation site is led by the longest-tenured faculty member, who carries a ceremonial mace cared from the original wooden column of McMillan Hall. The tradition of the "Spoon of Knowledge," a large wooden spoon passed each year by the graduating senior class to the junior class to symbolize the "spooning" of knowledge to the younger class, dates to 1865. The spoon is covered with silver disks bearing the name of the each graduating class. The tradition was placed on hiatus in 1968 and revived in 1993 with the carving of a new spoon.
Founder's Day, first held in 1903, was an event for freshmen commemorating college founders John McMillan, Thaddeus Dod, Joseph Smith. The tradition went on hiatus during 1970s and was finally retired in 2005. As a replacement ceremony, Convocation, held at the beginning of the school year, is open to all members of the college community. To commemorate the first Convocation in 2005, the bell in Old Main was refurbished and rang for the first time in decades. At Matriculation, freshman are officially welcomed to the college community in a ceremony where they sign the college's mission statement, receive their official college pin, and learn the college songs and yells.
Redshirt (college sports)
Vaughn Telemaque (born March 4, 1990) is an American football safety. He currently attends the University of Miami in his sophomore year.
As a senior in 2007, Telemaque made 89 tackles and nine interceptions, two sacks, forced four fumbles and returned a fumble for a touchdown. In his team's Division I championship victory he had 110 tackles and three interceptions. As a junior in 2006, Telemaque made 52 tackles and two interceptions.
Telemaque was a PrepStar All-American who was ranked as the No. 12 safety and the No. 171 player in the country by Rivals.com. He was rated the No. 6 safety, the No. 12 player in California, and the No. 100 player in the nation by Scout.com. Telemaque was selected as the No. 17 safety by ESPN and was selected to EA Sports second-team All-America.
As a true freshman in 2008, Telemaque played in the first three games of the season against Charleston Southern, Florida, and Texas A&M, before missing the remainder of the season with an injury. Telemaque participated on the scout team for the rest of the season and was awarded a medical hardship to be a redshirt freshman in 2009.
Playing as a redshirt freshman in 2009, Telemaque ranked fifth on the Miami Hurricane defense with 48 total tackles. In the Hurricanes' win over No. 8 Oklahoma, Telemaque recorded career-highs for total tackles (9) and solo stops (6). In the 2009 Champs Sports Bowl against Wisconsin, Telemaque matched a career-high in total tackles (9) and set a career-high in assisted tackles (5).
Paul Jones (American football)
Arkansas Razorbacks football team
UCF Knights football team
In United States college athletics, redshirt is a delay or suspension of an athlete's participation in order to lengthen his or her period of eligibility. Typically, a student's athletic eligibility in a given sport is four seasons, a number derived from the four years of academic classes that are normally required to obtain a bachelor's degree at an American college or university. However, a student athlete may be offered the opportunity to redshirt for up to two years, which allows the athlete to spread those four years of eligibility over five, or sometimes six years. In a redshirt year, a student athlete may attend classes at the college or university, practice with an athletic team, and dress for play but he or she may not compete during the game. Using this mechanism, a student athlete has up to five academic years to use the four years of eligibility, thus becoming a fifth-year senior.
The term is used as a verb, noun, and adjective. For example, a coach may choose to redshirt a player who is then referred to as a redshirt freshman or simply a redshirt. The opposite of this is a "true freshman."
There are many reasons student athletes might become redshirts. They may redshirt to gain a year of practice with the team prior to participating in competition. In college football, a student athlete may redshirt to add size and strength prior to participating, since size and strength can be assets for many positions in football. As the college years coincide with the typical completion of physical maturity, using a year of eligibility in the last college year is generally more beneficial to the team and to the student athlete's potential professional prospects than it is to use the same year of eligibility in the first college year. Players, especially in football, may redshirt to learn the team's play book, since college teams typically run a greater number of, and more complex, plays than most high school teams.
An athlete may be asked to redshirt if he or she would have no opportunity to play as an academic freshman. This is a common occurrence in many sports where there is already an established starter or too much depth at the position in which the freshman in question is planning to play.
A special case involves the eligibility of a player who loses the majority of a season to injury. Popularly known as a medical redshirt, a hardship waiver may be granted an athlete who appears in fewer than 30% of his or her team's competitions (with none coming after the midway point of the season), then suffers a season-ending injury. A player who is granted such a waiver is treated for the purposes of his or her eligibility as though he or she had not competed in that season.
On rare occasions, a player may be allowed to play in his or her sixth year of college if he or she suffered a serious injury which kept him or her from playing for more than one season. Former Oklahoma Sooners quarterback Jason White is perhaps the best known example of this, as he had redshirted his freshman year, then subsequently tore the ACL in both knees, causing him to miss nearly two years of eligible playing time. A more recent example is former Houston Cougars quarterback Case Keenum, now a member of the Houston Texans practice squad. His story is similar to that of White; Keenum redshirted his freshman year of 2006, and then tore an ACL three games into the 2010 season, which would have otherwise been his final year of eligibility.
The term redshirt freshman indicates an academic sophomore (second-year student) who is in his first season of athletic eligibility. A redshirt freshman is distinguished from a true freshman (first-year student) as one who has practiced with the team for the prior season. The term redshirt sophomore is also commonly used to indicate an academic junior (third-year student) who is in the second season of athletic eligibility. After the sophomore year, the term redshirt is rarely used, in favor of fourth-year junior and fifth-year senior.
Athletes may also utilize a "grayshirt" year in which they attend school, but cannot enroll as a full-time student, and do not receive a scholarship for that year. This means that they are an unofficial member of the team and do not participate in practices, games, or receive financial assistance from their athletic department. Typically, grayshirts are players who are injured right before college and require an entire year to recuperate. Rather than waste his or her redshirt, the player can attend school as a part-time regular student and then join the team later. This is also utilized by players with religious or military obligations that keep them out of school for a full academic year.
While the redshirt status may be conferred by a coach at the beginning of the year, it is not confirmed until the end of the season, and more specifically, it does not rule a player ineligible in advance to participate in the season. If a player shows great talent, or there are injuries on the team, the coach may remove the redshirt status and allow the player to participate in competition for the remainder of the year.
The first athlete known to extend his eligibility in the modern era of redshirting was Warren Alfson of the University of Nebraska in 1937. Alfson requested that he be allowed to sit out his sophomore season due to the number of experienced players ahead of him. In addition, he had not started college until several years after graduating from high school, and thus felt he needed more preparation. The year off worked; Alfson was All-Big Six Conference in 1939 and an All-American guard in 1940.
According to Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged, the term redshirt comes from the red jersey commonly worn by such a player in practice scrimmages against the regulars.