John Proctor (March 30, 1632 – August 19, 1692) was a farmer and tavern keeper in 17th century Massachusetts. He was the son of John Proctor, (1594-1672) and Martha Harper (1607-1667). During the Salem Witch Trials he was accused of witchcraft, convicted and hanged.
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. Despite being generally known as the Salem witch trials, the preliminary hearings in 1692 were conducted in a variety of towns across the province: Salem Village (now Danvers), Ipswich, Andover and Salem Town.
The most infamous trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town. One contemporary writer summed the results of the trials thus:
The Crucible is a 1953 play by the American playwright Arthur Miller. It was initially called "The Chronicles of Sarah Good". It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that took place in the Province of Massachusetts Bay during 1692 and 1693. Miller wrote the play as an allegory of McCarthyism, when the U.S. government blacklisted accused communists. Miller himself was questioned by the House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities in 1956 and convicted of "contempt of Congress" for refusing to identify others present at meetings he had attended. It was first performed at the Martin Beck Theater on Broadway on January 22, 1953. Miller felt that this production was too stylized and cold and the reviews for it were largely hostile (although The New York Times noted "a powerful play [in a] driving performance"). Nonetheless, the production won the 1953 "Best Play" Tony Award. A year later a new production succeeded and the play became a classic. It is a central work in the canon of American drama.
Mary Ann Warren was the oldest of the accusers during the 1692 Salem witch trials, in her late teens. She was a servant for John and Elizabeth Proctor. Renouncing her claims after being threatened to be hanged, she was later arrested for practicing witchcraft herself, but did not confess. Her life after the trials is unknown.
In early March 1692, Warren began to have fits, saying she saw the ghost of Giles Corey. John Proctor told her she was just seeing his shadow, and put her to work at the spinning wheel, threatening to beat her if she had any more fits. For some time, she did not report any more sightings, but she started to have fits again in his absence. Warren was kept hard at work at the Proctor home and was told that if she ran into fire or water during one of her fits, she would not be rescued. When her seizures did stop, she posted a note at the Meeting House one Sabbath eve to request prayers of thanks. That night, Mary said that John woke her to torment her about posting of the note. On April 3, 1692, Samuel Parris read Mary’s note to the church members, who began to question Mary after the Sunday services. Some took her answers to their questions to mean that the girls had lied. Mary told them she felt better now and could tell the difference between reality and visions. The other girls became angry with Mary and began to accuse her of being a witch. Mary Warren was accused of being a witch because she told the high court that all the girls were lying that they saw the devil. Warren was accused of witchcraft on April 18, 1692. During questioning she continued to have fits, confessed to witchcraft and began to accuse various people, including the Proctors, of witchcraft.
Big: the musical is a 1996 musical adaptation of the 1988 Tom Hanks film Big. It was directed by Mike Ockrent and featured music by David Shire and lyrics by Richard Maltby, Jr., with choreography by Susan Stroman. It involves a 12-year-old boy, Josh Baskin, who grows up overnight after being granted a wish by a "Zoltar Speaks" machine at a carnival. With the aid of his best friend, Josh must cope with his new adulthood while finding another "Zoltar" machine so that he can wish himself a kid again.
The pre-Broadway tryout started in Detroit in January 1996. The musical opened on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre on April 28, 1996, and closed on October 13, 1996, after 193 performances. Although it was nominated for five Tony Awards, (Best Actress, Supporting Actor, Book, Score, and Choreography), it was one of Broadway's costliest money-losers.