Monte Cassino Abbey, with his burial
Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, near Orléans, France
Benedict of Nursia (Italian: San Benedetto da Norcia) (c. 480 – 21 March 543 or 547) is a Christian saint, honored by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church as the patron saint of Europe and students.
Hellenistic philosophy and Christianity
Neoplatonism and Christianity
In ancient Roman religion, birth and childhood deities were thought to care for every aspect of conception, pregnancy, parturition, and infant development. Some major deities of Roman religion had a specialized function they contributed to this sphere of human life, while other deities are known only by the name with which they were invoked to promote or avert a particular action. Several of these slight "divinities of the moment" are mentioned in surviving texts only by Christian polemicists.
An extensive Greek and Latin medical literature covered obstetrics and infant care, and the Greek gynecologist Soranus (2nd century AD) advised midwives not to be superstitious. But childbirth in antiquity remained a life-threatening experience for both the woman and her newborn, with infant mortality as high as 30 or 40 percent. Rites of passage pertaining to birth and death had several parallel aspects. Death in childbirth was common: one of the most famous was Julia, daughter of Julius Caesar and wife of Pompey the Great. Her infant died a few days later, severing the family ties between her father and husband and hastening the civil war that resulted in the end of the Roman Republic. Some ritual practices may be characterized as anxious superstitions, but the religious aura surrounding childbirth reflects the high value Romans placed on family, tradition (mos maiorum), and compatibility of the sexes. Under the Empire, children were celebrated on coins, as was Juno Lucina, the primary goddess of childbirth, as well as in public art. Funerary art, such as relief sculpture on sarcophagi, sometimes showed scenes from the deceased's life, including birth or the first bath.
A social issue (also called a social problem or a social situation) is an issue that relates to society's perception of a person's personal lives. Different cultures have different perceptions and what may be "normal" behavior in one society may be a significant social issue in another society. Social issues are distinguished from economic issues. Some issues have both social and economic aspects, such as immigration. There are also issues that don't fall into either category, such as wars.
Thomas Paine, in Rights of Man and Common Sense, addresses man's duty to "allow the same rights to others as we allow ourselves". The failure to do so causes the birth of a social issue.