Human anatomy (gr. ἀνατομία, "dissection", from ἀνά, "up", and τέμνειν, "cut") is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the human body. Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells). Anatomy, human physiology (the study of function), and biochemistry (the study of the chemistry of living structures) are complementary basic medical sciences that are generally together (or in tandem) to students studying medical sciences.
In some of its facets human anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution; for example, much of the human body maintains the ancient segmental pattern that is present in all vertebrates with basic units being repeated, which is particularly obvious in the vertebral column and in the ribcage, and can be traced from very early embryos.
The palatine uvula, usually referred to as simply the uvula //, is a conic projection from the posterior edge of the middle of the soft palate, composed of connective tissue containing a number of racemose glands, and some muscular fibers (musculus uvulae).
A uvula piercing is a body piercing through the uvula, the projection of the soft palate between the tonsils. This is a rare piercing. Captive bead rings or other small rings are the most commonly seen jewellery in uvula piercings.
The piercing is rare due to the gag reflex, which makes it difficult to administer or receive it. Should jewellery pierced through the uvula come loose it may be swallowed or even inhaled, which would require surgery to remove.
Nursing Assessment of the Mouth
The mouth is the beginning of the digestive system and a big part of the airway for the respiratory system. This is a very important part of the total patient health assessment. Prior to beginning any assessment of the mouth, make sure to ask the patient to remove any dentures or partials. It's also important to begin the assessment with a dental health questionnaire. This should include asking the patient if they are experiencing any toothaches, hoarseness, dysphagia(difficulty swallowing), altered taste or a frequent sore throat. Also, whether they have noticed any sores, lesions or bleeding of the gums. It is equally important to question the patient on current and previous smoking, chewing and alcohol consumption.