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Mega Millions (initially called The Big Game Mega Millions as the successor of The Big Game) is an American multi-jurisdictional $1 lottery game. The first (The Big Game) Mega Millions drawing was in 2002 (see below).
The minimum Mega Millions advertised jackpot is $12,000,000, paid in 26 equal yearly installments (unless the cash option is chosen); usually, the jackpot increases when there is no top-prize winner. However, despite no jackpot winner for the $12,000,000 December 18, 2012 drawing, the jackpot remained at $12,000,000 for the drawing to be held on December 21. (See below for information on how the game's jackpot is funded.)
Reflecting common practice among American lotteries, the jackpot is advertised as a nominal value of annual installments. A cash value option (the usual choice), when chosen by a jackpot winner (see below), pays the approximate present value of the installments. Mega Millions currently uses a 5/56 (white balls) plus 1/46 (the Mega Ball) double matrix to select its winning numbers. Each game costs $1. Of the 45 Mega Millions jurisdictions, all but California offer an option, called Megaplier (such games are $2 each) where non-jackpot prizes are multiplied by 2, 3, or 4. The Megaplier was made available to all Mega Millions jurisdictions in January 2011; it began as a Texas-only option. Mega Millions is drawn at 10:59 p.m. Eastern time Tuesdays and Fridays, including holidays. Mega Millions is administered by a consortium of its 12 original lotteries and the drawings are held at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. supervised by the Georgia Lottery.
The largest jackpot in Mega Millions, as well as in American lottery history, was $656 million annuity value (with a cash option of $474 million) for the March 30, 2012 drawing, in which there were three jackpot-winning tickets; one each in Illinois, Kansas, and Maryland. All three tickets had been claimed as of April 18, with each set of winners choosing the cash option of $158,000,000, a one-third share. The largest Mega Millions prize was $319 million (annuity) for the lone winning ticket of the March 25, 2011 drawing.
On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in American lottery jurisdictions, with the two groups referred to as the "Mega Power Lottery" by many users. The expansion occurred on January 31, 2010, as 23 Powerball members began selling Mega Millions tickets for their first drawing on February 2, 2010; likewise, 10 Mega Millions members began selling Powerball tickets for their first drawing the next day. Montana (joining Mega Millions on March 1, 2010) was the first jurisdiction to add either game after the cross-sell expansion. Nebraska (March 20, 2010), Oregon (March 28, 2010), Arizona (April 18, 2010), Maine (May 9, 2010), Colorado, and South Dakota (the latter two on May 16, 2010) also have joined Mega Millions since the expansion.
As of May 15, 2013, there are 45 lotteries offering Mega Millions and Powerball, as Florida joined Mega Millions on that date; the first Mega Millions drawing to include Florida-bought tickets was two days later. (Puerto Rico, whose lottery began in the 1930s, does not participate in either game.)
The current incarnation of Mega Millions will have its final drawing on October 18, 2013; the new version is to feature higher jackpots (whose minimum will be $15,000,000 with rollovers of at least $5,000,000) and a $1,000,000 second prize on a basic $1 play. Players will choose 5 of 75 white ball numbers, and 1 of 15 "Gold Ball" numbers. The first drawing with the updated format will be four days later.
The Megaplier option will remain; it will include a 5x multiplier.
Current and future prize levels (effective October 22, 2013) on a $1 play:
Payouts in California will remain pari-mutuel.
The odds of winning the jackpot are increased to 1 in 258.9 million; however, odds of winning any prize will decrease to 1 in 14.71.
Powerball replaced Lotto*America in April 1992; Mega Millions replaced The Big Game in May 2002 (see below for the evolution of the name Mega Millions.)
Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah do not have laws establishing a state Lottery. Although Puerto Rico has a lottery, it does not participate in either Mega Millions or Powerball; it does not plan to join either game yet. On March 14, 2013, Wyoming became the 44th state to establish a state lottery. However they do not offer any games yet.
Tickets began to be sold in Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Virginia on August 31, 1996, for the new game, then known as The Big Game. It was the brainchild of the then-lottery directors Rebecca Paul (Georgia Lottery) and Penelope W. Kyle (Virginia Lottery.) The Big Game initially was drawn weekly, on Friday nights.
The Georgia Lottery was a member of MUSL at the time and wanted to sell both games for the remainder of 1996; however, within a few days, Georgia was forcibly removed from MUSL, returning with the 2010 cross-selling expansion.
Beginning in January 1999, jackpot winners were given the option to receive their prize in cash.
In May 1999, New Jersey joined The Big Game, the only jurisdiction to do so before The Big Game became Mega Millions in 2002.
Ohio and New York, on May 15, 2002, joined the corsortium when the game took on its second name, The Big Game Mega Millions, temporarily retaining the old name and the original "gold ball" logo. The "Big Money Ball" became the "Mega Ball." While the game's name was altered, the yellow ball in the new Mega Millions logo continued to contain "The Big Game." The first (The Big Game) Mega Millions drawing was held on May 17. The Mega Millions trademark is owned by the Illinois Lottery. The first three lotteries to join Mega Millions were Washington (September 2002), Texas (2003), and California (2005); California was the last addition to Mega Millions before the cross-sell expansion of 2010. Montana joined Mega Millions on March 1, 2010, the first addition to Mega Millions after the cross-sell expansion.
When Texas added Mega Millions in 2003, it began offering an option, initially available only to Texas Lottery players, the Megaplier, which was similar to the then-current version of Powerball's Power Play. The 11 Mega Millions lotteries without Megaplier on the January 31, 2010 cross-selling date gradually added the multiplier; by January 2011, all Mega Millions lotteries, except for California, offered the Megaplier. The Texas Lottery owns the trademark to Megaplier.
On June 24, 2005, to commemorate California joining Mega Millions, the drawing was held in Hollywood, with Carrie Underwood assisting Glenn Burns for the draw.
For the drawing of November 15, 2005, a group called "The Lucky 7" held the only jackpot-winning ticket, purchased in Anaheim, California, winning $315 million. They chose the cash option, splitting $175 million before Federal tax. This remains the largest prize won by a single Mega Millions ticket.
On March 6, 2007, the Mega Millions jackpot reached $390 million, which is the record for the second largest jackpot in US history. The jackpot was shared by two tickets, both matching the numbers of 16-22-29-39-42 and Mega Ball 20. Both winners chose the cash option, with each share $116,557,083 before withholdings.
The New Jersey Lottery, among others, in early 2009 announced it would seek permission to sell Powerball tickets alongside Mega Millions. In October 2009, an agreement between Mega Millions and MUSL allowed all US lotteries, including New Jersey's, to offer both games. On January 31, 2010, Mega Millions expanded to include 23 Powerball lotteries. As of that date, 35 jurisdictions were participating in Mega Millions. On the same day, 10 existing Mega Millions lotteries began selling Powerball tickets, for a then total of 43 lotteries. Ohio joined Powerball on April 16, 2010, and California joined Powerball on April 8, 2013. On March 1, 2010, Montana became the first Powerball member to add Mega Millions after the cross-sell expansion. On March 20, 2010, Nebraska became the 37th Mega Millions member. On March 28, 2010, Oregon became the 38th Mega Millions member. Arizona, on April 18, 2010, became Mega Millions' 39th member. Maine, on May 9, 2010, became Mega Millions' 40th member. Colorado and South Dakota added Mega Millions on May 16, 2010, bringing the total to 42 jurisdictions. The most recent additions to Mega Millions were the Virgin Islands, in October 2010, and Louisiana, in November 2011.
Florida joined Mega Millions on May 15, 2013; the first drawing to include Florida-bought tickets was two days later.
Presumably due to their experience with the Power Play option for Powerball, all 23 lotteries joining Mega Millions on January 31, 2010 immediately offered Megaplier to their players. The Megaplier continues to be drawn by Texas Lottery computers, as California does not offer the multiplier. Montana, offering Powerball before the expansion date, became the 24th lottery to offer Megaplier. Nebraska became the 25th lottery to offer Megaplier. Oregon became the 26th lottery to offer Megaplier. Arizona, by joining Mega Millions, became the 27th lottery to offer Megaplier. Maine, by joining Mega Millions, became the 28th lottery to offer Megaplier. Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions, raising the number to 37 lotteries offering Megaplier.
Mega Millions tickets bought with the Megaplier, beginning September 12, 2010, automatically win $1 million (instead of $250,000) if the five white balls are matched, but not also the Mega Ball.
On March 13, 2010, New Jersey became the first Mega Millions member (just before the cross-sell expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning ticket for Powerball after joining that game. The ticket was worth over $211 million annuity (the cash option was chosen.) On May 28, 2010, North Carolina became the first Powerball member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Mega Millions ticket after joining Mega Millions. That jackpot was $12 million annuity.
The largest Mega Millions jackpot, advertised as $640 million at the time of the drawing (annuitized) or $462 million (cash value), was drawn on Friday, March 30, 2012. The initial estimate for this drawing (following the March 27 drawing, which was $363 million annuity) was $476 million (later increased to $500 million and again to $540 million); brisk ticket sales pushed the jackpot values, both annuitized (to $656 million) and the cash option ($474 million) higher. The amount spent on Mega Millions for drawings following its most recent jackpot win, on January 24, 2012, was at least $1.5 billion. Three jackpot-winning tickets had been confirmed (one each in Illinois, Kansas, and Maryland.)
Mega Millions' second-largest jackpot, $390 million, was for the March 6, 2007 drawing. Two tickets, one each from Georgia and New Jersey, split the then-record prize; both sets of winners chose the cash option, splitting $233 million. (As noted below, interest rates change, resulting in different ratios between the cash values and annuity values of jackpots.)
Mega Millions' third-largest jackpot annuity value ($380 million), and second-largest cash jackpot ($240 million), was for the January 4, 2011 drawing; two tickets, one each from Post Falls, Idaho, and Ephrata, Washington, matched all six winning numbers, winning $190 million (annuity) each. The holders of each ticket also chose the cash option.
Since June 2005, a player picks, or allows the lottery terminal to pick, five different numbers from 1 through 56 (white balls) and one number from 1 through 46 (the Mega Ball number, a gold-colored ball). The Mega Ball number is drawn from a separate machine, so it can be a duplicate of one of the white ball numbers. The Mega Ball number cannot cross over to be used for matching a white ball number, or vice versa. Each play (a selection of six numbers for one drawing) costs $1. Tickets may be obtained from retail locations; some lotteries also allow subscription play.
Two drawing machines are used in Mega Millions. The model used for Mega Millions is the Criterion II, manufactured by Smartplay International of Edgewater Park, New Jersey. The balls are moved around by means of counter-rotating arms which randomly mix the balls. One by one, the five white ball numbers drop through a hole in the bottom of the mixing drum. There are 56 white balls in the first machine; the 46 Mega Balls in the second machine are gold-colored.
Previous incarnations of The Big Game and Mega Millions have used different matrices:
Mega Millions players, in 43 of its 44 jurisdictions, have the option to activate a multiplier][, called Megaplier; it is functionally similar to the original version of Powerball's Power Play. (Megaplier is not offered in California, because of California Lottery regulations that require pari-mutuel payouts in all draw games.) By doubling the wager in a game (to $2), players have an opportunity to multiply any non-jackpot prize by 2, 3, or 4. The Megaplier is drawn by the Texas Lottery (before the cross-sell expansion on January 31, 2010, it was the only lottery to offer Megaplier) by a random number generator (RNG). Prior to Powerball's price increase and subsequent change to a fixed prize table for Power Play, Megaplier had differed from Power Play in two ways: (1) there is no 5x Megaplier, and (2) the odds for each Megaplier possibility are not uniform (the 4x multiplier is heavily weighted so that it has a 12-in-21 chance of being selected.)
Despite not having a 5x possibility, the extra weighting for a higher Megaplier results in the average expected Megaplier to be 3.476x. This is similar to the $1 Powerball's Power Play expectation of just over 3.5x.
Megaplier wagers made for drawings on or after September 12, 2010 that win second prize are automatically elevated to 4x, winning $1 million. This second-prize guarantee had been added to Powerball's Power Play; with Powerball now a $2 game, second prize winners win $1 million without Power Play, or $2 million if activated.
As part of the Megaplier expansion to all Mega Millions members, its RNG drawings are expected to move to Atlanta, Mega Millions' home base.
A player wins a prize according to the following chart:
Overall probabilities: 1 in 755 of winning sixth prize or higher, 1 in 40 of winning any prize.
In California, prize levels are paid on a parimutuel basis, rather than the fixed lower-tier amounts for winners in other Mega Millions jurisdictions. California's eight lower-tier Mega Millions prize pools are separate from those shared by the other 43 lotteries. California's second prize is a "secondary jackpot"; its payout sometimes exceeds $1,000,000 cash, even though California does not offer the Megaplier.
In October 2013, Mega Millions will undergo a format change; the upcoming version will feature an increase in second prize from $250,000 to $1,000,000.
In Georgia, New Jersey, and Texas, players must choose, in advance, whether they wish to collect a jackpot in cash or annuity. Georgia and New Jersey winners can change an annuity ticket to cash should they be eligible for a jackpot share; however, the choice is binding in Texas.
If a jackpot prize is not claimed within the respective jurisdiction's time limit, each of the 44 Mega Millions members get back the money they contributed to that jackpot. Each of the 44 lotteries have rules in regards to unclaimed prizes; most Mega Millions members set aside unclaimed winnings for educational purposes.
In 2007, a $31 million prize went unclaimed in New York. Many prizes of $250,000 each have been unclaimed, including several in Michigan for 2007 drawings.
Mega Millions winners have either 180 days (California non-jackpot prizes only) or one year to claim prizes, including the jackpot (although some Mega Millions winners lose the right to collect a jackpot in cash if they wait more than 60 days after the drawing).
The minimum age to purchase a Mega Millions ticket is 18, except in Arizona, Iowa, and Louisiana, where the minimum is 21, and Nebraska; its minimum is 19.
Generally (an exception is Virginia), minors can win on tickets received as gifts; the rules according to each Mega Millions member vary for minors receiving prizes.
Rules vary according to the applicable laws and regulations in the jurisdiction where the ticket is sold, and the winner's residence (e.g. if a New Jerseyan wins on a ticket bought near their workplace in Manhattan). Mega Millions winnings are exempt from state income tax in California and Pennsylvania, while New Hampshire, Texas, and Washington do not have an income tax. On the other hand, some residents of New York City, Buffalo, and Yonkers, New York pay three levels of income tax, as these cities levy income taxes.
Drawings are usually held at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. The original host was WSB's chief meteorologist, Glenn Burns. Currently, most drawings are emceed by the full-time host of Georgia Lottery drawings, John Crow, with Brian Hooker subbing on occasion. For very large jackpots, the drawing sometimes is moved to Times Square in New York City, with New York Lottery announcer Yolanda Vega co-hosting.
Before January 31, 2010, Mega Millions was the only multi-jurisdictional lottery whose drawings were carried nationally, instead of airing only in participating jurisdictions. Powerball drawings also began to air after that date nationally via Chicago cable superstation WGN-TV. WGN simulcasts Mega Millions drawings on its national WGN America superstation feed on Tuesdays and Fridays immediately following WGN's 9 p.m. (Central time) newscast with Powerball drawings being aired on Wednesdays and Saturdays after the 9 p.m. newscast (though both drawings air a minute later than on some television stations that carry either drawing).
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Approximately 50 percent of Mega Millions sales is returned to players as prizes; the remainder is split (each lottery has different rules regarding these funds) among retailers, marketing, and operations, as well as the 44 jurisdictions offering the game; different lotteries uses the proceeds in different ways.
In January 2012, Mega Millions' rival Powerball was altered; among the changes are a price increase of $1 for each play, which means a base game costs $2, or, $3 with the Power Play option. There are no plans to change the price of a Mega Millions play, with or without the Megaplier.
The price increase for playing Powerball was a major factor in Louisiana deciding to pursue joining Mega Millions. Louisiana joined Mega Millions on November 16, 2011.
In the aftermath of the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the legislature in Albany, fearing a monumental loss of revenue, passed legislation the following month, which was signed by Gov. George Pataki, that included joining a multi-jurisdictional lottery game. Around the same time, for entirely different reasons, Ohio's governor also gave the green light to joining a multi-jurisdictional game. Both lotteries opted to join the then-The Big Game, which, at the time, had seven members. The added populations of the two new jurisdictions, in turn, led to a larger double matrix. The first machine continued to hold 52 balls, while 16 gold balls were added in the second, meaning there were 52 numbers to pick from in each part of a $1 game. On May 15, 2002, the game was renamed The Big Game Mega Millions; soon after, it became just Mega Millions. Except for the 2010 cross-selling expansion, this was the only time The Big Game, Mega Millions, or Powerball simultaneously added more than one lottery.
In 2005, Mega Millions was the target of a mailing scam. A letter bearing the Mega Millions logo was used in a string of lottery scams designed to trick people into providing personal financial information by cashing bogus checks. The letter, which had been sent to people in several states via standard mail, included a check for what the scammers said was an unclaimed Mega Millions prize. If the check was cashed, it bounced, but not before the bank stamped it with a routing number and personal account information and sent it back to the fraudulent organization, providing them with the recipients' financial information.
A budget impasse due to the 2006 New Jersey Government shutdown led to the temporary closing of its less-important agencies on July 1, 2006. Among the casualties were the Atlantic City casinos and the New Jersey Lottery. Not only were New Jersey's in-house games (such as Pick-6) not drawn for about a week, but all New Jersey lottery terminals were shut down, meaning Mega Millions could not be played in New Jersey, even though Mega Millions was drawn as usual. A similar shutdown happened in Minnesota on July 1, 2011.
Elecia Battle made national headlines in January 2004 when she claimed that she had lost the winning ticket in the Mega Millions drawing of December 30, 2003. She then filed a lawsuit against the woman who had come forward with the ticket, Rebecca Jemison. Several days later, when confronted with contradictory evidence, she admitted that she had lied. She was charged with filing a false police report the following day. As a result of this false report, Battle was fined $1,000, ordered to perform 50 hours of community service, and required to compensate the police and courts for various costs incurred.
The January 4, 2011 Mega Millions drawing drew attention for its similarity to "The Numbers," a sequence of six numbers that served as a plot device of the television series Lost. One such usage involved character Hugo "Hurley" Reyes playing the sequence in a similar "Mega Lotto" game, winning a nine-figure jackpot and subsequently experiencing numerous misfortunes in his personal life. The first three numbers (4, 8, 15) and mega ball (42) in the Mega Millions drawing matched the first three numbers and the final number (which Hurley also used as the "mega ball" number) in the Lost sequence. The last two numbers in the Mega Millions drawing did not match the last two numbers that were used in the scene. Those who played "The Numbers", including from quick-picks, won $150 ($118 in California) in a non-Megaplier game; $600 with the multiplier.
The 12 original (before the 2010 cross-sell expansion) Mega Millions members have each produced at least one Mega Millions jackpot winner.
Powerball is an American lottery game sold by 45 lotteries as a shared jackpot game. It is coordinated by the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), a non-profit organization formed by an agreement with lotteries. Since the format change on January 15, 2012, Powerball's minimum advertised jackpot is $40 million (annuity) with a potential of nine-figure prizes. Its annuity option is paid in 30 graduated installments; winners may choose a lump sum cash payment instead, but with a substantial discount. Powerball drawings are held on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 10:59 p.m. Eastern time. The game uses a 5/59 (white balls) + 1/35 (Powerballs) matrix from which winning numbers are chosen. Each play costs $2, or, with the Power Play option, $3. (Prior to January 15, 2012, games cost $1 each, or $2 with Power Play; that option was added in 2001.) The official cutoff time for ticket sales is 10 pm ET; some jurisdictions cut sales earlier. The drawings usually are held at the Florida Lottery’s high-tech studio in Tallahassee.
On November 29, 2012, one day after the drawing for the largest Powerball jackpot, the California Lottery Commission voted to join Powerball. California joined the game on April 8, 2013.
On May 18, 2013, the largest jackpot in the game's history, and the largest prize ever on one ticket, approximately $590,500,000 (annuity), was won. On June 5, Florida Lottery officials announced the winner, who was Gloria C. MacKenzie, 84, who purchased the "quick pick" ticket at a Publix supermarket in Zephyrhills, Florida. MacKenzie opted to take the cash option, which was approximately $370,800,000 before Federal withholding (Florida does not have a state income tax.)
On October 13, 2009, MUSL and the Mega Millions consortium signed an agreement to allow US lotteries to sell both games, no longer requiring exclusivity. The expansion occurred on January 31, 2010, as 10 Mega Millions members began selling Powerball tickets for their first drawing on February 3. Simultaneously, 23 Powerball members began offering Mega Millions tickets for their first drawing on February 2. On March 1, Montana (by joining Mega Millions) was the first state to join the "other" game after the cross-selling expansion. Later in March, Nebraska, then Oregon, also joined Mega Millions; Arizona followed on April 18, with Maine joining Mega Millions on May 9. Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions on May 16. The most recent MUSL member joining Mega Millions was Louisiana, in November 2011.
By May 2013, of the 50 US states, 43 of them will participate in both Mega Millions and Powerball games completing the expansion as all Lotteries now offer both games. The 7 remaining non-participating states do not allow/run state run lotteries by either law or state constitutional mandate.
Powerball replaced Lotto*America in April 1992; Mega Millions replaced The Big Game in May 2002 (see below for the evolution of the name Mega Millions).
Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah do not have laws establishing a state lottery. Although Puerto Rico has a lottery, it does not participate in either Mega Millions or Powerball; it does not plan to join either game yet. On March 14, 2013, Wyoming became the 44th state to establish a state lottery. However they do not offer any games yet.
Powerball's predecessor began in 1988; it was known as Lotto*America. The game, and name, were changed to Powerball on April 19, 1992. Powerball's first drawing was held on April 22.
Maine joined MUSL in 1990, dropping out when Powerball began; it did not rejoin MUSL until summer 2004.
When it was launched Powerball became the first game to use two drums. Using two drums offers more manipulation, simultaneously allowing high jackpot odds, numerous prize levels, and low overall odds of winning. (As explained later, a Powerball ticket can win by matching only one number.) The two-drum concept was suggested by Steve Caputo of the Oregon Lottery. The two-drum concept has since been used by The Big Game (now Mega Millions) in the US, Australia's Powerball, Thunderball in the United Kingdom, and EuroMillions. (Unlike most two-drum games, Euromillions selects two numbers, called "Lucky Stars", from the second drum; jackpot winners must make a total of seven matches).
Through 2008, Powerball drawings usually were held at Screenscape Studios in West Des Moines, Iowa. The drawings' host was longtime Iowa radio personality Mike Pace, who had hosted MUSL drawings since Lotto*America began in 1988. In 1996 Powerball went "on the road" for the first time, holding five remote drawings at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Ironically, weeks later, the Georgia Lottery became the only lottery to leave Powerball (Maine, which joined MUSL in 1990, left when Powerball began). In August 1996, Georgia joined the then-new The Big Game (now Mega Millions), then the other major US lottery group. It planned to sell tickets for both games for the rest of 1996; however, within a few days, Georgia was forcibly removed from MUSL, not to return until the 2010 cross-sell expansion.
On November 2, 1997, the annuity was changed from 20 to 25 yearly payments; the cash option was added. Currently, the annuity consists of 30 graduated payments (increasing 4% annually) over a period of 29 years.
In 1998 Florida was given permission by its government to participate in a multi-state game. It was set to offer Powerball; however, in early 1999, the new governor, Jeb Bush, prevented Florida from joining since he believed Powerball would hurt the existing Florida Lottery games. In 2008 Gov. Charlie Crist finally allowed Florida to join MUSL, on January 4, 2009.
On March 7, 2001, an optional multiplier (called Power Play) was added, allowing players to multiply non-jackpot winnings by up to 5 by paying an extra $1 per game. A wheel was introduced to select the Power Play multiplier for each drawing. (On October 9, 2002, the 1x was removed from the Power Play wheel.)
With the start of Powerball sales in Florida on January 4, 2009 (with its first participating drawing January 7), the matrices changed to 5/59 + 1/39 (adding four white ball numbers and dropping three red balls). This change decreased the jackpot probability from 1:146 million to 1:195 million; the overall probability became 1:35.
Based on statistical projections, the average jackpot won increased from $95 million to $141 million. Over 3.5 million additional prizes were expected to be won yearly (based on the same sales level) due to the change in overall probability. The starting jackpot increased to $20 million, with each rollover adding at least $5 million. The jackpot contribution increased from 30.3% to 32.5% of total sales.
The Power Play option was modified; second prize, usually $200,000, was given an automatic 5x Power Play multiplier, making the 5+0 prize $1 million cash.
The bonus second prize if the jackpot exceeded its previous record by $25 million, triggered only twice, was eliminated with the 2012 format change.
The conditions for Florida joining Powerball included a move of the live drawings from West Des Moines, Iowa, to Universal Studios in Orlando. The three hosts rotating announcing duties from Universal Studios were Tracy Wiu, Elizabeth Hart, and Scott Adams. (MUSL headquarters remain in Iowa, where its other draws are held.)
The wheel that was used to determine the Power Play multiplier was retired when the drawings moved to Florida; a random number generator (RNG) was used until the 2012 format change.
The Arkansas Scholarship Lottery became the 33rd MUSL member on October 31, 2009, the last to join before the 2010 cross-sell expansion. The Ohio Lottery added Powerball on April 16, 2010.
In March 2009, it was reported that New Jersey, already a Mega Millions member, sought permission to join Powerball. Shortly after New Jersey announced its desire to sell both games, discussions were revealed about allowing each US lottery to sell tickets for both games. On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball. In November 2009, MUSL signed an agreement to start streaming the live Powerball drawings online.
On January 31, 2010, Powerball sales expanded to 43 lotteries with the addition of 10 Mega Millions members (see list). On the same day, 23 Powerball members began selling tickets for Mega Millions, leaving only 10 lotteries with just Powerball. Of these, eight added Mega Millions by May. The Montana Lottery joined Mega Millions on March 1. Nebraska added Mega Millions on March 20; Oregon followed on March 28; Arizona joined Mega Millions on April 18; Maine added Mega Millions on May 9; Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions on May 16. The US Virgin Islands joined Mega Millions in October 2010. The Ohio Lottery joined Powerball on April 16, 2010 for the drawing the next day.
On March 13, 2010, New Jersey became the first previous Mega Millions-only member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Powerball ticket. It was worth over $211 million annuity; it was sold in Morris Plains.
On May 28, 2010, North Carolina became the first previous Powerball-only member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Mega Millions ticket; that jackpot was $12 million (annuity).
On June 2, 2010, Ohio won a Powerball jackpot; it became the first lottery selling either Mega Millions or Powerball (not both) on January 30, 2010 to provide a jackpot-winning ticket for its newer game. The ticket was worth $261.6 million annuity; it was sold in Sunbury. Ohio's second Powerball jackpot-winning ticket, sold for the June 23, 2010 drawing, was part of another first; since Montana also provided a jackpot winner for that drawing, it was the first time two lotteries shared a jackpot where the two lotteries sold competing games before the cross-selling expansion, as Montana sold only Powerball before the expansion date.
As a result of Illinois joining Powerball, it became the second multi-lottery game (after Mega Millions, which Illinois already participated in) whose drawings are carried nationally, instead of in participating states. Both games' drawings are simulcast via Chicago cable superstation WGN-TV through its national WGN America feed. WGN-TV has aired Illinois Lottery drawings nationally since 1992 after acquiring broadcast rights from Fox owned-and-operated station WFLD in Chicago in 1988, which took the rights from WGN-TV the year prior. Powerball drawings are aired on WGN-TV and WGN America on Wednesday and Saturday evenings immediately following the station's 9 p.m. (Central time) newscast with the Mega Millions drawings being aired Tuesdays and Friday evenings after the newscast.
As of January 15, 2012, each basic Powerball play costs $2; with Power Play, $3. The minimum jackpot is $40 million. Any non-jackpot play matching the 5 white balls wins $1 million. There are 35 Powerballs, down from 39. The drawings were moved from Universal Studios Orlando to the Florida Lottery’s high-tech studio in Tallahassee; Sam Arlen is the host, with Alexa Fuentes substituting when Arlen is unavailable. These changes were made to increase the frequency of nine-figure jackpots; a Powerball spokesperson believed a $500 million jackpot was feasible (it became a reality within the year), and that the first $1 billion jackpot in US history would occur by 2022. (Ironically, less than three months after the Powerball changes, Mega Millions' jackpot reached $656,000,000 despite remaining a $1-per-play game.)
The Power Play prizes no longer are determined by a random multiplier; also, the $25 million rollover "cap" (creating larger 5+0 prizes) was eliminated.
Although California joined Powerball on April 8, 2013, it will not offer the Power Play option, as all payouts in California Lottery drawing games, by law, are pari-mutuel. This is similar to Mega Millions (which became available in California in 2005; California's is the only lottery without the Megaplier).
The minimum Powerball bet is $2. In each game, players select five numbers from a set of 59 white balls and one number from 35 red Powerballs. The number chosen from the red Powerballs may be the same as one of the numbers chosen from the white balls. Players can select their own numbers and/or have the terminal randomly select numbers (called "quick pick", "easy pick", etc. depending on the state ). In each drawing, winning numbers are selected using two ball machines, one containing the white balls and the other containing the red Powerballs. Five balls are drawn from the first machine and one from the second machine; these are the winning numbers. Games matching at least three white balls and/or the red Powerball win.
The drawing order of the five white balls is irrelevant; all tickets show the five white ball numbers in ascending order. Players also cannot use the drawn Powerball number to match one of their white numbers, or vice versa.
Two identical machines are used for each drawing, randomly selected from four machines. The model of machine used is the Halogen, manufactured by Smartplay International of Edgewater Park, New Jersey. There are eight ball sets (four white, four red); one set of each color is randomly selected before a drawing. The balls are mixed by a turntable at the bottom of the machine that propels the balls around the chamber. When the machine selects a ball, the turntable slows to catch it, sends it up the shaft, and then down the rail to the display.
The double matrix has varied:
†Power Play was introduced in 2001.
While Mega Millions and Powerball each have roughly the same jackpot odds despite having a different double matrix (Mega Millions is 5/56 + 1/46), since Powerball is $2 per play, on average, it now takes approximately $350,000,000 in wagers (not counting the extra $1 for each Power Play wager), on average, to produce a jackpot-winning ticket.
For an additional $1 per game, a player may activate the Power Play option. Prior to January 15, 2012, Power Play prizes were determined by a random multiplier.
The dilemma for players is whether to maximize the chance at the jackpot, or reduce the chance at the jackpot in exchange for an increase in lower-level prize(s).
In 2006 and 2007, MUSL replaced one of the 5× spaces on the then-Power Play wheel with a 10×. During each month-long promotion, MUSL guaranteed that there would be at least one drawing where the 10× multiplier would be drawn. The promotion returned in 2008; the ball landed in the 10× space twice. After skipping 2009, the 10× multiplier returned in May 2010 (after the Power Play drawing was changed to RNG). The promotion was extended for the only time, as the 10× multiplier was not drawn until June 12. The second prize 5× guarantee continued; the 10× applied to all non-jackpot prizes, as in previous promotions.
Power Play's success has led to similar multipliers in other games, such as the tripler in MUSL's smaller Hot Lotto, called Sizzler; and Megaplier, available in all Mega Millions states except California. (Hot Lotto's format will change in May 2013; it is not known whether the Sizzler option will continue as is.)
The 2012 game change resulted in all eight lower-tier levels having "fixed" Power Play prizes.
Payouts (on a $2 play) are:
Overall odds of winning a prize are 1 in 31.85. All non-jackpot prizes are fixed amounts; they may be reduced and paid on a parimutuel basis on a state by state basis if the liability exceeds the funds in the prize pool for that drawing in that particular state.
Some may notice that the odds of matching only the Powerball (1-35) are 1:55.41, instead of 1:35. This is because there is a chance of matching at least one white ball in addition to the Powerball.
Jackpot winners have the option of receiving their prize in cash (in two installments; one from the winning jurisdiction, then the combined funds from the other 43 members) or as a graduated annuity paid in 30 yearly installments. Each annuity payment is 4% higher than in the previous year to adjust for inflation.
The advertised estimated jackpot represents the total payments that would be paid to a jackpot winner should they accept the 30-installment option. This estimate is based on the funds accumulated in the jackpot pool rolled over from prior drawings, expected sales for the next drawing, and market interest rates for the securities that would be used to fund the annuity. The estimated jackpot usually is 32.5% of the (non–Power Play) revenue of each base ($1) play, submitted by game members to accumulate into a prize pool to fund the jackpot. If the jackpot is not won in a particular drawing, the prize pool carries over to the next drawing, accumulating until there is a jackpot winner. This prize pool is the cash that is paid to a jackpot winner if they choose cash. If the winner chooses the annuity, current market rates are used to calculate the graduated payment schedule and the initial installment is paid. The remaining funds in the prize pool are invested to generate the income required to fund the remaining installments. If there are multiple jackpot winners for a drawing, the jackpot prize pool is divided equally for all such plays.
MUSL and its members accept all investment risk and are contractually obligated and liable to the winner to make all scheduled payments to annuity winners. If a jackpot ticket is not claimed, the funds in the prize pool are returned to members in proportion to the amount they contributed to the prize pool. The 44 states have different rules regulating how unclaimed funds are used.
When the Powerball jackpot is won, the next jackpot is guaranteed to be $40 million (annuity). If a jackpot is not won, the next jackpot is guaranteed to be $10 million higher than the prior drawing. The cash in the jackpot pool is guaranteed to be the current value of the annuity. If revenue from ticket sales falls below expectations, game members must contribute additional funds to the jackpot pool to cover the shortage; the most likely situation is if the jackpot is won in consecutive drawings.
Although players may purchase tickets in other states, all prize claims must be made where the ticket was bought.
The minimum age to play Powerball is 18, except in Nebraska, where it is 19, and in Arizona, Iowa, and Louisiana, where it is 21.
Generally, Powerball players do not have to choose cash or annuity unless they win a jackpot (then they usually have 60 days to choose). There are exceptions: in Florida and Missouri, the 60-day "clock" starts with the drawing, so a jackpot winner who wishes to take the cash option needs to make immediate plans to claim their prize. (In Idaho, winners have only 30 days after claiming to choose.) New Jersey and Texas require the cash/annuity choice to be made when playing; in New Jersey, an annuity ticket can be changed to cash after winning; however, in Texas, the choice is binding. (When the cash option was introduced in 1997, all Powerball players had to make the choice when playing; this regulation was phased out by early 1999.) All Powerball prize winners must claim within a period ranging from 90 days to one year, depending on the rules where the ticket was bought.
Powerball winnings in California, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota are subject to Federal income tax only. There is no state income tax in Florida, South Dakota, Texas, or Washington, and only on interest and dividends in Tennessee and New Hampshire. Winnings from tickets purchased in another state may be subject to its income tax laws (with possible credit for taxes paid to one's own state, or vice versa).
Unlike the jackpot pool, other prizes are the responsibility and liability of each participating lottery. All revenue for Powerball ticket sales not used for jackpots is retained by each member; none of this revenue is shared with other lotteries. Members are liable only for the payment of secondary prizes sold in their state.
Since the secondary prizes are defined in fixed amounts, on rare occasions, if the liability for a given prize level exceed the funds in the prize pool for that level the amount of the prize may be reduced and the prize pool be distributed on a parimutuel basis and result in a prize lower than the fixed amounts given in the prize tables. Because the secondary prize pools are calculated independently, it is possible prizes may be lower in one state, yet remain at their advertised level in the other Powerball states.
Because the quoted jackpot amount is an annuity of 30 graduated annual payments, its cash value relative to the annuity fluctuates. The actual ratio depends on projected interest rates and other factors. MUSL starts with the cash value, built from a percentage of sales and then calculates the advertised jackpot amount from that value based on the average costs of the three best securities bids.
The largest Powerball prize (and American record) for cash value on one ticket is the $223.7 millon cash ($337 million annuity) for the August 15, 2012 drawing. It was sold in Michigan.
A jackpot of $365 million was won on February 18, 2006, by one ticket in Nebraska. It was shared by eight people who worked at a Conagra meatpacking plant. They chose the cash option, sharing $177,270,519.67 (before taxes).
On October 19, 2005, the West family of Jacksonville, Oregon won $340 million; however, the cash value was lower than that of jackpot from December 25, 2002annuity valuethe $314.9 million . The Wests' cash prize was $164,410,058.03. The family won shortly after a rule change took effect which was created to generate larger annuity values. If the rule was in effect for the December 2002 jackpot, the annuity value would have been $352.6 million. (Jack Whittaker, of West Virginia, chose the cash option for his then-record jackpot.)
On August 25, 2007, a jackpot worth $314.3 million was won by a retired auto worker from Ohio; that ticket was bought in Richmond, Indiana, a community that already had sold a jackpot-winning ticket of at least $200 million.
In November 2011, three Greenwich, Connecticut financial executives shared $254.2 million (annuity value), the largest prize on a Connecticut-bought ticket. Choosing the cash option, the men split nearly $104 million after withholdings. The jackpot, at the time, was the 12th largest in Powerball history.
At six wins, Florida has produced the most jackpot winners for Powerball.
The Powerball drawing on March 30, 2005 produced 110 second-prize winners. The total payout to these winners was $19,400,000, with 89 winners each receiving $100,000. The other 21 winners received $500,000, as they were Power Play selections.
MUSL officials initially suspected fraud or a reporting error. However, all 110 winners had played numbers from fortune cookies made by Wonton Food Inc. of Long Island City, New York. The factory had printed the numbers "22, 28, 32, 33, 39, 40" on thousands of fortunes. The "40" in the fortune did not match the Powerball number of "42". None of the employees of Wonton Food played those numbers; at the time, the closest state with Powerball was Connecticut. Since the ticket holders had won as result of a coincidence rather than foul play, the payouts were made.
Had these 110 winners shared the then $25 million jackpot, each ticket would have been worth about $227,272 annuity or $122,727 cash.
The fortune on the inspiring fortune cookie read: "All the preparation you've done will finally be paying off."
In 2007, the Oregon Lottery released a Windows Sidebar gadget which displays the winning numbers for Powerball in realtime. The gadget also provides large jackpot announcements.
In 2006, WMS Gaming released a range of slot machines under the Powerball brand name.
The New York Lottery introduced a Powerball scratchcard in 2010. Five winning numbers plus a powerball were printed across the top of the card, with 12 opportunities to match. Matching the winning numbers or the powerball won. The top prize was $1 million (annuity) and unlike actual Powerball, there was no cash option for the top prize.
A scratchcard (called a scratch off, scratch ticket, scratcher, scratchie, scratch-it, scratch game, scratch-and-win, instant game or instant lottery in different places) is a small card, often made of thin paper-based card for competitions and plastic to conceal PINs, where one or more areas contain concealed information which can be revealed by scratching off an opaque covering.
Applications include cards sold for gambling (especially lottery games and quizzes), free-of-charge cards for quizzes, fraudulent free cards encouraging calls to premium rate phone services, and to conceal confidential information such as PINs for telephone calling cards and other prepaid services.
In some cases the entire scratchable area needs to be scratched to see whether a prize has been won—the card is printed either to be a winner or not—or to reveal the secret code; the result does not depend upon what portions are scratched off. In other cases, some but not all areas have to be scratched; this may apply in a quiz, where the area corresponding to the right answer is scratched, or in some gambling applications where, depending on which areas are scratched, the card wins or loses. In these cases the card becomes invalid if too many areas are scratched. After losing one can scratch all areas to see if, how, and what one could have won with this card.
The scratchcard itself is simple: a card made of paper-based card, or plastic, with hidden information printed on it, covered by an opaque substance (usually latex) that can be scratched off relatively easily, while resistant to normal abrasion.
The original game tickets were produced using manual randomization techniques. In 1974 the American company Scientific Games Corporation led by scientist John Koza and retail promotions specialist Daniel Bower produced the first computer-generated instant lottery game. In 1987, Astro-Med, Inc. of West Warwick, Rhode Island, received the U.S. Patent for the instant scratch-off lottery ticket.
Simple prize scratch cards require the player, for example, to scratch off three (or more) areas hiding numbers, symbols, etc. If all the items revealed are the same, a prize has been won. More complicated scratchcards have several different ways to win on one card. Other scratchcards involve matching symbols, pictures or words, or are adaptations of popular (card-)games such as blackjack, poker or Monopoly. Games are also tied to popular themes such as Harley Davidson, Major League Baseball, NASCAR, the National Hockey League, Marvel Comics and FIFA World Cup.
There are currently two major manufacturers of game tickets: Scientific Games Corporation, with production facilities in the USA, Chile, UK, Germany, Canada, Brazil and Australia; and Pollard Banknote, with production facilities in the USA and Canada. There are several other smaller manufacturers in North America, Europe and Asia.
Scratchcards are a very popular form of gambling due to their low cost and the opportunity to win instantly, as opposed to waiting for a drawing like many lotteries. There is a trend towards more expensive scratchcards (20-30USD) that have prizes in the millions of dollars. However, many such "instant" tickets sold in the US, especially in Massachusetts and New York, do not pay top prizes "instantly," but rather over many years, with no cash option.
The popularity of lottery scratchcards has been increasing at a greater rate than any other form of lottery.
In the 21st century there have been attempts to increase the odds on finding a prize-winning card based on statistics, by tracking the amount of prize money won and cards sold to calculate accurate current odds. There have been a number of instances where a series of cards are still available although all major prizes have been won. Some lotteries make this information available to all free of charge to help promote their games This reduces the mathematical expectation of a win for the remaining cards; the return on investment becomes much worse. Hypothetically, large early payouts may exceed ultimate sales before expiration of the game card series. However, the low odds of winning - typically from less than 1 in 5 to about 1 in 2.5 - and players who buy cards unaware of the low return, offset these losses, so the lottery still makes a profit.
Many state lotteries also run a second chance sweepstakes in conjunction with the retail sale of state lottery scratch cards in an effort to increase consumer demand for scratch cards and to help control the litter problems associated with the improper disposal of non-winning lottery tickets. As lottery tickets and scratch cards are considered in the United States to be bearer instruments under the Uniform Commercial Code,][ these scratch card promotions can be entered with non-winning tickets that are picked-up as litter.
However, the details associated with actually 'winning' a second chance lottery scratcher (at least as it pertains to California) has not been defined or elaborated in any meaningful, useful, or clearly understood way.
Break Opens, also known as breakopens, break open cards, strip tickets, nevada tickets or in some Bingo Halls as "pickles" are lottery or bingo cards on which there are concealed letters, numbers, or symbols that have been predetermined as winners. The cards are often made of cardboard and contain perforated cover window tabs, behind which the combinations are printed. The purchaser must "break open" the card, or pull up the pull-tabs, to see the information printed within, and then must confirm with winning combinations printed on the back of the card, various cards may have come from the printer highlighted as winning under the tabs. The winning combination will be highlighted, making the identification of winning tickets easier.
By around 2010 online versions of virtual "scratchcard" (not physical cards) gambling games which utilized Macromedia Flash and Java to simulate scratching a card on a computer were available. Virtual cards could be bought, and prizes collected, over an Internet connection.
A widespread misuse of scratchcards is the free-of-charge distribution of cards offering a range of prizes, ranging from extremely low-value to very desirable; for example from time-limited discount vouchers redeemable only through a specified agent to cars. Cards always reveal that a prize has been won, but the nature and value of the prize can only be determined by phoning a premium rate telephone claim line costing a significant sum per minute. Calls to this number are designed by the promoter always to take several minutes, and the prize won is, in reality, always of far less value than the cost of the call, and usually not worth claiming. Regulatory authorities for telephone services have been taking action against such schemes, issuing warnings and large fines.
Scratchcards are a method of distributing confidential information, with no element of chance or skill. A common example is the phone card sold for a price which provides specified phone call usage. The card itself, unlike, say, a credit card, has no function in itself; it is simply a vehicle to inform the purchaser confidentially of the PIN required to make the phone calls paid for.
New Mexico Lottery
The Kansas Lottery is run by the government of Kansas. It is a charter member of the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL).
In November 1986, voters approved a constitutional amendment (with 64 percent voting in favor) authorizing the creation of a government-run lottery. The Kansas Legislature passed the "Kansas Lottery Act" in 1987, establishing the Lottery. The mission of the Lottery is to produce the maximum amount of revenue possible for Kansas, while insuring the integrity of its games.
The Kansas Lottery offers $1, $2, $5, $10, and $20 scratch tickets, plus $1 and $2 instant "pull-tab" games. The Lottery also offers the terminal-based games Powerball, Mega Millions, Hot Lotto, Super Kansas Cash, Pick 3, 2by2, Keno, and Kansas Hold'Em. Lottery products are sold at approximately 1,900 retailers.
All Kansas Lottery games have a minimum age of 18.
The Lottery sponsors several races at the Kansas Speedway, including the Kansas Lottery 150 and the Kansas Lottery 300.
Article 15 of the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the operation of a government-run lottery. The Kansas Lottery Act was passed by the Kansas Legislature in 1987, and is contained in K.S.A. 74-8701 through K.S.A. 74-8732. The Lottery Act establishes the government-owned and operated Kansas Lottery, and sets parameters for organization and operation of the Lottery. The Lottery is established by KSA 74-8703, the Kansas Lottery Commission is created by KSA 74-8709, and the powers and duties of the Executive Director are outlined in KSA 74-8704 and KSA 74-8706. Distribution of all revenue from the Kansas Lottery is also directed by the Legislature pursuant to K.S.A. 79-4801 through K.S.A. 79-4806. In addition to the Act itself, individual game and promotion rules are set forth in temporary administrative regulations passed by the Kansas Lottery Commission at their meetings (usually monthly).
In 1987, ticket sales for the Kansas Lottery began in 21 cities. The first instant game was "Up and Away", with a grand prize drawing of $100,000. The first week's sales were $7 million. The Kansas Lottery gradually introduced games. The early success of the Lottery allowed it to create elaborate marketing campaigns, including a traveling singing group, the Kansas Lottery Singers. The group took popular songs, changing lyrics for Lottery commercials. They traveled around Kansas from June to September 1988. Also in the late 1980s, the Lottery constructed a building on the Hutchinson fairgrounds. This building was used as a studio for the game show Kansas Lottery Live. Winners were drawn from a giant tub filled with non-winning lottery tickets. The game show ran on WIBW, and later by the KSN TV network. The game's original hosts were Fred Broski and Teri Messner. Messner eventually left the show, replaced by Robin Smith, who co-hosted until the show ended in 1990.
The Kansas Lottery continued to introduce instant-win games, including those with higher price points. In 1995, the Kansas Legislature approved and the governor signed the renewal of the Kansas Lottery until 2002.
By 2000 the Lottery had produced $500 million for Kansas. The Lottery re-entered the game show business in 2000 by participating in the Powerball Instant Millionaire series.
In 2007, the Kansas Legislature passed Senate Bill 66, extending the Lottery until 2022 and creating the Kansas Expanded Lottery Act authorizing the Lottery, on behalf of Kansas, to own and operate four destination casinos. Electronic gaming machines would also be allowed at three parimutuel racetracks.
SB 66, as amended, created the Kansas Expanded Lottery Act which authorizes the following:
The Kansas Lottery Commission is responsible for ownership and operational control of all provisions of the Act and is authorized to enter into contracts with the gaming managers for gaming at the exclusive and nonexclusive gaming zones.
On December 22, 2008, ground was broken for the Boot Hill Casino & Resort in Dodge City. Boot Hill is the first complex built under the 2007 Kansas Expanded Lottery Act authorizing one casino in each of four areas to generate revenue for Kansas. A private developer, Butler National Corporation, built the casino and manages it, but the Kansas Lottery owns the rights to the gambling and the gambling equipment. The groundbreaking ceremony was held for Hollywood Casino at Kansas Speedway on April 30, 2010, Kansas' second government-run casino.
The Kansas Lottery offers about 90 different games; including a recent Made in Kansas series where a Kansas-based company partnered with the Lottery to create a themed instant-win second chance drawing; a "Millionaire Holiday Raffle" (a $20 ticket where players have a 1-in-150,000 chance at the top prize, and "online" games, including Powerball, Mega Millions, Super Kansas Cash, and 2by2.
After the creation of the "gaming zones" in the SB 66 amendment to the Kansas Lottery Act, the first Kansas-owned casino opened in Dodge City in December 2009. Boot Hill Casino has approximately 580 slot machines, and 13 table games - including blackjack, craps, roulette, and poker. Phase 2 of construction is scheduled to be complete in December 2011. Phase 2 includes adding a hotel, day spa, two restaurants, lounges, and it approximately doubles the gaming floor.
On April 30, 2010, the groundbreaking ceremony took place at the site of the second Kansas-owned casino negotiated under the Expanded Lottery Act. Kansas Entertainment (composed of equal parts International Speedway Corp. and Penn National Gaming Inc.) developed the $386 million casino, set to open in 2012.
The Hollywood Casino has several phases planned, the first phase includes a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) casino floor, 2,300 slot machines, 86 table games and a lounge and eating facilities. Later phases may include areas such as a spa and a convention center, almost doubling the original bid of $386 million dollars.
The casino opened in February 2012 and is located the second turn of the Kansas Speedway track.
Since the Kansas Lottery's start-up in November 1987, through June 30, 2009, Lottery ticket sales have produced $1,121,022,843 in revenues transferred to the State of Kansas. The Lottery's Fiscal Year 2009, which ended June 30, 2009, produced $230.5 million in sales and $68.2 million transferred to the state.
The Kansas Lottery Act requires that a minimum of 45 percent of total sales be paid back to the players through the prize fund. In fiscal year 2009 (July 1, 2008 through June 30, 2009), the Kansas Lottery paid out 56 percent in prizes. The State Gaming Revenues Fund received 29 percent of ticket sales; cost of sales was 4 percent (which covers online vendor fees, telecommunications costs and instant ticket printing); 6 percent was paid to Lottery retailers for commissions and bonuses; and 5 percent covered administrative expenses (salaries, advertising, depreciation, professional services and other administrative expenses.) The State Gaming Revenues Fund (SGRF) is funded through monthly transfers from the Kansas Lottery. Transfers are then made from the Gaming Fund to funds dedicated to economic development initiatives, prison construction and maintenance projects, local juvenile detention facilities, problem gambling assistance, and the State General Fund.
Of the first $50 million, $80,000 is transferred to the Problem Gambling and Addictions Grant Fund. Of the remaining $49.92 million, 85 percent of the remainder transferred to the Economic Development Initiatives Fund, 10 percent to the Correctional Institutions Building Fund, and 5 percent to the Juvenile Detention Facilities Fund. Any receipts in excess of $50 million must be transferred to the State General Fund.
All net profits from Kansas Lottery Veterans Benefit scratch tickets are dedicated to veterans' and military programs. In fiscal year 2009, the Lottery transferred $1,628,958 to benefit veterans' programs and National Guard scholarships.
Gaming Revenues Fund – Fiscal Year 2009
The primary recipients of monies from the Economic Development Initiatives Fund (EDIF) in Fiscal Year 2010 (July 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010) will be the Kansas Department of Commerce, Kansas Technology Enterprise Corporation, Wichita State University Aviation Research and the Kansas Board of Regents.
Kansas Department of Commerce
Operating Grant: The operating grant from the EDIF supports Commerce's traditional programs, including Attraction Development Grants and the Kansas Industrial Training and Retraining programs.
Older Kansans Employment Program: This program is designed to provide older Kansans, 55 and over, with an employment placement service. The emphasis is on providing jobs in the private sector taking into account non-traditional patterns of employment.
Rural Opportunity Program: This program helps attract investment, business development and job growth in rural areas of the state. It provides additional funding for the Center for Entrepreneurship, Kansas Main Street and Capacity Building Grants.
KTEC Grant Programs: The Kansas Technology Enterprise Corporation (KTEC) provides research support, direct company investments and business assistance. KTEC's philosophy targets sustainable economic leadership through technological innovation and business acceleration.
Senior Community Service Employment Program: This program provides Kansans aged 55 and over with employment placement services with emphasis on employment in the private sector.
Kansas Commission on Disability Concerns: The KCDC provides policy recommendations to the State of Kansas on changes to laws, regulations and programs that affect people with disabilities. The KCDC also provides information and training to the public.
Strong Military Bases Program: This program supports ongoing efforts of the Governor's Military Council to prevent the closure or downsizing of the state's military bases.
Board of Regents
Vocational Education Capital Outlay: This program provides grant money to community colleges and technical schools and colleges, primarily to help purchase equipment. The program requires a 50 percent match from the institutions.
Technology Innovation & Internship: This grant program allows instructors from community colleges and technical schools and colleges to intern in private industry for short periods to expand their knowledge. The grant requires a one-to-one match. This program also provides funding for innovative equipment for students.
Kansas State University
Extension System and Agriculture Research Programs' Cooperative Extension Program: Kansas State uses this funding for a variety of operating expenses.
Wichita State University
National Institute for Aviation Research Grant: This funding will build on previous state initiatives and help ensure the continuation of a strong aviation infrastructure in the state. The funding will also assist in securing federal resources.
Aviation Classroom Training Equipment: The State is a partner with Wichita aviation companies, the City of Wichita and Sedgwick County in the development of the national Center for Aviation Training. The Center will enable thousands of Kansans to be trained for high-paying jobs in the aviation industry.
Pick 3 is played seven times a week. Prices, prizes, and options vary.
Keno is played seven days a week. Prices, prizes, and options vary. Keno is available at retailers with a Keno monitor. A computer randomly selects 20 numbers every 4 minutes. Drawings are from 5:00 AM to 1:52 AM daily.
Kansas Hold'Em is a daily five-card poker game. Prices, prizes, and options vary. Kansas Hold'Em is available at retailers with a Kansas Hold'Em monitor. The game draws every 4 minutes from 5:06 AM until 1:54 AM seven days a week.
Super Kansas Cash is an enhanced version of the former Kansas Cash game. Super Kansas Cash offers players two game for $1, with a chance to win prizes including a jackpot that pays winners in lump sum. It uses a 5+1 matrix that draws 5 numbers 1-32 plus 1 number 1-25 from a second set (similar to Powerball, Hot Lotto, and Mega Millions). Super Kansas Cash is played on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays. The jackpots begin at $100,000.
2by2 is currently played in Kansas, Nebraska, and North Dakota; it is drawn daily. 2by2 draws two red numbers 1-26 and two white numbers 1-26. Games cost $1 each. There are eight ways to win; the top prize is $22,000.
Hot Lotto is offered in 15 states and the District of Columbia. The game began in 2002 with six lotteries; Kansas joined Hot Lotto in 2006. Hot Lotto is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights. The game draws five "white balls" numbered from 1 through 47, and an orange "Hot Ball", numbered 1 through 19. Hot Lotto's minimum jackpot is $1,000,000 (all-cash, and "taxes paid"), increasing by at least $50,000 if there is no top prize winner. Hot Lotto, whose basic game is $1 per play, has an optional $2 play, known as Sizzler (similar to the original version of Powerball's Power Play); it triples non-jackpot prizes, meaning the $30,000 second prize becomes $90,000 if the Sizzler option was activated. (The Sizzler option was introduced in 2008.)
Kansas had produced five Hot Lotto jackpot winners through the January 12, 2013 drawing.
Hot Lotto changed its format on May 12, 2013. The new version of the game dropped the annuity; it now features a "taxes-paid", cash jackpot; the advertised amount is the net (after withholdings) that will be paid to, or shared, by top-prize winners, rather than the gross. (The gross amount, as always in American lotteries, is for tax purposes.) Other changes included the addition of 8 "white ball" numbers from its original 39; the number of orange "Hot Balls" remained at 19.
Since 1988, Kansas has been a member of MUSL. Powerball began in 1992. Its jackpots currently start at $40 million; it is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights.
On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in U.S. lottery jurisdictions. On January 31, 2010, the Kansas Lottery added Mega Millions.
The New Mexico Lottery is run by the government of New Mexico. It is a member of the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL). Its games include Hot Lotto, Mega Millions, Powerball, Pick3, and Roadrunner Cash. .
The New Mexico Lottery Authority is separate from the New Mexico government. A seven-person board of directors appointed by the Government of New Mexico operates the Lottery, which has oversight from the Legislative Finance Committee.
New Mexico requires lottery players to be at least 18.
The largest prize to date won on a ticket bought in New Mexico was for the Powerball drawing on September 27, 2008. The ticket was worth $206.9 million, payable in 30 annual payments (increasing by 4 percent yearly), or about $102.9 million cash value.
Pick 3 is played Mondays through Saturdays; prices, prizes, and options vary.
Roadrunner Cash also is played Mondays through Saturdays. It draws 5 numbers from 1 to 37. The jackpot starts at $25,000, increasing if there is 5-of-5 winner.
Hot Lotto is played in 15 states and the District of Columbia. Hot Lotto drawings are on Wednesdays and Saturdays. The game draws five "white balls" numbered from 1 through 47, and an orange "Hot Ball", numbered 1 through 19. The jackpot begins at $1,000,000 (all-cash, and "taxes-paid"), increasing by at least $50,000 if there is no top prize winner. Hot Lotto, whose basic game is $1 per play, has a $2-per-game option, called Sizzler (similar to the original version of Powerball's Power Play); it triples non-jackpot prizes.
The Hot Lotto game was revamped on May 12, 2013; changes include a revised double matrix (adding eight "white balls" to its original 5/39 + 1/19 double matrix), and the $1,000,000 minimum progressive jackpot was changed from annuity-with-a-cash-option to all-cash, and "taxes paid" (jackpot amounts are advertised as after withholdings, rather than the usual American practice of before withholdings.)
Since 1996, New Mexico has been a member of MUSL. Powerball's jackpots begin at $40 million; it is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights.
On October 13, 2009 the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in U.S. lottery jurisdictions. On October 27, 2009, a special meeting was held by the Lottery Board of Directors; it voted in favor of adding Mega Millions. The Lottery began selling Mega Millions tickets on January 31, 2010.
4 This Way! ended in 2007. It was a pick-4 game that was played differently than other pick-4 games.
Louisiana Lottery (modern)
The Maine Lottery is run by the government of Maine. It is a member of the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), whose flagship game is Powerball.
Maine originally joined MUSL in 1990, before the Iowa-based organization began Powerball; Maine pulled out two years later, when Powerball was introduced. Maine did not rejoin MUSL until 2004. (Powerball drawings moved to Florida in 2009, although MUSL headquarters remain in Iowa). MUSL's smaller jackpot game Hot Lotto is Maine's first continuing draw game to have its winning numbers drawn via random number generator (RNG) instead of using traditional lottery balls.
An agreement was reached on October 13, 2009, for Mega Millions and Powerball to be available through every US lottery. Maine began sales of Mega Millions on May 9, 2010, after most lotteries began offering both games on January 31, 2010. The Portland Press Herald, on March 31, 2010, reported that the Supplemental Budget had passed; it included a provision to require Maine to join Mega Millions on May 9, 2010. WCSH-TV (NBC) in Portland reported that Gov. Baldacci signed the Supplemental Budget on March 31, 2010.
Currently, Mega Millions and Powerball are offered by 44 lotteries each; 43 offer both games (California offers Mega Millions only, while Florida offers Powerball but not also Mega Millions.) Since rejoining MUSL in 2004, Maine has not sold a Powerball jackpot ticket; it also has yet to produce a Mega Millions jackpot winner. Maine's largest lottery prize was in Lotto*America during its first incarnation with MUSL.
All of Maine's draw games are shared with other lotteries; its "smallest" online games are those offered by the Tri-State Lottery; whose drawing games, also available in Vermont and New Hampshire, are always drawn in New Hampshire. Maine also offers scratch tickets.
Main article: Mega Millions
Maine joined Mega Millions on May 9, 2010, several months after lotteries, which initially could offer either Mega Millions or Powerball, could add the other game. Mega Millions plays are $1 each; with Megaplier, $2. Jackpots begin at $12 million.
Mega Millions will change its format in October 2013.
Main article: Powerball
Powerball jackpots begin at $40 million (annuitized), and increase by at least $10 million if not won. Games cost $2 each; with Power Play, $3. There are nine prize levels; second prize is $1,000,000 (cash) in a $2 game; if Power Play was selected, $2,000,000.
Maine had been a MUSL member from 1990 to 1992, offering Lotto*America; Maine opted out of MUSL when Lotto*America was replaced by Powerball.
Main article: Hot Lotto
Hot Lotto is played the same as Mega Millions or Powerball, except players choose 5 of 47 "white ball" numbers, and 1 of 19 "Hot Ball" numbers. Games are $1 each; if the Sizzler option is activated (its games are $2 each) non-jackpot prizes are tripled. (The Sizzler option was added in 2008.) Maine, which joined Hot Lotto in 2009, was its newest member until Tennessee joined in 2013 (see below.) Jackpots are all-cash, and "taxes-paid" (although winners are subject to income taxes.)
Begun as a six-member game in 2002, Hot Lotto initially drew from 39 "white ball" numbers; its jackpots were annuitized with a cash option.
Connecticut's draw game Lucky4Lìfe (which began in 2009) expanded to include the other five New England states on March 11, 2012. Lucky for Life replaced Weekly Grand Extra. The top prize is $1000-per-day for life (split by multiple winners); unlike Weekly Grand Extra, there is no cash option.
A new version of Lucky for Life will become available on September 17, 2013. Changes include a lifetime-payout second prize ($25,000-per-year, instead of a single payment of $25,000.) A winner of either "lifetime" prize will be allowed to choose cash in lieu of the periodic payments.
Drawings for these games, played in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, are held in New Hampshire:
Megabucks Plus has a similar format as Hot Lotto, Mega Millions, and Powerball. As Megabucks, begun in 1985, it was a "classic"-style six-number game until July 2009. Every Wednesday and Saturday, five "regular' numbers are drawn from a pool of 41, and one from a second pool, of six. Games are $2 each; the minimum jackpot is $1,000,000.
A new version of Megabucks Plus is expected to begin in March 2013.
Pick 3 is drawn twice daily, including Sundays. Prices, prizes, and options vary.
Pick 4 is drawn in conjunction with Pick 3.
Maine Lottery drawings air on WAGM-TV (CBS/FOX) Presque Isle, WPFO-TV (Fox) Portland, and WABI-TV (CBS) Bangor.
State governments of the United States
Economy of Indiana
Lotteries in the United States
The Louisiana Lottery Corporation (LLC) began in 1991, after the 1990 Louisiana legislature proposed a government-run lottery (ACT 1045) as a way to generate revenue without increasing taxes. Due to the Lottery's unique operations, the Legislature recognized a corporate structure would suit it best.
Voters also liked the idea, passing a constitutional amendment in 1990 creating the LLC by a 69% to 31% margin. In 2003, voters passed another constitutional amendment to dedicate Lottery proceeds to the Minimum Foundation Program that funds public education in Louisiana.
Today’s Lottery is not the first in Louisiana; in 1868, a group of entrepreneurs began a private business, the Louisiana State Lottery Company. It promised to donate $40,000 for 25 years (yearly or total?) to Charity Hospital in New Orleans in exchange for the hospital not having to pay taxes. Tickets were sold nationwide to make it the largest lottery in the country. After charges of corruption, it moved to Honduras, ending 22 years later.
The president of the Louisiana Lottery Corporation handles the daily activities involved with running the corporation under the supervision of the Lottery’s nine-member governing board of directors. Board members are appointed to staggered terms from each of Louisiana’s seven congressional districts; one member is chosen from a list of five candidates submitted by the Louisiana Oil Marketers and Convenience Store Association; and one member is appointed at-large. Each member is appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Louisiana Senate before beginning a four-year term. Louisiana's treasurer serves as an ex-officio board member.
To ensure the highest level of accountability, the following have varying degrees of oversight over the corporation, including its budget, drawings and administrative rules.
In addition to an annual "clean bill of health" from the Legislative Auditor, the LLC continues to receive national recognition for excellence in financial reporting. The LLC ranks first among jurisdictional lotteries for percentage of revenue transferred to its government. Operating solely from self-generated revenue, the Lottery contributes more than $100 million yearly to the Minimum Foundation Program that funds public education in Louisiana.
The Lottery employs a total of about 140 people (full-time and part-time) in its downtown Baton Rouge headquarters, distribution center, as well as in its regional offices in New Orleans, Lafayette, Alexandria, Shreveport, and Monroe. Regional staff process and pay winning tickets and support Lottery retailers, including training, monitoring product inventory and point-of-sale opportunities, assisting with in-store promotions resolving problems, explain new games and changes, and ensuring compliance with Lottery rules. Operational management functions, including sales, accounting, auditing, marketing, public relations, human resources, security, and information systems, are conducted from the Lottery’s corporate headquarters. The Lottery’s distribution center oversees inventory management and instant ticket order fulfillment.
More than half of Lottery sales are reserved for prize expenses. Prizes not claimed are returned to winners in the form of increased payouts on scratch-off tickets. Players have won more than $2.8 billion in Lottery prizes since the Lottery’s inception.
The Lottery statute mandates that 35 percent of all Lottery revenue be transferred to Louisiana's treasury. Effective July 1, 2004, the Louisiana constitution provides that Lottery proceeds be earmarked for the Minimum Foundation Program, which funds public education in Louisiana. In addition, the first $500,000 in annual Lottery proceeds are earmarked for the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals-Office of Addictive Disorders to fund problem gambling programs.
As of July 2009, the Lottery has transferred over $2 billion to Louisiana's treasury. In fiscal year 2009, more than $135.9 million was transferred, which is the highest amount since 1993. The LLC ranks first among U.S. lotteries in percentage of revenue transferred to its government.
More than 2,700 businesses in Louisiana earn a 5 percent commission on the sale of Lottery products as licensed retailers. In addition to revenue from commission, retailers earn an incentive of up 2 percent for cashing winning tickets up to $600. Retailers are also paid a selling bonus of up to 1 percent on the sale of top-prize winning tickets for Lotto, Easy 5, or Powerball (1% of Louisiana’s contribution to the jackpot’s cash value; for Powerball, a minimum bonus of $25,000). Retailer commission and incentives totaled $19.7 million in fiscal year 2009.
The Lottery retains less than 10 percent of its revenue to fund operations, including its headquarters, five regional sales offices where players claim winning tickets, technology for generating tickets and conducting drawings, ticket printing, advertising, promotions, and staffing.
The US and Louisiana governments consider winnings from all forms of gaming to be income for tax purposes. By law, the LLC must report winnings from each ticket with a prize value over $600 to the Internal Revenue Service, and the Louisiana Department of Revenue and Taxation.
Income tax regulations require the LLC to withhold 25 percent federal taxes, and 5 percent Louisiana taxes, from prizes of more than $5,000. A gambling income statement, W2-G, is mailed to the claimant by January in the year following the payment of the prize. The W2-G is mailed to the address entered on the claim form unless the Lottery is notified of an address change before the W2-G is issued.
According to Louisiana law, Lottery ticket purchasers must be at least 21 years old. Individuals who sell tickets are required to obtain proof of age through a valid current drivers' license, ID card, passport, or military/federal ID containing a photo and date of birth.
Individuals who are at least 21 can give Lottery tickets to a person under 21 as a gift, although minors must be accompanied by a legal guardian or a family member who is at least 21 to claim a Lottery prize. Underage people can sell Lottery tickets if they meet the minimum employment age of 14, and are employed by a licensed Lottery retailer.
The 21 minimum age requirement to purchase Lottery tickets was changed from 18 in 1998 to coincide with the age requirement for most other forms of gaming in Louisiana, which is one of only three jurisdictions (Arizona and Iowa are the others) that requires ticket purchasers to be at least 21.
The Lottery licenses retailers to sell all of its products (draw-style and scratch-off tickets.) In selecting retailers for licensure, the LLC considers the applicant's:
Because of the considerable investment of equipment and sales support the Lottery makes for on-line retailers, potential retailers are scrutinized to ensure an adequate return on this investment in making the decision to grant or renew a license.
The following are the minimum qualifications to be considered for a retailer license:
Drawings for Louisiana-based games are conducted at Lottery headquarters in downtown Baton Rouge. They are videotaped and conducted in a special room secured by alarms and motion detectors. Each drawing is conducted using one of two secure automated drawing machines. Automated drawing machines are stand-alone computers that are essentially random number generators that are completely separate from the system that generates tickets, so the number of winners and where the winning tickets were sold is not known until after the drawing has occurred.
Louisiana-based drawings are held every evening, except on Christmas Day and Easter Sunday, beginning at approximately 9:30 pm, after confirming that client sales have ceased and are verified. Tickets for Lotto, Easy 5, Pick 3, and Pick 4 must be purchased by 9:30 p.m. on draw nights. Powerball tickets must be purchased by 9:00 p.m. on draw nights. The public is welcome to attend any drawing, but must reserve a seat by contacting the Lottery during regular business hours. Drawings for Pick 3 and Pick 4 are held daily, while drawings for Easy 5, Lotto, and Powerball are held only on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Powerball, the Lottery’s multi-jurisdictional game, is conducted live at 9:59 p.m., Central Standard Time on Wednesdays and Saturdays by the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida.
One of three methods in choosing random numbers is used for each of the Lottery’s games. These are burned on to the “read only” memory of a microchip. The microchips are secured in the systems’ central processing unit, and a protective seal makes tampering impossible. Access to the room and machines is reliant upon a dual key and password system from a Lottery drawing official and a legislative auditor. Prior to each drawing, the drawing method and machine are randomly selected.
After both drawings are conducted, the official winning numbers generated by the system are transmitted to Louisiana Public Broadcasting, WLPB, for satellite relay to all participating television stations and are faxed to news media. The Lottery also posts the winning numbers on its Web site following the drawings each night. The LLC discontinued live drawings for its in-house games in 1998, ahead of a current industry trend toward automated drawings.
Draw game prizes must be claimed within 180 days of the drawing in which the prize was won. Scratch-off prizes claims must be made within 90 days after the announced closure of the game. Powerball jackpot winners have 60 days after claiming their prize to select cash or annuity.
The LLC is required to report all prizes greater than $600 to the IRS and the Louisiana Department of Revenue. For winners with a U.S.-issued Social Security number, prizes of $5,000 or more are subject to Louisiana income tax withholding, and also have federal tax withheld. Unpaid child support owed by the winner may also be withheld. Annuitized prizes are the property of the winner’s estate in the event of death.
Lottery tickets are bearer instruments, which means that the Lottery must pay the holder of a winning ticket presented for payment. Signing the back of the ticket is the single most important thing one can do to help protect themselves from theft and demonstrate ownership of the ticket. Any alteration to a winning ticket worth more than $600 is cause for an immediate security investigation. Once a winning ticket has been paid, however, it is much more difficult to determine whether another individual was the rightful owner. By law, the Lottery can pay a winning ticket only once.
In 1992 the LLC launched its second draw-style game, Pick 3. It lets players choose their own play style and wager to win up to $500 on a $1 bet, or $250 on a 50¢ bet. Players pick any three-digit number on a playslip or choose Quick Pick. Pick 3 has four ways to play. By playing a “straight”, players must match their three digits in exact order to win. By playing a “box”, players can match their three digits in any order. By playing a “straight/box” players combine a 50-cent “straight” play and 50-cent “box” play. Or, by playing a “combo”, players can match three digits in any order to win a “straight” payout. Bettors can play their numbers up to seven consecutive days. Drawings are held daily except Christmas and Easter, when no Louisiana-based drawings are held.
The LLC launched Pick 4 on March 1, 1999 with daily drawings. Players pick any four digits, 0 through 9, or use Quick Pick to randomly generate the numbers on up to five different plays on one ticket, after also deciding how to play each number. Players can win up to $5,000 for a $1 play or up to $2,500 for a 50-cent play. Bettors can play their numbers up to seven consecutive days.
Easy 5 was relaunched in 2007, replacing Cash Quest, which replaced the original version of Easy 5 in 1998. It offers players the chance to win a pari-mutuel jackpot of at least $50,000 for matching 5 numbers from a field of 37. Any game with at least 2 matches wins; overall odds of winning a prize are 1 in 8.
If a player chooses to use ezmatch, the Lottery's terminal will print five ezmatch numbers on the ticket, along with a corresponding instant prize for each number. Players matching any of the five ezmatch numbers to any of the regular Easy 5 numbers on their ticket win the ezmatch prize for that number.
Louisiana Lotto began in January 1992; it draws 6 of 40 numbers. In 1995, the LLC began paying Louisiana Lotto jackpots as cash instead of a 20-year annuity. It offers a pari-mutuel jackpot of at least $250,000 that keeps growing until it is won. In 1998, a $3 prize level for matching 3 of the 6 numbers was added, decreasing the odds to 1 in 30. The game is structured to average $2,000 and $50 for the match 5 and match 4 prize levels respectively.
In 1995, the LLC joined the flagship game operated by MUSL. Powerball jackpots begin at $20 million, increasing if no top-prize winner. The game features a double matrix: 5 of 59, and 1 of 39. The advertised Powerball jackpot represents an estimate of the annuity, which, if chosen, is paid in 30 annual installments that increase by 4 percent yearly. The first installment is paid when the prize is claimed. Winners can instead choose the cash option, which is the cash in the jackpot pool. The cash value represents the amount of money MUSL would have invested to purchase the annuity. In 2001, the PowerPlay option was introduced. For an additional $1 per play, bettors can multiply a non-jackpot prize by up to 5. Before the Powerball drawing, a PowerPlay multiplier is randomly selected. The match-5 second prize (five white balls) automatically is a 5x win on a PowerPlay wager. Overall odds are 1 in 35.
In January 2012, Powerball will become a $2-per-play game; with PowerPlay, $3.
Perhaps surprisingly, Louisiana did not participate in the cross-selling expansion of Mega Millions and Powerball on January 31, 2010. As of October 27, 2011, there are 46 US lotteries; 42 offer Mega Millions and Powerball, while California offers only Mega Millions. (Florida offer only Powerball.)
With Powerball becoming a $2-per-play game in January 2012, Louisiana decided to pursue adding Mega Millions, which has always been $1 per play; $2 with the Megaplier option (there are no plans to raise the price of a Mega Millions ticket.) Mega Millions will become available in Louisiana on November 16, 2011.
As the name indicates, players scratch off a protective coating on a ticket to find out if they’re an instant winner. A selection of 30 to 40 scratch-offs featuring Louisiana, holiday, casino, and other themes are introduced yearly. From 1 million to 3 million tickets of each game are printed, with new games launched monthly. Scratch-off prizes have varied from a free ticket to $1 million. The Lottery offers $1, $2, $3, $5 and $10 scratch-off games. In general, higher priced tickets have higher prize values, lower overall odds of winning, more chances to win on a ticket, and higher payout percentages. When the last top prize in a game is claimed, sales cease, and the game is closed.