Winning Numbers 11 - 14 - 22 - 33 - 42 - PB: 38 Power Play Multiplier: 2
The Iowa Lottery is run by the government of Iowa. It is a charter member of, and home to, the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), which administers its games on behalf of the member lotteries. The Iowa Lottery portfolio includes Hot Lotto, Mega Millions, Powerball, $100,000 Cash Game, plus numerous scratchcard and pull-tab games.
Iowa's Pick 3 and Pick 4 numbers are drawn by the Illinois Lottery, and are the winning numbers for both lotteries.
The largest prize won on an Iowa Lottery ticket was approximately $241 million; it was the only jackpot-winning ticket sold for the June 13, 2012 drawing of Powerball. A group of 20 cereal factory workers held claim to the ticket, choosing the $160 million (before withholdings) cash option.
Legislation creating Iowa's lottery was signed into law in April 1985; the Lottery began sales on August 22, 1985, with a kickoff celebration at the Iowa State Fair.
The first product sold by the Iowa Lottery was an instant-scratch game called Scratch, Match and Win; players bought more than 6.4 million tickets during its first week.
The Iowa Lottery has raised more than $1.1 billion for programs (reaching $1 billion in March 2006) while awarding more than $2.2 billion in prizes. .
The Lottery sells tickets in three general categories: instant-scratch, pull-tab and online games. Lottery products are sold at more than 2,500 retail locations.
The Iowa Lottery has over 100 employees who work at its headquarters in Des Moines and its regional offices in Council Bluffs, Storm Lake, Mason City, and Cedar Rapids.
Unlike most US lotteries, the minimum age to buy tickets is 21. (Iowa was the first jurisdiction to raise its minimum age for buying tickets from 18, in 1994.)
In September 2007, the Iowa Lottery (along with the Kansas Lottery) began the first US multi-jurisdictional scratch game, Midwest Millions.
Pick 3 is played 13 times weekly (twice daily except Sundays.) Options and prizes vary. The Iowa Pick 3 numbers are drawn by the Illinois Lottery with drawings telecast on WGN America; the winning results in Illinois are the same in Iowa.
Players choose three digits, each from 0 through 9, or let the lottery terminal select them (Easy Pick).
Pick 3 players may wager up to 14 consecutive drawings.
Drawings are held Mondays through Saturdays at 12:40 p.m. plus every evening at about 9:20 p.m.
Pick 3 prizes must be claimed within 90 days of the drawing.
Pick 4 also is drawn 13 times weekly by the Illinois Lottery.
Play is similar to Pick 3.
Pick 4 players may wager up to 14 consecutive drawings. Drawings are held at the same time as Pick 3.
Pick 4 prizes must be claimed within 90 days of the drawing.
The $100,000 Cash Game is played Mondays through Saturdays.
Players choose 5 numbers out of 35, or ask for Easy Pick. Players may wager up to 24 consecutive drawings. Matching all 5 numbers (in any order) wins $100,000. Prizes also awarded for matching 4, 3, or 2 numbers.
Drawings are held at 6:28 p.m. $100,000 Cash Game prizes must be claimed within 90 days of the drawing.
Hot Lotto is played in 15 states and the District of Columbia; it is drawn Wednesdays and Saturdays. Hot Lotto draws 5 "white balls" numbered from 1 through 47, and one orange "Hot Ball", numbered 1 through 19. The starting jackpot is $1,000,000 (all-cash, and "taxes paid"), increasing by at least $50,000 if there is no top prize winner. Hot Lotto has an option, called Sizzler (similar to the former version of Powerball's Power Play); it triples non-jackpot prizes.
On May 12, 2013, the Hot Lotto game dropped its annuity option; eight "white balls" were added to the original 39.
Since 1988, the Iowa Lottery has been a member of MUSL. Powerball began in 1992. Its jackpots began at $40 million. Powerball is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights.
On October 13, 2009 the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in U.S. lottery jurisdictions. On November 16, 2009, the Iowa Lottery Board approved the introduction of Mega Millions to Iowa. Mega Millions sales in Iowa began on January 31, 2010; the first drawing including Iowa was on February 2, 2010.
Powerball is an American lottery game sold by 45 lotteries as a shared jackpot game. It is coordinated by the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), a non-profit organization formed by an agreement with lotteries. Since the format change on January 15, 2012, Powerball's minimum advertised jackpot is $40 million (annuity) with a potential of nine-figure prizes. Its annuity option is paid in 30 graduated installments; winners may choose a lump sum cash payment instead, but with a substantial discount. Powerball drawings are held on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 10:59 p.m. Eastern time. The game uses a 5/59 (white balls) + 1/35 (Powerballs) matrix from which winning numbers are chosen. Each play costs $2, or, with the Power Play option, $3. (Prior to January 15, 2012, games cost $1 each, or $2 with Power Play; that option was added in 2001.) The official cutoff time for ticket sales is 10 pm ET; some jurisdictions cut sales earlier. The drawings usually are held at the Florida Lottery’s high-tech studio in Tallahassee.
On November 29, 2012, one day after the drawing for the largest Powerball jackpot, the California Lottery Commission voted to join Powerball. California joined the game on April 8, 2013.
On May 18, 2013, the largest jackpot in the game's history, and the largest prize ever on one ticket, approximately $590,500,000 (annuity), was won. On June 5, Florida Lottery officials announced the winner, who was Gloria C. MacKenzie, 84, who purchased the "quick pick" ticket at a Publix supermarket in Zephyrhills, Florida. MacKenzie opted to take the cash option, which was approximately $370,800,000 before Federal withholding (Florida does not have a state income tax.)
On October 13, 2009, MUSL and the Mega Millions consortium signed an agreement to allow US lotteries to sell both games, no longer requiring exclusivity. The expansion occurred on January 31, 2010, as 10 Mega Millions members began selling Powerball tickets for their first drawing on February 3. Simultaneously, 23 Powerball members began offering Mega Millions tickets for their first drawing on February 2. On March 1, Montana (by joining Mega Millions) was the first state to join the "other" game after the cross-selling expansion. Later in March, Nebraska, then Oregon, also joined Mega Millions; Arizona followed on April 18, with Maine joining Mega Millions on May 9. Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions on May 16. The most recent MUSL member joining Mega Millions was Louisiana, in November 2011.
By May 2013, of the 50 US states, 43 of them will participate in both Mega Millions and Powerball games completing the expansion as all Lotteries now offer both games. The 7 remaining non-participating states do not allow/run state run lotteries by either law or state constitutional mandate.
Powerball replaced Lotto*America in April 1992; Mega Millions replaced The Big Game in May 2002 (see below for the evolution of the name Mega Millions).
Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah do not have laws establishing a state lottery. Although Puerto Rico has a lottery, it does not participate in either Mega Millions or Powerball; it does not plan to join either game yet. On March 14, 2013, Wyoming became the 44th state to establish a state lottery. However they do not offer any games yet.
Powerball's predecessor began in 1988; it was known as Lotto*America. The game, and name, were changed to Powerball on April 19, 1992. Powerball's first drawing was held on April 22.
Maine joined MUSL in 1990, dropping out when Powerball began; it did not rejoin MUSL until summer 2004.
When it was launched Powerball became the first game to use two drums. Using two drums offers more manipulation, simultaneously allowing high jackpot odds, numerous prize levels, and low overall odds of winning. (As explained later, a Powerball ticket can win by matching only one number.) The two-drum concept was suggested by Steve Caputo of the Oregon Lottery. The two-drum concept has since been used by The Big Game (now Mega Millions) in the US, Australia's Powerball, Thunderball in the United Kingdom, and EuroMillions. (Unlike most two-drum games, Euromillions selects two numbers, called "Lucky Stars", from the second drum; jackpot winners must make a total of seven matches).
Through 2008, Powerball drawings usually were held at Screenscape Studios in West Des Moines, Iowa. The drawings' host was longtime Iowa radio personality Mike Pace, who had hosted MUSL drawings since Lotto*America began in 1988. In 1996 Powerball went "on the road" for the first time, holding five remote drawings at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Ironically, weeks later, the Georgia Lottery became the only lottery to leave Powerball (Maine, which joined MUSL in 1990, left when Powerball began). In August 1996, Georgia joined the then-new The Big Game (now Mega Millions), then the other major US lottery group. It planned to sell tickets for both games for the rest of 1996; however, within a few days, Georgia was forcibly removed from MUSL, not to return until the 2010 cross-sell expansion.
On November 2, 1997, the annuity was changed from 20 to 25 yearly payments; the cash option was added. Currently, the annuity consists of 30 graduated payments (increasing 4% annually) over a period of 29 years.
In 1998 Florida was given permission by its government to participate in a multi-state game. It was set to offer Powerball; however, in early 1999, the new governor, Jeb Bush, prevented Florida from joining since he believed Powerball would hurt the existing Florida Lottery games. In 2008 Gov. Charlie Crist finally allowed Florida to join MUSL, on January 4, 2009.
On March 7, 2001, an optional multiplier (called Power Play) was added, allowing players to multiply non-jackpot winnings by up to 5 by paying an extra $1 per game. A wheel was introduced to select the Power Play multiplier for each drawing. (On October 9, 2002, the 1x was removed from the Power Play wheel.)
With the start of Powerball sales in Florida on January 4, 2009 (with its first participating drawing January 7), the matrices changed to 5/59 + 1/39 (adding four white ball numbers and dropping three red balls). This change decreased the jackpot probability from 1:146 million to 1:195 million; the overall probability became 1:35.
Based on statistical projections, the average jackpot won increased from $95 million to $141 million. Over 3.5 million additional prizes were expected to be won yearly (based on the same sales level) due to the change in overall probability. The starting jackpot increased to $20 million, with each rollover adding at least $5 million. The jackpot contribution increased from 30.3% to 32.5% of total sales.
The Power Play option was modified; second prize, usually $200,000, was given an automatic 5x Power Play multiplier, making the 5+0 prize $1 million cash.
The bonus second prize if the jackpot exceeded its previous record by $25 million, triggered only twice, was eliminated with the 2012 format change.
The conditions for Florida joining Powerball included a move of the live drawings from West Des Moines, Iowa, to Universal Studios in Orlando. The three hosts rotating announcing duties from Universal Studios were Tracy Wiu, Elizabeth Hart, and Scott Adams. (MUSL headquarters remain in Iowa, where its other draws are held.)
The wheel that was used to determine the Power Play multiplier was retired when the drawings moved to Florida; a random number generator (RNG) was used until the 2012 format change.
The Arkansas Scholarship Lottery became the 33rd MUSL member on October 31, 2009, the last to join before the 2010 cross-sell expansion. The Ohio Lottery added Powerball on April 16, 2010.
In March 2009, it was reported that New Jersey, already a Mega Millions member, sought permission to join Powerball. Shortly after New Jersey announced its desire to sell both games, discussions were revealed about allowing each US lottery to sell tickets for both games. On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball. In November 2009, MUSL signed an agreement to start streaming the live Powerball drawings online.
On January 31, 2010, Powerball sales expanded to 43 lotteries with the addition of 10 Mega Millions members (see list). On the same day, 23 Powerball members began selling tickets for Mega Millions, leaving only 10 lotteries with just Powerball. Of these, eight added Mega Millions by May. The Montana Lottery joined Mega Millions on March 1. Nebraska added Mega Millions on March 20; Oregon followed on March 28; Arizona joined Mega Millions on April 18; Maine added Mega Millions on May 9; Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions on May 16. The US Virgin Islands joined Mega Millions in October 2010. The Ohio Lottery joined Powerball on April 16, 2010 for the drawing the next day.
On March 13, 2010, New Jersey became the first previous Mega Millions-only member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Powerball ticket. It was worth over $211 million annuity; it was sold in Morris Plains.
On May 28, 2010, North Carolina became the first previous Powerball-only member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Mega Millions ticket; that jackpot was $12 million (annuity).
On June 2, 2010, Ohio won a Powerball jackpot; it became the first lottery selling either Mega Millions or Powerball (not both) on January 30, 2010 to provide a jackpot-winning ticket for its newer game. The ticket was worth $261.6 million annuity; it was sold in Sunbury. Ohio's second Powerball jackpot-winning ticket, sold for the June 23, 2010 drawing, was part of another first; since Montana also provided a jackpot winner for that drawing, it was the first time two lotteries shared a jackpot where the two lotteries sold competing games before the cross-selling expansion, as Montana sold only Powerball before the expansion date.
As a result of Illinois joining Powerball, it became the second multi-lottery game (after Mega Millions, which Illinois already participated in) whose drawings are carried nationally, instead of in participating states. Both games' drawings are simulcast via Chicago cable superstation WGN-TV through its national WGN America feed. WGN-TV has aired Illinois Lottery drawings nationally since 1992 after acquiring broadcast rights from Fox owned-and-operated station WFLD in Chicago in 1988, which took the rights from WGN-TV the year prior. Powerball drawings are aired on WGN-TV and WGN America on Wednesday and Saturday evenings immediately following the station's 9 p.m. (Central time) newscast with the Mega Millions drawings being aired Tuesdays and Friday evenings after the newscast.
As of January 15, 2012, each basic Powerball play costs $2; with Power Play, $3. The minimum jackpot is $40 million. Any non-jackpot play matching the 5 white balls wins $1 million. There are 35 Powerballs, down from 39. The drawings were moved from Universal Studios Orlando to the Florida Lottery’s high-tech studio in Tallahassee; Sam Arlen is the host, with Alexa Fuentes substituting when Arlen is unavailable. These changes were made to increase the frequency of nine-figure jackpots; a Powerball spokesperson believed a $500 million jackpot was feasible (it became a reality within the year), and that the first $1 billion jackpot in US history would occur by 2022. (Ironically, less than three months after the Powerball changes, Mega Millions' jackpot reached $656,000,000 despite remaining a $1-per-play game.)
The Power Play prizes no longer are determined by a random multiplier; also, the $25 million rollover "cap" (creating larger 5+0 prizes) was eliminated.
Although California joined Powerball on April 8, 2013, it will not offer the Power Play option, as all payouts in California Lottery drawing games, by law, are pari-mutuel. This is similar to Mega Millions (which became available in California in 2005; California's is the only lottery without the Megaplier).
The minimum Powerball bet is $2. In each game, players select five numbers from a set of 59 white balls and one number from 35 red Powerballs. The number chosen from the red Powerballs may be the same as one of the numbers chosen from the white balls. Players can select their own numbers and/or have the terminal randomly select numbers (called "quick pick", "easy pick", etc. depending on the state ). In each drawing, winning numbers are selected using two ball machines, one containing the white balls and the other containing the red Powerballs. Five balls are drawn from the first machine and one from the second machine; these are the winning numbers. Games matching at least three white balls and/or the red Powerball win.
The drawing order of the five white balls is irrelevant; all tickets show the five white ball numbers in ascending order. Players also cannot use the drawn Powerball number to match one of their white numbers, or vice versa.
Two identical machines are used for each drawing, randomly selected from four machines. The model of machine used is the Halogen, manufactured by Smartplay International of Edgewater Park, New Jersey. There are eight ball sets (four white, four red); one set of each color is randomly selected before a drawing. The balls are mixed by a turntable at the bottom of the machine that propels the balls around the chamber. When the machine selects a ball, the turntable slows to catch it, sends it up the shaft, and then down the rail to the display.
The double matrix has varied:
†Power Play was introduced in 2001.
While Mega Millions and Powerball each have roughly the same jackpot odds despite having a different double matrix (Mega Millions is 5/56 + 1/46), since Powerball is $2 per play, on average, it now takes approximately $350,000,000 in wagers (not counting the extra $1 for each Power Play wager), on average, to produce a jackpot-winning ticket.
For an additional $1 per game, a player may activate the Power Play option. Prior to January 15, 2012, Power Play prizes were determined by a random multiplier.
The dilemma for players is whether to maximize the chance at the jackpot, or reduce the chance at the jackpot in exchange for an increase in lower-level prize(s).
In 2006 and 2007, MUSL replaced one of the 5× spaces on the then-Power Play wheel with a 10×. During each month-long promotion, MUSL guaranteed that there would be at least one drawing where the 10× multiplier would be drawn. The promotion returned in 2008; the ball landed in the 10× space twice. After skipping 2009, the 10× multiplier returned in May 2010 (after the Power Play drawing was changed to RNG). The promotion was extended for the only time, as the 10× multiplier was not drawn until June 12. The second prize 5× guarantee continued; the 10× applied to all non-jackpot prizes, as in previous promotions.
Power Play's success has led to similar multipliers in other games, such as the tripler in MUSL's smaller Hot Lotto, called Sizzler; and Megaplier, available in all Mega Millions states except California. (Hot Lotto's format will change in May 2013; it is not known whether the Sizzler option will continue as is.)
The 2012 game change resulted in all eight lower-tier levels having "fixed" Power Play prizes.
Payouts (on a $2 play) are:
Overall odds of winning a prize are 1 in 31.85. All non-jackpot prizes are fixed amounts; they may be reduced and paid on a parimutuel basis on a state by state basis if the liability exceeds the funds in the prize pool for that drawing in that particular state.
Some may notice that the odds of matching only the Powerball (1-35) are 1:55.41, instead of 1:35. This is because there is a chance of matching at least one white ball in addition to the Powerball.
Jackpot winners have the option of receiving their prize in cash (in two installments; one from the winning jurisdiction, then the combined funds from the other 43 members) or as a graduated annuity paid in 30 yearly installments. Each annuity payment is 4% higher than in the previous year to adjust for inflation.
The advertised estimated jackpot represents the total payments that would be paid to a jackpot winner should they accept the 30-installment option. This estimate is based on the funds accumulated in the jackpot pool rolled over from prior drawings, expected sales for the next drawing, and market interest rates for the securities that would be used to fund the annuity. The estimated jackpot usually is 32.5% of the (non–Power Play) revenue of each base ($1) play, submitted by game members to accumulate into a prize pool to fund the jackpot. If the jackpot is not won in a particular drawing, the prize pool carries over to the next drawing, accumulating until there is a jackpot winner. This prize pool is the cash that is paid to a jackpot winner if they choose cash. If the winner chooses the annuity, current market rates are used to calculate the graduated payment schedule and the initial installment is paid. The remaining funds in the prize pool are invested to generate the income required to fund the remaining installments. If there are multiple jackpot winners for a drawing, the jackpot prize pool is divided equally for all such plays.
MUSL and its members accept all investment risk and are contractually obligated and liable to the winner to make all scheduled payments to annuity winners. If a jackpot ticket is not claimed, the funds in the prize pool are returned to members in proportion to the amount they contributed to the prize pool. The 44 states have different rules regulating how unclaimed funds are used.
When the Powerball jackpot is won, the next jackpot is guaranteed to be $40 million (annuity). If a jackpot is not won, the next jackpot is guaranteed to be $10 million higher than the prior drawing. The cash in the jackpot pool is guaranteed to be the current value of the annuity. If revenue from ticket sales falls below expectations, game members must contribute additional funds to the jackpot pool to cover the shortage; the most likely situation is if the jackpot is won in consecutive drawings.
Although players may purchase tickets in other states, all prize claims must be made where the ticket was bought.
The minimum age to play Powerball is 18, except in Nebraska, where it is 19, and in Arizona, Iowa, and Louisiana, where it is 21.
Generally, Powerball players do not have to choose cash or annuity unless they win a jackpot (then they usually have 60 days to choose). There are exceptions: in Florida and Missouri, the 60-day "clock" starts with the drawing, so a jackpot winner who wishes to take the cash option needs to make immediate plans to claim their prize. (In Idaho, winners have only 30 days after claiming to choose.) New Jersey and Texas require the cash/annuity choice to be made when playing; in New Jersey, an annuity ticket can be changed to cash after winning; however, in Texas, the choice is binding. (When the cash option was introduced in 1997, all Powerball players had to make the choice when playing; this regulation was phased out by early 1999.) All Powerball prize winners must claim within a period ranging from 90 days to one year, depending on the rules where the ticket was bought.
Powerball winnings in California, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota are subject to Federal income tax only. There is no state income tax in Florida, South Dakota, Texas, or Washington, and only on interest and dividends in Tennessee and New Hampshire. Winnings from tickets purchased in another state may be subject to its income tax laws (with possible credit for taxes paid to one's own state, or vice versa).
Unlike the jackpot pool, other prizes are the responsibility and liability of each participating lottery. All revenue for Powerball ticket sales not used for jackpots is retained by each member; none of this revenue is shared with other lotteries. Members are liable only for the payment of secondary prizes sold in their state.
Since the secondary prizes are defined in fixed amounts, on rare occasions, if the liability for a given prize level exceed the funds in the prize pool for that level the amount of the prize may be reduced and the prize pool be distributed on a parimutuel basis and result in a prize lower than the fixed amounts given in the prize tables. Because the secondary prize pools are calculated independently, it is possible prizes may be lower in one state, yet remain at their advertised level in the other Powerball states.
Because the quoted jackpot amount is an annuity of 30 graduated annual payments, its cash value relative to the annuity fluctuates. The actual ratio depends on projected interest rates and other factors. MUSL starts with the cash value, built from a percentage of sales and then calculates the advertised jackpot amount from that value based on the average costs of the three best securities bids.
The largest Powerball prize (and American record) for cash value on one ticket is the $223.7 millon cash ($337 million annuity) for the August 15, 2012 drawing. It was sold in Michigan.
A jackpot of $365 million was won on February 18, 2006, by one ticket in Nebraska. It was shared by eight people who worked at a Conagra meatpacking plant. They chose the cash option, sharing $177,270,519.67 (before taxes).
On October 19, 2005, the West family of Jacksonville, Oregon won $340 million; however, the cash value was lower than that of jackpot from December 25, 2002annuity valuethe $314.9 million . The Wests' cash prize was $164,410,058.03. The family won shortly after a rule change took effect which was created to generate larger annuity values. If the rule was in effect for the December 2002 jackpot, the annuity value would have been $352.6 million. (Jack Whittaker, of West Virginia, chose the cash option for his then-record jackpot.)
On August 25, 2007, a jackpot worth $314.3 million was won by a retired auto worker from Ohio; that ticket was bought in Richmond, Indiana, a community that already had sold a jackpot-winning ticket of at least $200 million.
In November 2011, three Greenwich, Connecticut financial executives shared $254.2 million (annuity value), the largest prize on a Connecticut-bought ticket. Choosing the cash option, the men split nearly $104 million after withholdings. The jackpot, at the time, was the 12th largest in Powerball history.
At six wins, Florida has produced the most jackpot winners for Powerball.
The Powerball drawing on March 30, 2005 produced 110 second-prize winners. The total payout to these winners was $19,400,000, with 89 winners each receiving $100,000. The other 21 winners received $500,000, as they were Power Play selections.
MUSL officials initially suspected fraud or a reporting error. However, all 110 winners had played numbers from fortune cookies made by Wonton Food Inc. of Long Island City, New York. The factory had printed the numbers "22, 28, 32, 33, 39, 40" on thousands of fortunes. The "40" in the fortune did not match the Powerball number of "42". None of the employees of Wonton Food played those numbers; at the time, the closest state with Powerball was Connecticut. Since the ticket holders had won as result of a coincidence rather than foul play, the payouts were made.
Had these 110 winners shared the then $25 million jackpot, each ticket would have been worth about $227,272 annuity or $122,727 cash.
The fortune on the inspiring fortune cookie read: "All the preparation you've done will finally be paying off."
In 2007, the Oregon Lottery released a Windows Sidebar gadget which displays the winning numbers for Powerball in realtime. The gadget also provides large jackpot announcements.
In 2006, WMS Gaming released a range of slot machines under the Powerball brand name.
The New York Lottery introduced a Powerball scratchcard in 2010. Five winning numbers plus a powerball were printed across the top of the card, with 12 opportunities to match. Matching the winning numbers or the powerball won. The top prize was $1 million (annuity) and unlike actual Powerball, there was no cash option for the top prize.
Hot Lotto is administered by the Iowa-based Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), which is best known for the Powerball game. As of May 12, 2013, when Tennessee joined the game, Hot Lotto is available in 16 jurisdictions, including the District of Columbia; by definition, all 16 offer Powerball. Because of the 2009 Mega Millions/Powerball cross-selling agreement, the 16 lotteries also offer Mega Millions, with each Hot Lotto member adding Mega Millions on or after the January 31, 2010 cross-sell expansion. Prior to Tennessee, the Maine Lottery was the most recent to join Hot Lotto, in October 2009.
Hot Lotto began sales on April 7, 2002 (the game was introduced to celebrate the 10th anniversary of Powerball the same month); the first Hot Lotto drawing was three days later. Hot Lotto gives smaller lotteries the opportunity to create the "middle-sized" jackpots that are commonplace in single-jurisdiction games which serve a sizable population base, such as Florida Lotto and Lotto Texas.
Hot Lotto drawings are held every Wednesday and Saturday, the same nights as Powerball, at MUSL's headquarters in Urbandale, Iowa. Normally, the Hot Lotto drawing is immediately following the 9:59 p.m. Central Time Powerball drawing. Unlike Powerball, the Hot Lotto drawings are not televised; its drawings use a random number generator (RNG), instead of rubber balls, or ping-pong balls (the latter with air mixing the balls.)
Hot Lotto drawings have been recorded and shown online since early 2006; prior to that, Hot Lotto's drawings had been televised. While Powerball drawings moved to Florida in 2009 with the Florida Lottery joining that game, the Hot Lotto drawings (and MUSL headquarters) remained in Iowa.
The Sizzler option, which triples non-jackpot prizes, was added in 2008. The basic game, $1 per play, was unchanged until May 12, 2013, when the advertised jackpot changed from the gross annuity value to cash, and "taxes-paid"; the annuity option was eliminated, as winners almost always chose cash versus the annuity payments.
The final advertised gross (and annuity) jackpot amount for a Hot Lotto drawing, held on May 11, 2013, was $6,110,000 with a $4,720,000 cash option. The initial jackpot under the updated format, for the May 15 drawing, is $6,160,000 which is the minimum $50,000 increase when not won, although the advertised amount now reflects the net cash value (after withholdings) instead of the before-withholdings annuity amount. Further increases will be $50,000 per drawing until won, or until the actual "taxes-paid" cash jackpot pool catches up with the advertised amount; the latter scenario would allow larger jackpot increases.
As of May 12, 2013, a player pays $1 (or $2 if the Sizzler option is desired; see below) and picks five numbers from 1 through 47, plus one additional number (the “Hot Ball”) from 1 through 19 drawn from a second, separate pool, or asks for terminal-selected numbers, known by various lotteries as "easy pick", "quick-pick", etc., for the five white numbers, the "Hot Ball", or all six. (The "Hot Ball" in any game, on a ticket and/or actually drawn, can be a duplicate of one of the five "white" numbers.)
Hot Lotto has an option, called Sizzler (in North Dakota, Triple Sizzler), where players can win triple the normal amount on any prize except the jackpot; for example, second prize (see below), which normally wins $30,000, is tripled to $90,000 if the player activated the Sizzler option. The Sizzler option was retained under the May 12, 2013 format change.
The Sizzler option began in January 2008, although Idaho and the District of Columbia (Idaho because of legal action by the Sizzler steakhouse chain ) did not immediately offer the tripler.
The player wins as follows (before and after the May 12, 2013 format change):
†Effective May 12, 2013. Overall odds of winning through May 11, 2013 were 1:16; current overall odds are be 1:17.
The Hot Ball cannot "cross over" to be used to match any of the five regular numbers, or vice versa.
Prizes are determined by a modified parimutuel system; except under special circumstances, only the jackpot pool (among the prize categories) is shared among multiple winners.
Through the May 11, 2013 drawing, the jackpot was annuitized, with a cash option. The minimum jackpot is $1,000,000; under the original format, a winner received 25 equal payments over 24 years unless the cash option was chosen. If there is no selection matching all five white ball numbers and the "Hot Ball", the jackpot pool is rolled into the following drawing, increasing by at least $50,000 per rollover. (When Hot Lotto began, the minimum rollover was $100,000; it was reduced a few months later.)
A jackpot won on or before May 11, 2013 entitles the winner(s) to the option of receiving the annuity prize (mentioned above), or the present-day cash value (see below.) Both amounts reflect the gross amount in the jackpot pool, before withholding(s.) The cash value was the then-current value of the annuity, which fluctuated depending on prevailing interest rates. The annuity option was eliminated for jackpots won on or after May 15, 2013.
Depending on where a Hot Lotto ticket is purchased, winners (jackpot or otherwise) have from 90 days to 1 year in which to claim their prize.
Original members (game began in April 2002):
Joined since the game started:
The 16 Hot Lotto participants are spread out over most regions of the contiguous United States; Tennessee is the first in the Southeast, where all four lotteries offering Decades of Dollars are found. The four lotteries each border Tennessee. (Three of those lotteries took part in Lotto South, from 2001 to 2006.) Tennessee, with a population of approximately 6.3 million as of the 2010 Census, is Hot Lotto′s most-populous member, replacing Minnesota (approximately 5.3 million.)
The Megabucks game, the nation's first multi-jurisdictional game, offered in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont since 1985, is expected to end in spring 2013, as the three lotteries are shifting their focus to Hot Lotto as their "mid-tier" game.
The minimum age to purchase a Hot Lotto ticket is 18, except in Iowa, where it is 21.
Subscription play for Hot Lotto is available in North Dakota, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Minnesota; however, all jurisdictions that offer Hot Lotto allow advance play; the number of draws varies by member.
Subscription play is restricted to adults who reside within one of the above four jurisdictions, with the exception of New Hampshire; players may buy subscriptions via the New Hampshire Lottery, even if their residence is elsewhere.
Since Hot Lotto is a multi-jurisdictional game, a jackpot winner does not necessarily collect their prize in lump sum. This is because each of the game's members hold on to the accumulating jackpot money until after the jackpot is won. A winner, initially, receives a payment representing the cash in the jackpot pool accumulated from the winning Hot Lotto member; then a second payment for the remainder of the cash value, for the funds accumulated from the jackpot pool from each of the other lotteries.
The District of Columbia, then Idaho, added the Sizzler option after it became available in January 2008.
A ticket bought in Iowa for the December 29, 2010 Hot Lotto drawing, "claimed" the following December with virtually no time to spare, would have been among Hot Lotto 's biggest jackpot winners. At the time of the drawing, the jackpot's annuity value was approximately $16,500,000; if the ticket had been successfully claimed, and the winner(s) chose the cash option, that would have been approximately $10,750,000. That money went back to the 15 Hot Lotto members in proportion of each lottery's contribution to the game's jackpot pool. Iowa investigators were considering releasing footage from a video in hopes of solving the mystery behind the Hot Lotto ticket. An attorney from Bedford, New York claimed the prize on behalf of a trust based in Belize. The attorney's representatives offered the winning ticket hours before the prize would have expired under Iowa Lottery regulations. The attorney refused to say who purchased the ticket at a Des Moines gas station, and who would have received the payout; the claim was eventually withdrawn.
As of January 2013, the matter was still under investigation, despite Iowa's one-year deadline for the "winning" ticket.
Mega Millions (initially called The Big Game Mega Millions as the successor of The Big Game) is an American multi-jurisdictional $1 lottery game. The first (The Big Game) Mega Millions drawing was in 2002 (see below).
The minimum Mega Millions advertised jackpot is $12,000,000, paid in 26 equal yearly installments (unless the cash option is chosen); usually, the jackpot increases when there is no top-prize winner. However, despite no jackpot winner for the $12,000,000 December 18, 2012 drawing, the jackpot remained at $12,000,000 for the drawing to be held on December 21. (See below for information on how the game's jackpot is funded.)
Reflecting common practice among American lotteries, the jackpot is advertised as a nominal value of annual installments. A cash value option (the usual choice), when chosen by a jackpot winner (see below), pays the approximate present value of the installments. Mega Millions currently uses a 5/56 (white balls) plus 1/46 (the Mega Ball) double matrix to select its winning numbers. Each game costs $1. Of the 45 Mega Millions jurisdictions, all but California offer an option, called Megaplier (such games are $2 each) where non-jackpot prizes are multiplied by 2, 3, or 4. The Megaplier was made available to all Mega Millions jurisdictions in January 2011; it began as a Texas-only option. Mega Millions is drawn at 10:59 p.m. Eastern time Tuesdays and Fridays, including holidays. Mega Millions is administered by a consortium of its 12 original lotteries and the drawings are held at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. supervised by the Georgia Lottery.
The largest jackpot in Mega Millions, as well as in American lottery history, was $656 million annuity value (with a cash option of $474 million) for the March 30, 2012 drawing, in which there were three jackpot-winning tickets; one each in Illinois, Kansas, and Maryland. All three tickets had been claimed as of April 18, with each set of winners choosing the cash option of $158,000,000, a one-third share. The largest Mega Millions prize was $319 million (annuity) for the lone winning ticket of the March 25, 2011 drawing.
On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in American lottery jurisdictions, with the two groups referred to as the "Mega Power Lottery" by many users. The expansion occurred on January 31, 2010, as 23 Powerball members began selling Mega Millions tickets for their first drawing on February 2, 2010; likewise, 10 Mega Millions members began selling Powerball tickets for their first drawing the next day. Montana (joining Mega Millions on March 1, 2010) was the first jurisdiction to add either game after the cross-sell expansion. Nebraska (March 20, 2010), Oregon (March 28, 2010), Arizona (April 18, 2010), Maine (May 9, 2010), Colorado, and South Dakota (the latter two on May 16, 2010) also have joined Mega Millions since the expansion.
As of May 15, 2013, there are 45 lotteries offering Mega Millions and Powerball, as Florida joined Mega Millions on that date; the first Mega Millions drawing to include Florida-bought tickets was two days later. (Puerto Rico, whose lottery began in the 1930s, does not participate in either game.)
The current incarnation of Mega Millions will have its final drawing on October 18, 2013; the new version is to feature higher jackpots (whose minimum will be $15,000,000 with rollovers of at least $5,000,000) and a $1,000,000 second prize on a basic $1 play. Players will choose 5 of 75 white ball numbers, and 1 of 15 "Gold Ball" numbers. The first drawing with the updated format will be four days later.
The Megaplier option will remain; it will include a 5x multiplier.
Current and future prize levels (effective October 22, 2013) on a $1 play:
Payouts in California will remain pari-mutuel.
The odds of winning the jackpot are increased to 1 in 258.9 million; however, odds of winning any prize will decrease to 1 in 14.71.
Powerball replaced Lotto*America in April 1992; Mega Millions replaced The Big Game in May 2002 (see below for the evolution of the name Mega Millions.)
Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah do not have laws establishing a state Lottery. Although Puerto Rico has a lottery, it does not participate in either Mega Millions or Powerball; it does not plan to join either game yet. On March 14, 2013, Wyoming became the 44th state to establish a state lottery. However they do not offer any games yet.
Tickets began to be sold in Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Virginia on August 31, 1996, for the new game, then known as The Big Game. It was the brainchild of the then-lottery directors Rebecca Paul (Georgia Lottery) and Penelope W. Kyle (Virginia Lottery.) The Big Game initially was drawn weekly, on Friday nights.
The Georgia Lottery was a member of MUSL at the time and wanted to sell both games for the remainder of 1996; however, within a few days, Georgia was forcibly removed from MUSL, returning with the 2010 cross-selling expansion.
Beginning in January 1999, jackpot winners were given the option to receive their prize in cash.
In May 1999, New Jersey joined The Big Game, the only jurisdiction to do so before The Big Game became Mega Millions in 2002.
Ohio and New York, on May 15, 2002, joined the corsortium when the game took on its second name, The Big Game Mega Millions, temporarily retaining the old name and the original "gold ball" logo. The "Big Money Ball" became the "Mega Ball." While the game's name was altered, the yellow ball in the new Mega Millions logo continued to contain "The Big Game." The first (The Big Game) Mega Millions drawing was held on May 17. The Mega Millions trademark is owned by the Illinois Lottery. The first three lotteries to join Mega Millions were Washington (September 2002), Texas (2003), and California (2005); California was the last addition to Mega Millions before the cross-sell expansion of 2010. Montana joined Mega Millions on March 1, 2010, the first addition to Mega Millions after the cross-sell expansion.
When Texas added Mega Millions in 2003, it began offering an option, initially available only to Texas Lottery players, the Megaplier, which was similar to the then-current version of Powerball's Power Play. The 11 Mega Millions lotteries without Megaplier on the January 31, 2010 cross-selling date gradually added the multiplier; by January 2011, all Mega Millions lotteries, except for California, offered the Megaplier. The Texas Lottery owns the trademark to Megaplier.
On June 24, 2005, to commemorate California joining Mega Millions, the drawing was held in Hollywood, with Carrie Underwood assisting Glenn Burns for the draw.
For the drawing of November 15, 2005, a group called "The Lucky 7" held the only jackpot-winning ticket, purchased in Anaheim, California, winning $315 million. They chose the cash option, splitting $175 million before Federal tax. This remains the largest prize won by a single Mega Millions ticket.
On March 6, 2007, the Mega Millions jackpot reached $390 million, which is the record for the second largest jackpot in US history. The jackpot was shared by two tickets, both matching the numbers of 16-22-29-39-42 and Mega Ball 20. Both winners chose the cash option, with each share $116,557,083 before withholdings.
The New Jersey Lottery, among others, in early 2009 announced it would seek permission to sell Powerball tickets alongside Mega Millions. In October 2009, an agreement between Mega Millions and MUSL allowed all US lotteries, including New Jersey's, to offer both games. On January 31, 2010, Mega Millions expanded to include 23 Powerball lotteries. As of that date, 35 jurisdictions were participating in Mega Millions. On the same day, 10 existing Mega Millions lotteries began selling Powerball tickets, for a then total of 43 lotteries. Ohio joined Powerball on April 16, 2010, and California joined Powerball on April 8, 2013. On March 1, 2010, Montana became the first Powerball member to add Mega Millions after the cross-sell expansion. On March 20, 2010, Nebraska became the 37th Mega Millions member. On March 28, 2010, Oregon became the 38th Mega Millions member. Arizona, on April 18, 2010, became Mega Millions' 39th member. Maine, on May 9, 2010, became Mega Millions' 40th member. Colorado and South Dakota added Mega Millions on May 16, 2010, bringing the total to 42 jurisdictions. The most recent additions to Mega Millions were the Virgin Islands, in October 2010, and Louisiana, in November 2011.
Florida joined Mega Millions on May 15, 2013; the first drawing to include Florida-bought tickets was two days later.
Presumably due to their experience with the Power Play option for Powerball, all 23 lotteries joining Mega Millions on January 31, 2010 immediately offered Megaplier to their players. The Megaplier continues to be drawn by Texas Lottery computers, as California does not offer the multiplier. Montana, offering Powerball before the expansion date, became the 24th lottery to offer Megaplier. Nebraska became the 25th lottery to offer Megaplier. Oregon became the 26th lottery to offer Megaplier. Arizona, by joining Mega Millions, became the 27th lottery to offer Megaplier. Maine, by joining Mega Millions, became the 28th lottery to offer Megaplier. Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions, raising the number to 37 lotteries offering Megaplier.
Mega Millions tickets bought with the Megaplier, beginning September 12, 2010, automatically win $1 million (instead of $250,000) if the five white balls are matched, but not also the Mega Ball.
On March 13, 2010, New Jersey became the first Mega Millions member (just before the cross-sell expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning ticket for Powerball after joining that game. The ticket was worth over $211 million annuity (the cash option was chosen.) On May 28, 2010, North Carolina became the first Powerball member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Mega Millions ticket after joining Mega Millions. That jackpot was $12 million annuity.
The largest Mega Millions jackpot, advertised as $640 million at the time of the drawing (annuitized) or $462 million (cash value), was drawn on Friday, March 30, 2012. The initial estimate for this drawing (following the March 27 drawing, which was $363 million annuity) was $476 million (later increased to $500 million and again to $540 million); brisk ticket sales pushed the jackpot values, both annuitized (to $656 million) and the cash option ($474 million) higher. The amount spent on Mega Millions for drawings following its most recent jackpot win, on January 24, 2012, was at least $1.5 billion. Three jackpot-winning tickets had been confirmed (one each in Illinois, Kansas, and Maryland.)
Mega Millions' second-largest jackpot, $390 million, was for the March 6, 2007 drawing. Two tickets, one each from Georgia and New Jersey, split the then-record prize; both sets of winners chose the cash option, splitting $233 million. (As noted below, interest rates change, resulting in different ratios between the cash values and annuity values of jackpots.)
Mega Millions' third-largest jackpot annuity value ($380 million), and second-largest cash jackpot ($240 million), was for the January 4, 2011 drawing; two tickets, one each from Post Falls, Idaho, and Ephrata, Washington, matched all six winning numbers, winning $190 million (annuity) each. The holders of each ticket also chose the cash option.
Since June 2005, a player picks, or allows the lottery terminal to pick, five different numbers from 1 through 56 (white balls) and one number from 1 through 46 (the Mega Ball number, a gold-colored ball). The Mega Ball number is drawn from a separate machine, so it can be a duplicate of one of the white ball numbers. The Mega Ball number cannot cross over to be used for matching a white ball number, or vice versa. Each play (a selection of six numbers for one drawing) costs $1. Tickets may be obtained from retail locations; some lotteries also allow subscription play.
Two drawing machines are used in Mega Millions. The model used for Mega Millions is the Criterion II, manufactured by Smartplay International of Edgewater Park, New Jersey. The balls are moved around by means of counter-rotating arms which randomly mix the balls. One by one, the five white ball numbers drop through a hole in the bottom of the mixing drum. There are 56 white balls in the first machine; the 46 Mega Balls in the second machine are gold-colored.
Previous incarnations of The Big Game and Mega Millions have used different matrices:
Mega Millions players, in 43 of its 44 jurisdictions, have the option to activate a multiplier][, called Megaplier; it is functionally similar to the original version of Powerball's Power Play. (Megaplier is not offered in California, because of California Lottery regulations that require pari-mutuel payouts in all draw games.) By doubling the wager in a game (to $2), players have an opportunity to multiply any non-jackpot prize by 2, 3, or 4. The Megaplier is drawn by the Texas Lottery (before the cross-sell expansion on January 31, 2010, it was the only lottery to offer Megaplier) by a random number generator (RNG). Prior to Powerball's price increase and subsequent change to a fixed prize table for Power Play, Megaplier had differed from Power Play in two ways: (1) there is no 5x Megaplier, and (2) the odds for each Megaplier possibility are not uniform (the 4x multiplier is heavily weighted so that it has a 12-in-21 chance of being selected.)
Despite not having a 5x possibility, the extra weighting for a higher Megaplier results in the average expected Megaplier to be 3.476x. This is similar to the $1 Powerball's Power Play expectation of just over 3.5x.
Megaplier wagers made for drawings on or after September 12, 2010 that win second prize are automatically elevated to 4x, winning $1 million. This second-prize guarantee had been added to Powerball's Power Play; with Powerball now a $2 game, second prize winners win $1 million without Power Play, or $2 million if activated.
As part of the Megaplier expansion to all Mega Millions members, its RNG drawings are expected to move to Atlanta, Mega Millions' home base.
A player wins a prize according to the following chart:
Overall probabilities: 1 in 755 of winning sixth prize or higher, 1 in 40 of winning any prize.
In California, prize levels are paid on a parimutuel basis, rather than the fixed lower-tier amounts for winners in other Mega Millions jurisdictions. California's eight lower-tier Mega Millions prize pools are separate from those shared by the other 43 lotteries. California's second prize is a "secondary jackpot"; its payout sometimes exceeds $1,000,000 cash, even though California does not offer the Megaplier.
In October 2013, Mega Millions will undergo a format change; the upcoming version will feature an increase in second prize from $250,000 to $1,000,000.
In Georgia, New Jersey, and Texas, players must choose, in advance, whether they wish to collect a jackpot in cash or annuity. Georgia and New Jersey winners can change an annuity ticket to cash should they be eligible for a jackpot share; however, the choice is binding in Texas.
If a jackpot prize is not claimed within the respective jurisdiction's time limit, each of the 44 Mega Millions members get back the money they contributed to that jackpot. Each of the 44 lotteries have rules in regards to unclaimed prizes; most Mega Millions members set aside unclaimed winnings for educational purposes.
In 2007, a $31 million prize went unclaimed in New York. Many prizes of $250,000 each have been unclaimed, including several in Michigan for 2007 drawings.
Mega Millions winners have either 180 days (California non-jackpot prizes only) or one year to claim prizes, including the jackpot (although some Mega Millions winners lose the right to collect a jackpot in cash if they wait more than 60 days after the drawing).
The minimum age to purchase a Mega Millions ticket is 18, except in Arizona, Iowa, and Louisiana, where the minimum is 21, and Nebraska; its minimum is 19.
Generally (an exception is Virginia), minors can win on tickets received as gifts; the rules according to each Mega Millions member vary for minors receiving prizes.
Rules vary according to the applicable laws and regulations in the jurisdiction where the ticket is sold, and the winner's residence (e.g. if a New Jerseyan wins on a ticket bought near their workplace in Manhattan). Mega Millions winnings are exempt from state income tax in California and Pennsylvania, while New Hampshire, Texas, and Washington do not have an income tax. On the other hand, some residents of New York City, Buffalo, and Yonkers, New York pay three levels of income tax, as these cities levy income taxes.
Drawings are usually held at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. The original host was WSB's chief meteorologist, Glenn Burns. Currently, most drawings are emceed by the full-time host of Georgia Lottery drawings, John Crow, with Brian Hooker subbing on occasion. For very large jackpots, the drawing sometimes is moved to Times Square in New York City, with New York Lottery announcer Yolanda Vega co-hosting.
Before January 31, 2010, Mega Millions was the only multi-jurisdictional lottery whose drawings were carried nationally, instead of airing only in participating jurisdictions. Powerball drawings also began to air after that date nationally via Chicago cable superstation WGN-TV. WGN simulcasts Mega Millions drawings on its national WGN America superstation feed on Tuesdays and Fridays immediately following WGN's 9 p.m. (Central time) newscast with Powerball drawings being aired on Wednesdays and Saturdays after the 9 p.m. newscast (though both drawings air a minute later than on some television stations that carry either drawing).
(in millions USD)
(in millions USD)
Approximately 50 percent of Mega Millions sales is returned to players as prizes; the remainder is split (each lottery has different rules regarding these funds) among retailers, marketing, and operations, as well as the 44 jurisdictions offering the game; different lotteries uses the proceeds in different ways.
In January 2012, Mega Millions' rival Powerball was altered; among the changes are a price increase of $1 for each play, which means a base game costs $2, or, $3 with the Power Play option. There are no plans to change the price of a Mega Millions play, with or without the Megaplier.
The price increase for playing Powerball was a major factor in Louisiana deciding to pursue joining Mega Millions. Louisiana joined Mega Millions on November 16, 2011.
In the aftermath of the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the legislature in Albany, fearing a monumental loss of revenue, passed legislation the following month, which was signed by Gov. George Pataki, that included joining a multi-jurisdictional lottery game. Around the same time, for entirely different reasons, Ohio's governor also gave the green light to joining a multi-jurisdictional game. Both lotteries opted to join the then-The Big Game, which, at the time, had seven members. The added populations of the two new jurisdictions, in turn, led to a larger double matrix. The first machine continued to hold 52 balls, while 16 gold balls were added in the second, meaning there were 52 numbers to pick from in each part of a $1 game. On May 15, 2002, the game was renamed The Big Game Mega Millions; soon after, it became just Mega Millions. Except for the 2010 cross-selling expansion, this was the only time The Big Game, Mega Millions, or Powerball simultaneously added more than one lottery.
In 2005, Mega Millions was the target of a mailing scam. A letter bearing the Mega Millions logo was used in a string of lottery scams designed to trick people into providing personal financial information by cashing bogus checks. The letter, which had been sent to people in several states via standard mail, included a check for what the scammers said was an unclaimed Mega Millions prize. If the check was cashed, it bounced, but not before the bank stamped it with a routing number and personal account information and sent it back to the fraudulent organization, providing them with the recipients' financial information.
A budget impasse due to the 2006 New Jersey Government shutdown led to the temporary closing of its less-important agencies on July 1, 2006. Among the casualties were the Atlantic City casinos and the New Jersey Lottery. Not only were New Jersey's in-house games (such as Pick-6) not drawn for about a week, but all New Jersey lottery terminals were shut down, meaning Mega Millions could not be played in New Jersey, even though Mega Millions was drawn as usual. A similar shutdown happened in Minnesota on July 1, 2011.
Elecia Battle made national headlines in January 2004 when she claimed that she had lost the winning ticket in the Mega Millions drawing of December 30, 2003. She then filed a lawsuit against the woman who had come forward with the ticket, Rebecca Jemison. Several days later, when confronted with contradictory evidence, she admitted that she had lied. She was charged with filing a false police report the following day. As a result of this false report, Battle was fined $1,000, ordered to perform 50 hours of community service, and required to compensate the police and courts for various costs incurred.
The January 4, 2011 Mega Millions drawing drew attention for its similarity to "The Numbers," a sequence of six numbers that served as a plot device of the television series Lost. One such usage involved character Hugo "Hurley" Reyes playing the sequence in a similar "Mega Lotto" game, winning a nine-figure jackpot and subsequently experiencing numerous misfortunes in his personal life. The first three numbers (4, 8, 15) and mega ball (42) in the Mega Millions drawing matched the first three numbers and the final number (which Hurley also used as the "mega ball" number) in the Lost sequence. The last two numbers in the Mega Millions drawing did not match the last two numbers that were used in the scene. Those who played "The Numbers", including from quick-picks, won $150 ($118 in California) in a non-Megaplier game; $600 with the multiplier.
The 12 original (before the 2010 cross-sell expansion) Mega Millions members have each produced at least one Mega Millions jackpot winner.
The Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) is a non-profit, government-benefit association owned and operated by agreement of its 33 member lotteries (see below.) MUSL was created to facilitate the operation of multi-jurisdictional lottery games, including Hot Lotto, Mega Millions, Powerball, video lottery, and instant (scratch) tickets.
MUSL was formed in December 1987 by seven American lotteries. Its first game was launched in February 1988, Lotto*America. That game was changed to Powerball; its first drawing was on April 22, 1992. Powerball was a unique game using two drums, suggested to MUSL by Steve Caputo of the Oregon Lottery. By April 2013, Powerball will be played in 45 jurisdictions, including the District of Columbia and the US Virgin Islands. (Mega Millions, which became part of MUSL on January 31, 2010 but is operated by its 12 original members, will also be offered in 45 jurisdictions by May 2013)
MUSL's membership consists of 33 lotteries, including those of the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands), which offered Powerball prior to the January 31, 2010 beginning of cross-selling with the 12 lotteries operating Mega Millions.
The 33 MUSL members, alphabetically (and when joined):
Besides Powerball, MUSL operates 2by2, Hot Lotto, and Wild Card 2. It coordinates with the consortium of 12 Mega Millions lotteries concerning their participation in Powerball as well as MUSL member lotteries in Mega Millions.
Since MUSL games are multi-jurisdictional, these games need unanimous approval before one is changed. For instance, game changes for Hot Lotto (15 members) and Wild Card 2 (four members) must be approved by all lotteries offering that game before the new format is implemented. A new version for Wild Card 2 will begin on January 13, 2013, while a revamped Hot Lotto starts on May 12, 2013. Both games are being redesigned to create larger cash jackpots (the existing Hot Lotto is annuitized with a cash option.) The new Hot Lotto game will advertise the jackpot amount as "taxes-paid" (after withholdings; net) instead of the usual American practice of "before withholdings" (gross.) These game changes are in hopes of increasing both games' membership.
MUSL has retired several games, including Ca$hola (video lottery), Daily Millions, Rolldown, and the Powerball scratchcard game; the latter was tied to a weekly television game show produced for two years in Hollywood, California called Powerball: The Game Show; then for two years from the Venetian Hotel in Las Vegas, called Powerball Instant Millionaire.
In September 2007, MUSL launched Midwest Millions, a scratch ticket game, in Iowa and Kansas; it was the country's first multi-jurisdictional scratch game since the Powerball television game shows. Midwest Millions returned in 2008 and 2009.
Ca$hola was retired on May 15, 2011 when its 37th jackpot was won. A replacement multi-jurisdictional video lottery game, MegaHits, began on July 15, 2011 in Delaware, Rhode Island, and West Virginia, the three lotteries which offered Ca$hola. MegaHits features five progressives; only the top progressive is shared by the three lotteries, while Ca$hola's top prize was its only progressive.
MUSL provides a variety of services for lotteries, including: game design, management of game finances, production and uplinking of drawings, the development of common minimum information technology and security standards and inspections of lottery vendor sites; the building of a quantum-based Random number generator (RNG), coordination of common promotions and advertisements, coordination of public relations, and emergency back-drawing sites for lottery games. MUSL also hosts the Powerball web site and the websites for more than a dozen U.S. lotteries. The Powerball web site average over 350,000 pageviews per day (over 10.5 million monthly). MUSL provides these services to the lotteries at no cost. MUSL earns its income from non-game sources such as earnings on its accounts, bond swaps, and licensing of its trademarks. MUSL owns the patents and trademarks involved in its operations, holding them for the benefit of its members.
MUSL's director is Chuck Strutt, who was the association's first employee in 1987. Strutt directly responds to players and writes MUSL's unusual FAQ, which elicits strong responses from readers who may find it humorous or insulting. MUSL currently has 12 full-time employees located in Urbandale, Iowa. The Powerball drawings moved to Florida when it joined; however, MUSL's other draw games continue to be conducted in Iowa.
MUSL games operate under the same core game rules in each jurisdiction; however, each lottery is free to vary rules pertaining to such things as purchase age, the claim period, and some validation processes.
On October 13, 2009 the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL signed an agreement that allowed MUSL members to sell Mega Millions tickets, and consortium members to sell Powerball tickets. On January 31, 2010, all but 2 of the 12 Mega Millions consortium lotteries began selling Powerball tickets. The consortium members did not join MUSL; they were licensed by MUSL to sell Powerball; the consortium coordinates their Powerball participation with MUSL. Likewise, MUSL members may offer Mega Millions through a special MUSL product group that coordinates with the Mega Millions consortium.
The Florida Lottery is a government-run organization in the state of Florida, USA. With numerous on-line and scratch-off games available, players have a wide variety of prize levels to choose from. Since it began, the Florida Lottery has continued to add variety to its portfolio of games. The Lottery has experimented with higher price points, enhanced traditional games, and introduced seasonal promotional games. In 2012, Florida was the third-ranked state in yearly lottery revenue with $4.45 billion; revenue passed $5 billion in fiscal year 2013. Florida passed the legislation to enact the lottery in 1986 by a two to one ratio. The new lottery was spearheaded by Governor Bob Martinez and the Florida legislature with the mission of maximizing revenues for the enhancement of public education in Florida. The lottery was founded on the basis that it would provide the people of Florida the opportunity to benefit from additional revenues while providing the highest quality games available. The lottery's first game, MILLIONAIRE was a $1 scratch-off that was immensely popular. Within 17 days, the scratch-off game had paid back the entire $15.5 million to the state's general fund. Florida currently offers seven terminal games: Powerball, Florida Lotto, Cash 3, Play 4, Fantasy 5, Mega Money, and Lucky Lines; with Mega Millions to become available in Florida on May 15, 2013.
With the goal of the Florida Lottery being to enhance public education in the state, the lottery has become not only an education partner but a distinguished business enterprise as well. in the 2011-2012 fiscal year, the Florida Lottery donated $1.31 billion to the Educational Enhancement Trust Fund, surpassing the $1 billion mark for the eleventh time in its history and expanding its all-time donation total to over $25 billion. Additionally, Florida donates funds to help construct new schools and other educational facilities. As of 2012, more than $3.9 billion in lottery-backed bonds have gone to school construction.
The Florida Lottery began operation on January 12, 1988 by order of a constitutional amendment approved by Florida voters by a 2-to-1 margin in the general election of November 4, 1986. The point of the Lottery is to give extra funding to Florida education, and it was mandated that a significant proportion of all revenue generated by ticket sales go to the Education Enhancement Trust Fund. The Bright Futures scholarship program is funded by the Florida Lottery. The minimum age to purchase a Florida Lottery ticket, regardless of game, is 18.
The first game offered by Florida Lottery was Millionaire, a $1 scratch-off game with a $1 million annuity prize. Total sales in the first 12 days totaled $95 million. Seventeen days of ticket sales allowed for the Lottery Commission to repay with interest the initial $15.5 million bond from Florida's General Revenue Fund that got it going.
Sheelah Ryan of Winter Springs, won the largest single lottery jackpot in world history to that point, a jackpot of $55.16 million. She was the 10th Florida Lotto winner. However, the Florida Lotto cash option (see below) was still 10 years away. She died before receiving all her winnings.
The first $100 million Florida Lotto jackpot was for the drawing on September 14, 1990. Six tickets split a $106.5 million jackpot. (There was no cash option for jackpot winners at the time.) That day, the Florida Lottery set a record with $30 million in revenue from that game alone.
In 1991, a daily four-number on-line game, Play 4, was introduced on July 4, with a top prize of $5,000.
December 1991 saw the advent of "Florida Lotto Month", where minimum jackpots and rollovers were guaranteed at $10 million for the Christmas season.
On September 27, 1993, the first $2 Scratch-Off game, Bingo, was introduced. Through variants, it is the longest-running Scratch-Off game by the Florida Lottery.
On January 24, 1994, Fantasy 5 expanded to Mondays through Fridays.
On May 22, 1994, the first Florida Lotto mail-in promotion began where losing tickets could be mailed in for a prize. Called the Great LOTTOMOBILE Giveaway, 50 tickets each won their holders a 30th Anniversary 1995 Ford Mustang.
In October 1995, the Florida Lottery launched Flamingo Fortune, a game show where people who sent in losing Scratch-Off tickets were selected to play for prizes.
On February 28, 1996, Barbara Arens of Clearwater was announced as the first winner of the Win for Life $2 scratch-off. She is receiving $1000 per week for life, paid in annual installments of $52,000, with a guarantee of $1 million. (There was no cash option available.)
The 500th Florida Lotto drawing occurred on November 29, 1996, with a jackpot of US$26 million. It rolled over twice before being won by PAPI-AMOR Partnership of Lake Worth.
The Lottery celebrated its 10-year anniversary on January 12, 1998. To that point it had grossed $21 billion in sales and given US$8 billion to Florida education.
On February 25, 1998, Mega Money began, a four-plus-one numbers drawing game played every Tuesday and Friday with jackpots in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. Initially rolled out on an 18-week trial run, it was relaunched on a permanent basis on June 1, 1998.
Later in 1998, Florida Lotto began its cash option. The annuity, now optional, was lengthened to 30 annual payments. (Unlike with most other U.S. lotteries, a winner desiring the cash option must claim within 60 days of the drawing, instead of the more usual 60-day period after claiming.)
On October 24, 1999, Florida Lotto underwent major changes. The matrix increased from 6/49 to 6/53, with Wednesday drawings added. Because of the second weekly drawing, its initial jackpot was reduced to $3 million with lower initial rollovers.
Fantasy 5's matrix, on July 16, 2001, increased from 5/26 to 5/36. The top prize was changed to a rolldown format.
On September 8, 2003, the largest unclaimed ticket in the Lottery's 15-year history expired after the 180-day deadline with no one claiming the ticket. The Florida Lotto ticket was worth an estimated $53.7 million ($30.1 million cash). Note that while Florida Lotto (and Mega Money beginning in 2004) jackpot winners have 180 days to claim their prizes, if they want to be paid in lump sum, they must claim within 60 days of the drawing, unlike most US lotteries, which start the clock when the ticket is claimed.
On January 28, 2004, Mega Money was revamped. It was changed from a 4/32 + 1/32 matrix to a 4/44 + 1/22 matrix. Also, the jackpot was changed from all-cash to 20 annual payments with cash option.
On March 20, 2006 a new play option called EZmatch was added to Fantasy 5. For an extra $1, players can win up to $500 instantly, by matching their Fantasy 5 numbers to the random EZmatch numbers.
Florida Governor Jeb Bush declined an offer to join Powerball on February 2, 1999.
Governor Charlie Crist assumed office in 2007. On July 2, 2008, the Florida Lottery announced it would be joining Powerball, making it the 32nd lottery to join the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), which includes the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Powerball game changed to accommodate Florida, which then became the most populous MUSL member. Powerball sales began in Florida on January 4, 2009, for the January 7 drawing, the first to be held at Universal Orlando Resort. Florida became the home base of the Powerball drawing.
Florida Powerball drawings initially were held from Universal Studios in Orlando][, but were shifted to the Tallahassee headquarters of the Florida Lottery. (Powerball drawings continue on Wednesdays and Saturdays.)
On October 3, 2009, the Florida Lottery announced its first Powerball jackpot winner. The winning ticket was worth $101,160,403.68 cash ($189 million annuity) and was the largest prize awarded by the Florida Lottery. Dr. William A. Steele claimed the prize, and elected to take the lump sum.
On October 11, 2009, the Florida Lottery introduced Lotto Xtra as an add-on for Florida Lotto. Players may elect to add $1 to the cost of their Florida Lotto ticket and multiply non-jackpot prizes by up to 5x.
On October 11, 2010, the Florida Lottery introduced Lucky Lines to its online game offerings. Lucky Lines is an instant win game where players elect how much to wager on each ticket from $1, $2, $3, or $5. The Lottery computer then produces a 7x7 grid of numbers from 1 to 49 with the player numbers distributed throughout. If the player's 7 numbers form a straight line that ticket is a grand prize winner and is paid from $400,000 to $3,000,000 depending on the amount of the wager for that ticket. The top prize is always offered as a lump sum. Lesser prizes are offered for lines formed with 3, 4, 5, or 6 numbers as well as tickets where none of the 7 numbers are adjacent to each other. Lines can be diagonal, horizontal, or vertical on the play card.
On January 12, 2013 the Florida Lottery celebrated 25 years in operation with a major rebranding campaign including a logo redesign and presence on social media, including Facebook and Twitter.
On February 28, 2013 the Florida Lottery announced it will begin selling Mega Millions tickets on May 15, 2013. Florida will be the 43rd state to join Mega Millions. The remaining seven states do not have lotteries. Lucky Lines will end by the end of 2013.
The Bright Futures Scholarship Program was created in 1997 with revenues generated from the Florida Lottery, and was meant to emulate the Hope Scholarship in Georgia. Originally the program disbursed more than 42,000 scholarships totaling about $70 million. Later, the costs for the scholarship ballooned substantially. The Scholarship currently costs the Lottery’s coffers more than $436.1 million, with about 170,000 students taking advantage of the program.
Florida Lottery instant games range in price from $1 to $30, with higher priced tickets typically putting out a higher percentage of sales back into prizes. Payouts range from 58% to almost 77% of sales and average 70%. Some Florida Lottery agents provide instant ticket vending machines.
Webcasts of the Lottery's on-line games are available on the Florida Lottery web site. According to the Florida Lottery, $1.28 billion in proceeds went to Florida schools, about 5% of the education budget in 2008-2009.
Cash 3 is drawn every day during a live broadcast at 1:30 p.m. Eastern Time for the midday drawing, and 7:57 p.m. ET for the evening drawing. Three ball machines, each with balls numbered ranging from 0 through 9, are used. One ball is drawn from each machine. Anyone who matches the three numbers (in any order, or only in order, depending on how the numbers were played; Cash 3 and Play 4 offer several different options when playing) they are drawn wins up to $500 on a $1 ticket. On August 23, 2010, Florida added a 1-OFF selection to the Cash 3. This gives the player 26 extra combinations of his/her number in which the digits are 1 up or 1 down. If the number matched exactly, one would win just $250 instead of $500 for a $1 play and $125 instead of $250 for a 50-cent play. If one of the 1-Off numbers drew, one would win $10 on $1 plays and $5 on 50-cent plays.
Play 4 is drawn every day during a live broadcast immediately following the Cash 3 drawings. It is played the same way as Cash 3, except four ball machines are used. Anyone who matches the four numbers (in any order, or only in order, depending on how exactly the numbers are played; Cash 3 and Play 4 offer several different options when playing) in exact order wins $5,000 on a $1 wager. More recently, more ways to play involving multiple-number tickets were introduced. See the lottery website for further details.
Fantasy 5 is drawn every day during a live broadcast at 11:15 p.m. ET. A single ball machine is used with balls numbered from 1 through 36. (Before July 16, 2001, the matrix was 1 through 26, and before 1993, it was 1 through 39). Five balls are drawn from the machine. Anyone who matches all five numbers in any order wins or shares a top prize pool of around $200,000. Originally, if no one matched all five, the pool rolled down to the 4-out-of-5 winners. The rolldown feature in Fantasy 5 was modified on September 15, 2008. See the Rollover and Rolldown section below for more details. An astonishing 98 people won the August 28, 2012 Fantasy 5, reminiscent of a scene in the movie, Bruce Almighty. The reward for each winning ticket was only $1,992.32.
Mega Money is drawn each Tuesday and Friday during a live broadcast at 11:15 p.m. ET. Two ball machines are used, one with white balls numbered from 1 through 44 and a second with pink balls numbered from 1 through 22. (Before January 28, 2004, each machine contained 32 balls.) Four balls are drawn from the "white" machine, and one number (called the "Mega Ball") is drawn from the "pink" machine. Anyone who matches all four white numbers in any order plus the Mega Ball wins or shares the jackpot. The jackpot begins at $500,000 (annuity). If not won, the jackpot increases until it reaches $2 million, where it is capped. Any excess funds roll down to the lower prize levels. Unlike the original version of Mega Money, which was all-cash, jackpot winners desiring the lump sum must claim their prize within 60 days of the drawing.
Florida Lotto is drawn each Wednesday and Saturday during a live broadcast at 11:15 p.m. ET. A single ball machine is used with numbered balls ranging from 1 through 53 (before October 24, 1999, there were 49 balls). Anyone who matches all six numbers in any order wins or shares the jackpot.
In October 2009, the Lotto Xtra option was introduced, replacing Lotto Plus. Players can pay an additional $1 for each game, multiplying non-jackpot winnings by 2x, 3x, 4x, or 5x. Additionally, Lotto Xtra tickets win a free play for matching 2 of 6 numbers.
Powerball became available in Florida on January 4, 2009; the first drawing including Florida was on January 7, 2009. Powerball's jackpots currently start at $40 million; it is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights. As part of Florida joining Powerball; the regular drawing venue was moved from Iowa to Universal Orlando Resort.
Mega Millions was available in Florida on May 15, 2013. It is drawn Tuesday and Friday nights.
Lucky Lines tickets went on sale on October 11, 2010. Players who wish to purchase this game must make two selections when they buy their tickets. First they must choose how much to pay for each ticket, either $1, $2, $3, or $5 and secondly they must determine if they wish to select a set of 7 numbers between 1 and 49 or let the computer select (Quick Pick) the numbers for them. Like previous online games players may mark their selections on a Lucky Lines play slip or verbally give their instructions to the Lottery Terminal operator. Unlike other Lottery online games players may not have a partial quick pick ticket. Players must either select all 7 numbers, or have the computer quick pick all numbers.
As each ticket is produced the Lottery's computer generates a 7x7 grid with the numbers 1 through 49 arranged in each cell. If the player selected their own numbers the grid will be completely randomized. If the player numbers were quick picked the numbers on the 7x7 grid will be in sequential order to make it easier for players to find their numbers on the grid. Regardless to the method of play, the game odds and dynamic are unchanged. Players are then asked to circle their 7 numbers on the grid and if 3 or more of the numbers for a straight line horizontally, vertically, or diagonally that ticket is a winner. In addition a ticket with no numbers touching is also a winner and will pay double the original ticket cost. Since the grid has all 49 numbers present it is not possible for any player numbers to not be in the grid; all tickets will have all 7 player numbers on the grid. Prizes are awarded for tickets with a single 3 number line, a single 4 number line, two independent 3 number lines, a 5 number line, separate 3 and 4 number lines, 6 numbers in a line, or all 7 numbers in a single line. If all 7 numbers form a line the ticket is a grand prize winner and will pay $400,000 for a $1 bet, $1 million for a $2 bet, $1.6 million for a $3 bet, and $3 million for a $5 bet. All lucky lines prizes are lump sum awards. The odds of winning the top prize is 1:5,368,787. The odds of winning any prize is 1:4.37.
Unlike previous online games, Lucky Lines players do not have to wait till a future drawing to determine if their ticket is a winner making this game very similar to one of the Lottery's scratch off offerings. However, unlike scratch-off tickets where the winning tickets are all predetermined and top prizes may be sold before a player makes their purchase, the Lottery's computer randomly generates all Lucky Line tickets in real time. All Lucky Lines tickets have an equal chance of winning the top prize regardless of what tickets were sold in the past. Because Lucky Lines is an instant win game, tickets cannot be cancelled once purchased.
With the introduction of Mega Millions, Lucky Lines is scheduled to end by the end of 2013.
Though the Florida Lottery’s expenses and payouts vary from year to year, approximately 50 to 60 percent of its net revenue makes up the games’ prize pools, 30 to 40 percent is transferred to the Educational Enhancement Trust Fund, 6 percent is paid to retailers in the form of commissions, 2 percent is paid to the Lottery’s on-line and Scratch-Off ticket vendors, and the remaining 2 percent covers operational costs, including advertising.
All Cash 3, Play 4, and Fantasy 5 winners receive their winnings as a one-time, lump-sum payment. Any winnings of less than $600 may be redeemed at an authorized Florida Lottery retailer; higher winnings must be redeemed at a Lottery district office or at Lottery headquarters in Tallahassee. All non-Powerball prizes greater than $250,000, or Powerball prizes more than $1 million, must be redeemed at Florida Lottery headquarters. Mega Money jackpot winners may choose between an annuity of 20 payments that equals the advertised jackpot, or a lump-sum payment, which is about 2/3 of the advertised jackpot, less federal income tax withholding. Florida Lotto jackpot winners may choose between an annuity of 30 payments, or a lump-sum payment, which is about 1/2 of the advertised jackpot less federal income taxes. For both Mega Money and Florida Lotto, the cash option, if desired, must be exercised within 60 days of the applicable drawing. Florida does not collect income tax; however, like all U.S. lottery prizes, they are taxable by the federal government.
As of January 2013, the Florida Lottery had 13,200 retail stores selling products. Each retailer earns 5% of their ticket sales and 1% on cashed tickets. They also receive incentives for a top winning ticket sold in the big games. A $100,000 bonus is given to the store for a winning Powerball ticket. Publix is the largest retailer in the state, accounting for 18% of all lottery sales.
Winners of Florida Lottery on-line games (Florida Lotto, Mega Money, Fantasy 5, Play 4, and Cash 3) must claim their prize within 180 days of the applicable drawing. Fifty percent of ticket sales go to prize payouts. Eighty percent of unclaimed jackpot money is transferred to the Educational Enhancement Trust Fund, while 20 percent of the jackpot is transferred to a prize pool for funding future prizes.
In addition to simple donations to education, the Florida Lottery has, along with the Florida Legislature established the Bright Futures Scholarship Program to help students pay for college. Since the program's inception in 1997, the Florida Lottery has contributed more than $3.9 billion to send over 600,000 students to college. The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship Program consists of three levels of awards. The first is the Florida Gold Seal Vocational Scholars Award, followed by the Florida Medallion Scholars Award, and finally the Florida Academic Scholars Award. Once the student is in college, these awards must be renewed by maintaining a minimum 2.75 GPA for Florida Gold Seal Vocational and Florida Medallion Scholars awards and a 3.0 for the Florida Academic Scholars Award. Each award has additional hours requirements to maintain.
Rollover: A rollover occurs when a jackpot is not won; it is carried over to that game's next drawing. Powerball, Lotto, and Mega Money both use rollovers to increase their jackpots when no one wins a drawing. Mega Money has a $2 million jackpot cap, after which any money in excess must roll down. Florida Lotto does not have a jackpot cap and can roll over as long as no one matches all six numbers. Powerball had a rollover cap but as of the 2012 game modification and conversion to a $2 price point game, no longer has a cap.
Rolldown: A rolldown occurs when a top prize pool is not won, and that money is redistributed to be shared with those that win a smaller prize. In Mega Money, when a $2 million jackpot is not won, any funds in excess of $2 million are rolled down and added to the pools for all other winners, except players who only matched the "Numbers" (they still get a free ticket). In Fantasy 5, whenever no player matches all five numbers, the top prize pool is added to the second prize pool (correctly matching four numbers.) On September 15, 2008, the Fantasy 5 rolldown was modified; the top prize pool now is added to second prize. However, matching four numbers is capped at $555 per occurrence; in such cases, the third prize (three numbers matched) pool receives the remainder of rolldown funds.
Quick-Pick: Players can fill out a bubble sheet with the numbers for the game they want to play. Another option is called Quick-Pick, which allows the lottery terminal to select numbers for the chosen game. In either case, players can opt for 52 consecutive draws (Advance Play) for Florida Lotto, 30 consecutive draws for Mega Money or Fantasy 5, and 14 consecutive draws for Play 4 or Cash 3. When the Florida Lottery's number games were established, however, quick-picks were not available, nor were Advance Play tickets—all purchasers had to select their own numbers for the next drawing only.
The Florida Council on Compulsive Gambling is an American non-profit 501(c)3) entity created to provide information, support and referrals to addicted gamblers, families, and their employers. It began the same year that the Florida lottery was implemented, and is funded from lottery revenue. They also have programs for education and prevention, plus training for professionals who have interaction with gambling-addicted individuals. The agency offers 24-hour telephone counseling, a website with interactive forums, and a speakers bureau.
Florida voters approved the lottery in 1986 to fund education enhancement. The law stipulated that 50% go to prizes, 38% go to education, and the remaining 12% used for lottery administration and promotion. Within a few years, the legislature began to subvert the original intent. In the state budget, they began to use lottery money to pay for education operating costs and salaries while shifting those tax dollars to pet projects and non-educational spending.
By 1994, voters were angry with the politicians in Tallahassee. Frank Brogan was elected Florida Commissioner of Education with Lottery funding being a key issue. Brogan's plan created the Bright Futures Scholarship Program, funded voluntary Pre-K programs for disadvantaged children, and provided enhancements for public schools, including educational technology and new classrooms. Brogan commented, "Floridians have come to see lottery funding of education as a giant shell game. This is important both to enhance education and to restore credibility to the lottery and government in general."
In 1995, State Senators Ken Jenne and Karen Johnson stated that the lottery wasn't funding education the way it should and filed bills to change that. Senator Jenne displayed an alternate Lottery logo to indicate that Lottery funding was in bad shape. For that year, Lottery money comprised 7.5% ($829 million) of the state's $11 billion education budget.
The Missouri Lottery is run by the government of Missouri. It is a charter member of the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), whose first drawing was held in 1988.
The Lottery began selling tickets January 20, 1986. An executive director oversees the organization and reports to a five-member commission that is appointed by the governor. May Scheve Reardon took over as Missouri Lottery executive director in December, 2009.
In the beginning, Lottery proceeds were directed to Missouri's General Revenue fund. In 1992, voters approved Amendment 11, which earmarked proceeds for public education. All monies since July 1993 have gone to education programs. Proceeds are appropriated by the Legislature.
The Lottery offers Scratchers tickets, plus the online games Missouri Lotto, Club Keno, Pick 3, Pick 4, Show Me Cash, and Powerball. Powerball's former rival, Mega Millions, came to Missouri on January 31, 2010. The $250,000 Scratcher card generated much publicity when unemployed couple Robert Russell and Tracie Rogers won the jackpot in July 2010.
The Lottery's mission: "The Missouri Lottery generates funds to provide educational opportunities for Missouri students, support Missouri businesses and entertain millions."
The minimum age to purchase a Missouri Lottery ticket is 18.
Club Keno is a Numbers Game with drawings every four minutes. Traditionally sold in age-controlled environments, the game is now available at any Missouri Lottery retail location as Keno To Go. Prices, prizes, and options vary.
Pick 3 is drawn twice daily, seven days a week. Prices, prizes, and options vary.
Pick 4 is almost identical to Pick 3.
Show Me Cash is played daily, drawing 5 numbers from 1 to 39. Games cost $1 each. Jackpots begin at $50,000, increasing by at least $5,000 until there is a 5-of-5 winner.
Missouri Lotto is drawn Wednesdays and Saturdays. Six numbers from 1 through 44 are chosen. Players get two games for each $1 wager (games must be played in multiples of two.) The progressive jackpot begins at $1,000,000 (annuitized with a cash option); players win cash by matching at least four numbers and/or a free $1 play with three numbers. The game's monetary prizes are paid on a pari-mutuel basis.
Beginning November 4, 2012, randomly selected Missouri Lotto tickets will be printed with the word "Doubler". Any money prize (except a jackpot, or jackpot share) won on a Doubler ticket will win twice the normal amount; a three-number match wins a $2 free play (four games.)
Powerball began in 1992. Its jackpots begin $40 million, with drawings on Wednesday and Saturday nights.
On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in U.S. lottery jurisdictions. Missouri began selling Mega Millions tickets on January 31, 2010.
For several years in the 1990s, the Lottery aired a television game show called Fun & Fortune, hosted by Rick Tamblyn. (Nationally known Geoff Edwards hosted the pilot.)
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