Kunta Kente's had three brothers. Their names were Lamin, Suwadu, and Madi. Holler at
Kunta Kinte (1750-1822; also known as Toby Waller) was a Gambian–born American slave. The outline of his life story was the basis for the novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family by American author Alex Haley, and the television miniseries Roots, based on the book. Haley described his book as faction: a mixture of fact and fiction. After Haley's book became nationally famous, American author Harold Courlander noted that the section describing Kinte's life was apparently taken from Courlander's book The African. Haley at first dismissed the charge, but later issued a public statement affirming that Courlander's book had been the source, and Haley attributed the error to a mistake of one of his assistant researchers. The character in the miniseries was portrayed as a youth by LeVar Burton and as an older man by John Amos.
Kinte was born circa 1750 in the Mandinka village of Juffure, The Gambia.
One day in 1767, while Kunta is searching for wood to make a drum, four men chased him, surrounded him and took him captive. Kunta awakens to find himself blindfolded, gagged, bound, and a prisoner of white men. He and others are put on the slave ship the Lord Ligonier for a three-month Middle Passage voyage to North America.
Kunta survives the trip to Maryland and is sold to a Virginia plantation owner, Master Waller, who renames him "Toby." He rejects the name imposed by his owners and refuses to speak to others.
After being recaptured during the last of his four escape attempts, the slave catchers give him a choice: he can be castrated or have his right foot cut off. He chooses to have his foot cut off, and the men cut off the front half of his right foot. As the years pass, Kunta resigns himself to his fate and also becomes more open and sociable with his fellow slaves, while never forgetting who he was or where he came from.
Kunta married a fellow slave, named Bell Waller and they had a daughter who they named Kizzy (Keisa, in Mandinka), which in Kunta's native tongue means "to stay put" (he named her this to protect her from being sold away). When Kizzy is in her late teens, she is sold away to North Carolina when her master discovers that she had written a fake traveling pass for a young slave boy with whom she was in love (she had been taught to read and write secretly by Missy Anne, the secret daughter of the plantation owner). Her new owner immediately rapes her and fathers her only child, George, who spends his life with the tag "Chicken George", because of his assigned duties of tending to his master's cockfighting birds.
In the novel, Kizzy never learns her parents' fate. She spends the remainder of her life as a field hand on the Lea plantation in North Carolina. In the miniseries, she is taken back to visit the Reynolds plantation later in life. She discovers that her mother was sold off to another plantation and that her father died of a broken heart two years later, in 1822. She finds his grave, where she crosses out his slave name Toby from the tombstone and writes his original name Kunta Kinte instead.
The rest of the book tells of the generations between Kizzy and Alex Haley, describing their suffering, losses and eventual triumphs in America. Alex Haley claimed to be a seventh-generation descendant of Kunta Kinte.
Haley's sources for the origins of Kinte were oral family tradition and a man he found in The Gambia named Kebba Kanga Fofana, who claimed knowledge of the Kintes. He described them as a family in which the men were blacksmiths, descended from a marabout named Kairaba Kunta Kinte, originally from Mauritania. Haley quoted Fofana as telling him: "About the time the king's soldiers came, the eldest of these four sons, Kunta, went away from this village to chop wood and was never seen again."
There is an annual Kunta Kinte Heritage Festival held in Maryland. Kunta Kinte also inspired a reggae rhythm of the same name, performed by artists including The Revolutionaries, and Mad Professor, and an album, Kunta Kinte Roots by Ranking Dread. There is also a band of the same name.
In the Fresh Prince of Bel Air, Will Smith's character says, in regard to being punished, "Why don't you just do me like Kunta Kinte and cut off my foot?"
On the January 19, 2002 broadcast of Saturday Night Live's Weekend Update sketch, host Jimmy Fallon, while reporting on ABC's refusal to show the Roots 25th anniversary special, gave a quick recap on the Roots story, stating: "For those of you who don’t remember Roots, it follows a saga of Kunta Kinte from young African tribesman, to slavery, to becoming literate, and eventually being the top of his class at Starfleet Academy".
Kunta-haji Kishiev (Chechen: ) (1829 or 1830 in Melcha Khi, Chechnya - 1867 in Ustyuzhna, Novgorod Gubernia, now Vologda Oblast, Russia ) was Chechen Muslim mystic, the founder of a Sufi branch named Zikrism, and an ideologue of nonviolence and passive resistance. He is often referred as the Chechen Mahatma Gandhi.
Kunta-haji Kishiev (literally son of Kishi) was born in a Chechen lowland village of Isti-Su, also known as Melcha-Khi. Later the family moved to the mountain village of Ilskhan-Yurt in the heartland of Chechnya. In his youth he was distinguished by his hard work and sharp mental senses. Kunta received a solid religious education and was a follower of shaykh Gezi-haji from the village of Zandak. Kunta started practicing Loud Zikr: prayer with dancing, singing, rolling and recitation of divine names.
According to legend, Imam Shamil was worried by the unusual practice and ordered an examination of the Koranic knowledge of the youth. After Kunta passed the examination, Shamil left him alone. By another version of the same legend, Shamil forbade Kunta Zikr and promised to execute him if he continued. Yet another legend tells that Shamil exiled Kunta to Mekka and did not allowed to come back.
By the end of 1850s Kunta made his Hajj (according to Mustafa Eldibiev (Kunta made his first hajj at the age of 18, thus, in 1848). In his travel over the Middle East Kunta not only visited Mekka but also the tomb of Abdul-Qadir Gilani in Baghdad, and became a devoted follower of Qadiriyyah, the teachings developed by Abdul-Qadir Gilani. Kunta became a strong supporter of non-violence and peace. In the midst of the bloody Caucasian War he wrote to Chechnya from Mekka:
After the fall of Shamil Kunta-hajji returned to Chechnya. His teaching became quite popular among people tired by the almost fifty years of the Caucasian war. The number of his murids reached five thousand. Kunta-haji required his murids not only to perform the five required prayers during the day, but also to repeat the prayer La ilaha ill-Allah (There is no god but God) at least one hundred times during the day and participate in the ritual of Loud Circular Zikr.
Despite the fact that Kunta-haji repeatedly rejected the title of imam he was seen as a threat to the Imerial authorities and the official version of Islam supported by Russian authorities. By the request of the tsar's administration, official Islamic clerics (e.g. Abdulkadyr Khordayev and Mustafa Abdulayev) organized public theological discussions with Kunta-haji trying to prove that his teaching contradicted Islam. Still the influence of Kunta-haji only grew. Considering Kunta-haji as a threat the Governor-General of Terek ordered his arrest. Kunta-haji and his brother, Movsar, were arrested and taken to Novocherkassk prison in January 1863. The arrest caused the so-called Dagger Uprising (or delo pod Shali), when three thousand of Kunta-haji's murids armed only with the ceremonial daggers tried to free their teacher in Shali. The rebels were dispersed by the regular troops of General Tumanov. 160 rebels were killed.
For a long time there was no information about the fate of Kunta-haji. In 1928 documents were found confirming that Kunta-haji died in exile in the town of Ustyuzhna (then Novgorod Guberniya, now Vologda Oblast).
Despite being originally persecuted and its members often sent to Siberia the Qadiriyyah Tariqah started in Caucasus by Kunta-haji became the religion of the majority of Chechens (exact estimations vary:60% or 70-75%). The followers of Kunta-haji believe that their teacher is one of the 360 saints that keep the world alive and that he would return to Earth at a future time. The tomb of Kunta-haji's mother, Kheda, is considered sacred as the spring nearby that is believed to have been started by Kunta-haji pushing his stick into the earth.
The tomb of Kunta-haji's mother, Kheda, became a major cause of the conflict between Wahhabi and Qadiriyyah adherents in the government of Aslan Maskhadov. The Wahhabis wanted to destroy the tomb, (as they consider veneration of Kheda as paganism) yet the Qadriyyahs led by Akhmad Kadyrov (then the Chief Mufti of Chechnya) were able to save the tomb, but the conflict eventually led to Kadyrov's alliance with the Russian government against Maskhadov's government.
Lord Ligonier (slave ship)
Jufureh, Juffureh or Juffure is a town in the Gambia, located 30 kilometers inland on the north bank of the River Gambia in the North Bank Division near James Island. The town is home to a museum and Fort Jillifree.
Jufureh is best known for its appearance in Alex Haley's 1976 novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family. A family claiming to be the descendants of Kunta Kinte still resides here.][
In 1651 a small plot of land from the village was leased by the Duke of Courland from the king of Kombo, as part of the Couronian colonization of Africa.
Darwin College, Kent
The Lord Ligonier was an 18th-century slave ship built in New England that in 1767 unloaded slaves in Annapolis, Maryland. The ship was made famous by the novel and television series Roots, as the ship that brought the main character, Kunta Kinte, from the Gambia to the United States.
The Lord Ligonier was originally laid down for construction in 1763. The ship was built for hauling cargo such as slaves, tobacco, spice, and lumber. In June of 1765 the ship's owner, Horace Andrews, hired a crew of 40 men and 1 captain named Davies.
The ship had six decks in all, four for carrying slaves and two for hauling spice, lumber, and tobacco. The Lord Ligonier was a sailing ship, built to weather Atlantic storms. She could carry 170 slaves, 40 crew members, and various amounts of other cargo. Although she could carry 170 slaves if they were packed in sideways, her capacity was only 140 slaves when they lay on their back.
A surviving advertisement records the arrival of the ship with a cargo of slaves at Annapolis in September 1767. This was the basis for Alex Haley's assertion in Roots that his supposed ancestor Kunta Kinte was brought on that voyage. The TV series based on the book invented a failed slave uprising during the voyage.
This is the only voyage of the Lord Ligonier recorded in the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade Database (Voyage 75775).
The Lord Ligoniers subsequent fate is unknown. There is proof that she sailed on another slave voyage but nothing is known of it. The Lord Ligonier was probably sold for scrap lumber after her owner's death.
Darwin College is the fourth oldest college of the University of Kent, an English institution in the United Kingdom. It was opened in 1970.
After heavy debate, it was named after Charles Darwin, the biologist. Unusually for a namesake of a Kent college, Darwin had strong connections to the historic county of Kent, having lived in Down House at Downe (now in the London Borough of Bromley) for the last forty years of his life.
Other names considered in the lengthy process included:
The name was eventually decided by a postal ballot of members of the Senate, choosing from: Attlee, Conrad, Darwin, Elgar,Maitland, Marlowe and Tyler.
Darwin Student Committee or the DSC are a group of students who volunteer their time to make the life of Darwin College students more enjoyable. They are made up of a committee of students who meet and discuss the issues that concern the students, deal with problems, organise Freshers week, listen to concerns and improve your experience at Darwin College.
It is in weekly DSC meetings that events in Darwin College (such as the Masquerade Ball) are planned, as well as discussing issues affecting students, which campaigns to run, and passing on important messages from Kent Union and the Sabbatical officers. They meet every Tuesday in DLT3 (Darwin Lecture room 3) at 6.00pm. All Darwin Students are welcome to attend meetings, have their say, vote and become a part of our community.
(these officers are elected democratically by the Darwin student population)
Darwin President: Ryan Falle
List of organisations in Kent named Invicta
The Kunta family (the Awlad Sidi al-Wafi) is among the best-known examples of a lineage of Islamic scholarship with widespread influence throughout Mauritania, Senegambia, and other parts of the Western Sudan.
The Kunta shaykhs and the family or clan they represent, are an outgrowth of the Kounta Bedouin peoples (of both Arab and Berber origins) who spread throughout what is today northern Mali and southern Mauritania from the mid-sixteenth to the early eighteenth centuries (CE).
The family's history goes back to Sheikh Sidi Ahmad al-Bakka'i (Arabic: ; born in the region of the Noun river – d.1504 in Akka) who established a Qadiri zawiya (Sufi residence) in Walata. In the 16th century the family spread across the Sahara to Timbuktu, Agades, Bornu, Hausaland, and other places, and in the 18th century large numbers of Kunta moved to the region of the middle Niger where they established the village of Mabruk. Sidi Al-Mukhtar al-Kunti (1728–1811) united the Kunta factions by successful negotiation, and established an extensive confederation. Under his influence the Maliki school of Islamic law was reinvigorated and the Qadiriyyah order spread throughout Mauritania, the middle Niger region, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Futa Toro, and Futa Jallon. Kunta colonies in the Senegambian region became centers of Muslim teaching.
The Kunta family has historically played a leading role in Timbuktu, and have been power brokers in many states of the upper Niger.
Invicta, Latin for undefeated or unconquered, is the motto of the English county of Kent, appearing on the coat of arms of Kent County Council. It is also used in the names of several Kent based organisations or other entities: