There's 1 currently undergoing a testing stage. Terrafugia claims it will be able to fly up to 500 miles on a single tank of gas.
Transformer (flying car)
Terrafugia is a small, privately held American corporation that is developing a roadable aircraft dubbed the Transition. Their General Aviation (GA), Light-Sport Aircraft (LSA) is designed to fold its wings, enabling the vehicle to also operate as a street-legal road vehicle. First delivery is scheduled for 2015.
It is the sole registered automobile manufacturer in Massachusetts.][
Terrafugia was founded by graduates of the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and graduates of the MIT Sloan School of Management. Their team and business plan was the runner-up for the 2006 MIT $100K Entrepreneurship Competition. Terrafugia was then incorporated May 1, 2006, with much of the initial funding coming from CEO and founder Carl Dietrich's US$30,000 Lemelson-MIT Student Prize. The first round of convertible note financing began at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2006 and closed December 21, 2006, raising US$258,215. Five additional rounds of convertible note financing followed. The first round of equity financing closed in 2008 and raised US$1,531,323. Another round of equity financing was initially planned for 2009; the second and third rounds of equity financing raised US$2,037,680 in May, 2010 and US$960,418 in Dec, 2010. Another equity offering of US$3.5 million was reported in May, 2012 of which $1,020,369 had been sold. > In October 2008, Terrafugia reported seeking reservations for airframe number 57 representing an order book of more than US$8 million. In March 2009, the company had received fewer than 35 aircraft reservations, but by September 2009, they had doubled that to 70; as of December 2011[update], 100 reservations were on deposit representing potential revenues above US$25 million.
Terrafugia expects initial deliveries of the Transition light sport aircraft in 2015 or 2016. The estimated purchase price was originally announced as US$194,000 and was increased to US$279,000 as of December 2011[update]. Owners will be required to obtain a Sport Pilot certificate, which can be acquired after 20 hours of observed flying time. Owners will be able to drive amidst normal street traffic from their garage to an airport where the wings can be deployed for take-off and flight within a range of 400 nmi (740 km; 460 mi). It will carry two people plus luggage and will operate on a single tank of regular unleaded gas. The design of the production version was made public at AirVenture Oshkosh on 26 July, 2010 and no longer included a front canard.
The Transition Proof-of-Concept's maiden flight on 5 March 2009 lasted 37 seconds and covered 3,000 feet (910 m) of the runway at the Plattsburgh International Airport. The test pilot then conducted 6 additional takeoffs and landings.
In June 2010, the FAA granted Terrafugia an exemption for the Transition's extra takeoff weight. The added weight accommodates the Transition's road safety features, which is needed to comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. On June 29, 2011, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration also granted exemptions allowing the Transition to use a polycarbonate windshield, to use tires suited for highway and aircraft use but not typically certified for multi-purpose vehicle use, to not include an electronic stability control system that could inadvertently cut engine power during flight, and finally, to use regular instead of advanced airbag deployment.
After undergoing drive tests and high-speed taxi tests, the production prototype completed its first flight on March 23, 2012 at Plattsburgh, New York. The production prototype then made its auto show debut at the 2012 New York International Auto Show in April, 2012. In June, 2012, Terrafugia announced that the Transition had completed the first of six phases of flight testing. By July, the second phase of testing was underway, expanding the performance envelope in the sky and continuing drive testing on the ground.
Transformer (TX) is a DARPA US$65m, five year, three phase program intended to develop a 'flying Humvee'. A Phase 1 proposal from AAI Corporation was awarded a US$3m contract in September, 2010 and incorporates deployable surfaces technology from subcontractor Terrafugia.
On May 7, 2013, Terrafugia announced the successor of Transition, called the TF-X. TF-X is a plug-in hybrid tilt-rotor vehicle and would be the first fully autonomous flying car. It has a range of 500 miles per flight and batteries are rechargeable by the engine. It is expected to hit the market at least six years after Transition, 2015 and 2021 respectively.
Información en español sobre el Terrafugia
The DARPA TX, or Transformer is a 5-year, 3-phase flying car effort coordinated by DARPA for the United States Military.
The objective of the Transformer (TX) program is to demonstrate a four person vehicle that provides enhanced logistics and mobility though hybrid flyable/roadable capabilities. This presents unprecedented capability to avoid traditional and asymmetrical threats while avoiding road obstructions. TX will enable enhanced company operations of future missions with applicable use in strike and raid, intervention, interdiction, insurgency/counterinsurgency, reconnaissance, medical evacuation and logistical supply. The TX vehicle will have Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) capability with a minimum combat range of 250 nautical miles on a single tank of fuel.
The primary focus of the TX program will be the development and demonstration of an integrated suite of critical technologies that enable dual-mode transportation, VTOL capability, efficient flight performance, and a combat range comparable to present day rotorcraft. It is envisioned that this program will, at a minimum, demonstrate the ability to build a ground vehicle that is capable of configuring into a VTOL air vehicle that provides sufficient flight performance and range, while carrying a payload that is representative of four troops with gear. Key performance parameters have been specified to show specific operational utility. The program will be divided into two separate tasks. Task A will develop and integrate a full vehicle and Task B will develop individual critical technologies components for the full vehicle.
The Marines, Air Force, special forces and National Guard have stated an interest in the vehicle. Marines may use the Transformer as a tool for the Enhanced Company Operations concept.
The Marines would use the vehicle for amphibious assault and potentially eliminate the need for amphibious vehicles which are vulnerable to shore defenses and limited by their low speeds. Special ops would like to send vehicles unmanned to resupply special operators and then allow them to use that vehicle.
Its VTOL capability gives it the ability to avoid threats and obstacles. The TX is required to have a range of 250 nmi (460 km) on a single tank of fuel which may be attained through flight, land, or a combination of both.
The vehicle is to be lightly armored, required only to handle small arms fire. Its VTOL capability gives it the ability to avoid threats.
DARPA was at first not interested in traditional rotary-wing aircraft, but shrouded rotor concepts might be considered.
The first phase consists of trade studies to evaluate future technologies as well as conceptual design of both a prototype and a production vehicle.
No more than 2 contracts were to be awarded in the $65m Phase I. In September however only AAI's proposal was selected, for $3m. This proposal builds on the CarterCopter slowed rotor technology, and incorporates deployable surfaces technology from Terrafugia. The United States Army Research Laboratory (Vehicle Technology Directorate) was contracted to conduct rotor analysis. Other partners are Bell Helicopter and Textron Marine & Land Systems, sister companies of AAI and subsidiaries of Textron. Lockheed Martin, Piasecki Aircraft, Ricardo Inc., Carnegie Mellon University, Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Aurora Flight Sciences, ThinGap, Terrafugia and Metis Design are also connected to the project.
In October 2010, Lockheed Martin and its partners were also connected to Phase 1 of the program.
Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne has received a US$1 million contract to develop a Diesel engine called Enduro Core to power the Transformer.
In 2011, AAI and Lockheed were chosen to proceed with Phase II of the project.
The 7,500 lb AAI vehicle is proposed to be equipped with a 1,200 shp Honeywell HTS900 turboshaft engine to power four electric wheel motors or the 56-inch ducted fan, and spin up the 50-foot rotor. Ground speed is up to 80 mph; flight speed range is 50 to 155 kt; maximum altitude is 10,000 ft.
The 7,000lb Lockheed vehicle has two turboshaft engines in a 41 ft wing with tilting 8.5 ft ducted fans, giving a flight speed of 130 kt, while a Pratt & Whitney EnduroCore heavy-fuel rotary engine powers the four electric wheel motors for ground motion.
At AUVSI 2012, Lockheed Martin spoke openly about their status on the project. AAI Corporation was silent about their involvement details, but comfirmed they were still in the competition. At the time of expo, neither company had prototype vehicles, but had designs and scale models of their concept vehicles. Previously, both passed DARPA's preliminary design review, which involved computer modeling. Lockheed's vehicle relies on two huge turbo-shaft fans and folding wings fixed to a turret above the cab to provide lift and thrust during flight. A key component is computerized flight. Because it will be used by soldiers rather than trained pilots, vehicle operation will be mostly automated. One idea is to have a computer screen to simply plot GPS points to chart a flight path. The fans will rotate 90 degrees on the turret from their stowed positions just in front of and behind the cab to their in-flight positions on both sides of it. Control of takeoff, landing, and flight is controlled by the computer, although soldiers onboard would be able to alter their course or perform an emergency landing. The automated flight technology will be similar to the kind used by the F-35 Lightning II. The lift fans of Lockheed's vehicle provide hover while AAI's does not. AAI's vehicle can be made lighter, which gives greater ability to up-armor.
The winning team from Phase II will produce a Prototype Vehicle (PV) with limited features, ready to fly in 2015. DARPA aims for a full-featured Field Vehicle (FV) to cost around $1 million, compared to $400,000 for a Humvee and $4 million for a light helicopter.
AVX Aircraft Company proposed a concept with coaxial rotors. Ducted fans were intended as propulsion in air as well as on ground.
Logi and Trek offered the Tyrannos, a tilt-fan vehicle.
This article incorporates work from https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=9b745d803c1d206f16fd6f64542eadd6&tab=core&tabmode=list&print_preview=1, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Army.
Flying car (aircraft)
The Terrafugia Transition is a light sport, roadable airplane under development by Terrafugia since 2006.
The Rotax 912ULS piston engine powered, carbon-fiber vehicle is planned to have a flight range of 425 nmi (489 mi; 787 km) using either automotive premium grade unleaded gasoline or 100LL avgas and a cruising flight speed of 93 kn (107 mph; 172 km/h). Equipment includes a Dynon Skyview glass panel avionics system, an airframe parachute, and an optional autopilot.
On the road, it can drive up to 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) with normal traffic. The Transition Production Prototype's folded dimensions of 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) high, 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) wide and 18 ft 9 in (5.72 m) long are designed to fit within a standard household garage. When operated as a car, the engine power take-off near the propeller engages a variable-diameter pulley CVT automatic transmission to send power to the trailing-suspension mounted rear wheels via half-shafts powering belt drives. In flight, the engine drives a pusher propeller. The Transition has folding wings, pusher propeller and twin tail.
The experimental Transition Proof of Concept's first flight in March 2009 was successful and took place at Plattsburgh International Airport in upstate New York using U.S. Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) tail number N302TF. First customer delivery, as of March 2009, was originally planned for 2011.
On July 1, 2010 it was announced that the Terrafugia Transition had been granted an exemption from the FAA concerning its Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) allowing the Transition to be certified with a take-off weight up to 1,430 pounds (650 kg); the limit matches the MTOW for amphibious light-sport aircraft. The extra 110 pounds (50 kg) granted by the exemption provides more weight allowance for the mandatory road safety features such as airbags and bumpers.
The proposed design of the production version was made public at AirVenture Oshkosh on July 26, 2010. Aerodynamic changes revealed included a new, optimized airfoil, Hoerner wingtips, and removal of the canard after it was found to have an adverse aerodynamic interaction with the front wheel suspension struts; furthermore, the multipurpose passenger vehicle classification from the NHTSA removed the requirement for a full width bumper that had inspired the original canard design.
On November 16, 2010 the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published Terrafugia's July 20, 2010 petition for a temporary, three-year hardship exemption from four FMVSS standards in the Transition. They requested:
The NHTSA granted all of the requested exemptions on June 29, 2011, but limited the stability control and airbag exemptions to one year instead of three as originally requested. Also in June 2011, a delay was announced pushing initial customer deliveries to "late 2012". December 2011 saw the base price increased to US$279,000.
After undergoing drive tests and high-speed taxi tests, the Production Prototype completed its first flight on March 23, 2012 at the same airport in Plattsburgh, New York that was used for the Proof of Concept's flight testing. The production prototype then made its auto show debut at the 2012 New York International Auto Show in April 2012.
In June 2012, Terrafugia announced that the Transition had completed the first of six phases of flight testing. By July, the second phase of testing was underway, expanding the performance envelope in the sky and continuing drive testing on the ground.
In January 2013, development continued and the company announced that it might be necessary to construct a third, completely new prototype, due to the large number of modifications required. The modifications to date are said to appear to have improved the previous handling characteristics.
Data from Terrafugia Transition Proof of Concept specifications. Terrafugia Transition 2010 specifications.
Glass panel; the proof-of-concept airplane included:
The production prototype uses a glass cockpit including:
EAA AirVenture Oshkosh
A flying car or roadable aircraft is an aircraft that can also travel along roads. All the working examples have required some manual or automated process of conversion between the two modes of operation.
A slightly different concept that is sometimes referred to as a "flying car", particularly in science fiction, is that of an aircraft that would be practical enough for every-day travel, but would not necessarily be drivable on the roads.
Glenn Curtiss, the chief rival of the Wright brothers, was the first to design a flying car. His large, three-wing Curtiss Autoplane was able to hop, not fly.
In 1926, Henry Ford displayed an experimental single-seat aeroplane that he called the "sky flivver". The project was abandoned two years later when a distance-record attempt flight crashed, killing the pilot. The Flivver was not a flying car at all, but it did get press attention at the time, exciting the public that they would have a mass-produced affordable airplane product that would be made, marketed, sold, and maintained just like an automobile. The airplane was to be as commonplace in the future as the Model T of the time.
The first flying car to actually fly was built by Waldo Waterman. Waterman was associated with Curtiss while Curtiss was pioneering naval aviator on North Island on San Diego Bay in the 1910s. On March 21, 1937, Waterman's Arrowbile first took to the air. The Arrowbile was a development of Waterman's tailless aircraft, the Whatsit. It had a wingspan of 38 feet (11 m) and a length of 20 feet 6 inches (6.25 m). On the ground and in the air it was powered by a Studebaker engine. It could fly at 112 mph (180 km/h) and drive at 56 mph (90 km/h).
In the postwar 1950s, the flying car was a common feature of science-fiction conceptions of the future, including imagined near futures such as those of the 21st century.
Although several designs (such as the Convair flying car) have flown, none have enjoyed commercial success, and those that have flown are not widely known about by the general public. The most successful example, in that several were made and one is still flying, is the 1949 Taylor Aerocar. One notable design, Henry Smolinski's Mizar, made by mating the rear end of a Cessna Skymaster with a Ford Pinto, disintegrated during test flights, killing Smolinski and the pilot.
In the 1950s, Ford Motor Company performed a serious feasibility study for a flying car product. They concluded that such a product was technically feasible, economically manufacturable, and had significant realistic markets. The markets explored included ambulance services, police and emergency services, military uses, and initially, luxury transportation. Some of these markets are now served by light helicopters. However, the flying car explored by Ford was projected to be at least fiftyfold less expensive.][
When Ford approached the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) about regulatory issues, the critical problem was that the (then) known forms of air traffic control were inadequate for the volume of traffic Ford proposed. At the time, air traffic control consisted of flight numbers, altitudes and headings written on little slips of paper and placed in a case. Quite possibly computerized traffic control, or some form of directional allocation by altitude could resolve the problems. Other problems would also need to be resolved in some ways, however, including intoxicated pilots or pilots that drive/fly without a license. Standards would have to be agreed upon by the international community, such as air miles being translated to nautical miles and not affecting the reading of the odometer. Furthermore, there would be serious concerns among the public in built up urban areas, that malfunctioning or incorrectly operated flying cars could crash into houses, shopping districts or pedestrian areas, severely damaging buildings or killing civilians.][
There is an active movement in the search for a practical flying car. Several conventions are held yearly to discuss and review current flying car projects. Two notable events in the United States are the Flying Car forum held at the EAA Airventure at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) conventions held in various cities.
The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has shown an interest in the concept with a sixty five million dollar program called Transformer to develop a four place roadable aircraft by 2015. The vehicle is required to take off vertically, and have a 280 mile range. Terrafugia, AAI Corporation, and other Textron companies have been awarded the contract.
Flying cars fall into one of two styles; integrated (all the pieces can be carried in the vehicle), or modular (the aeronautical sections are left at the airport when the vehicle is driven).
In April 2012, the International Flying Car Association was established to be the "central resource center for information and communication between the flying car industry, news networks, governments, and those seeking further information worldwide."
A number of companies are developing vehicles, although few have demonstrated a full-sized vehicle capable of free flight.
EAA AirVenture Oshkosh (formerly The EAA Annual Convention and Fly-In) is America's largest annual gathering of aviation enthusiasts held each summer at Wittman Regional Airport in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, United States.
The event is presented by the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA), a national/international organization based in Oshkosh. The airshow is seven days long and typically begins on the last Monday in July. The airport's control tower is the busiest control tower in the world during the gathering.
EAA was founded in 1953 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as an organization for people who were building or restoring their own recreational aircraft. Homebuilding is still a large part of EAA but the organization has grown over the years to include almost every aspect of recreational aviation and aeronautics.
The first EAA fly-in was held in 1953 in Hales Corners, Wisconsin (near Milwaukee). In 1959, EAA fly-in moved to Rockford, Illinois. When it outgrew its facilities at the Rockford airport, the EAA fly-in moved to Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 1970.
For many years the official name of the event was The EAA Annual Convention and Fly-In. In 1998 the name was changed to AirVenture Oshkosh. But many regular attendees still refer to it as The Oshkosh Airshow or just Oshkosh.
For many years, the access to the flight line (the area directly adjacent to the Wittman Field runway) was restricted to EAA members only; this restriction was lifted in the late 1990s, when visitors to the airshow paid for membership up front. Some old fencing bordering the flight line still exists on the air show grounds, with the turnstiles removed.
Today, EAA AirVenture Oshkosh is an international gathering place for aviation enthusiasts. An AirVenture participant can study the latest aircraft and innovations; discover new ideas and techniques from the nearly 1,000 forums and workshops; see aviation's top personalities; or just talk airplanes with people from around the world. EAA AIRVENTURE OSHKOSH has become important and influential but retains its friendly and personal feel - part of the reason the world comes to Oshkosh every year.
The British Aerospace / McDonnell Douglas Harrier AV-8B, a Short Take Off and Vertical Landing (VTOL/STOVL) military fighter aircraft made appearances in 1986, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2008, and 2011.
Concorde made regular appearances during its scheduled operations, beginning in 1985 and also appearing in 1988, 1990, 1994 and 1998. The crews of the Concorde returned in 2009.
During their 1986 North-American tour, the Italian aerobatic display team Frecce Tricolori performed in Oshkosh. In 1987 Burt Rutan's Rutan Voyager, the first aircraft to fly around the world without refueling, made its final appearance before its record setting flight.
The F-117 Nighthawk "stealth fighter" appeared at the airshow in 1991, shortly after the Gulf War. The plane was roped off and the cockpit was concealed to hide sensitive equipment in its interior.
Among other unique airplanes that have recently appeared at Oshkosh were the Airbus "Beluga" in 2003, the F-22 Raptor in 2006, 2007, and 2008, the V-22 Osprey in 2008 and 2010, NASA's Super Guppy in 2000, the B-2 Spirit in 2007, the C-5 Galaxy in 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012. Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter in 2008, Airbus A380 in 2009, and the Erickson Air-Crane in 2009 and 2010. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner also made an appearance in 2011
In 1994, a unique gathering at the event featured 15 of the 25 then-surviving Apollo astronauts, including the complete crews of Apollo 11 (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins) and Apollo 8 (Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders).
In 1997 (celebrating the 50th anniversary of an independent US Air Force), the SR-71 Blackbird performed a fly-over. This was supposed to be supersonic but due to a fuel leak, the aircraft made an emergency landing in Milwaukee. The first pass featured a simulated in-flight refuelling with a KC-135T from 22nd Air Refueling Wing at McConnell Air Force Base.
Also featured in 1997, 2007, and 2008 was a Lockheed U-2 spy plane.
In 2003, the Wright Flyer was a highlight, and a replica designed to fly on the 100th Anniversary of the first flight was granted its flying certification by the Federal Aviation Administration during the show. Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004 and Microsoft Combat Flight Simulator 2 were unveiled there, and a physical Wright Flyer mock-up combined with Microsoft's software on a display in front of the pilot (a member of the attending public) was a popular attraction.
In 2005, SpaceShipOne made its only public appearance before being taken to the Smithsonian. Also flying at the show was GlobalFlyer, which had made its record around the world flight in the same year.
The Boeing 747 "Dreamlifter", designed to airlift Boeing main assemblies, made its first visit to the event. It was open for tours, and performed flight demonstrations during the airshow. Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and the Goodyear Blimp made appearances. Glenn Martin demonstrated a personal jetpack, during a test flight called the Martin Jetpack. There were few jetpack manufacturers at the time of the test flight. Rocket Racing League debuted a racing league that plans to use rocket-powered aircraft to race a closed-circuit air racetrack. 2008 also marked the unveiling of the Icon Aircraft, the Icon A5, which is a high-wing amphibious light sport aircraft. Cessna for the first time brought its newest model the Cessna 162 Skycatcher, a side-by-side two-seat, high-wing, strut-braced, tricycle gear light sport aircraft. Cirrus' newest prototype, Cirrus Vision SF50, a single-engine, low-wing, seven-seat, very light jet made its public debut. The Electric Aircraft Corporation ElectraFlyer-C made its first trip. It is an American experimental electric aircraft that is designed by Randall Fishman and produced by his company Electric Aircraft Corporation. The aircraft features a cantilever low-wing, single-seat enclosed cockpit with a bubble canopy, fixed conventional landing gear and a converted Monnett Moni motor glider. Remos unveiled its latest model, Remos GX, a high wing, two seat, single engine light sport aircraft, built in Germany. Austro Engine an Austrian company debuted an all new engine. The Austro Engine 300 is a liquid-cooled, inline four-cylinder, four-stroke, diesel piston aircraft engine that is primarily used for Diamond Aircraft. Lycoming Engines announced the launch of the Lycoming IO-233-LSA which is a certified four-cylinder, direct drive, aircraft piston engine that produces between 100–116 hp. Rolls-Royce announced the launch of the RR500TP, turboprop variant that is intended for use in small aircraft with 450 shp.
In 2009, the Airbus A380 visited the event and made its inaugural showing at a North American airshow. It was open for tours, and performed flight demonstrations during the airshow. Upon arrival, it made a hard landing, causing the wings to flex significantly. It is the largest aircraft to ever visit the event. WhiteKnightTwo Virgin Mothership Eve made its first public appearance by flying four times at the event. Predator B MQ-9 Reaper U.S. Customs and Border Protection unmanned aerial vehicle made its first trip. Capt. Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger and Jeff Skiles talked about their experiences of US Airways Flight 1549, who successfully completed an emergency landing in the Hudson River. German World War II fighter ace Gunther Rall who shot down 275 planes talked about his incredible life. Flightstar e-Spyder and Erickson Air-Crane S-64F "Elvis" made its first appearance. 2009 also marked the unveiling of a new jet manufactured by Sonex called the SubSonex JSX-1. Mark Erickson, designer and builder of the Dakota Cub Super 18 received type certificate from the FAA. Garmin received supplemental type certificate for the G500 PFD/MFD models. RotorWay International unveiled the new Eagle 300T turbine helicopter. Yuneec International debuted its newest aircraft the Yuneec International E430, a two-seat electric light sport aircraft. Tecnam introduced its newest aircraft the Tecnam P2006T to the U.S. market. It is a high-wing, all-metal four-seat light twin aircraft. Electric Aircraft Corporation ElectraFlyer-X made its first appearance. It is an American kit and light-sport electric aircraft, designed by Randall Fishman and produced by his company Electric Aircraft Corporation. The aircraft features a cantilever low-wing, two-seats, enclosed cockpit under a bubble canopy, fixed tricycle landing gear and a single electric engine in tractor configuration. The Brown Arch, which is the traditional entryway to the flighline received a makeover with a tribute area that includes paving bricks available for purchase. The new main gate features two Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress engine-and-propeller sculptures. AirVenture's Aviation Learning Center debuted which you can learn about affordable flying, fuel education, and electric power for aircraft. Young Eagles unveiled a new program called "International Young Eagles Day," a day set aside to encourage all EAA members and Chapters to participate that is held on the second Saturday of June annually.
2010 was known as "Sploshkosh." Rain from the weeks leading up to the airshow proved too much for the camping grounds to handle. Throughout the campsites and parking areas, massive puddles and muddy grounds caused vehicles of all sizes to get stuck. Large motor homes were not allowed into the camping area because they would simply get stuck; instead, they were sent to parking lots around the Oshkosh area. During the airshow, no airplanes were parked on North 40 because of these wet conditions. EAA celebrated the 75th Anniversaries of the Douglas DC-3 and Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. Erickson Air-Crane returned and brought its S-64F "Goliath." The Goodyear Blimp and the Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey also returned. Jack Roush crashed his Hawker BeechcraftPremier IA while maneuvering to land on runway 18R. Roush suffered severe facial injuries that resulted in the loss of an eye. His passenger was only slightly hurt. Art Nalls, who flies the only privately owned British Aerospace Sea Harrier, registered N94422 came to the event. Jonathan R. Trappe flew his cluster balloon at the event. Sonex unveiled the Onex, a single-seat, low-wing aircraft with foldable wings. Indigenous People’s Technology and Education Center brought the I-Fly Maverick for the first time. Kestrel debuted its newest aircraft the Kestrel JP10, a high-performance single turboprop-engined all-composite six-seater. OMA SUD debuted its newest line to the market, the OMA SUD Skycar, a five-seat twin piston-engine pusher configuration monoplane. Cobalt unveiled the Cobalt Co50, a five-place, all-composite aircraft that incorporates a canard and split vertical stabilizers in the design, and a pusher engine configuration with retractable landing gear. Sikorsky Aircraft brought its newest model the Sikorsky Firefly, an all-electric helicopter. The Firefly is a modified Sikorsky S-300C helicopter with its engine replaced by an electric motor and two lithium-ion battery packs. The helicopter can hold only the pilot, operate for 12–15 minutes and has a top speed of 80 knots. Plane Driven PD-1 made its public debut. Plane Driven PD-1 is a modification to the Glasair Sportsman GS-2 to convert it into a practical roadable aircraft. It is designed by Trey Johnson and manufactured by Plane Driven and Stoddard-Hamilton Aircraft. GippsAero received FAA type certificate for the Airvan GA8 TC-320. Scotts Miracle-Gro improved the Warbirds area which now includes a new pad expansion, landscaping, and a Veterans Memorial. EAA AirVenture Oshkosh held their first ever night airshow.
All week long during the 2011 convention, they celebrated the 100th year of Naval Aviation and Airmail. They also gave tributes to retired test pilot and airshow great, Bob Hoover and recently retired aerospace engineer, Burt Rutan during the week. It marked the largest and most diverse gathering of Burt Rutan-designed aircraft. It included Rutan's popular Boomerang, Catbird, V-Jet II and Starship. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner visited the event and made its inaugural showing at a North American airshow and it was open for tours. The last flyable Boeing B-29 Superfortress named "Fifi" owned by the Commemorative Air Force made its return to the event since 1995. The world's largest flying Farmers Airship, a Zeppelin NT owned and operated by Airship Ventures made its first appearance by giving rides.
A General Dynamics F-16C Block 30H Fighting Falcon, 87-296, c/n 5C-557, of the 187th Fighter Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, flying out of Montgomery Air National Guard Base, overruns the runway. The nose gear collapsed, the nose radome broke and the air-frame skidded to a stop. The pilot was uninjured. An amateur-built Gottschalk John 1 “Dominator” gyroplane sustained substantial damage when it landed hard after losing lift during takeoff from runway 33 at the grass Ultralight Airstrip. The pilot was uninjured.
Sikorsky X2, the fastest helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft made its visit to the event. Tecnam's Tecnam P2010 a four seat, high wing, single engine light aircraft of mixed metal and carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer construction made its U.S. debut. Pipistrel brought the Pipistrel Taurus G4. Ultraflight Lazair designer Dale Kramer introduced an experimental electric-powered Lazair on an amphibious mono-float, with outrigger floats. Flight Design brought its full-sized exterior mock-up for the first time to the event the Flight Design C4, a four seat, high-wing, single engine light aircraft. Dallair Aeronautica in Italy debuted its newest line of aircraft to the American market, the Dallair Aeronautica FR-100 Snap!, a LSA aerobatic airplane. Germany's Autogyro Cavalon makes its U.S. debut. Kolb brought its newest model to show, Kolb Firestar 2 SS. The original prototype of the all-metal UltraCruiser ultralight designed, built, and flown by Morry Hummel made its first cross-country flight to the event. UltraCruiser Ultralight First Cross-Country Flight to AirVenture Evektor debuted its newest aircraft the Evektor EV-55 Outback, a high-wing, twin-engine, turboprop airplane used for transportation. Piper PA-61P Aerostar visited the event and made its public debut. A nearly completed replica of the Bugatti Model 100P was on display at the Welcome Center.
Avidyne unveiled its new model the IFD540. French propeller manufacturer, Duc Helice propeller made its first visit to the event. ConocoPhillips reached a multi-year agreement to be the sponsor of AirVenture’s West Ramp, formerly known as AeroShell Square. Helicopter Association International's new Heli Center debuted. It features helicopter-related exhibitors highlighting their products and services to attendees, aiming to re-introduce many fixed-wing fans to the helicopter. The night airshow was once again a major hit after debuting in 2010.
2012 marked the 60th anniversary of The World's Greatest Aviation Celebration in which they gave tributes to the Greatest Generation in the Air honoring the Tuskegee Airmen and the Doolittle Raiders. In attendance were Col. Richard "Dick" Cole, Staff Sgt. David Thatcher, Col. Charles McGee, Maj. George Boyd, Lt. Col. Robert "Bob" Ashby, Lt. Col. Harry Stewart, Lt. Col. Alexander Jefferson, Lt. Col. Washington Ross, Lt. Col. Harold Brown, Lt. Col. William Thompson and Thomas J. Hudner, Jr., the only Naval aviator to be awarded the Medal of Honor in the Korean War. They also celebrated the 75th anniversary of the Piper J-3 Cub & Wittman Buttercup, 50th anniversary of the Bowers Fly Baby & Dyke JD-2 Delta, 40th anniversary of Van's Aircraft, 30th anniversary of Part 103, 20th anniversary of the recovery of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning named "Glacier Girl". Richard VanGrunsven donated the original Van's RV-1 to the EAA AirVenture Museum. Van's Aircraft debuted its newest aircraft, Van's RV-14, an American aerobatic kit aircraft similar to the Van's RV-10. The last flyable Boeing B-29 Superfortress named "Fifi" owned by the Commemorative Air Force returned. It was open for tours and for the first time ever at AirVenture gave rides. McDonnell Douglas DC-10 "ORBIS Flying Eye Hospital" owned by ORBIS International made its return to the event since 2003. Junkers Ju 52, a German trimotor transport aircraft made its first visit to the event and the Goodyear Blimp returned. Warbird Warriors Foundation brought the Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon named "Attu Warrior" and Collings Foundation brought a rare flyable North American A-36A Apache to the event for the first time. EAA unveiled a new program called "Eagle Flights," which will offer free rides for adults. The Aircraft Kit Industry Association (AKIA) is an American aviation advocacy association that was formed in July 2012 and formally constituted at the event. The AKIA's first officers include: President Dick VanGrunsven, Vice President John Monnett and Secretary Dave Gustafson.
Chip Yates, designer and builder of the all-electric, record-breaking 202.6 mph, brought the Long-ESA to the event for the first time. German company E-volo made its world debut of its E-volo VC2, a single place experimental electric multirotor helicopter. Just Aircraft debuted its newest aircraft, the Highlander, which has an STOL Wing, Oleo Strut Landing Gear reminiscent of a Classic Fairchild 24 equipped with Tundra Tires. LISA Airplanes debuted the LISA Akoya to the American market. It is a French single engine light aircraft, seating side-by-side configuration amphibian capable of alighting on land, water or snow without adaptation. SAM Aircraft unveiled the SAM LS, classic-looking tandem, low-wing standard or tricycle gear monoplane. ArrowCopter USA announced the ArrowCopter AC10 autogyro kit to the American market. American Champion unveiled the American Champion Xtreme, powered by a 210 hp Lycoming AEIO-390-A1B6 engine. Magnaghi Aeronautica in Italy introduced the Sky Arrow LSA and Sky Arrow AWP-ONE to the market. Pipistrel introduced the Pipistrel Alpha Trainer, a Slovenian light-sport aircraft intended specifically for flight training. OMA SUD debuted its newest line to the market, the OMA SUD Redbird, two seat, carbon-fiber, low-wing LSA. DAHER-SOCATA announced that SOCATA TBM 850 Elite earned certification.
Cessna unveiled the diesel-powered Turbo Skylane JT-ATM, which replaces the avgas-powered Turbo 182 for the Cessna 182 Skylane. Cessna also unveiled the Cessna Grand Caravan EX which is powered by the new Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-140. Wipaire rolled out its newest product, Wipline 1450 LSA amphibious floats. Eclipse Aerospace donated a custom-painted Eclipse 500 to the Veteran’s Airlift Command. Flabob Airport Preparatory Academy donated Aeronca Super Chief 65CA to the EAA AirVenture Museum.
Garmin introduced a series of new products GDL 88, GDL 39 and GWX70. Appareo Systems brought the Stratus, a portable in-flight weather receiver for ForeFlight. Avidyne introduced the AXP340 Mode S Transponder with Extended Squitter, IFD540 & IFD440 Touch Screen FMS/GPS/NAV/COMs. Dynon introduced the D1 Pocket Panel Portable EFIS. Aspen Avionics Connected Panel received TSO approval. PAT Avionics debuted its G-HULP HUD technology. Bendix/King reveled myWingMan application and KMA 30 aircraft audio control system. Sennheiser introduced the S1 Passive headset. Rotax brought its newest engine the Rotax 912 iS. It received ASTM certification . GE Aviation launched two derivative engines H75 and H85 turboprop engines. Raikhlin Aircraft Engine Developments made its AirVenture debut, with its 12-cylinder, 500-hp, diesel-engine, A03. Chinese aviation officials opened the Chinese AirVenture Pavilion. ConocoPhillips shortened their name as the sponsor of AirVenture’s West Ramp to Phillips 66 Plaza.
Highlights of the airshow include the following:
The Seaplane Base is located just a few miles from AirVenture on Lake Winnebago Coordinates: N43° 56.624' W088° 29.679' that is on private property that is opened to the public just for AirVenture. Each year up to approximately 150 planes invade this small bay on the west side. Planes are towed to and from the runway so that they can be docked to safety by the volunteers. There is even a watermelon social held at the base on Saturday.
The Buses make regular runs between the AirVenture grounds and the Seaplane Base, departing from the Bus Park Tower just outside the Main Gate and the Amphib Parking area at the south end of the airport. Or you can simply drive there yourself.
For many attendees, an equally important aspect of the fly-in is the opportunity to socialize with other aviation enthusiasts. Lots of people meet up each year with "Oshkosh friends" who they only see at the fly-in. Year after year many people tend to get the same camping spot. For many years these Oshkosh friends had no contact during the rest of the year, but recently many of them have begun to stay in touch throughout the year via e-mail. Many attendees arrive three to four days before the official start of the event or stay a few days after the end for the opportunity to relax in an aviation environment and to socialize with other aviation enthusiasts from around the globe. Also, a very large contingent of volunteer workers arrive as early as a month before the event, and stay long after the end, to help with presenting the event. Among these volunteers are cadets from the Civil Air Patrol, referred to as "Blue Berets," working the flightlines and looking for ELTs. The cadets spend the first seven days before the airshow training for the event and then work the entire week of the show.
Those aviation enthusiasts who drive to Oshkosh for AirVenture are able to camp at EAA’s Camp Scholler. The campground is located right next to the convention grounds, which makes them a very popular lodging choice. Shuttles are provided to take campers from Camp Scholler to the convention ground. Each campsite is 20x30 feet and are available for vehicle or tent camping. Shower facilities, convenience stores, and dump stations are also available. The current rate is $25/night, and there is a 3 night minimum charge. While reservations are not necessary, because camping space has never run out, 2010 is the first year EAA is offering advance-purchase camping. At least one camper at each campsite needs to be a member of the EAA. Generators may be used for electricity, but will be NOT be operated between the hours of 10:30 p.m. and 7:30 a.m.
For those who fly to AirVenture, the North 40 is the general aviation campground where you can pitch a tent and camp under the wing of your aircraft. These campsites are available on a first-come-first-serve basis and sometimes do become full. Reservations are not taken. The price for fly-in camping is the same as the Camp Scholler prices.
Who fly-in and would like to camp in the Showplane Camping area (Vintage, Homebuilt, Ultralight, Rotorcraft and Seaplane categories), you must be an active EAA member, and your airplane must be eligible for that category. All showplanes must be tied down.
Approximately 250 campsites have water and electrical hook-ups that are available on a first come, first served basis. Due to the limited number of improved sites, they will only be offered based on a stay through the end of the event with no refunds for unused days. The cost to rent these spots are $55/night.
There is a RV/Handicap camping area for those requiring 24-hour operation of auxiliary generators. Handicap accessible restrooms are available at three campground shower facilities. There is a handicap accessible bus that circulates throughout the campground.
Pet camping must be in the designated pet area. Bringing pets is generally discouraged. However, no more than three pets per campsite. Pets are NOT allowed on the convention site unless they are a service dog and must be leashed at all times.
There is a 24-hour generator designated camping area, where you have to supply your own water, generator and electrical hookup. But, can run them at any time.
Campground buses circulate through Camp Scholler from 6:15 a.m to midnight from day 1 to day 6, and day 7 from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.
The Handicap/Stroller buses circulate through Camp Scholler and is provided from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. from day 1 to day 6, and day 7 from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m
It is estimated that 10,000–15,000 aircraft visit Wittman Field each year during the fly-in. Attendance is estimated between 800,000 to 1,000,000, which is computed by multiplying the number of tickets sold times the number of estimated daily visits by each ticket holder. This technique allows for one person who buys a weeklong pass to count as a separate person each day, which does properly account for each person's actual use of the grounds and facilities, but adds complexity to making a final attendance estimate. The EAA estimates and Oshkosh Northwestern reports the actual number of attendees is most likely between 300,000-500,000 separate people, which would still leave AirVenture as the biggest civilian airshow in the United States.
People arrive by both air and ground transport. Nearby two-way roads are repatterned to resemble a one-way circuit, with traffic either turning off to park in adjacent lots, or keeping on the road to leave (or re-enter the area again.) The large number of aircraft arrivals and departures during the fly-in week officially makes the Wittman Field FAA Control Tower the "busiest in the world" for that week. To accommodate the huge flow of aircraft around the airport and the nearby airspace, a special NOTAM is published each year, choreographing the normal and emergency (if need be) procedures to follow.
In 2002, an Air Atlanta Icelandic Boeing 747 brought an almost full load of Icelanders. The occupants of this single airplane represented about one of every 500 Icelanders or 0.2% of the population of Iceland.
Hotels, dormitories, and many private guest rooms in the region are almost always filled to capacity during the fly-in. There is also a Hilton Hotel located directly on the airport grounds. However, the large majority of visitors camp, either under the wing of their airplane, in a recreational vehicle, or next to their car.
More than 4,000 volunteers contribute approximately 250,000 hours before, during and after the event. These volunteers are primarily EAA members, but also include a significant number of local volunteers as well as attendees who can volunteer on the spot. Civil Air Patrol cadets and senior officers who attend National Blue Beret are found on base July 18-August 2, and work many aspects of the airshow; including, but not limited to: flight line marshalling, war bird security, and Emergency Services. During the airshow, cadets and senior officers contribute more than 2,000 hours marshalling aircraft for runway 9/27. Police Explorers from southern Wisconsin operate traffic control at the airshow's busiest parking lots. Aviation Explorers have a campsite next to the Civil Air Patrol compound. They volunteer in several areas during the week including flightline security, crowd control, custom (homebuilt) aircraft parking, and marshalling aircraft on two of the airport's busiest taxiways during the week, "Papa" and "The Ditch", both of which run parallel to runway 18/36.
Approximately 1,100 portable toilets are supplied for the event, and EAA estimates that more than 2 million sheets of toilet paper are used.][
FAA air traffic controllers say working the EAA AirVenture is the “Super Bowl” of air traffic control. The work is challenging and unique. In 1961, The Rockford EAA airshow had 10,000 aircraft movements. In 1971 the EAA airshow at Oshkosh brought in 600 planes and 31,653 movements. Presently AirVenture brings in more than 10,000 airplanes of all kinds. Special air traffic procedures, not seen or used anywhere else, will be used to ensure safe, coordinated operations. For their work, these controllers will not earn a Super Bowl ring, but instead will wear a coveted fluorescent pink polo shirt – the high-visibility mark (necessary on the runways) of an FAA AirVenture air traffic controller.
Several days prior to the event, members of the FAA's Technical Operation team from around the Central Service Area arrive in Oshkosh to set up the temporary communication facilities (MoOCoW's, FISK VFR Approach Control and Fond du Lac (FLD) tower). These technicians will maintain the facilities during the event and tear down and store the equipment after AirVenture ends.
The original tower at Wittman Field was designed and built in the 1960s, and was barely bigger than some of the buildings around it at AirVenture. 2007 marked the last year that the old tower was staffed by controllers during AirVenture. The new tower is over twice the height of the old building and can be seen from throughout the AirVenture grounds.
The original tower was demolished in April 2009.
The FAA has staffed a tower at the EAA convention since the 1960s. FAA air traffic staffers (including controllers, supervisors, and managers) compete from throughout the FAA's new 17-state Central Terminal Service Area to work this event. In 2007, 145 air traffic professionals representing 45 facilities volunteered to staff the facilities at Oshkosh (OSH), Fond du Lac (FLD), and Fisk. Sixty-four controllers and 11 supervisors were ultimately selected. Controllers normally can only volunteer for a maximum of seven years at the EAA convention, to allow others a chance to work this temporary duty assignment. However, recent staffing shortages at some facilities have caused the FAA to use a few veteran controllers beyond the seven-year limit.
The controllers are divided into teams of four persons each:
These teams stay together throughout the convention as they rotate through the control towers at OSH or FLD, FISK VFR Approach Control and the two mobile departure platforms known as MOOCOWs (Mobile Operating and Communications Workstations).
It's important to note that even a "rookie" will have the years necessary to become certified as a Certified Professional Controller (CPC). All controllers, operations supervisors, and the air traffic operations managers are certified for operations at their home facilities.
EAA AirVenture relies heavily on volunteers. Volunteers have been the heart of EAA accomplishments since its creation. Volunteers arrive in the weeks leading up to the air show. They perform many tasks ranging from parking cars and airplanes, to painting buildings, to helping set up and tear down concerts and shows presented by the EAA. Though many of these volunteers volunteer purely for the fun of it, long-time volunteers also receive benefits such as free meals, t-shirts, and embroidered patches, and free admission into the actual EAA AirVenture event.
A Plane Is Born
The Martin Jetpack is an experimental aircraft. Though the tradename uses the phrase "jet pack", it uses ducted fans for lift. It was developed by the Martin Aircraft Company of New Zealand, and was unveiled on July 29, 2008 at the Experimental Aircraft Association's 2008 AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, USA. It is classified by the Federal Aviation Administration as an experimental ultralight airplane.
It has been under development for over 27 years and uses a gasoline (premium) engine with two ducted fans to provide lift. Theoretically it can reach a speed of 60 miles per hour, an altitude of 8,000 feet, and fly for about 30 minutes on a full fuel tank. The consumer price is expected to be US$100,000. Martin Aircraft planned to deliver the first jetpacks to ten customers in early 2010.
On 29 May 2011, it was reported that the Martin Jetpack had successfully completed a remotely-controlled unmanned test flight to 1,500 m (5,000 ft) above sea level, and carried out a successful test of its ballistic parachute.
The Jetpack is a small VTOL device, with two ducted fans that provide lift. It is powered by a 2.0 litre V4 piston 200-horsepower gasoline (premium) engine. The pilot straps onto it and does not sit. The device is too large to be worn while walking, so it cannot be classed as a backpack device. It does not have a jet turbine or rocket motor; the "Jet" in "Jetpack" refers to the production of two jets of air from its ducted fans. The Martin Jetpack does not meet the Federal Aviation Administration's classification of an ultralight aircraft; it meets weight and fuel restrictions, but cannot meet the power-off stall speed requirement. It uses the same gasoline used in cars, is relatively easy to fly, and is cheaper to maintain and operate than other ultralight aircraft. Most helicopters require a tail rotor to counteract the rotor torque; this and the articulated head complicate flying, construction and maintenance enormously. The Jetpack is designed to be torque neutral – there is no tail rotor, no collective, no articulating or foot pedals – and this simplifies flying dramatically. Pitch and roll are controlled by one hand, yaw and the throttle by the other.
In order to enhance safety, the finished product will feature a ballistic parachute and a fly-by-wire system whereby the pilot sends instructions to a computer which then interprets them and flies the craft smoothly. It can also be programmed to fly only a few meters above the ground and/or fly within certain limits.
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A Plane is Born, presented by Mark Evans, was a 15 part series for Discovery Home and Leisure (now Discovery Real Time), in which he not only learned to fly but also built his own two-seater aeroplane. During the course of the series, he tackled everything from the composite control surfaces to the installation of the engine. The series took the viewer for the first time through the step-by-step process of building a 200 mph kit aircraft, capable of flying from England to the South of France on a single tank of fuel.
Mark visits the Popular Flying Association Rally at Cranfield to see some of the 3000 or so home-built and vintage aircraft that have flown in for the weekend. He talks to Graham Newby, the Chairman of the PFA and the Editor of Flyer Magazine who takes him through the perils and pit falls of building his own plane.
Mark travels to the Europa Factory in North Yorkshire where after seeing all the components that go into making a kit, he takes a test flight with Technical Director Andy Draper. In part 2, he starts his private pilot training at Staverton Airport in Gloucestershire with instructor Carl Bowen.
Mark learns that before he starts to build his aeroplane he must attend a workshop on composite building techniques. His crash course is instructed by expert Neville Eyre. In part 2, back at the workshop, he begins work on his kit plane, starting with the Rudder. Some respite from plastics is provided at Gloucester airport where his flying training continues apace. In a regular feature, Dudley Pattison shows us the Isaac's Fury biplane he took fifteen years to build.
Filming in the workshop, work begins on the Europa's wings and Mark puts his composite skills to the test. In part 2, he continues his flight training as he learns about climbing and descending. Nigel Marshall and Rob Cooper talk about the Pitenphol Air-camper they built at work in their lunch-hours.
Work on the plane continues with the Cockpit module and control yokes. Mark also receives a visit from Neville Eyre, his PFA inspector who checks to see that his work so far is air worthy. Over at Staverton Airport, it's pass the sick bag when he is introduced to "stalling". Finally, we are introduced to an American aircraft owned by Michael Wells where the propeller is at the back.
Work on the aeroplane moves to the Tailplane and Mark gets to grips with an electronic spirit level. Back at the Flying School, he attempts circuits and touch and go landings. And in another profile of kit aircraft builders, it's the turn of Olle Berquist, an enthusiast from Sweden.
This episode sees the building gathering pace as Mark installs the cockpit module and seats into the aeroplane as well as the trim tabs and actuator into the tail plane. In our regular look at the world of kit aircraft, we meet Steve Pike and Kevin Fagan who have just finished an Australian aircraft - The Jabiru. Back at Staverton Airport, it's a milestone in Mark's Flying progress - with his first solo flight.
Mark is back on familiar ground as he fits brakes, wheels and undercarriage to his aeroplane, Martin Dovey introduces us to his vintage Kit-Plane, the Kit Fox, and it is the turn of Navigation to further perplex Mark as he continues his flying lessons.
A packed programme sees major progress on the plane with the rudder assembly completed and the fuselage top on and finally bonded. Back at Staverton, Mark learns how to talk - important for a presenter but vital for a pilot as he masters the rudiments of radio communication. In another look at other kit-planes, we meet fellow Europa constructor Peter Kember who was the first ever to home-build a Europa Kit.
It's a red-letter day down at the workshop as the brand new engine arrives with Europa's Andy Draper. Mark takes on the delicate task of fitting the engine to the fuselage as well as connecting fuel lines, the Plenum chamber and exhaust manifold . In his flying lesson, he undertakes his first solo cross-country flight. In another feature on the world of home-built aircraft, we meet John Shanley and his futuristic Rutan Long-EZ.
Part two of the engine installation and Mark takes on the fitting of the ducting, oil and water cooling, radiators, cowlings and finally the propeller. Safety is the theme in Mark's next visit to flying school as he takes us through the A-Check, vital before any flight, while this programme's homebuilder is Lincoln Summers with his motorbike-engined Avid Speedwing.
It's the bit Mark has been dreading since he started - the wiring and instruments. To give him a better idea, he meets Robin Walsh who explains the differences between instruments and avionics and Ashu Mehta who helps him install the instrument panel. The instrument theme is continued at Aeros Flying School where Mark gets to fly just inches from the ground - in a simulator. In another look at the achievements of other home builders, it's the turn of Bob Harrison and his Europa.
The interior starts to get the red carpet treatment (well Blue actually) as Mark takes on the job of carpeting and upholstering his aeroplane with aircraft trimmer Matthew Leach. At Aeros, it's advanced flying as he gets to grips with steep banked turns and spinning while vintage aircraft feature in another look at PFA aircraft, this episode profiles Steve Leach's 1941 Taylor craft BC65.
A Red letter day as Mark prepares for his PPL Test at Aeros, and we recap his flying lessons from throughout the series; meanwhile, his aeroplane is transformed with a coat of paint and Mark applies the decals to make it unique. Finally it is the turn of Tony Palmer to show us his own pride and joy - his Avid Speedwing.
The final episode in the series sees the newly-built plane go through the final checks it needs for its certificate of air-worthiness. Will it pass and can Mark finally realise his dream to fly his very own aeroplane?
According to reports the finished kit plane flown in the programme is not the one that was shown being built. Due to pressure of time "G-CHET" was used for the flying sequences. The aircraft that was built during the series was registered "G-OIZI"(i2i television) and never actually flew.][
Miles Straume is a fictional character played by Ken Leung on the ABC television series Lost. Miles is introduced early in the fourth season as a hotheaded and sarcastic medium as a crew member aboard the freighter called the Kahana that is offshore the island where most of Lost takes place. Miles arrives on the island and is eventually taken captive by John Locke (played by Terry O'Quinn), who suspects that those on the freighter are there to harm his fellow crash survivors of Oceanic Airlines Flight 815 and expose the island to the general public. Miles is on a mission to obtain Ben Linus (Michael Emerson); instead, he tries to cut a deal with Ben to lie to Miles's employer Charles Widmore (Alan Dale) that Ben is dead.
The writers created the role of Miles specifically for Leung after seeing him guest star on The Sopranos. Leung was the only actor to read for the part. They chose his name because it resembles "maelstrom", another word for a powerful whirlpool. Reaction to the character has been positive.
In the history of technology, emerging technologies are contemporary advances and innovation in various fields of technology. Various converging technologies have emerged in the technological convergence of different systems evolving towards similar goals. Convergence can refer to previously separate technologies such as voice (and telephony features), data (and productivity applications) and video that now share resources and interact with each other, creating new efficiencies.
Terrafugia // is a small, privately held American corporation that is developing a roadable aircraft dubbed the Transition. Their General Aviation (GA), Light-Sport Aircraft (LSA) is designed to fold its wings, enabling the vehicle to also operate as a street-legal road vehicle. First delivery is scheduled for 2015.
It is the sole registered automobile manufacturer in Massachusetts.]not verified in body[
A flying car is a hypothetical personal aircraft that provides door-to-door aerial transportation (e.g., from home to work or to the supermarket) as conveniently as a car and without the requirement for roads, runways or other specially-prepared operating areas. Such aircraft lack any visible means of propulsion (unlike fixed-wing aircraft or helicopters) so they can be operated at urban areas, close to buildings, people and other obstructions.
The flying car has been depicted in fantasy and science fiction works such as Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Jetsons, Star Wars, Blade Runner, Back to the Future Part II and The Fifth Element as well as articles in the American magazines Popular Science, Popular Mechanics and Mechanix Illustrated.
In journalism, a human interest story is a feature story that discusses a person or people in an emotional way. It presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest, sympathy or motivation in the reader or viewer.
Human interest stories may be "the story behind the story" about an event, organization, or otherwise faceless historical happening, such as about the life of an individual soldier during wartime, an interview with a survivor of a natural disaster, a random act of kindness or profile of someone known for a career achievement.