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Kurt (Leon) Sutter (born May 5, 1966) is an American screenwriter, director, producer and actor. He worked as a producer, writer and director on The Shield, also appearing on the show as hitman Margos Dezerian. Sutter is also the creator of Sons of Anarchy on FX and writes, produces, directs, and performs for the series, wherein he plays incarcerated club member Otto Delaney. Sutter spent time with members of an outlaw club in Northern California as research for Sons of Anarchy. Sutter's wife, actress Katey Sagal, is also one of the show's lead actresses.
Sutter was hired as a staff writer for the first season of FX crime drama The Shield in 2002. He made his television writing debut with the episode "Blowback," in which he appeared as Armenian mob hitman Margos Dezerian. He co-wrote the episodes "Dragonchasers" and "Two Days of Blood" with fellow staff writer Scott Rosenbaum and was promoted to story editor for the second season in 2003. He wrote the episodes "Scar Tissue" and "Dead Soldiers" and in 2004, joined the production team in the junior role of co-producer for the third season. He continued to write episodes and scripted "Playing Tight" and "Mum" with series creator and executive producer Shawn Ryan, "Slipknot" solo, and "Fire in the Hole" with consulting producer Charles H. Eglee. He reprised his role as Dezerian in the season's final episodes "All In" and "On Tilt".
He was promoted to supervising producer for the fourth season in 2005. He wrote the episode "Grave" solo, co-wrote the story for the episode "Judas Priest" with Eglee and co-wrote the teleplay with Rosenbaum. He co-wrote the story for the season finale "Ain't That a Shame" with Ryan; Ryan co-wrote the teleplay for the episode with co-executive producer Glen Mazzara. Sutter became a co-executive producer for the fifth season in 2006. He wrote the episode "Extraction", co-wrote the episode "Trophy" with Renee Palya and Tony Soltis, and co-wrote the season's penultimate episode "Fire in the Hole" with Eglee.
He became an executive producer for the sixth season in 2007, directed a promotional mini-episode for the sixth season entitled "Wins and Losses", and wrote the sixth season premiere "On the Jones". He co-wrote the episode "Exiled" with Rosenbaum, also now an executive producer.
Sutter returned as an executive producer and writer for the seventh and final season in 2008. He wrote the premiere "Coefficient of Drag" and co-wrote the episode "Parricide" with Gary Lennon. At the close of the season he was the series' second most prolific writer (after Ryan), having written or co-written 18 episodes in total.
Also in autumn 2008, Sutter created and executive produced a new series for FX entitled Sons of Anarchy. The show centers on the titular motorcycle club in California. He was the series head writer and showrunner. Along with the pilot episode he wrote the episodes "Seeds", "Funtown", "The Pull", "Capybara", "The Sleep of Babies" and the season finale "The Revelator". Sutter also directed "The Revelator". He also appeared in the show as incarcerated club member Otto Delaney. He cast his wife Katey Sagal in the starring role of the club's matriarch Gemma Teller. Sutter also hired several crew members whom he had worked with on The Shield, including unit production manager and producer Kevin G. Cremin, post-production supervisor and producer Craig Yahata, and directors Guy Ferland, Stephen Kay, Gwyneth Horder-Payton, Paris Barclay, Terence O'Hara and Billy Gierhart. The first season also featured The Shield star Jay Karnes as a recurring special guest star playing ATF Agent Kohn.
Sutter remained showrunner and executive producer for the series' second season in 2009. He wrote the series premiere "Albification", co-wrote the episode "Eureka" with Brett Conrad, co-wrote the episode "Gilead" with co-producer Chris Collins, co-wrote the episode "Potlatch" with Misha Green, co-wrote the teleplay for the episode "Service" with co-executive producer Jack LoGiudice from a story by Brady Dahl and Cory Udica, co-wrote the episode "The Culling" with consulting producer Dave Erickson, and wrote and directed the season finale "Na Trioblóidí". The second season featured The Shield star Kenny Johnson as a special guest star playing a club member named Kozik.
He returned as showrunner and executive producer for the third season in 2010. He wrote the season premiere "SO", co-wrote the episode "Oiled" with Erickson, now a co-executive producer, co-wrote the episode "Home" with Liz Sagal, series' star Katey Sagal's sister and his sister-in-law. He co-wrote the episode "Widening Gyre" with co-producer Regina Corrado and the episode "Lochan Mor" with Erickson and Liz Sagal. He wrote the story for the episode "Turas"; the teleplay was co-written by Collins (now a producer) and Dahl. He co-wrote the episode "Firinne" with Vaunn Wilmott and the episode "Bainne" with Corrado and Erickson. He wrote the story for the episode "June Wedding"; Collins wrote the teleplay. He reprised the role of Otto in the season finale, titled "NS", which he also directed and co-wrote with Erickson. Johnson returned as Kozik in the third season.
Sutter married actress Katey Sagal in a private ceremony on October 2, 2004, at their home in Los Feliz, California. Their first child, daughter Esme Louise, was born January 10, 2007. Esme was carried by a surrogate mother.
Fox (stylised as FOX) is a television channel in the United Kingdom and Ireland, owned by Fox International Channels, launched on 12 January 2004.
The channel launched on 12 January 2004 and was originally branded as FX289 in reference to its Sky EPG number.
It was rebranded to FX in April 2005 as the channel moved in the Sky EPG. As FX, the channel targeted a demographic of mainly males between 18 and 49 years old. Unlike FX (in the USA), FX promoted both FX-produced and non-FX-produced shows. Some of the most popular shows to air on the channel included Family Guy and American Dad!. It had a similar format to its American sister channel, with a schedule consisting largely of Fox-produced shows, including comedy such as Family Guy and King of the Hill, and dramas such as The Shield, The X-Files and NYPD Blue. Non-Fox-produced shows rerun or receiving their UK premiere on the channel include The Walking Dead, Falling Skies, Babylon 5, Carnivàle, Highlander, JAG, NCIS, Sleeper Cell, E-Ring and Huff, Generation Kill, True Blood and Dexter.
The channel was rebranded as Fox at GMT on 11 January 2013 as part of an attempt to broaden its schedule. The target demographic of Fox is both men and women aged between 18 and 35 years old. New programmes added to the schedule included Louie, The Ricki Lake Show, Men at Work, Da Vinci's Demons and the second season of The Increasingly Poor Decisions of Todd Margaret, while many of the programmes that featured on FX continued to broadcast such as The Walking Dead, Dexter, True Blood, Falling Skies, Family Guy and NCIS. Fox also plan to commission up to 50 hours of original UK content by the end of the year, expecting to spend between £5m and £10m.
Fox operates a 1 hour timeshift named Fox+.
The channel originally launched as a 2 hour timeshift service and was joined on Sky by FX +1 on 10 December 2007. The branding of sister timeshift channel FX + had not been changed to reflect this, causing confusion due to the two being very similar in name (FX +, FX +1), with viewers assuming a mistake or a double-over of the channel.][
On Monday 28 April 2008, FX +1 ceased broadcasting and its slot was replaced with FX HD. On 1 September 2008, to coincide with Sky's EPG reshuffle, FX + became a 1 hour timeshift. The channel was rebranded as Fox+ on 11 January 2013, in line with the main channel.
Fox HD is a high definition television channel, which launched on Monday 28 April 2008 at 10:00pm in the UK and Ireland as FX HD. It initially broadcast a completely separate schedule from the standard definition channel, with only HD content and without ads.
FX HD was originally due to launch on 21 April 2008, but as stated on the FX Forums the date was pushed back to 28 April 2008 due to "technical difficulties at the transmission end".
On 24 April 2009, FX HD become a simulcast of FX, broadcasting HD content when possible but only broadcasting between 7:00pm and 2:00am every day. On 5 January 2010, FX HD increased it broadcast hours to match its SD counterpart.
The channel also joined Virgin Media's digital cable TV lineup on channel 158 on 30 July 2009.
The channel was rebranded as Fox HD on 11 January 2013, in line with the main channel.
As well as British and American programming, the channel has aired a number of international programmes. These include Last Man Standing and The Nominees from Australia; Charlie Jade, a co-production between Canada and South Africa; and the Flemish series Matrioshki, which was shown with subtitles.
Original content has also aired on the channel, including No Signal! which aired from February to April 2009.
For several weeks from the 5 December 2005, FX carried a strand of programming from the Fox-owned American channel Fuel TV. The strand was identified as FX Presents Fuel TV, and made use of Fuel TV's US branding graphics. The strand ran for an hour from , and was repeated in the early hours of the following morning.
The Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club (SoA), is a fictional outlaw motorcycle club and organized crime syndicate at the center of the FX television series Sons of Anarchy. The club was formed by John Teller and Piermont "Piney" Winston, two Vietnam War veterans, in 1967 in Charming, California. Six of the original nine members were war veterans. Their logo is a Grim Reaper wielding an M-16 rifle with scythe blade in one hand, and holding a crystal ball in the other. The club's mottos include "Fear the Reaper" and "Ride Free or Die", their colors are blue and white. The club has 29 charters worldwide. In North America, these are located in Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Indiana, New England, Nevada, New York, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Washington in the United States, and Alberta and Manitoba in Canada. There are also a number of charters in the UK, Australia, and Sweden. The club's signature weapon is a knife carried on their waistbands.
The series follows the club's Mother Charter, the Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club, Redwood Original (SAMCRO). Until the end of Season 4, the charter's President was Clay Morrow, but was deposed by his stepson Jackson "Jax" Teller. SAMCRO's primary business is importing illegal weapons and selling them to drug gangs in the East Bay, along with protection runs for local businesses by protecting valuable truck shipments from hijacking. They also protect Charming from outside gangs who try to manufacture and sell drugs, mainly methamphetamine. Jackson Teller, son of club founder John Teller, is the central character and the plot rests largely on his loyalty to the club in the face of the destruction it wreaks on its members and the community. A plot focus for the past three seasons are letters written by John Teller to his Irish mistress, identifying his wife, Gemma, and his best friend, Clay, as lovers and conspirators to kill John and prevent him from getting the club out of the lucrative weapons business. The letters were given to Jax but were found by Tara, his then girlfriend, who read them, then hid them. Gemma and Clay's fear of the club learning the truth, and the MacBeth-like plot twists ensuing, have been a central dynamic in the series. Most recently, Jackson has read the letters and deposed Clay as president, forced to let him live by the Irish gun merchants who trust only Clay. Subplots have involved the town's police force being superseded by the San Joaquin Sheriffs Department because of the open loyalty between the (former) chief of police – Wayne Unser – and the SOA, a partnership based on the Sons keeping drugs out of Charming. Past episodes have shown struggles for turf and wealth with Hispanic MC the Mayans, then white supremacists cooking methamphetamine, and most recently the Sons have allied with a drug cartel, which is revealed to be protected by the CIA. An alliance for business purposes quieted the fighting between the SOA and the Mayans. Tara is a talented pediatric surgeon desperate to get Jax and their two sons out of Charming; she is repeatedly foiled. Gemma has been driven to see her son take over the presidency of the SOA, inheriting his father's seat.
The club was formed in 1967 by John Teller and Piermont "Piney" Winston, following their return from service as paratroopers during the Vietnam War. The first charter was called "Redwood", simply because they weren't settled in any one city. They cruised the Northern California coast from Eureka to Big Sur, which is Redwood country. It wasn't until after Gemma Teller, John's wife, became pregnant with her first son, Jackson, that they decided to settle in Charming, the town where Gemma grew up. At that point, John Teller thought Charming was a little too cute for a charter name, so he called the charter the Redwood Originals. That's when the SAMCRO handle was born. The first charter was founded in Charming, California and originally had only nine members, the other seven being Wally Grazer, Thomas "Uncle Tom" Whitney, Chico Villenueva, Lenny "The Pimp" Janowitz, Clay Morrow, Keith McGee and Otto "L'il Killer" Moran. Six of these were war veterans. Teller was the President up until his death in 1993, when Clay Morrow took over. The club was originally formed as a form of social rebellion for men who simply wanted freedom and no longer wished to live by society's rules. They also tried to protect the people of Charming from outside gangs and drug dealers, rather than exploit them.
In 1991, the Mayans attempted to expand their drug-dealing operations into the San Joaquin Valley, leading to a bloody war with SAMCRO, who retaliated by defending the territory under their control. This war ran until 1993, when the Mayans finally backed down after taking heavy casualties. In 2008, employees for the Water and Power Board working near the highway dug up three skeletons, two of which were Mayans killed by Tig Trager in 1992, when they had tried to invade Lodi. The third skeleton was that of Lowell Harland, Sr., a mechanic at Teller-Morrow Automotive Repair, who was killed by Clay Morrow for being a "junkie rat". To stop the bodies from being identified, Trager, Morrow and Jax Teller snuck into the Hospital morgue to remove the teeth from the bodies, however, Lowell Sr. had already been identified. No one was ever convicted of the killings.
SAMCRO rules the town of Charming with an iron fist, and, to a certain extent, have even more power than the police. For the most part, they try to protect the town from outside criminal influences, but also use violence to keep things the way they like it; sabotaging large companies' attempts to branch into the town for example.
When Wayne Unser, the Chief of the Charming Police Department, announced his quickly approaching retirement due to suffering from cancer, the Sons of Anarchy plotted to make him stay on. He had always got on well with SAMCRO during his time in charge, and even employed them as muscle at times. However, his successor would be David Hale who is overtly suspicious of the SOA and, given the power, would almost definitely begin an investigation into the club. To warn Unser to keep Hale off their case, the SOA hijacked one of Unser's trucks that they were supposed to protect, and threatened to hijack more. As a good will gesture, they gave the contents of the truck to the local Italian American Mafia as their guns were late to be delivered. Also, to distract the police from their activities, the SOA acquire two dead bodies from the local morgue and set them up in a fake shoot-out. The set-up shooting was made to look like a racist murder involving the Nordics.
When the 13-year-old daughter of local businessman Elliot Oswald was raped at a carnival, he went to Clay Morrow and asked if the club could hunt the rapist down and kill him, in exchange for money. Clay refused the money but insisted that if the rapist was caught, Oswald must carry out the punishment himself. When they discovered that the rapist was one of the carnies, and not a member of the Nords as first thought, they captured him (following a large brawl with the other carnies) and brought him to Oswald. He brought his own knife to castrate the carny, but could not bring himself to do so. Clay Morrow then carried out the punishment himself, but wearing gloves while doing it and keeping the knife with Oswald's finger prints. He later used this to blackmail Oswald; he threatened to frame him for the crime as he was about to sell off much of the land around Charming to big business and housing development, which would inadvertently bring a larger police force to Charming and challenge the reign of SAMCRO.
Kyle Hobart, a disgraced former SAMCRO member who left Opie Winston to be caught by the police after a bombing, returned to Charming in 2008 after being exiled years earlier. He was in town to watch his son playing with his band at a local festival, but also approached Jax Teller and asked him if the Sons wanted in on his deal selling stolen car parts. Jax accepted and invited him to the clubhouse that night. This was a set-up, however, to punish him for not having his SOA tattoo removed after being disowned by the club. At the clubhouse, they tied him up and offered him a choice of means to remove the tattoo. Tig used a blowtorch and whiskey to burn off the tattoo. The Sons then dropped him off at the St. Thomas hospital ER.
In 2008, the Mayans and Nordics began an alliance in a bid to remove the Sons of Anarchy from Charming, as SAMCRO supply the Mayans' enemies with weapons and stop the Nordics from dealing drugs in Charming. The Mayans also began providing muscle for the Nords' drug pushing in exchange for 20% of their profits. The Mayans started the war off by looting and burning down the warehouse SAMCRO used to store weapons in Charming. The Sons then retaliated by riding out to the industrial storage warehouse San Leandro where the Mayans took the guns, and doing like-wise. The raid did not go as smoothly as anticipated, however, as three Mayans and a member of the Nordics turned up while they were inside the building, and a shoot-out ensued with the Sons coming out the victors with no casualties. Almost simultaneously, the Nordics began selling methamphetamine in Charming, resulting in Jax's ex-wife Wendy Case od'ing on said meth and forcing her to the ER, prompting a swift and violent response from the Sons of Anarchy; Jax Teller, Chibs Telford and Bobby Munson found some drug dealers at a local bar and beat them with pool cues.
When the Sons of Anarchy decided to patch-over their brother club, the Devil's Tribe, Teller and Munson were sent to Indian Hills, Nevada to inform them. On the way there, the pair came across a group of Mayans on the road and were involved in a chase and then a shoot-out. When they eventually arrived at the Devil's Tribe clubhouse and informed them of the news, their President, Jury, was not pleased but eventually accepted that it was the best decision for both clubs. Clay then traveled to Indian Hills to perform the patch-over ceremony, and brought a number of Sons of Anarchy Washington members as protection in case the Mayans retaliated for the earlier incident. They did, and attacked the clubhouse with machine guns and shotguns. The Sons of Anarchy members, also heavily armed, fought back until the Mayans fled. During the fire fight, Jury and a few Mayans were wounded, but there were no deaths seemingly.
The Nords leader, Ernest Darby, was soon informed of SAMCRO's weapons deal with the True IRA by rogue ATF agent Josh Kohn. At a meeting with the Mayans President Marcus Álvarez, Darby proposed killing Clay Morrow and afterwards, the Nords could take Charming and the Mayans could take over the gun business. Marcus then told his son, Esai, to kill both Morrow and Darby. Later, when Clay and Tig Trager were making a deal with the IRA's Cameron Hayes at a bar, the Mayans attacked but were killed before they could get to Clay. They did wound Hayes, however. They simultaneously assaulted Darby's home, but also failed to kill him, shooting only some henchmen and women. SAMCRO then called in the Sons of Anarchy State Presidents and Vice-Presidents from Washington, Utah and Nevada, in a bid to wipe out the Mayans. This operation was never put into action, however, as a peace agreement was eventually made when local police chief Wayne Unser arrested Clay Morrow and Ernest Darby for questioning in response to the shootings. Clay told Unser to bring Álvarez in also, so that the three gang leaders could hold a meeting and stop any more bloodshed. Clay met with Darby first, and told him not to retaliate because it would start a war on the streets of Charming. He then met with Álvarez and the pair made a deal; the Sons of Anarchy would begin selling guns to the Mayans, and all Mayan-SOA disputes nation-wide (over turf, businesses, etc.) would end in the SOA's favour. Álvarez allows the Sons to murder Esai (Happy stabbed him in the back of the head with an ice-pick) for not properly carrying out the ordered hits on Clay and Darby forcing the agreement with the Sons. This agreement, and the dissolution of the Mayan-Nordic partnership, marked the end of the war.
After the Mayans raided SAMCRO's storage warehouse, the Sons of Anarchy were left with no guns to sell to the One-Niners, much to the annoyance of their leader Laroy. He convinced Clay Morrow and Tig Trager to set up a meeting the Mayans for an arms deal and when they left, the Niners would eliminate the Mayans and take the guns as payment. This would satisfy both gangs, as SAMCRO's enemies would be wiped out and the Niners would receive their arms shipment. However, when Clay, Tig, Jax and Opie Winston met Marcus Álvarez and his crew at a warehouse in Oakland, the Niners tried to take out the Mayans and the SOA. The SOA group escaped, but a number of Mayans and Niners were killed in the shoot-out.
In an unrelated matter, SAMCRO's leaders (Clay Morrow and Tig Trager, specifically) suspected Opie Winston of being an ATF informant and decided to have him killed. However, they mistakenly killed his wife, Donna instead. Opie's father, Piney, was led to believe that it was the Niners who killed his daughter-in-law (rather than SAMCRO admitting that it was them), and he decided to take revenge. He travelled to a Niner bar in Oakland, took a gang member hostage and demanded to know who killed Donna. SAMCRO's leaders had him followed by Prospect Half-Sack Epps, however, and he called Jax Teller and Chibs Telford for help. They managed to get Piney out alive, and had a talk with Laroy. He told them that it was not him or his gang who killed Donna. This came as a surprise to Jax and Chibs as they, too, had been told that it was the Niners who killed her.
In addition to their conflicts with the Mayans, Nordics and One-Niners, SAMCRO also had a brief battle with the San Francisco-based Triads in 2008. Otto Delaney and a number of other imprisoned SAMCRO members were protecting Chuck Marstein from the Triads in the state prison at Stockton, as he was their accountant but stole money from them, then informed on a number of their members when he was arrested. SAMCRO also agreed to protect him on the outside when he was released, in return for information on where the Triads keep their money.
They picked him up from the prison gate in a van and took him to their clubhouse. He told them that the Triads keep some money in a restaurant, and they intended to wait until the restaurant was closed until they raided it, but Chuck's frequent masturbation made them uneasy and they decided to raid the restaurant sooner. However, just after they stole the money (and some counterfeiting plates), they discovered it was set up. A group of Triads (including the boss, Henry Lin) then turned up in cars before the Sons could flee, and a shoot-out briefly ensued, with no casualties. Instead of starting a war, both gangs decided to make a deal then and there; SAMCRO handed over Chuck and the counterfeiting plates and the Triads paid them in real money.
2008 also saw the Sons of Anarchy coming under investigation from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) for crimes such as inter-state arms trafficking, racketeering and murder. June Stahl came to Charming to investigate the club. Before her Josh Kohn started the investigation, although this was only a cover for his true motives for being in Charming (he was actually stalking Tara Knowles). June Stahl discovered that Josh Kohn was actually there stalking Tara Knowles and sent him back to Chicago where authorities were awaiting his arrival. He escaped from custody, returned to Charming, and was eventually murdered by Jax Teller, Tara's boyfriend.
When Josh Kohn arrived in Charming and began his investigation, the club was forced to move their weapons cache to Indian Hills, Nevada, where their brother club the Devil's Tribe are based. To transport the guns, the Sons of Anarchy would need a truck, and Tig Trager and Juice Ortiz were tasked with stealing one from a local truck yard. This was not as simple as first assumed, however; Juice drugged the guard dog with crank (meth) before breaking in, thinking the drug would incapacitate the dogs. However, the crank only made the dogs more fierce, and Tig was pursued aggressively as he made his way to the truck. The weapons were eventually moved back to Charming after a new warehouse was acquired.
When things quieted down with the ATF, SAMCRO began selling weapons again. Piney Winston sold some AK-47s to Nate Meineke and his right-wing militia. This was sanctioned by the club because Meineke was an old war buddy of Piney and was "just playing soldier". It backfired, however, when the militia used these guns to ambush a prison convoy and free one of their members, Frank Cison. A police officer and two bystanders were killed during the assault, yet again bringing a heavy law enforcement presence to town. Meineke dropped his cell phone at the scene, and his last received call came from Piney at Teller-Morrow garage. When the ATF found the phone, they raided the clubhouse and arrested Clay. He was later released from custody because no incriminating evidence was found in the raid, and therefore no evidence linking SAMCRO to the guns used in the attack. As revenge for the militia bringing the ATF down on their heads and to make sure Meineke and his gang didn't "snitch" if they were apprehended by the authorities, SAMCRO decided to kill all of the militia. Piney and Opie Winston and Jax Teller pretended to sell them more weapons and ammunition. The boxes of guns were actually filled with explosives, however, and the militia carried the boxes off to their hideout. When the SOA were told by Meinke that only he and his men would be at their hideout (no civilians: family, etc.), they detonated the bombs, killing them all.
Shortly before the death of Kohn, and to his frustration, June Stahl took over his investigation and was more determined to bring the club down. One of her first acts was to arrest Luann Delaney, wife of respected club member Otto, and Cherry, the girlfriend of Prospect Half-Sack Epps. She threatened them with prison if they did not give up information on SAMCRO, and held them at the local police station. SAMCRO knew of Stahl's tactics, and plotted to sneak into the jail and talk to the girls. Bobby Munson, Piney Winston and Tig Trager started a brawl at a local bar so that most of the town's small police force had to go to the scene to break it up. This gave Jax Teller and Opie Winston an opportunity to break into the police station, with the help of the corrupt Chief Wayne Unser, and freed Cherry due to the fact she was facing serious jailtime in another state; admitting to Jax she would rat. Luann stayed behind because the ATF had offered Otto a deal which would let her have a visit and approve his upcoming parole. This gave her the chance to pass the information Jax told her about Stahl trying to use RICO on the club. Cherry was then smuggled into Canada, along with Cameron Hayes (now wanted as a member of the True IRA), by Happy in one of Unser's trucks. On the pretence that Luann and Otto would give up information on a 1999 heist, they were allowed to meet at the prison. After this, they said goodbye and when Stahl entered the room, Otto assaulted her, only extending his prison term.
The club entered Half-Sack Epps into bare-knuckle boxing competition to raise money for weapons. He was supposed to take a dive in the final, but won by knocking his opponent out. This lost the club $35,000. However, Cameron Hayes offered SAMCRO a free shipment of guns in exchange for killing Brenan Hefner, an Oakland Port Commissioner who murdered his cousin Michael McKeavy. They accepted the offer and Bobby, Jax and Opie went to Hefner's motel room where he was having sex with his mistress Eviqua Michaels. It was planned out that Bobby and Jax would keep watch while Opie made the hit, however, he froze and Bobby instead shot Hefner. Michaels went to the police and successfully identified Bobby and Opie, who were both arrested. Agent Stahl tried to leverage Opie to turn on the club by playing on his family ties as well as his debts. The ATF paid off a number of his debts so that SAMCRO would think he had turned into an informant, and he would be forced to turn on them. He was offered witness protection for himself and his family if he would inform on SAMCRO's illegal activities; otherwise, he could be imprisoned or released to be killed by the Sons as a snitch. He was released after two days and returned to Charming where Clay, after finding out about the debts being paid off, became suspicious. At the clubhouse he was given a warm welcome, but Clay had Tig search Opie's truck and cell phone, where he found both to be tapped with listening devices (which were planted without Opie's knowledge). Fearing that Opie had indeed turned rat, Clay secretly ordered Tig to take Opie out. During a shoot-out with the One-Niners in Oakland, Tig attempted to kill Opie during the havoc, but found himself unable to do so. Later, at a party celebrating the homecoming of Jax's son, Abel, from the hospital, Tig stole a black SUV and followed Opie's truck and shot the driver dead. However it was Opie's wife, Donna, who was driving the truck. Just after Tig had left to kill Opie, Clay was approached by Wayne Unser and told that Opie was in fact not an informant, and that the ATF had set him up. Clay tried to phone Tig to tell him, but he had left his phone (along with his colours) with his motorcycle.
The charges against Bobby and Opie fell apart when SAMCRO stopped Eviqua Michaels from testifying. Clay blackmailed Elliot Oswald, a local businessman, into getting his friends in the US Attorney to tell him the location of Eviqua. She was being held at a safe house in San Joaquin and Chibs Telford, Happy and Tig were sent there to kill her. After knocking out the Sheriffs and ATF agent protecting her, they tied her up and were preparing to shoot her when Jax arrived and stopped Tig at gunpoint from killing her. Jax, who had recently learned of the situation with Donna's murder, told Chibs and Happy to leave, then beat Tig up for killing Donna.
Although none of SAMCRO's members were ever convicted during the ATF's investigation into the club, significant unrest was caused by it. Most notably, the decision by Clay and Tig to kill Opie and not tell any other members. Tig stole a black SUV to use during the drive-by shooting of Donna, and also used a MAC-10, which made it look like a murder by the One-Niners. When the Niners leader, Laroy, told Jax that it was not his gang who killed Donna, it became apparent that it was Clay.
The Sons of Anarchy participate in a number of legal and illegal activities and businesses in order to make money, such as gun-running and hijacking. They import illegal, Russian-made guns, such as AK47s, M4A1s, SIG 551s, Glocks, MP-5s, AR-15s, RPGs, KG-9s, and FN-57s from Dungloe, Ireland through their connection to the True IRA. These weapons arrive on ships in Oakland in oil containers. They then sell these guns to other gangs in Northern California such as the One-Niners and, eventually, the Mayans. They have also sold to terrorist groups and militias. It is mentioned that the Russian Mafia also sell weapons in the area, meaning that they are a potential business opponent.
Unser Shipping, a local trucking company, routinely hires the Sons to protect their shipments on the way to Mexico and other places. However, SOA have been known to occasionally hijack these trucks. Also, it has been mentioned that the Sons have participated in heists and hijackings of other businesses, with the help of a number of charters.
The Sons of Anarchy also own, or partially own, a number of legal enterprises. Teller-Morrow Automotive Repair is owned by the club and is also where most of the Charming charter work during the day. After helping out the CaraCara pornographic film studio, SOA inherited part of the company and now receive part of its profits. Loan sharking is another of the Sons' businesses, as they lend money to businesses in the area.
In Season 4, The Sons of Anarchy begin selling guns to the Galindo Drug Cartel, and also begin muling Cocaine for them.
Known members of the club include:
Happy Lowman is a fictional character on the FX television series Sons of Anarchy, played by real-life Hells Angel David LaBrava. He is Enforcer for Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club, and is affiliated with the Tacoma, Washington chapter at the beginning of the series, but later becomes a Nomad, meaning he has no permanent chapter. As of the episode "The Push", he is now an official member of the Redwood Original.
Happy or "Hap" as called by SOA members is an enforcer for the Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club, and, along with Tig Trager, is commonly used to carry out the gang's murders. He is from Tacoma, Washington but frequently visits the club's chapter in Charming, California where he has a good relationship with the President, Clay Morrow. It is likely that he is originally from California himself, as he mentions that his mother is from Bakersfield. A heartless assassin, he has been shown to enjoy acts of violence that even other members of the club are disturbed by. He has a happy face tattooed on him every time he kills someone. The Patches on his cut are "Sons of Anarchy", "Unholy Ones" "Redwood Original".
Happy appeared in the first episode ("Pilot") at "Church", a club meeting. The Mayans, a rival motorcycle gang, had stolen the club's guns and burned down the weapon storage warehouse. However, Juice Ortiz, the club's intelligence officer, had re-located the guns in San Leandro. The next night, Jax Teller, Tig Trager, Chibs Telford and Clay Morrow stole the guns back from an industrial storage warehouse. They also killed two Mayan guards before destroying the warehouse and a heroin factory.
In the episode Hell Followed, Happy killed Mayan President Marcus Álvarez's son, Esai, as payback for the Mayans attempted hits on Clay and Ernest Darby. Esai Álvarez's father sanctioned the hit in a jail-house deal with Clay in exchange for SAMCRO selling guns to the Mayans. He pretended to be a churro vendor, and when Esai approached his stall, he stabbed him in the back of the neck with a knife. Happy is also seen in the closing moments of the episode, getting his 11th happy face tattoo, most likely indicating Esai Álvarez as his 11th murder for the club.
He stated in the episode Better Half that his sick mother lives in Bakersfield, and that he is thinking of "going nomad" for awhile to take care of her. Clay's response to that statement was "There's always a seat at that table for you." He drove Cherry and Cameron Hayes to Canada in one of Chief Unser's trucks at the end of this episode.
In Season One's final episode, The Revelator, Happy went with Chibs and Tig to San Joaquin to kill the witness who identified Bobby Munson and Opie after the murder of Brenan Hefner. The safe house was being guarded by two sheriffs and a female ATF agent, but they managed to knock all three unconscious and gain entry to the house. When Tig saw that the witness was a teenage girl, he was having initial doubts about killing her and Happy showed his cold-bloodedness by offering to kill her instead. However, Tig stepped up but just before he shot her, Jax came in and stopped him doing so at gunpoint. Jax then told Chibs and Happy to leave, and beat Tig up for killing Donna. Later in the episode, Happy, as well as Sons of Anarchy members from across the country, attended the funeral of Opie Winston's wife Donna, who was mistakenly killed by Tig.
At the beginning of Season Two, he has gone Nomad, but returned to Charming to help the club. He was seen at Bobby's homecoming party after his release from prison. He also helped SAMCRO members free Tig from a group of bounty hunters.
Since Chibs' near-fatal injury, Happy has been present at all of the dealings of SAMCRO, possibly filling in until Chibs is well again. Happy was arrested, along with most members of SAMCRO, when they accidentally raided a Christian retreat, falling into a trap set by a White supremacy group. He served time in prison with fellow members Clay, Tig, Juice, Bobby, and Jax. At the end of the episode, he was released along with the others.
As a nomad SAMCRO member, he served as muscle for the Charming chapter in every remaining season two episode including the finale. Due to his popularity with the fans, his role seems to be increasing. It is possible he now resides in Charming.
At the beginning of Season Three, Happy is very involved with SAMCRO affairs, still providing muscle while SAMCRO tackles the aftermath of Abel's kidnapping. During Half-Sack's funeral, Chibs mentions that Happy will be transferring to SAMCRO. He goes with Piney and Bobby to get medicine for his sick mother, but cornered by hillbillies who are trying to steal the illegal meds from Piney's friend. When the hillbillies try to make a deal with them the SOA fire at them, because they realize that she supplies clinics. With help from SAMCRO Happy, Piney, and Bobby are all safe. In the episode "The Push" Happy becomes an official SAMCRO member. In the next episode Happy accompanied SAMCRO to Belfast. When they are arrested by officers and almost deported, they interrogate them on who hired them. When Jax tells Happy to kill one of the men, he states "Oh yes I will" but is stopped. A look into his dark mind is displayed when Liam O'Neill is being brutally tortured; Happy looks on in sheer delight while everyone else is visibly shaken. He is arrested with Jax, Clay, Tig, Bobby and Juice in the season finale, and like the others, upon learning Jax ratted, has a look of hate on his face. When it's revealed they knew and it was a Club plan, Hap laughed with the others.
In season four, Happy is released along with other members in the season premiere. Both he and Tig love the "Jellybean", a strip club not known for the best or most hygienic dancers, the Russians like to do business at. Juice replied with "the freak circle is complete." Later in the premiere while being followed by two officers Happy served as a distraction kicking the side of the patrol car,which is what had gotten them in custody later.
While in "Custody" on the side of the road it's revealed Happy reused condoms. He defends himself saying he's not cheap just "mindful of excessive spending" which can be looked more upon when in season three he told Clay his mothers medication was very costly, giving him a bit of money troubles, another reason he's willing to do runs and hits. Later in the same episode he along with Juice, Bobby and Chibs leave Opie and Lyla's wedding early to get their guns from the Russians and kill them. This being Juice's first kill for the club (that we know of, or seen on screen). He and Kozik are only mentioned in the next episode. In episode 3 of Season 4 Happy votes no on becoming involved with the Cartel, saying "I'm sorry, but I'm a No."
In Episode 3, it is revealed that he is a neat freak. In "With An X" when one of the bricks of the Cartel's cocaine is stolen, Happy helps interrogate the prospects, pretending to bash Mile's hands with a hammer and locking them in a room with a loaded gun. When the thief is seemingly revealed to be Miles (actually Juice who Miles caught and Juice killed him and put the brick on him), Happy shoots his body calling him "a lying bitch" and confirming to Clay that "he was VERY dead." When Clay is shot, supposedly by the Niners (actually Opie, vengeful over Clay's murder of Piney) Happy agrees with Tig's attempted murder of Laroy (though Tig accidentally killed Laroy's girlfriend Veronica Pope) stating "he's gotta to die, like A LOT."
In the season finale of Season 4 Happy is seen with the rest of SAMCRO in the clubhouse at the table taking Opies old seat.
Happy is seen with the rest of the Club in the season premiere when their shipment of cocaine is attacked by Niners, vengeful over the death of Laroy's girlfriend Veronica Pope. He is unintimidated by Roosevelt's threats to control their problems from hurting Charming or he will call in Gang Task Force. When Opie is killed by black prisoners while inside on orders of Veronica's father Damon Pope, Happy is present at his wake. He is later seen again in "Andare Pescare" helping Jax, Tig, Chibs, and Bobby track the man who beat Opie to death, it's revealed to be the cousin of Grim Basterd President T.O. Grimm. When Tig suggests tracking down the man themselves and bashing his head in, Happy states "Second that". In "To Thine Own Self" Happy is present during the dispute with Nero's old gang and goes to meeting with them with Jax, Chibs, and Tig. When they get into a high-speed chase/shootout, Happy's head is grazed by a bullet though he is shown to not be seriously injured but he gets a thrill out of it including getting shot.
FX (standing for "Fox extended", suggesting "effects") is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox. In addition to the flagship U.S. network, the "FX" name is licensed to a number of related pay television channels outside of the United States. FX's programming primarily features original series (which are stylized similarly to those seen on premium channels such as HBO and Showtime, in regards to profanity, sexual and violent content), theatrically released feature films and acquired television programs originally seen on network television.
FX (then-stylized as "fX") first launched on June 1, 1994. Broadcasting from a large "apartment" in Manhattan's Flatiron District, fX was one of the first forays into large-scale interactive television. The channel centered around original programming, broadcast live every day from the "fX Apartment", and rebroadcasts of classic television shows from the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, such as Batman, Wonder Woman, Nanny and the Professor and The Green Hornet. fX had two taglines: "TV Made Fresh Daily" and "The World's First Living Television Network". The "f" was lower-case to portray a type of relaxed friendliness. The stylized "X" represented the channel's roots: the crossing searchlights of the 20th Century Fox logo.
The live shows were mostly focused on one broad topic each. Shows included Personal fX (collectibles), The Pet Department (pets), Under Scrutiny with Jane Wallace (news) and Sound fX (music). The channel's flagship show, Breakfast Time (hosted by Laurie Hibberd and Tom Bergeron), was formatted like an informal magazine show, and was an Americanized version of Great Britain's The Big Breakfast. Breakfast Time and Personal fX would regularly feature the channel's "roving reporters" visiting unique places around America live via satellite. Suzanne Whang (now of HGTV), John Burke (now of E!) and Phil Keoghan (now of CBS's The Amazing Race) were some of the roving reporters. Other notable fX personalities included Karyn Bryant and Orlando Jones, who were panelists on "Sound fX."
The channel prided itself on its interactivity with viewers. fX, in 1994, was an early adopter of the internet, embracing e-mail and the World Wide Web as methods of feedback. Most of the shows would feature instant responses to e-mailed questions, and one show, Backchat (hosted by eventual Survivor host Jeff Probst), was exclusively devoted to responding to viewer mail, whether e-mailed or mailed traditionally. Select viewers were allowed to spend a day at the "apartment" and take part in all of the channel's shows. Inside the channel's syndicated programming blocks, channel hosts would frequently appear during commercial breaks to read e-mails from viewers about the episode airing, or to promote upcoming programming.
fX's viewer base was very loyal, but the budget was simply too high for the clearance the channel was receiving. Ironically, the first incarnation of fX was not even available on the local cable system in New York City, where its programming originated. During the time the channel launched in the mid-1990s, cable systems around the United States were upgrading their infrastructures to increase channel capacity and were not regularly adding channels until these upgrades were complete. The same problem plagued Fox News Channel around its early 1996 launch.
The live shows gradually disappeared one by one until only Personal fX remained. Breakfast Time was moved to the Fox network and renamed Fox After Breakfast in mid-1996. It underwent several format changes and never found a substantial audience, it was canceled less than a year later. Eventually, all live programming with the exception of Personal fX was dropped and the channel focused entirely on its classic television shows until its relaunch in mid-1997. Personal fX remained on the refocused FX until May 1, 1998. FX vacated the "apartment" in the summer of 1998 and the channel's operations were streamlined with the other Fox-owned cable channels.
fX was relaunched as "FX: Fox Gone Cable" in early 1997, targeting men aged 18 to 49. The channel became known for original drama series and NASCAR programming.
During the first few years after its relaunch, FX was known for little else than airing reruns of such Fox shows as The X-Files and Married... with Children, as well as 20th Century Fox-produced shows such as M*A*S*H and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Soon after its relaunch, the tagline "Fox Gone Cable" was dropped. When the cable reruns of Ally McBeal and The Practice fumbled in primetime, FX predominantly ran movies in their more high-profile time periods.
In recent years, the channel has emerged as a major force in original cable programming, gaining both acclaim and notoriety for edgy dramas. This began in 2002 with the debut of its breakout hit, police drama The Shield. This trend continued the following year with Nip/Tuck, a drama about two plastic surgeons in Los Angeles (originally set in Miami, Florida), and the Denis Leary-helmed Rescue Me, about the lives of a crew of firemen from the New York City Fire Department post-9/11. Unlike many broadcast networks, FX is willing to take risks with its programming and push the envelope of what can be shown on television, having TV-MA ratings for strong profanity, sexual and violent content. Opinions on these shows are mixed; some organizations, like the Parents Television Council and American Family Association, have asked advertisers to boycott these shows due to their graphic content. However, the shows are also critically acclaimed for their strong storylines and characters.
Capitalizing on the success of the hit documentary Super Size Me, creator Morgan Spurlock launched a new series, 30 Days, on FX in June 2005. The series puts its subjects in situations uncomfortable to them for 30 days, such as making millionaires work for minimum wage, and having Christians live in a Muslim community.
In the summer of 2005, FX debuted two new comedy series, Starved, about the daily lives of four friends with eating disorders who live in New York City, and It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, about the usually very politically incorrect comic misadventures of four people who own a bar in the titular city. Both of these shows feature frank sexual dialogue and strong language, pitched as "The Dark Side of Comedy". Starved was derided by groups that sought to publicize eating disorders and was cancelled after its first season due to low ratings. Conversely, Sunny (which will move to FXX in the fall of 2013) quickly became a critical darling, consistently achieved high viewership, and was picked up for a second season within days of its first season finale. Fox aired an edited version of Sunny for a three-episode run in the summer of 2006, in an effort to further promote it on FX.
In 2006, FX debuted two new series, the reality series Black. White. and the drama Thief but neither were picked up for a second season. After 2006, FX also lost the rights to broadcast NASCAR, as sister channel Speed Channel became the new cable partner for NASCAR on Fox.
Throughout 2007, FX introduced three new dramas, Dirt starring Courteney Cox, The Riches starring Eddie Izzard and Minnie Driver, and Damages starring Glenn Close, Ted Danson and Rose Byrne. All three did well in the ratings and were renewed for second seasons. On October 15, 2007 a high definition feed was launched on DirecTV and many U.S. cable providers. By 2008, the channel was available in 90.6 million U.S. homes.
In 2008, the channel launched a new branding campaign built around the theme There Is No Box, which was influenced by the phrase "outside the box" and refers to how the channel's programming goes beyond the box concept, as well as a pun on the channel competing against premium channels such as HBO, with its original programming. The channel's logo changed on December 18, 2007, retaining only the FX letters while removing the klieg light logo box that had been placed to its left. The new branding included an advertising campaign, featuring a post-game ad for the channel during Fox's coverage of Super Bowl XLII. The promo used the James Morrison song "You Give Me Something".
Over 2008, competition with other cable channels increased, which was evident in the second season ratings for less successful series, Dirt and The Riches, which had ratings decrease significantly since their first seasons. Some weeks viewers were barely over 1 million. Both shows were cancelled by FX in 2008, while acquired programs Dharma and Greg, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Married... with Children and Fear Factor were also removed from the schedule.
In 2008, the channel debuted Sons of Anarchy, a drama series created by The Shield executive producer Kurt Sutter about a notorious outlaw motorcycle club bent on protecting their sheltered California town from corporate developers and drug dealers; it premiered in September of that year, coinciding with the premiere of the final season of The Shield. The show was critically and commercially successful, and was renewed for a second season. Other new shows included the Kenny Hotz comedy Testees, which ran from October to December 2008, but was not renewed.
In August 2008, FX launched a new website, making full shows available to view online. As of January 2010, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, 30 Days, Sons of Anarchy, and The League are available for viewing through the official FX site. In 2009, reruns of the former ABC sitcom Spin City was removed from the schedule (though it would be restored early the following year), while a sixth season order of 18 episodes was placed for Rescue Me, even though the fifth season had not premiered at the time.
In March 2010, the channel debuted Justified, a drama series created by Graham Yost that was based on Elmore Leonard's short story Fire in the Hole (which was the series' original working title, before being changed to Lawman and then to its eventual title as Justified). It stars Timothy Olyphant as U.S. Marshal Raylan Givens – a tough, soft-spoken lawman with a rough side – and chronicles his cases and personal life, including unfinished business with an ex-wife and his aging father. FX also picked up Terriers for its fall 2010 lineup and began airing Lights Out in 2011.
In July 2009, FX ordered three new comedy pilots: Archer, an animated series centering around a spy agency that premiered on January 14, 2010; The League, centering around a group of friends that are part of a fantasy football league; and Louie, a sitcom starring stand-up comedian and writer Louis C.K., which "blend[s] stand-up material with what Landgraf described as 'extended vignettes' depicting moments from [the comedian's] offstage experiences." The following year, FX debuted Wilfred, a comedy series starring Elijah Wood that is based on the Australian comedy series of the same name.
On October 1, 2010, then-parent company News Corporation pulled its channels from Dish Network due to a carriage dispute. FX returned to Dish Network's channel lineup on October 29, 2010 after Dish Network and News Corporation signed a long-term carriage agreement. On November 1, 2010, following a similar dispute, FX and its sister channels were restored by New York City-based cable provider Cablevision through a separate carriage agreement.
On October 14, 2011, FX announced that it picked up the rights to develop a series based on Scar Tissue and Lords of the Sunset Strip, the autobiographies of the Red Hot Chili Peppers singer Anthony Kiedis and his father, Blackie Dammett. HBO had originally picked up the series a few years before but eventually moved on from the project. Entourage writer/producers Marc Abrams and Mike Benson were tapped as its showrunners and Keids would also be involved as a co-producer. According to Dammett, the show has been "mothballed" and he hopes interest will resume on the project once the Red Hot Chili Peppers wrap up their world tour in 2013. On January 30, 2013, FX premiered the 1980s-set Cold War drama The Americans.
The channel's most popular original shows past and present include Archer, The Shield, Nip/Tuck, Damages, Rescue Me, Sons of Anarchy, Justified, The Americans and American Horror Story, as well as the comedies It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, Louie, The League, Wilfred and Anger Management. The channel also heavily relies on theatrically released feature films from 20th Century Fox and other film studios (with these films taking up much of the primetime and the majority of the channel's weekend schedules), along with repeats of network television sitcoms (such as Two and a Half Men and How I Met Your Mother). From the late 1990s to the mid-2000s, acquired programs broadcast on FX largely consisted of series that were originally broadcast on Fox between the late 1980s and the 2000s (such as That '70s Show, Married... with Children and In Living Color). In 2010, Sons of Anarchy attracted an average of 4.9 million viewers per week, making it FX's highest rated series to date, surpassing other hits The Shield, Nip/Tuck, Rescue Me and Damages.
After obtaining the spring broadcast rights to NASCAR, Fox Sports announced that for their inaugural 2001 season, FX would serve as its cable partner. This meant that FX would cover several races in the series then known as the Busch Series and Winston Cup (including the All-Star Race), as well as select qualifying and final practice sessions. The move was meant to promote the channel and cause NASCAR fans to contact their cable providers to add the channel to their lineup. In 2002, then-channel president Peter Liguori praised NASCAR for increasing the number of available homes carrying FX from 58.5 million to 76.6 million. FX also aired Major League Baseball games during this period, initially on Monday nights (for the 1997 season) and then on Saturday nights (from 1998 to 2001). Among the games FX televised was Cal Ripken, Jr.'s final home game with the Baltimore Orioles in 2001.
On April 27, 2011, FX started showing UEFA Champions League games as part of a deal with Fox Sports. In the fall of 2011, FX began broadcasting college football games on Saturdays. FX broadcast 13 games in 2011 as part of Fox Sports' contracts with the Big 12, Pac-12, and Conference USA conferences. In January 2012, FX began broadcasting content from the Ultimate Fighting Championship.
FXX is an upcoming general entertainment channel that will launch on September 2, 2013 as an offshoot of FX; Fox Entertainment Group announced the channel's launch on March 28, 2013. Though not confirmed by Fox executives, FXX is expected to replace Fox Soccer, likely because of Fox Sports losing that channel's primary source of soccer event programming, as the U.S. television rights to broadcast Premier League soccer events were acquired by NBC in October 2012 (in addition, Fox Soccer's remaining sports programming will be shifted over to Fox Sports 1, when it launches on August 17, 2013). FXX will primarily focus on comedies (resulting in FX and FXX maintaining a genre-based format similar to that of TBS and TNT) and will feature original and acquired comedy series, though feature films and some drama series will also be broadcast on FXX – with first-run episodes of some of the channel's original series being carried over to the channel from FX.
FX Movie Channel (or FXM) launched as fXM: Movies from Fox (though it was originally slated to be titled "Fox Movie Studio" prior to the channel's launch) on October 31, 1994. It was originally launched as a spinoff of FX, that focused on feature films from the 20th Century Fox film library. fXM became a separately-branded channel, when it was renamed Fox Movie Channel on March 1, 2000. FX Movie Channel's programming divided into two 12-hour blocks: its main programming schedule, from 3 p.m. to 3 a.m. ET (which launched as a daily film block of what was then primairly Fox Movie Channel on January 1, 2012), is largely advertiser-supported with an expanded its film slate of more recent feature films from Fox and other film studios that FX had acquired for broadcast on that channel aimed to draw in a younger audience, while older movies exclusively from 20th Century Fox's film library air in a commercial-free block (which retains the Fox Movie Channel brand) from 3 a.m. to 3 p.m. ET. On March 27, 2013, Fox Entertainment Group announced that FXM would be converted from a programming block on Fox Movie Channel to being a full scale network.
In 1995, fX launched in Australia, featuring a format of classic television series (often branded as "Golden Years of Television"). fXM was a nightly block of classic 20th Century Fox films, the channel was hosted by Bill Collins (often branded as "Bill Collins' Golden Years of Hollywood", later airing on Fox Classics). In late 1998, fX became FX, a channel aimed at women, featuring shows such as The View and Donny and Marie. In late 2000, FX was again rebranded, officially becoming "Australia's first TV channel for women". In November 1, 2003, it was renamed W. as a way to make this focus more apparent.
On October 9, 2011, Fox International Channels released details that FX would relaunch in Australia in early 2012 with programs such as The Walking Dead, Transporter: The Series and Hell on Wheels.
On August 6, 2011, Rogers Media entered into a licensing agreement with FX Networks to launch FX Canada as a Category B digital cable and satellite specialty channel. Other carriers such as EastLink, Shaw and MTS TV are expected to carry FX, in time for the new channel's launch. The network, which launched on November 1, 2011, features FX original series; U.S. acquired movies and series; and original Canadian programming and sporting events (as required by the CRTC). FX Canada's broadcast license requires that 15 percent of its programming consist of Canadian content in its first year, 20 percent in its second year and 25 percent by its third year. Canadians cannot access content on the FX U.S. website.
The FX channel in Latin America, is intended almost entirely aimed at a male audience, as a counterpart of Fox Life, created for the female viewers. In Brazil, it is broadcast mainly by NET TV, TVA, Oi TV, SKY, Embratel TV and GVT TV.
FX Middle East was launched in the summer of 2011 (between June and July) as a new member of the Fox Middle East slate of channels (which also includes Fox and Fox Movies) after many bad responses to dubbing the Fox Middle East channel (previously Fox Series) to Arabic.
The channel broadcasts series such as The Simpsons, Strike Force, UFC Unleashed, Criminal Minds, CSI:NY Triple Play, CSI:Miami Triple Play, CSI:Crime Scene Investigation Triple Play, Nip/Tuck, Bull Run, Life On Mars, The Cleveland Show, The Amazing Race, Legend Of The Seeker, The Wanda Sykes Show, Defying Gravity, TNA Impact Wrestling, Louie and The Walking Dead, along with some movies every night and additional series.
FX Portugal launched on the ZON TVCabo satellite and cable platform in September 26, 2007, along with Fox Crime. Also available on MEO, AR Telecom and Cabovisão.
FX was launched in Turkey on April 14, 2008 on the D-Smart digital platform. It has been available on the Teledünya and Tivibu digital platforms.
FX was launched as part of the TopTV offering in May 2010 in South Africa.
Jack LoGiudice is an American television writer and producer, best known for his work on the FX series Sons of Anarchy and most recently worked as a co-executive producer and writer on the critically acclaimed The Walking Dead on AMC.
LoGiudice began his career working on The Dom DeLuise Show in 1987 before becoming a writer on shows like Dear John, 7th Heaven and Dellaventura through the 1990s. From 2000 onwards he has worked as a producer and writer for series such as Resurrection Blvd., Street Time, Sons of Anarchy and most recently completed work on The Walking Dead. In 2008 he co-wrote a television movie called Crash and Burn, which starred Erik Palladino and Michael Madsen. It was directed by Russel Malcahy.
Sons of Anarchy is a television drama series created by Kurt Sutter about the lives of a close-knit outlaw motorcycle club operating in Charming, a fictional town in California's Central Valley. The show centers on protagonist Jackson "Jax" Teller (Charlie Hunnam), the then-vice president of the club, who begins questioning the club and himself.
Sons of Anarchy premiered on September 3, 2008, on cable network FX. The third season of the series attracted an average of 4.9 million viewers per week, making it FX's highest rated series ever, surpassing FX's other hits The Shield, Nip/Tuck, and Rescue Me. The season 4 and 5 premieres ("Out" and "Sovereign", respectively), both directed by series Executive Producer and Principal Director Paris Barclay and written by series creator and Executive Producer Kurt Sutter (along with staff writers Brady Dahl and Roberto Patino), were the two highest-rated telecasts in FX's history.
The sixth season will premiere on September 10th, 2013. Those involved in the production of the series imply that a seventh and final season is creator Kurt Sutter's plan.
Sons of Anarchy is the story of the Teller-Morrow family of Charming, California, as well as the other members of Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club, Redwood Original (SAMCRO), their families, various Charming townspeople, allies and rival gangs, associates, and law agencies that undermine or support SAMCRO's legal and illegal enterprises.
The series was created by Kurt Sutter. Sutter is the showrunner, the series' most prolific writer, and a regular director. He has directed each season finale to date. Sutter had previously worked as an executive producer for the FX series The Shield. The series' other executive producers are father and son team Art Linson and John Linson. Jim Parriott served as an executive producer and writer for the first season only. Paris Barclay joined Sons of Anarchy as an executive producer in the fourth season, after directing episodes in the first and second season. In addition to serving as Executive Producer in the fourth, fifth, and sixth seasons, Barclay directed three episodes each season, including the season 4 and 5 premieres, the top two highest-rated telecasts in the history of FX.
Jack LoGiudice served as a consulting producer and regular writer for the first season. He became co-executive producer for the second season. He left the series to work on The Walking Dead. Dave Erickson also worked as a consulting producer for the first and second season and then took over as co-executive producer for the third season. The series other regular writers are supervising producer Chris Collins and co-producer Regina Corrado.
Sutter drew regular directors from The Shield including Stephen Kay, Gwyneth Horder-Payton, Guy Ferland, and Billy Gierhart.
The Sons of Anarchy (SOA) is an outlaw motorcycle club with many charters in the United States and overseas. The show focuses on the original and founding chapter, Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club, Redwood Original, referred to by the acronym SAMCRO or Sam Crow. This nickname is also reflected in the original title of the show, Forever Sam Crow. The Redwood chapter is headquartered in (the fictional town) Charming, California, in a clubhouse adjacent to the Teller-Morrow auto mechanic shop. Led by President Clay Morrow, and later Jax Teller, the club protects and controls Charming through close community relationships, bribery, and violent intimidation. In early seasons they are particularly vehement about keeping "hard" drugs, and drug dealers, out of Charming.
John Teller and Piermont "Piney" Winston co-founded SAMCRO in 1967 following their return from the Vietnam War, where both men served as paratroopers. The first chapter was called "Redwood" because they weren't settled in any one city, but rather cruised the Northern California coast from Eureka to Big Sur, which is redwood country. After Gemma, John's wife, became pregnant with her first son, Jackson, they decided to settle in Charming, the town where Gemma grew up. At that point, John Teller thought Charming was too cute for a chapter name, so he called the chapter the Redwood Originals, hence the SAMCRO handle. Six of the "Redwood Original 9" members were veterans. When John died in 1993, his widow, Gemma, married Clay Morrow, the youngest founding member. John and Gemma's son, Jax, grew up around the club and became vice-president of SAMCRO.
Club members wear vests known as kuttes (jackets with the sleeves cut off). The SOA patch on the back is a Grim Reaper holding a crystal ball with the anarchy "A," and wielding the Reaper's traditional scythe, the handle of which has been replaced by the M16 rifle that the club's founders wielded in Vietnam. Only full members can wear the "patch." Other, smaller patches on the vest have specific meanings, such as "Men of Mayhem," which is worn by club members who have spilled blood on the club's behalf, and "First 9," worn by all the original nine SOA members.
The Sons ride customized Harley-Davidson motorcycles. Each rider customizes his own bike to his individual style; however, they all paint their bikes black and most sport drag bar style handlebars. A patchholder's bike usually sports the Sons of Anarchy letters on it somewhere, the club's Grim Reaper logo, or the circled "A" club logo. Prospects are not permitted to paint their bikes black until they get patched in.
Club members have "day jobs" in local industries; most work at the Teller-Morrow garage as mechanics, but they primarily make money by illegally importing weapons, modifying and selling them to various gangs, and making protection runs for local businesses by defending valuable truck shipments against hijacking. During Season 4 they start to mule cocaine for the Galindo cartel in exchange for cash and protection
The club operates out of a clubhouse located on the same lot as the Teller-Morrow auto shop. The clubhouse includes a living area with multiple rooms (where members sometimes crash for the night), a fully operational bar, a pool table, a kitchen, a workout room, and the "chapel," a room with an elaborate redwood conference table that has a reaper logo carved into the top, where the patched members meet to discuss club business and vote on major decisions. The club also owns a secluded cabin in the woods and a warehouse outside of town (which was bought from but is still maintained by club associate Elliot Oswald), where they store weapons and cocaine for the Galindo Cartel.
See List of gangs from Sons of Anarchy
SAMCRO keeps meth traffickers and drug dealers out of Charming, which puts them at odds with the meth-distributing white supremacist Nordics (aka Nords), headed by Ernest Darby. This earns them respect and admiration from the townspeople, who believe the Sons do more to protect their town than its own police. SAMCRO also has to deal with a rival, Oakland-based motorcycle club (MC), the Mayans led by Marcus Alvarez (who also features in The Shield season 2, episode 5). Other groups in SAMCRO's orbit include the San Francisco–based Chinese mafia Lin Triad, led by Henry Lin; the Italian American Cacuzza crime family; the Real IRA (aka RIRA) of Ireland, which supplies them with illegal Russian-made guns; the "One-Niners", an African American street gang (who also appeared on The Shield, thus possibly putting the two in the same fictional universe) to whom SAMCRO sell weapons; and various affiliates in the state prison system, where many members of the club have been incarcerated at one time or another.
Sutter has said of the Shakespeare element, "I don't want to overplay that but it's there. It was Jax's father who started the club, so he's the ghost in the action. You wonder what he would have made of the way it turned out. It's not a version of Hamlet but it's definitely influenced by it." Ron Perlman believes "they’re going to stick to the structure of Hamlet all the way to the end (of the series)." The two final episodes of season 4 are titled: "To Be" (Parts I and II).
The series begins with the torching of a SAMCRO gun-assembly warehouse and the theft of guns by a rival club, the Mayans. The police attend the scene where Joaquin County Sheriff Vic Trammel, who is on the SAMCRO payroll, finds two dead illegal immigrants. Meanwhile, Jax's estranged meth-addicted wife Wendy, who is pregnant with his child, collapses. An emergency C-section is performed and a baby boy is delivered ten weeks prematurely. Wendy names the child Abel.
Jax goes to a storage unit to collect some old baby clothes. He comes across a box of his father's stuff, in which he finds a "manifesto" outlining what the now-deceased founding member of SAMCRO hoped the club would become. This document sends Jax into a dilemma as he struggles with the direction the club is taking. Gemma visits Wendy in the hospital, telling her that she will kill Wendy if the drug addicted mother attempts to gain custody of Abel. She says that because Wendy took drugs during pregnancy, Gemma would see to it that the baby never calls her "Mother". A broken-hearted Wendy overdoses on the crank supplied by Gemma. Charming Deputy Chief Hale finds the immigrants' bodies at the burnt-out warehouse, but Tig and Bobby remove them before he can forensically examine them. Tara receives a threatening phone call from a former boyfriend, ATF agent, Josh Kohn, who comes to Charming stalking Tara, pretending to investigate the Sons but apparently on vacation status.
To solve a gun-trafficking problem under the ATF's watchful eye, the Sons head out to Indian Hills, Nevada, to patch over the Devil's Tribe Motorcycle Club. While there, Clay sleeps with a girl named Cherry, who takes a liking to Half Sack. Kohn follows the Sons and witnesses their shootout with the Mayans. Kohn provides Tara pictures of Jax in compromising situations to try to split the two. The Sons soon become aware of Kohn's presence in Charming. Clay is arrested on charges of aiding and abetting a triple homicide after guns sold by the Sons were used in a shootout. Cherry arrives in Charming, and Gemma realizes that Clay has slept with her. Shortly afterward, Gemma assaults Cherry with a skateboard and is subsequently arrested.
Tara reveals to Jax that Kohn has been stalking her since she broke up with him, and that she has a restraining order against him. Jax throws Kohn through a window before beating him and telling him to stay away from Tara. Kohn is arrested for breaking his restraining order, which ends Kohn's career as a federal agent. Kohn returns to Tara's house and attempts to rape her, but Tara is able to grab his gun and shoots him in the stomach. Jax comes to her aid and advises Tara to let the police handle the situation. When Kohn calls Tara a "biker slut", Jax shoots him in the head. Jax takes Kohn's body to the hills and later returns to burn it. He also throws his father's memoir into the fire, but takes it back out within seconds.
Opie botches a planned assassination that was a favor for the IRA, and Bobby steps in to complete the task. However, their crime is witnessed by the victim's 17 year old black mistress. ATF Agent June Stahl tries to crack the club's unity by interrogating the women associated with the club: Tara, Luann, Donna, and Cherry. Stahl arrests Cherry on outstanding warrants, but Charming Police Chief Wayne Unser aids Cherry, who escapes Charming that night. When Big Otto learns that Stahl is trying to use the RICO Act to bring the club down for racketeering, he violently assaults Stahl. The young girl who witnessed Bobby commit murder provides the ATF with sketches of Bobby and Opie, who are subsequently arrested. Stahl sets up Opie to look like a rat, even though she knows it endangers his life, and Tig and Clay fall for the ploy. They believe Opie has turned informant when they find wire taps in Opie's phone and truck. Clay orders Tig to kill Opie without telling anyone else in the club; however, Tig accidentally kills Opie's wife Donna while she is driving Opie's truck.
Clay set up the shooting to look like the One-Niners shot Donna, protecting members of the club. However, feeling guilty, Deputy Hale tells Jax that Stahl set up Opie. Jax subsequently realizes that Clay organized the shooting.
Tig, Happy, and Chibs find the witness to prevent her from testifying. Tig is about to kill her, but Jax has followed them and confronts Tig, putting a gun to his head. Jax threatens her and gives her enough money to leave California. Jax is clearly unhappy remaining under Clay's rule, as he sees Clay as immoral and taking the club from its roots.
The season opens with the arrival of a new threat in Charming, white separatists called the League Of American Nationalists (LOAN). LOAN's leader and backer businessman Ethan Zobelle and Zobelle's enforcer, A.J. Weston, seek to drive the Sons of Anarchy from Charming. To send a message to SAMCRO, Zobelle has Gemma kidnapped and gang raped by Weston and two others. Zobelle's own daughter, Polly, lures Gemma into this trap. Gemma chooses to keep silent about her rape to prevent her husband and son from retaliating.
From prison, Big Otto reaches out to SAMCRO, asking them to help his wife, Luann, and her pornography studio after a raid from law enforcement and intimidation from a rival pornographer, Georgie Caruso, threaten her business. Jax proposes that SAMCRO become partners in Luann’s porn business and offer protection to her and her performers, a move he hopes will raise money for the club legitimately while they rebuild their other revenue streams.
Opie, struggling to deal with Donna’s death, throws himself fully into the MC and, consequently, becomes increasingly distant from his children. Fueled by SAMCRO’s role in Donna’s death, the rift between Clay and Jax continues to widen, with Jax challenging most of Clay's decisions. When a LOAN car bomb nearly kills Chibs, Clay demands immediate retaliation. But retaliation was what LOAN wanted, and Clay, Jax, Bobby, Tig, Juice, and Happy are arrested by the San Joaquin sheriffs in a botched attempt to attack Ethan Zobelle. While in jail, ATF Agent Stahl returns in an attempt to get SAMCRO to rat out their IRA connections. Although they do not give up the IRA, Stahl succeeds in provoking Clay and Jax into a physical confrontation in jail.
Out on bail, the divisions in the club only worsen. The tension between Jax and Clay reaches a breaking point when the porn studio burns down shortly after Clay announces he wants SAMCRO out of the porn business. Jax initially believes that Clay had the place torched and announces that he is going "Nomad". Most of the SAMCRO members are upset with Jax's decision but ultimately vote in favor of his going Nomad. In order to convince Jax to stay, Gemma tells Jax and Clay about Weston's raping her, which reunites Clay and Jax.
The club, however, nearly falls when Tig, overcome with guilt, confesses to Opie that he murdered Donna because Agent Stahl and the ATF had made it look as though Opie had become a rat. At the same time, Chibs agrees to help Stahl take down the IRA and its head, Jimmy O, who is in town to repair the IRA's relationship with SAMCRO. Based on information supplied by Chibs, the ATF is able to apprehend Edmond Hayes, whom they then want to use to apprehend his father, Cameron, and Jimmy O. Opie later witnesses Chibs leaving a meeting with the ATF and informs the club of what he saw but asks them to confront Chibs before acting. Chibs, already having doubts about becoming an informant, reveals to the club what he did.
Meanwhile, the Sons learn that Ethan Zobelle's true intentions are not racially motivated; rather, he wants to do business with the Mayans on the prison heroin trade. The MC is able to exploit this information when they reveal it to AJ Weston, who is deeply committed to his racial beliefs and will not tolerate doing business with the Hispanic Mayans. This causes a split between AJ and Zobelle.
Weston is soon arrested in connection with the fire at Luann's porn studio. Later, Hale arrives at Impeccable Smokes as the Sons are confronting Zobelle. In an attempt to save his and his daughter's lives, Zobelle informs the police that he is in possession of narcotics and is arrested. However, both are released from custody and Unser learns that Zobelle, unbeknownst to both the ATF and Weston, has actually been an FBI informant for the past three years. With the loss of Weston's support, Zobelle turns to the Mayans for protection.
Weston, however, is on his own. Jax and others discover him in a tattoo parlor with his son. They instruct the tattoo artist to jab Weston so that Weston must wash the cut in the bathroom. Jax is waiting in the bathroom for Weston, but Weston has his young son with him. Weston sends his son away with instructions never to tell the police anything. Then, he sits on the toilet, resigned to his fate, and Jax shoots him several times.
Agent Stahl continues to hold Edmond Hayes, in an attempt to use Edmond to lure and arrest his father. Out of loyalty to his father, Edmond attempts to kill Stahl, who shoots him when he tries to escape. Shortly afterward, Ethan's daughter Polly, who had been having an affair with Edmond, arrives at the safe house. She has been followed there by Gemma, who then shoots her. Stahl witnesses the shooting and lets Gemma escape but then proceeds to frame her for Edmond's shooting. Falling for the frame and becoming emotionally distraught, Cameron breaks into Jax's home and stabs Half Sack before threatening Tara and kidnapping Abel.
Meanwhile, the rest of the Sons have ambushed Zobelle and the Mayans, forcing the Mayans to retreat, while Zobelle flees on his own. The Sons follow Zobelle, who stays in public places, knowing the Sons will not attack him in the open. Zobelle calls Hale for help, but is ignored. After a strange call from Tara, Jax returns to his home, where he discovers Half Sack's body and finds Tara tied up; she tells Jax that Cameron has taken Abel. Jax calls Clay, who returns to help track down Cameron without killing Zobelle. The Sons pursue Cameron, who makes his way to the docks, where he takes Abel and boards his boat. Chief Unser, after receiving a phone call from Gemma, is last seen driving in his police cruiser with her past Charming's city limits, apparently running off with her. Ethan Zobelle is seen quickly getting on a chartered plane back to Budapest without his dead daughter, Polly. The season ends with the Sons' arriving just as Cameron is leaving the docks.
Days later, Gemma is hiding up north in Rogue River, Oregon with Tig, while the club tries to sort things out in Charming. The club tries to close in on Cameron's trail, but find that he has liquidated his assets and apparently fled the country. Gemma and Tig visit Gemma's father Nate (Hal Holbrook), who suffers from dementia. At the end of Half Sack's wake, masked men commit a drive-by shooting and fatally run down Deputy Hale.
Having fled to Belfast with Abel, Cameron confesses his sins to his cousin Father Ashby, an intermediary between Jimmy O and the True IRA Council. Ashby subsequently has Cameron killed, and suggests he will give Abel up for adoption.
The Sons hire a bounty hunter to try to track down Abel, and they believe he and Cameron are in Vancouver. SAMCRO has an upcoming bail hearing for the weapons charges, but they agree to jump bail. SAMCRO receives an email showing Cameron dead in Belfast.
After Jax consults Jimmy O, SAMCRO believes Abel remained in Vancouver when Cameron left for Belfast. Gemma struggles when she takes Nate to his new assisted living home, and returns to Charming to reunite with her grandson, still unaware he has been kidnapped. Father Ashby's sister Maureen contacts Gemma, at Ashby's request, to tell her Abel is safe in Belfast. Upon learning of her grandson's abduction, Gemma suffers an arrhythmia and collapses in the Teller-Morrow lot. Tara confides in Gemma that she is six weeks pregnant with Jax's child. Jax makes a deal with Stahl behind SAMCRO's back. In exchange for his mother's freedom and the downgrade of the pending weapons charges against the club, Jax will deliver Jimmy O and his IRA contacts. Oswald agrees to smuggle the Sons to Belfast. Jax breaks up with Tara and the next morning, Tara walks in on Jax in bed with pornstar Ima.
The recently ousted and humiliated former president of the Calaveras MC, Hector Salazar, begins surveiling Jax and Tara. After discovering John Teller had an affair in Belfast that produced a daughter, Gemma escapes from police custody with the help of Tara and Tara's boss, Margaret. Tara and Lyla both make appointments at an abortion clinic. Gemma leaves with SAMCRO on their trip to Belfast to find Abel, where Jimmy O already anticipates their arrival.
On SAMCRO's arrival in Northern Ireland, Ashby tells Jax that the IRA are tired of Jimmy's profiteering ways, and suggests Jax kill him in exchange for Abel.
Stahl helps Jax uncover information on Ashby and SAMBEL, and warns Jax not to kill Jimmy O. SAMCRO plans to surprise Jimmy O on a protection run, but he is forewarned and attacks the Sons with a planted bomb that kills several SAMBEL members. SAMCRO tortures Liam until he reveals that he was privy to Jimmy O's plans, as was McGee. Jax kills Liam, and shortly afterward Clay pushes McGee from a rooftop; both are revealed to SAMBEL as traitors. Ashby tells Jax Abel's location, but suggests Jax allow him to be adopted so he will not be forced into the club life. Jax chooses to leave the child with the family, until Jimmy O kills the adoptive parents and abducts Abel, intending to exchange him for safe passage to America. Abel is returned to Jax after Ashby trades himself for the baby.
Jacob Hale, Jr. uses intimidation tactics to continue urban development in Charming. Salazar abducts Tara and Margaret on their way to the abortion clinic. He informs Piney that he will return them in exchange for the murder of Alvarez and $250,000.
Under the influence of Jacob Hale, Jr., the San Joaquin Sheriff's Department will soon take control of the Charming Police Department. Tara attacks Salazar's girlfriend and negotiates Margaret's freedom. Later, Salazar's girlfriend dies.
With the hearing for weapons charges looming, SAMCRO returns to Charming, with the task of finding Tara. Gemma threatens to reveal Stahl's murder of Edmond unless Stahl ends her dealings with Jax. Salazar takes Jacob Hale, Jr. hostage along with Tara. Unser indicates the need for Salazar to be captured alive to implicate Hale and save the Charming Police Department, but during a stand-off, Jax kills Salazar. Amidst the chaos, Stahl intentionally shoots her partner Tyler to protect her lie. Opie proposes to Lyla. Now in the USA, Jimmy O seeks the help of the Russian Mafia to aid his escape to South America. Stahl falsely tells Internal Affairs that Agent Tyler shot Edmond and framed Gemma, admitting that Gemma was wrongfully charged.
Jax and the Sons meet the Russians and pay $2 million for the exchange of Jimmy O, although most of the money is counterfeit. Jax tells Stahl the location of the exchange so she can intervene and arrest Jimmy, but Jimmy is moved to a different location before she can. Jax assures her that he will give her Jimmy if she reduces their prison sentence, to which she agrees. Stahl arrives at the clubhouse to arrest Jimmy. When Clay asks how she knew he was there, Stahl indicates that Jax is a rat, which outrages the club, whose members call Jax a "dead man". SAMCRO is arrested and loaded into an ATF van, with Jax isolated from the other club members.
Unser stops Stahl on the roadside as she transports Jimmy and warns her of an IRA threat further down the road. Her fellow agents leave to investigate, leaving her alone with Unser and Jimmy. Soon afterward, Piney, Chibs, Opie and Kozik arrive. Chibs gives Jimmy a Glasgow smile, and then kills him. Opie kills Stahl in a similar fashion, after reminding her that she was responsible for Donna's death. Proof of Jax's dealings with Stahl is destroyed, leaving the club with the documents provided by Stahl to reduce their sentence. The scene is set to look like the IRA is responsible. In the ATF van, Jax learns of Stahl and Jimmy's demise as the prospects following the ATF van ride past and beep a Morse code signal "A-F-F-A" ("Angels Forever, Forever Angels", a tribute to Sonny Barger, who plays Lenny the Pimp). He smiles, as do the rest of SAMCRO, revealing the club knew of Jax's plan from the beginning. Tara, meanwhile, finds and reads the letters Maureen had put in Jax's bag. In them, John Teller writes to Mo of his awareness of Gemma and Clay's closeness and his fear that they will soon murder him. The season ends with Jax rejecting his father's original vision for SAMCRO and embracing Clay's rule.
The imprisoned SAMCRO members leave the penitentiary after their 14-month stay and are welcomed home by Lieutenant Eli Roosevelt of the San Joaquin Sheriffs' Department, the new law enforcement presence in Charming. He forbids any paroled members from wearing club kuttes in his jurisdiction, declaring them to be a form of gang association. To Clay's displeasure, the club learns that Jacob Hale has fostered the construction of a new suburban development, Charming Heights.
U.S. Attorney Lincoln Potter seeks Lieutenant Roosevelt's help to build a RICO case against SAMCRO. On the eve of Opie's wedding, Jax proposes to Tara, who accepts when Jax explains that he plans to leave the club. The Sons prepare to trade guns with the Russians, using the guise of Opie's wedding as a cover to avoid the law. In retaliation for an attack on Jax in prison, SAMCRO betrays the Russians and murders several of the group – including an undercover agent working with Potter.
After Gemma finds one of Maureen's notes in Tara's belongings, she questions Clay about Jax and Tara's allegiance to the club. Eventually, she asks Tara about the notes, and Tara openly denies knowledge of their existence.
Jax and Clay meet with Alvarez and Galindo cartel member Romero "Romeo" Parada (Danny Trejo) to negotiate gun trafficking. To Jax's surprise, Clay agrees to mule cocaine for the cartel in exchange for cash and protection from the Russians. Jax realizes that Clay is taking risks in order to stockpile money for when he leaves the club. Jax makes a private deal with Clay, wherein he agrees to the trafficking on the condition that when Clay leaves, he does also, and Opie becomes president. The rest of SAMCRO is split on the decision to mule cocaine. After much discussion, the vote passes 6–5, but causes a schism in the club.
As SAMCRO makes their first gun run for the cartel, Clay's arthritis worsens. Gemma warns Piney against digging up the past with Tara. Potter continues to stir up trouble with the club, informing Otto that Bobby was sleeping with Luanne prior to her death.
As the search for the letters continues, it is confirmed that Clay had Jax's father murdered to stop him from ending the gun running arrangement with the IRA. Unser and Gemma are also complicit in that they either knew and/or covered up the "accident".
Eventually, Juice's paranoia about the club's knowing his African American origins grows to the point that he makes more contacts with Roosevelt, who makes it clear he needs a sample of the cocaine load if he wants protection. Juice successfully steals one brick, but he falls asleep before he can take a sample and return the brick, so he must hide it before being discovered. The club learns about the missing cocaine, which causes an internal conflict between SAMCRO and the Mayans, forcing both clubs to test their members to see if they are guilty of stealing the brick. Phil and Ratboy, two of SAMCRO's prospects, fall under suspicion and are subjected to Russian Roulette and other tests of their commitment to the club. Juice, feeling guilty that the prospects are suffering for his mistake, tries to retrieve the brick he stole, but Miles catches him. When Miles tries to take Juice back to the warehouse to reveal the theft, the two fight, and Juice shoots and kills Miles, framing him for the missing drugs.
Romeo arrives at the warehouse and verifies the successful delivery of the cocaine. Clay asks Romeo for help to kill Tara to keep his secret of John Teller's murder hidden, telling Romeo only that the doctor has information that could compromise their business.
As the club goes to one of Alvarez's drug laboratories to inspect the operation, they are ambushed and shot by a crew who kills several Mayans and wounds Alvarez. Jax gives chase and learns that the attackers were from the Lobos Sonora cartel, the rivals of the Galindo Cartel. The escalating violence gives SAMCRO members second thoughts, especially Bobby, who calls a vote for a new president and nominates himself. Clay angrily agrees. That night, Juice attempts suicide by hanging himself in a tree, but the branch breaks and he fails.
The following day, the vote for the new president begins with Clay and Tig voting against Bobby, but the vote is interrupted by an attack by the Lobos Sonora on the garage and clubhouse. They manage to catch one of the attackers who, under questioning with truth serum, reveals a possible traitor in the Mayan ranks. The club plans to use the traitor to send false information to the Lobos Sonora, luring them into an ambush. When the plan fails, SAMCRO finds a truck with the beheaded bodies of Mayans and the SAMTAZ President, Armando, raising tensions over the drug muling even higher.
Jax confronts Piney about his relationship with Clay, confirming once more that he will not follow in his father's footsteps. Feeling cornered by Piney's threat to show the letters to the club, Clay visits Piney at the cabin demanding the letters. When Piney refuses, Clay appears to leave, only to burst back through the door and shoot Piney with his own shotgun, killing him. In an attempt to implicate the Lobos Sonora for the killing, Clay paints in Piney's blood the initials LS on a photo of the First 9.
The club receives information from the Galindo Cartel that suggests the One-Niners are working with the Lobos Sonora, while Clay sets a meeting between the Irish Kings and Galindo for new, high-powered weaponry. The club decides to arrange a meeting with Laroy of the One-Niners, at which the Galindo Cartel appears and a brief fight ensues, but they instead use Laroy as a way to drag the Lobos Sonora's men into a trap. This fails, however, as the Lobos Sonora cartel members are equipped with destructive explosive weaponry, which they use to escape. When Galindo cartel member Luis wants to kill the Niners, Jax manages to save them by having them side with them][. At the same time, Luis gives Clay a cellphone for his contact to kill Tara, but Gemma convinces Clay otherwise and Unser plans to use the blame Clay put on the Lobos Sonora for a new plan. Gemma talks with Tara, who tells Gemma that the letters would put Jax deeper into the club out of guilt, so she won't show them to him. Juice is cornered by Lincoln Potter, who seemingly persuades Otto after knowing that Georgie had an alibi and that Bobby lied to him, letting him know that they have more than enough proof to potentially arrest every charter of the club, but that he wants the RIRA.
Jax confronts Clay about letting Bobby know he wants to quit the club and for promising him the Presidency over Opie, as was the deal. Clay blames Jax's changes on Tara, and Jax warns him to never insult Tara again. This leads to a talk with Gemma, who assures Clay that Tara won't let Jax read the letters and makes him promise not to hurt Tara. However, Clay later uses the cellphone Luis gave him to contract the hit on Tara. The next morning, Clay takes $25,000 of personal savings to pay the contract to kill Tara, unaware that Jax was going to escort Tara, Abel and Thomas. When he learns this, Clay desperately tries to call back the hit, but is unsuccessful, and Tara is nearly abducted and receives a severe injury to her right hand, that Tara believes is permanent. Clay meets Romeo and tries to end the hit but Romeo is convinced that Tara is better off dead, to which Clay reluctantly agrees.
The club and the Mayans go meet Laroy to contact the Lobos Sonora; however, due to the murders of 3 One-Niners, Laroy's men gun down a Mayan for being Mexican. This sparks a brief but intense fight that is stopped by Laroy, who demands both clubs leave. Jax tells Opie that he wants to quit the club, which shocks him. Opie tries to convince Jax to stay, but Jax tells Opie to fix his life with Lyla and talk to Piney. Juice is further cornered by Lincoln Potter into informing him of the meeting or risk the RICO act, leaving Roosevelt disgusted with Lincoln.
Gemma is horrified by what Clay has done and confronts him, further angering Clay, who demands her to stop. However, Gemma threatens to tell the truth and aims a gun at Clay, which ends in a fight in which Clay is injured and Gemma's face is severely beaten, prompting Clay to sleep at the clubhouse that night. Gemma calls Unser who, given what Clay has done, wants to report him to the authorities, but Gemma tells Unser that Clay is beyond salvation and as such "he will die by the hands of a Son."
The following morning, the club meets with the Galindo cartel to prepare the weapons for the battle against the Lobos Sonoras' settlement in California. The club and the Galindo cartel are able to ambush 3 members, who reveal the main camp's location; however, they are faced with landmines and a shootout ensues, with Kozik getting blown up when he steps on a mine. The club kills most of the remaining Sonoras using RPGs.
Wendy, who was gone for rehabilitation, is back and proclaims to both Tara and Gemma that even though she gave up custody, she wants to get closer to Abel. Otto strikes a deal with Lincoln Potter for information; among the benefits, Original Nine Lenny the Pimp is allowed visitations in exchange for criminal information. The club finds from Oswald that the Katsuki Family, Georgie's Asian investors, had met with Jacob Hale beforehand and are willing to invest in Charming Heights. Bobby, Opie, and Tig confront Georgie about this and, under threat, he confesses that he sent men to attack Luann but her death was unexpected. As a result, Georgie is killed.
Seeing Gemma's beaten face, Tig shows his disgust towards Clay and gives Clay his "Sergeant-at-Arms" patch, resigning his position. With Unser following, Opie goes to visit Piney, only to find his father dead. Opie confronts Unser, who tells Opie the truth about Clay, further shocking him and driving him over the edge.
A meeting takes place between the club and the Irish kings. The IRA express their discomfort with Jax's decision to use RPGs to rescue Clay during the fight with the Lobos Sonora. They eventually agree to consider the continual sale of heavy weapons, provided the club does them a local service. Meanwhile, Romeo and Clay meet to address the concerns of the Irish regarding their liability should the heavy weapons be used north of the border. Jax, Clay, and Bobby discuss Jax's future with the club, agreeing that Bobby should get the Presidency, Chibs the V.P., and Happy a promotion to Sergeant-at-Arms. Bobby heads out to inform Otto that Georgie has been finally killed, and he is escorted to an empty receiving room to wait for Otto.
Jax leaves to check in on Tara, only to discover that Wendy has returned to see Abel and Gemma is trying handle it behind Jax's back. Unser has the local mortician from season one remove Piney's body and bring it to the mortuary for an "after-hours" cremation. Juice is again picked up by law-enforcement, but this time it is official ATF. Jax, Chibs, Tig, and Happy agree to escort one of the "Irish Kings" to sort out an issue at another one of their American businesses. While there, Jax discovers it is another Irish "baby-factory" similar to the one that Abel was almost adopted from in Northern Ireland in season three. Jax starts a small riot at the adoption house, leading the Irish King Leland to question his decision making process with Clay.
Jax confronts Wendy, who is still intent on seeing Abel and threatens to see a judge if Jax refuses. When Wendy ends her argument with, "I'm not going anywhere", Jax responds, "I am". Clay proceeds to visit Tara alone in the hospital, where he reveals to Tara that he knows about the letters. He offers a trade, which would allow her, her family, and Jax leave Charming, but threatens her if she doesn't relinquish the letters. On his way out, Clay bumps into Gemma, who alerts him that Opie knows about his father's murder and will soon be coming after Clay. She ends their encounter with a kiss on the cheek, suggesting that she is saying "goodbye" to Clay. Jax then arrives to sort things out between Tara and Gemma, letting Gemma know his plans for leaving. Jax leaves after receiving a mysterious phone call, which we learn is to go meet Opie at the mortuary.
Otto has finally worked out all of the arrangements in his deal to turn state's evidence and signs the deal. He then sits down with Bobby and reveals his betrayal, as law enforcement leads Bobby out in handcuffs. Bobby is taken to a cell, and we see that Juice is being held in an adjoining cell, biding his time until the RICO sting goes down. Bobby does not notice Juice. Upon arriving at the mortuary, Jax sees Opie, Unser, and a coffin in the crematorium. Unser's intention is to talk to Opie, as requested by Gemma, and tell him there was a mistake and it was not Clay who killed his father. However, Unser does not get the opportunity to talk to Opie and leaves Jax and Opie together in the crematorium. Jax attempts to console an unresponsive Opie, who is holding his father's kutte, which he eventually throws into the flames to burn with his father's remains. After the cremation, Jax walks outside to find out how Piney died, only to have Opie pull a gun on him and divulge that Clay was responsible. Jax suggests that this is an issue for the club to decide; Opie responds by shooting out the tire on Jax's bike. Opie then takes off to confront Clay, with Jax trying to catch up. At the clubhouse, a fearful Clay lies in wait. Opie jumps Clay and confronts him with his father's death, forcing him to sit at the head of the table, stating he'll "die at the gavel". Jax rushes in with his gun pointed at Opie, threatening to kill Opie if he doesn't lower his gun. However, Opie opens fire anyway and hits Clay twice in the chest.
Clay is still alive and makes a gasping sound. Opie raises his gun to shoot him again but Jax shoots him in the wrist. Unser and one of the prospects hear the gunshots and come running. They move Clay outside and call the police. Jax tells Opie to go hide out in the cabin until he sorts things out. They leave Unser to tell the police and the rest of the gang that Clay was shot by two black men driving a SUV. Clay is taken to the hospital, where he goes into surgery. Jax drives out to Stockton, where he meets with Lenny "The Pimp", who heard Otto has made a deal with law enforcement. Meanwhile, Tig blames himself for not being there when Clay was shot, and goes after the Niners for revenge. He tries to run over Laroy, but kills the girl who is with Laroy. The Niners chase Tig until Jax and SAMCRO come to save him.
Afterward, Jax meets with the Galindo cartel and tells them about Otto. Romero checks with his people and tells Jax if Otto were snitching, he would have found out, so the meeting with the Irish is still on.
Gemma goes to Tara and tells her the truth about Clay. She convinces Tara to give her the letters so Gemma can give them to Clay in exchange for Tara's safety. Gemma gets the letters and removes those that implicate her and Unser in the death of John Teller. She takes the remaining letters to Jax, and urges him to kill Clay and take his rightful place at the head of the club. While Jax reads the letters, Gemma waits outside the clubhouse with Unser and tells him what she did, while Tara drives up and asks to speak with Gemma alone. Tara asks Gemma if she gave the letters to Clay and Gemma stays quiet. Tara reveals she knows about Gemma's plan claiming, "I'm smarter than you and I know Jax better." At this point Jax comes over and tells Tara that he is going to kill Clay. Tara says she knows, pulls a needle with blood thinner out of her bag, and tells Jax to inject Clay with it and pull out his chest tube, so it will look like an accident. She tells him to get out of Charming after killing Clay, which he agrees with. Jax leaves, and Gemma asks Tara what she thinks she is doing. Tara replies, "What you taught me. He's [Jax] mine." Gemma is visibly angered.
As Lincoln Potter is ready to move on his RICO operation, he's called off by Romero Parada and Luis Torres, who are revealed to be CIA agents, whom the government allows to run their cartel so as long as they bring others down for political reasons. During the meeting, the Irish King Galaan, makes it clear he does not trust Jax and will only deal with Clay. Romero and Luis talk with Jax, reveal their secret of being CIA agents, and instruct him not to reveal it to anybody; they advise they need SAMCRO to run the drugs and weapon supply, otherwise they will allow the RICO operation and crush SAMCRO. Jax visits Clay at the hospital, finally making clear that he read the letters. He does not kill Clay, as he's needed alive to deal with Galaan, but he does, however strip him of his position of President and orders him to stay away from Tara and Gemma. Demoted to the status of an unseated member, Clay agrees, knowing that Jax will not listen to his explanation.
Following the halt on the RICO operation, Lincoln Potter gives Roosevelt a clean record for Juice for him to give him, seemingly parting ways. Potter bursts into the meeting for Charming Heights, revealing the true colors of Jacob Hale's investors, whom Hale masked as Tokyo Fund but are actually the Natsuki Family, who are heavily involved in sex deals, including pedophilia. This puts a recess on the vote.
Deputy Chief Cane reveals that Laroy's girlfriend, whom Tig killed, is the daughter of Damon Pope, the most powerful gangster in Oakland (hinting a possible retaliation). Jax meets with Opie and confirms his suspicions, but warns Opie they need Clay alive (not revealing all details of the CIA's threat), and asks him to be his Vice President. Opie, still distrustful, does not give a clear answer. Jax returns home to Tara and tells her the truth about the CIA-backed cartel dealings and that he must remain as club president while she leaves with the boys. Jax appears at the chapel and announces himself as President, with his first act to name Chibs as his new Sergeant-at-Arms, which Chibs gladly accepts. Happy, Tig and Juice enter the chapel, with Juice finally free of his African-American record. The meeting starts at 8:03 pm with Opie's not showing (it is unknown if he later does). Tara enters the chapel, claiming to Jax that she will also remain in Charming, just as Gemma enters. Tara stands behind Jax in his President seat, mirroring a photo of Gemma and John Teller in the same positions.
Season 5 premiered on September 11, 2012. On his Sons of Anarchy YouTube channel Sutterinksoa, Kurt Sutter has stated that he began writing scripts for season 5, episodes one and two as early as March 1, 2012. It was also announced that Chuck Zito would be joining the Sons cast as a nomad traveling through Charming. Another announced cast addition for season five is Jimmy Smits. Smits, known for his work in L.A. Law, NYPD Blue, The West Wing, and Dexter, will play an escort service owner and former Latino gang member who becomes a mentor to Jax. Harold Perrineau joined the cast in May as the villain Damon Pope. The premiere episode is titled "Sovereign" and episode 5.2 is "Authority Vested".
Following the death of Veronica Pope, the Niners attack SAMCRO and ambush one of their cargo. The growing conflict along with several home invasions to people linked to the Club make Jax attempt to deal with Damon Pope. Bobby is released by Romeo and becomes the vice-president of SAMCRO at the same time 3 nomads are welcomed into SAMCRO. On his end Pope summons the Niners and orders them to stop any attacks on SAMCRO as doing so will make the Police suspicious and tie the attacks to him which he wants to avoid at all costs. To ensure this he has Laroy executed and mutilated, and arranges a meeting between SAMCRO, the Niners and August, Pope's second in command. August provokes a fight between Jax and the new leader of the Niners and has the new leader murdered, in an act to demonstrate Pope's power and has another Niner called Tyler to lead. Pope eventually has Tig arrested and chained around a garbage deposit. Pope then incinerates Dawn, one of Tig's daughters alive and threatens to do the same to his other daughter Fawn if he tells of the event to anybody. After Pope leaves Tig retaliates by murdering the detective and the man hired to clean Dawn's body. That night Unser who is in Gemma's house is beaten in a home invasion, and Pope hires fake witnesses to have Jax, Chibs, and Tig arrested for the murder of a police officer and a Niner, in order to kill them in prison.
SAMCRO temporarily hides in Diosa Internacional a prostitution house run by Nero Padilla, a new companion of Gemma. The club buys time to ensure Mexican protection from Romeo in prison. Jax grows closer to Nero as he slowly begins to serve as a model for the "big picture" and "getting out" after accompanying him to check on their son that requires special equipment. Jax marries Tara that day before being arrested. Clay asks Opie to help Jax because he needs him, which prompts Opie to punch Roosevelt and get himself arrested. In prison Pope buys the wardens and tells Jax that Tig is to stay in prison forever and needs another Son killed for his relationships. Jax takes this opportunity to tell Opie all the truth behind Clay. Eventually Ope sacrifices himself and is murdered in prison. Jax then arranges a deal with Pope to check on the home invasions and get Tig out. Because of this Jax has Tig promise him to never vote against Jax again, which he complies.
A rift appears in Gemma's relationship with Tara, as Tara gives her each time less control and time over her family, which is reinforced by Jax after Opie's murder and handling the funeral. Because Lyla is by herself, Jax arranges a deal with Nero to use CaraCara as his new business and have Lyla hired. However Jax demands Nero to not relate with Gemma, to which he agrees. At that night Gemma goes into a bar and is invited by a young man to spend the night. However the man is a gang member who specializes in robbing women and steals Gemma's car. Nero uses this opportunity to talk to Jax about Gemma and how she's still his mother. After Jax punished the thief, he talks about how he loves Gemma and gives her the chance to take care of Abel and Thomas. However, because she was smoking pot with Unser earlier that day, Gemma starts falling asleep behing the wheel and causes an accident that almost kills the kids.
The home invasions eventually reach out to Rita, Roosevelt's pregnant wife and she's killed. The invaders are later revealed to be the nomads hired by Clay in order to put pressure on Jax and make him step down as president. However knowing now that the Nomads can be linked to him, Clay double-crosses them and has two of them executed in Unser's garage. The sole survivor Frankie Diamonds hires black men to attack Jax the night Gemma crashes. Clay lies and tells Jax that a party attacked Gemma that night. Jax kills the attackers and finds Frankie taking Nero and Lyla hostage, and confesses about Clay's involvement. He later flees with Chibs and Nero's money. After Jax learns the truth of Gemma from Nero, Tara has her forbidden to any proximity or contact with the boys. However Jax sees an opportunity and makes a deal with Gemma, if she can be with Clay and find proof of his involvement with the home invasions, she will be forgiven. She complies to Jax's demands.
Jax makes deals with both Jacob Hale and Damon Pope in order to ensure the development of Charming Heights, so that the Teller-Morrow garage has exclusivity on Charming Heights and other benefits, including special funds for Lyla and Opie's children while Pope is to serve as the investor. Pope agrees and demands Jax that he's to deliver Tig to him after he has served his purpose, to which Jax agrees. SAMCRO goes after the prison inmate that murdered Opie that is unknown to them, under the protection of the Grim Bastards, as he's T.O. the Bastards' President cousin. After a failed attempt on his life Pope on a sign of good gesture tells him of the inmate's whereabouts. Although at the start promising to just throw a beating and let him leave, Jax has Chibs execute the inmate in front of the Bastards, due to T.O. not giving the inmate to Jax as was planned, which leaves a scar on the relationship of both clubs.
Juice reveals to Clay all the truth of his betrayal and the RICO case to Clay. Jax learns from Roosevelt that Juice had betrayed them, and eventually the two of them talk with Juice confessing to everything he did and how Frankie revealed to Juice it was Clay that was behind the home invasions, prior to his own death and also revealed that they gave him back the legal documents from his safe box. Jax then makes a deal with Juice, if he can find the documents that prove Clay's involvement, then Jax will not reveal Juice's betrayal and he will remain a member. Although relunctantly he agrees. Tara attempts several visits to Otto in order for him to reverse his statement and shut down the RICO case Romeo has over them, Otto does and has Tara bring a cross that belonged to Luann, which he used to murder a nurse and make Tara an accessory of murder, in order to destroy the RICO case and hurt Jax. Clay finds the truth about RICO and tries to secure himself protection with Romeo, warning him that Jax will try to destroy their leverage. Romeo suggests Clay returns as President by removing Jax, but he refuses and instead tries to convince Jax. However Jax does not yield and attempts to secure a relationship between Romeo and Henry Lin in order for the Chinese to secure weapons to the cartel. When Juice finds the documents and is about to show to the club the proof at Clay's home, Jax is kidnapped by the cartel, which buys Clay enough time to secure the documents. Jax has Romeo agree on Jax's plan.
Bobby secures a deal with Clay, he's to confess everything and Bobby will vote to let him live. Clay does and is excommunicated from the Club but is not executed as vote has to be unanimous and Bobby votes in favour of Clay. Jax sets a meeting with Lin and Romeo in order to secure guns every 2 weeks, although the procedure will take 3 months. Because of that Jax sets a meeting with Galaan and agree to sell Romeo a last time. However Romeo and the cartel decide to take the weapons by force and after a brief struggle, takes the weapons and has SAMCRO pay for the weapons. Galaan displeased retaliates by kidnapping Wendy and orders a retribution of $475,000, which is funded by Nero, who decides to lead his crew once more after he kills an emerging leader who almost ambushed Jax, Chibs, Tig and Happy. Clay arranges a meeting with Galaan, that Clay will act as an intermediary for new weapon customers. Galaan agrees as he trusts Clay and also arranges safe passage for him and Gemma into Belfast. Wendy threatens Jax to report everything that happened to her and Abel in Belfast, which prompts Jax to assault Wendy and inject her with drugs, and threaten her that if she reports Jax, he will demand a drug test on her, and demands that she "no longer hurt his family again".
After the murder of the nurse, Tara is visited by Lee Toric the brother of the nurse, a former US Marshal and questions her on her involvement on the nurse's death and Otto. Jax finds out through Unser that Lee was forced into early retirement for excessive use of violence and use of authority, and that he has taken many large names down. Tara's right hand begins to heal, and she makes preparations to make Wendy the legal guardian of Abel and Thomas in case something happened to her and Jax, as she distrusts Gemma. Gemma threatens to link Tara to the cross and the murder of the nurse if she leaves with the boys to Oregon as she had planned for her job. SAMCRO and Nero join together to destroy Nero's rival Dante and his crew, with the help of The Mayans, which makes Jax and Nero closer into their relationship. They ambush Dante at a dog-fighting ring and upon watching a dog get injured and finding numerous dead dogs, Tig's intense love for dogs kicks in and rescues an injured dog about to be executed.
Jax sets a meeting with Pope and through a calculated plan has Tig secured in an abandoned garage. As Pope orders Tig tied up and prepares to execute him, Jax uses Clay's silenced pistol that he had hidden and kills Pope's henchmen. Jax then frees Tig and has him take revenge on Pope shooting him in the head and pinning the crime on Clay. Jax contacts Roosevelt who knows about Clay's involvement in the home invasions, and has Clay easily arrested after Gemma gives a false statement against him. Jax then meets with August and has Clay equally framed, so that August can place a bounty on Clay, who is seen sitting along black inmates (it is unknown if anything happens afterwards). Jax forgives Juice and grows closer to Tig, however his actions are too much for Bobby to stand and he removes his Vice President patch. When Otto is about to give his statement, he bites his tongue out, therefore destroying the RICO case and any link to Tara with the murder case. That night Jax has a conversation with Tara about Wendy becoming a guardian for their sons. Although Jax initially refuses Tara tries to convince Jax to leave to Oregon with her, out of fear that if they remain in Charming, they become like Gemma and Clay. Before they can finish Roosevelt appears at their home and has Tara arrested for her involvement on the nurse's murder. Gemma appears and comforts Jax.
Season 6 will premiere on September 10th, 2013. Jimmy Smits has been upgraded to a series regular playing his role as Neron "Nero" Padilla. Donal Logue's character former U.S. Marshall Lee Toricis also stated to return for at least 5-7 episodes. When the show returns, “There will be a new VP” in place, given Bobby’s resignation at the close of Season 5. “And there will be a new sergeant-at-arms.” Season 6 will add two new characters still to be cast, one Sutter describes as “an old-school shot-caller that’s out of Stockton,” while the other is a major female character who is “in sort of the escort world.”
Although Sons of Anarchy is set in Northern California's Central Valley, it is filmed primarily at Occidental Studios Stage 5A in North Hollywood. Main sets located there include the clubhouse, St. Thomas Hospital and Jax's house. The production rooms at the studio used by the writing staff also double as the Charming police station. External scenes are often filmed nearby in Sun Valley and Tujunga. Interior and exterior scenes set in Northern Ireland during season 3 were also filmed at Occidental Studios and surrounding areas. A second production unit shot footage in Northern Ireland used in the third season.
Sons of Anarchy has received very favorable reviews over the course of its run, with many singling out Katey Sagal's performance. On the review aggregator website Metacritic, the first season scored 68/100, the second season scored 86/100, the third season scored 84/100, the fourth season scored 81/100 and the fifth season scored 72/100.
The first season received mixed reviews from industry critics. Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe said the first season had “real potential”. The New York Times’ Gina Bellafante spoke highly of the cast's acting ability, particularly Sagal’s portrayal of Gemma. Brian Lowry of Variety gave a mixed review, admiring Sutter’s creation of the club and the town of Charming but observing the early episodes lacked direction.
The second season saw a notable increase in positive reviews, and was the series' most critically acclaimed season. Writing for Chicago Tribune, Maureen Ryan called the second season “engrossing”. She elaborated that “the pacing is better [and] the plotting is tighter” and commends Sagal and Perlman for their performances. Variety’s Stuart Levine stated that the new season was “compelling”; he also complimented the acting skill of Perlman, Sagal, Hunnam and Siff. James Poniewozik of TIME called Sagal's performance "devastatingly powerful" and named the series on his list of Top 10 Shows of 2009.
Some critics felt the third season was dragged down by the previous season's cliffhanger. James Poniewozik of TIME called the season three premiere “breathtaking” and praised Sagal’s performance with Holbrook. He later stated that Abel's disappearance helped return the show to its central problem: Jax's allegiance to the club. Entertainment Weekly’s Ken Tucker agreed that Holbrook and Sagal’s scenes were “beautiful” and called Stephen King’s portrayal of Bachman “chilling”. He also commented that the series handled themes of loyalty and family especially well. Maureen Ryan commented that the third season divided critics and fans alike, suggesting the expanded Belfast cast made it harder for the audience to invest in the characters' journeys. Ryan later questioned the credibility of Hector Salazar's story, noting that he was inferior to other villainous characters such as Stahl, Zobelle and Weston. However, she praised Ally Walker's performance, comparing her character to The Shields Vic Mackey. Critic Alan Sepinwall said the season was "interesting but uneven", noting that the plot gained traction in later episodes. Tim Goodman of The Hollywood Reporter said "Sutter should be applauded for shaking things up", calling the slower pace a "creative necessity".
Alan Sepinwall stated that the fourth season risked predictability by returning to a successful formula of storytelling, but he nonetheless preferred those episodes to those of season three. Maureen Ryan reviewed the fourth season positively. She praised the addition of Lincoln Potter (played by Ray McKinnon), comparing the character's quality to that of Breaking Bad's antagonist, Gustavo Fring. The AV Club called the fourth season more "focused" and "operatic". AV Club reviewer Zack Handlen was fond of the season but felt disappointed with the finale, saying it featured a "lousy case of dictated convenience, of an arbitrary and unbelievable reveal used to shift characters around to where the writers want them to be for next season, as opposed to where they might land organically." However, the review did praise Charlie Hunnam's performance in the finale. TIME said the fourth season was the strongest since season two, but the show needed to end sooner rather than later. TIME also agreed that the finale's contrivances were sometimes too visible, stating "it’s the principle: you can only turn up alive at your own funeral so many times before it starts to lose its impact."
Season five received favourable reviews and has a rating of 72 on the review aggregate site www.metacritic.com/tv/sons-of-anarchy. Ken Tucker of Entertainment weekly praised the series by calling it a richly detailed portrait of self-righteous villainy. The series currently has a rating of 8.7/10 on the review site IMDB.
Sons of Anarchy was nominated for Outstanding Achievement in Drama at the 2010 TCA Awards. Katey Sagal received the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series (Drama) at the 68th Golden Globe Awards for her role in the third season. She also received a nomination for a 2010 Satellite Award in the category of Best Actress – Television Series (Drama), as well as a TCA nomination for the Individual Achievement in Drama. Sons of Anarchy (Season 5) received a Screen Crush Award for having the best TV series in 2012. Also in 2012, Paris Barclay was nominated for an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Direction in a Drama Series for his direction of the Season 4 Premiere "Out". In 2013, Rockmond Dunbar won an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series for his portrayal of Sherriff Eli Roosevelt.
The fifth season's premiere on September 11, 2012 received the highest ratings in the series' history. The episode was watched by 5.37 million viewers, including 3.5 million adults aged 18–49 and 3.45 million 25-54 year-olds. The episode was also television's #1 primetime program (broadcast and cable) among males 18-49 (2.15 million) and 18-34 (1.18 million).
Three EP soundtracks have been released by 20th Century Fox Records, on iTunes, featuring songs from each series. The first five-song EP, entitled Sons of Anarchy: North Country – EP, was released on September 8, 2009 and featured the full version of the Emmy Award nominated theme song "This Life". A second five-song EP, entitled Sons of Anarchy: Shelter – EP, was released on November 24, 2009 while a third six-song EP, entitled Sons of Anarchy: The King is Gone - EP, was released on November 23, 2010.
In November 2011, selected highlights from the EPs and new tracks were released in Songs of Anarchy: Music from Sons of Anarchy Seasons 1–4, followed up a year later by Sons of Anarchy: Songs of Anarchy Vol. 2.
Other notable songs featured in the series include: David by Noah Gundersen, Writings on The Wall by The Album Leaf (In Series Premiere), "Ålesund" by Sun Kil Moon, Bobby's Elvis covers, a cover version of "Son of a Preacher Man" by Katey Sagal, "Hard Row" by the Black Keys which is featured in the Pilot episode (the music of the Black Keys often features in the series), along with "Plenty Strong and Plenty Wrong" by Maylene and the Sons of Disaster on the radio in the pilot episode, "Can't Get Used to Losing You" by Andy Williams, a cover of "Forever Young" by Audra Mae, "Burn This Town" by Battleme, "Johnny, I Hardly Knew Ya" by Dropkick Murphys, "Comin Home" by Murder by Death, "Hell" by The Upsidedown, "Power Player" by Clutch, "Railroad Cancellation" by Don Caballero, "Dolphin Center" by The Donkeys, "Stop" by Black Rebel Motorcycle Club, "Hands in the Sky" by Straylight Run, "People, Turn Around" by Delta Spirit, "Ashes to Ashes" by Tarbox Ramblers, and the blues song "John the Revelator" by Curtis Stigers & The Forest Rangers. The trailer for the 2009 season featured "Son's Gonna Rise" by Citizen Cope. Several Monster Magnet songs are used: "Monolithic" (from Monolithic Baby!) are used in season one, while "Radiation Day" and "Slut Machine" (both also from Monolithic Baby!) and "Freeze and Pixelate" (from 4-Way Diablo) are used in season two, and "100 Million Miles" (from Mastermind) appears late into season three. In the final episode of season three, "Get It On" by Turbonegro was used during the Russian chase scene. "Lot Lizard" by the band The Glasspack is used in season 2. Another notable song is a cover of Alice Cooper's "I'm Eighteen" by a teenage band at the end of the episode "Giving Back". In 2011, "Dani California" by Red Hot Chili Peppers was used as a promo song for season 4. In episodes 5 and 8, there was music from the Belgian band The Black Box Revelation, and episode 7 featured the song "Machine Gun Blues" by Social Distortion. The 11/22/11 episode had two more notable pieces in the soundtrack. First was Boo Boo Davis "I'm So Tired", then in the confrontation between Opie and Clay, Noah Gundersens "David" [from his Family cd] is heard – with the line "I want to kill me a giant man". To Be, Act 1 contained "Burn It Down" by Awolnation during the interstate chase from Oakland back to Charming.
Sons of Anarchy premiered in Australia on the Showcase in 2009 while in New Zealand it appeared on TV3 on October 20, 2010. The show premiered in the UK on 5USA in 2009 and in the Republic of Ireland RTÉ Two the same year. It premiered in Canada on Super Channel October 20, 2008.
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Sons of Anarchy is an American television drama series created by Kurt Sutter about the lives of a close-knit outlaw motorcycle club operating in Charming, a fictional town in California's Central Valley. The show centers on protagonist Jackson "Jax" Teller (Charlie Hunnam), the then–vice president of the club, who begins questioning the club and himself.
Sons of Anarchy premiered on September 3, 2008, on cable network FX. The third season of the series attracted an average of 4.9 million viewers per week, making it FX's highest rated series ever, surpassing FX's other hits The Shield, Nip/Tuck, and Rescue Me. The season 4 and 5 premieres ("Out" and "Sovereign", respectively), both directed by series executive producer and principal director Paris Barclay and written by series creator and executive producer Kurt Sutter (along with staff writers Brady Dahl and Roberto Patino), were the two highest-rated telecasts in FX's history.
Sons of Anarchy is an American television drama series created by Kurt Sutter about the lives of a close-knit outlaw motorcycle club operating in Charming, a fictional town in California's Central Valley. The show centers on protagonist Jackson "Jax" Teller (Charlie Hunnam), the then–vice president of the club, who begins questioning the club and himself.
Sons of Anarchy premiered on September 3, 2008, on cable network FX. The third season of the series attracted an average of 4.9 million viewers per week, making it FX's highest rated series ever, surpassing FX's other hits The Shield, Nip/Tuck, and Rescue Me. The season 4 and 5 premieres ("Out" and "Sovereign", respectively), both directed by series executive producer and principal director Paris Barclay and written by series creator and executive producer Kurt Sutter (along with staff writers Brady Dahl and Roberto Patino), were the two highest-rated telecasts in FX's history. FX
"Hell Followed" is the ninth episode of the FX television series Sons of Anarchy. It was written by Brett Conrad, directed by Billy Gierhart and originally aired on October 29, 2008.
The Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club (SoA), is a fictional outlaw motorcycle club and organized crime syndicate at the center of the FX television series Sons of Anarchy. The club was formed by John Teller and Piermont "Piney" Winston, two Vietnam War veterans, in 1967 in Charming, California. Six of the original nine members were war veterans. Their logo is a Grim Reaper wielding an M-16 rifle with scythe blade in one hand, and holding a crystal ball in the other. The club's mottos include "Fear the Reaper" and "Ride Free or Die", their colors are blue and white. The club has 29 charters worldwide. In North America, these are located in Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Illinois, New England, Nevada, New York, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Washington in the United States, and Alberta and Manitoba in Canada. There are also a number of charters in the UK, Australia, and Sweden. The club's signature weapon is a knife carried on their waistbands.
Television is one of the major mass media of the United States. Household ownership is 96.7% and the majority of households have more than one. Its peak was the 1996-1997 season with 98.4% ownership.  As a whole, the television networks of the United States are the largest and most syndicated in the world.
As of August 2013, there are approximately 114,200,000 American households with television. Television
Incest is a popular topic in English erotic fiction; there are entire collections and websites devoted solely to this genre, with an entire genre of pornographic pulp fiction known as "incest novels". This is probably because, as with many other fetishes, the taboo nature of the act adds to the titillation. With the advent of the Internet, even more of this type of fiction is available.
Besides this, incest is sometimes mentioned or described in mainstream, non-erotic fiction. Connotations can be negative, positive, or neutral. Entertainment Culture