The geography of Texas is diverse and far reaching in scope. Occupying about 7% of the total water and land area of the U.S., it is the second largest state after Alaska, and is the southernmost part of the Great Plains, which end in the south against the folded Sierra Madre Oriental of Mexico. Texas is in the south-central part of the United States of America, and is considered to form part of the U.S. South and also part of the U.S. Southwest.
By residents, the state is generally divided into North Texas, East Texas, Central Texas, South Texas, West Texas (and sometimes the Panhandle), but according to the Texas Almanac, Texas has four major physical regions: Gulf Coastal Plains, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, and Basin and Range Province. This has been cited as the difference between human geography and physical geography, although the fact that Texas was granted the prerogative to divide into as many as five U.S. states may be a historical motive for Texans defining their state as containing exactly five regions.
The Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in Northeast Texas that covers three counties - Gregg, Rusk, and Upshur. As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 194,042 (though a July 1, 2009 estimate placed the population at 206,874). It is also part of the larger Longview-Marshall Combined Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 194,042 people, 73,341 households, and 52,427 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 75.71% White, 17.93% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.02% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.03% of the population.
Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 80,455. Most of the city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat; only a small part extends into the western part of neighboring Harrison County. It is situated in East Texas, on the grid of Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259, just north of the Sabine River. Longview is a commercial hub for the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger MSA made up of Gregg, Upshur, and Rusk counties (population 271,669). Longview is considered a major hub city in the region, as is the nearby city of Tyler.