Mylol.net is not offered as a mobile service unless using a full browser on phones such as the Verizon's android.
A feature phone is a mobile phone which is priced at the mid-range in a wireless provider's hardware lineup.] [ It is intended for customers who want a moderately priced and multipurpose phone without the expense of a high-end smartphone. A feature phone has additional functions over and above a basic mobile phone which is only capable of voice calling and text messaging. Due to the quick progression in capabilities, current mid-range devices in a carrier's lineup today may be more advanced than previous high-end devices just a few years ago.
Feature phones may often be marketed by certain carriers under various terms. Rogers Wireless labels them as "smartphone lite".
During the mid-2000s, best-selling feature phones such as the fashionable flip-phone Motorola Razr, multimedia Sony Ericsson W580i, and the LG Black Label Series not only occupied the mid-range pricing in a wireless provider's lineup, they made up the bulk of retail sales as smartphones from BlackBerry and Palm were still considered a niche category for business use. Even as late as 2009, smartphone penetration in North America was low.
It was in 2009, however, that the iPhone and Google Android shifted the smartphone from enterprise to the mass market consumer (at the expense of business-oriented operating systems such as Windows Mobile and BlackBerry), and since then smartphones have increased their popularity to become the dominant device in the mass market (at least in North America and Western Europe). As a result smartphones have enjoyed the largest selection and advertising among carriers, who are devoting less and less store space and marketing to feature phones and dumbphones.
In 2011, feature phones accounted for 60 percent of the mobile telephones in the United States and 70 percent of mobile phones sold worldwide. It is predicted that by 2013 feature phones' share will drop as smartphones become more popular, as half of all mobile phones will be smartphones.
A survey of 4,001 Canadians by Media Technology Monitor in fall 2012 suggested about 83 per cent of the anglophone population owned a cellphone, up from 80 per cent in 2011 and 74 per cent in 2010. About two thirds of the mobile phone owners polled said they had a smartphone and the other third had feature phones or non-smartphones. According to MTM, non-smartphone users are more likely to be female, older, have a lower income, live in a small community and have less education. The survey found that smartphone owners tend to be male, younger, live in a high-income household with children in the home, and residents of a community of one million or more people. Students also ranked high among smartphone owners.
Feature phones, despite their additional functions over and above a basic mobile phone or "dumb phone", were still primarily designed as communication devices. Feature phone makers such as Nokia and Motorola were enjoying record sales of cell phones based more on fashion and brand rather than technological innovation. However, consumer-oriented smartphones such as the iPhone and those running Android fundamentally changed the industry, with Steve Jobs proclaiming in 2007 that "the phone was not just a communication tool but a way of life". Existing feature phone operating systems at the time such as Symbian were not designed to handle additional tasks beyond communication and basic functions, did not emphasis application developers much, and due to infighting among manufacturers as well as the complex bureaucracy and bloatness of the OS, they never developed a thriving ecosystem like Apple's App Store or Android's Google Play. By contrast, iPhone OS (renamed iOS in 2010) and Android were designed as a robust OS, embracing third-party apps, and having capabilities such as multitasking and graphics in order to meet future consumer demands.
There has been an industry shift from feature phones (including low-end smartphones), which rely mainly on volume, to high-end flagship smartphones which also enjoy higher margins, thus high-end smartphones are much more lucrative for manufacturers than feature phones. For instance Apple Inc.'s operating margins from the iPhone remain high since these devices have always been sold to carriers at a high enough cost which compels carriers to sell them as smartphones via retail. It has also been found that attempting to keep manufacturing prices of feature phones low results in significant sacrifices to performance and usability (the latest OS is often too intensive for cheaper past-generation phone CPUs, such as Android 4.0 on the LG Optimus L7). The shift away from feature phones has forced wireless carriers to increase subsidies of handsets, and the high selling prices of flagship smartphones have had a negative effect on the wireless carriers (AT&T Mobility, Verizon, and Sprint) who have seen their EBITDA service margins drop as they sold more smartphones and less feature phones.
That being said, as of Q1 2012, only Apple and Samsung have been successful in the high-end smartphone market while all other manufacturers have broke even or lost money. Nokia's turnaround effort with the Lumia series of Windows Phone devices is centered upon feature phones (inexpensive but fully featured smartphones that support the same OS as the flagship smartphones) that will sell in volumes to reasonably support the company's smartphone business as well as raise brand awareness, whereas high-end flagship smartphones will generate the profits but not be the main focus as Apple's iPhone (which does not compete in the feature phone category). At the moment, most of the focus is on high-end flagship smartphones, however Nokia has been trying to create feature phones with "smartphone functionality".
While a feature phone is a low-end device and smartphone a high-end one, there is no standard way of distinguishing them. Smartphone and feature phone are not mutually exclusive categories. A complication in distinguishing between smartphones and feature phones is that over time the capabilities of new models of feature phones can increase to exceed those of phones that had been promoted as smartphones in the past. Because technology changes rapidly, what was a smartphone ten years ago may be considered only a feature phone today. For example, today's feature phones typically also serve as a personal digital assistant (PDA) and portable media player and have capabilities such as cameras, touchscreen, GPS navigation, Wi-Fi, and mobile broadband access.
Back in 2009, a significant difference between smartphones and feature phones is that the advanced application programming interfaces (APIs) on smartphones for running third-party applications can allow those applications to have better integration with the phone's OS and hardware than is typical with feature phones. In comparison, feature phones more commonly run on proprietary firmware, with third-party software support through platforms such as Java ME or BREW. It should be noted, though, that many of these proprietary software platforms, such as S60 (Nokia, Samsung and LG), UIQ (Sony Ericsson and Motorola) and MOAP(S) (Japanese only such as Fujitsu, Sharp etc.), which were based on Symbian, were gradually phased out in 2009-11. During that period the manufacturers shifted their lineups, usually the high-end handsets first then followed by the mid-range and low-end offerings, to advanced APIs such as Android and Windows Phone.
As of 2010-present, while advanced APIs appear on smartphones first, they are gradually moving to feature phones; for instance as of 2012 smartphones (especially flagship phones) are often the first to run the latest OS version (i.e. the HTC One X which ships with Google Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, while the midrange HTC Desire C has Android 2.3 Gingerbread). Often OS is no longer a distinguishing factor, such as the Nokia Lumia 900 smartphone and Lumia 710 feature phone, both of which run Windows Phone 7.5, however the Lumia 900 has among other things a better camera and a larger screen. Another example is the HTC One X and HTC One S, the flagship and upper-middle offerings of HTC's One series lineup, and the HTC One V; all three ship with Google Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, however the One X and One S have dual-core processors which allows them to run future Android updates whereas the One V is a single-core which will be unlikely to enjoy an OS update. The only advanced smartphone OS that has never appeared on a feature phone so far is Apple iOS, as all of the company's handset releases using iOS (the iPhone) have always commanded smartphone (premium) pricing, and as Apple has not licensed iOS out to other handset manufacturers.
The price difference between a smartphone and feature phone remains one of the widely used attributes to distinguish the two devices. As of March 2012, the big three Canadian cellular service providers (Rogers, Bell, Telus) offer the choice of purchasing smartphone upfront for $450–650 CAD on "no term" (month-by-month), or by signing 3-year voice and data contract to waive most of the handset purchase cost (there are no waivers for a voice-only plan). The no term price for a feature phone, by contrast, is typically half or even less than that of a smartphone (topping out at $300 CAD), and this cost can be waived with a 3-year voice-only plan. Below feature phones are basic mobile phones or "dumb phones" which are intended for pay-as-you-go customers and often retail for $0. Smartphones, while improving their features and capabilities, however, have always maintained their price advantage over feature phones. Pricing structure is still a grey area, for instance at Rogers Wireless, the Sony Xperia ion was originally released with smartphone pricing in June 2012, however poor sales led to that device being demoted to feature phone pricing by December 2012 of that year. By contrast, the iPhone 4 8 GB which debuted in mid-2010 is still sold as a smartphone by Rogers as of December 2012 (which reflects Apple's success in keeping the price of its phones constant).
Skyfire (web browser)
Websites designed for access from these browsers are referred to as wireless portals or collectively as the Mobile Web. They may automatically create "mobile" versions of each page, for example this one.
The mobile browser usually connects via cellular network, or increasingly via Wireless LAN, using standard HTTP over TCP/IP and displays web pages written in HTML, XHTML Mobile Profile (WAP 2.0), or WML (which evolved from HDML). WML and HDML are stripped-down formats suitable for transmission across limited bandwidth, and wireless data connection called WAP. In Japan, DoCoMo defined the i-mode service based on i-mode HTML, which is an extension of Compact HTML (C-HTML), a simple subset of HTML.
WAP 2.0 specifies XHTML Mobile Profile plus WAP CSS, subsets of the W3C's standard XHTML and CSS with minor mobile extensions.
Newer microbrowsers are full-featured Web browsers capable of HTML, CSS, ECMAScript, as well as mobile technologies such as WML, i-mode HTML, or cHTML.
To accommodate small screens, they use Post-WIMP interfaces.
The first mobile browser for a PDA was PocketWeb for the Apple Newton created at TecO in 1994, followed by the first commercial product NetHopper released in August 1996.
The so-called microbrowser technologies such as WAP, NTTDocomo's i-mode platform and Openwave's HDML platform fueled the first wave of interest in wireless data services.
The first deployment of a microbrowser on a mobile phone was probably in 1997 when Unwired Planet (later to become Openwave) put their "UP.Browser" on AT&T handsets to give users access to HDML content.
A British company, STNC Ltd., developed a microbrowser (HitchHiker) in 1997 that was intended to present the entire device UI. The demonstration platform for this microbrowser (Webwalker) had 1 MIPS total processing power. This was a single core platform, running the GSM stack on the same processor as the application stack. In 1999 STNC was acquired by Microsoft and HitchHiker became Microsoft Mobile Explorer 2.0, not related to the primitive Microsoft Mobile Explorer 1.0. HitchHiker is believed to be the first microbrowser with a unified rendering model, handling HTML and WAP along with ECMAScript, WMLScript, POP3 and IMAP mail in a single client. Although it was not used, it was possible to combine HTML and WAP in the same pages although this would render the pages invalid for any other device. Mobile Explorer 2.0 was available on the Benefon Q, Sony CMD-Z5, CMD-J5, CMD-MZ5, CMD-J6, CMD-Z7, CMD-J7 and CMD-J70. With the addition of a messaging kernel and a driver model, this was powerful enough to be the operating system for certain embedded devices. One such device was the Amstrad e-m@iler and e-m@iler 2. This code formed the basis for MME3.
Multiple companies offered browsers for the Palm OS platform. The first HTML browser for Palm OS 1.0 was HandWeb by Smartcode software, released in 1997. HandWeb included its own TCP/IP stack, and Smartcode was acquired by Palm in 1999. MicroBrowsers for the Palm OS platform multiplied after the release of PalmOS 2.0, which included a TCP/IP stack. A freeware (although later shareware) browser for the PalmOS was Palmscape, written in 1998 by Kazuho Oku in Japan, who went on to found Ilinx. Still in limited use as late as 2003. Qualcomm also developed the Eudora Web browser, and launched it with the PalmOS based QCP smartphone. PocketWeb was a proxy-based Web browsing solution, developed by Student at the University of California Berkeley and later acquired by PumaTech.
Released in 2001, Mobile Explorer 3.0 added iMode compatibility (cHTML) plus numerous proprietary schemes. By imaginatively combining these proprietary schemes with WAP protocols, MME3.0 implemented OTA database synchronisation, push email, push information clients (not unlike a 'Today Screen') and PIM functionality. The cancelled Sony Ericsson CMD-Z700 was to feature heavy integration with MME3.0. Although Mobile Explorer was ahead of its time in the mobile phone space, development was stopped in 2002.
Also in 2002, Palm, Inc. offered Web Pro on Tungsten PDAs based upon a Novarra browser. PalmSource offered a competing Web browser based on Access Netfront.
Opera Software pioneered with its Small Screen Rendering (SSR) and Medium Screen Rendering (MSR) technology. The Opera web browser is able to reformat regular web pages for optimal fit on small screens and medium-sized (PDA) screens. It was also the first widely available mobile browser to support Ajax and the first mobile browser to pass ACID2 test.
Distinct from a mobile browser is a web-based emulator, which uses a "Virtual Handset" to display WAP pages on a computer screen, implemented either in Java or as an HTML transcoder.
The following are some of the more popular mobile browsers. Some mobile browsers are really miniaturized Web browsers, so some mobile browser companies also provide browsers for desktop and laptop computers.
Mobile transcoders reformat and compress web content for mobile devices and must be used in conjunction with built-in or user-installed microbrowsers. The following are several leading mobile transcoding services.
Skyfire Web Browser is a mobile web browser which renders requested web page on a proprietary server and relays it to the browser on the end user's mobile phone which displays the content. Skyfire currently runs on Android and iOS. As of 31 December 2010, it no longer supports Symbian OS or Windows Mobile. Skyfire comprises two distinct generations of mobile browser technology. In Skyfire's first generation (1.x) browser, a web page is fully rendered by a server separate from the mobile device, similar to the operation of a thin client. This approach is also used by Opera Mini. Skyfire's second generation (2.x) browser employs a hybrid approach, using a conventional rendering of Web pages on the handheld device, but streaming video from Skyfire's servers. Skyfire Web Browser is one of three main products for telecommunications offered by the company Skyfire.
Skyfire is a cloud solutions for mobility company founded in 2007. They offer network optimization technologies including video optimization and monetization tools for carriers. Skyfire maintains their Skyfire Web Browser, one of the top web browsers for the Android and Apple iOS (for both the iPhone and iPad) platforms, as a showcase and laboratory for its technology. Skyfire was recognized as no. 4 on Light Reading’s 2011 Startups to Watch list and a winner of the 2012 Red Herring Awards award in recognition of the leading private companies from Americas. Skyfire is funded by Lightspeed Venture Partners, Matrix Partners, Trinity Ventures, and Verizon Ventures.
Skyfire is a web browser which operates by rendering requested web page on a proprietary server.
Rendered output is relayed to the browser (running on the end user's mobile phone), which displays the content.
In Skyfire's first-generation browser, all content is rendered at Skyfire's servers using the Gecko rendering engine before sending the rendered output to the browser. The output is sent as images annotated with interactive items such as links and text-fields.
Consequently, the browser is able to use features from a full desktop web browser without the need to have a powerful mobile device. Features such as Adobe Flash, Silverlight, and QuickTime are usable without additional plug-ins on the device, and can be easily updated server-side without the need to update millions of individual client installations.
Downsides include that the user experience can be adversely affected by the abilities of the Skyfire server. For example, a user with an excellent 3.5G or Wi-Fi connection may still experience slow page loading and unwatchable video. Until December 2009, Skyfire's servers demonstrated few symptoms of limits. Since then, the browser's performance has degraded significantly for users of Skyfire 1.5.
Skyfire's second generation browser uses the same three-tiered technology, but only for content that cannot be effectively processed at the handheld. Web page text and images, for example, are rendered on the phone. Flash video, on the other hand, is rendered at Skyfire's servers, re-encoded to a device-compatible video format, then relayed to the phone.
Flash video is currently supported with plans to add support for Windows Media, Silverlight, QuickTime, and others.
Skyfire 2.x builds on the open source WebKit layout engine.
includes more available website support for video
The browser is supported on devices of various resolutions, including 240x240, 320x320, QVGA, WQVGA, VGA, and WVGA resolution screens. It runs on touch and non-touch phones.
Although Skyfire 1.x has never been officially available outside the US, Canada, and portions of Western Europe, as of 2010 users worldwide had installed and run the browser. On July 1, 2010, Skyfire implemented restrictions to prevent use from most unsupported areas.
Skyfire 2.x is available for Android and iOS devices. Android 1.5, 1.6, 2.0, 2.1, and 2.2 phones are supported. It is distributed via the Android Market. The iOS version supports any iPhone or iPod Touch running iOS 4 or above.
Unlike 1.x, Skyfire 2.x is not actively limited to a supported area.
The current version is Skyfire 2.x is 2.3.
Skyfire 3.x is currently available for devices running Android 2.0 or above, or iOS. Devices with Android 1.5 or 1.6 can still use Skyfire 2.3.
Version 4.0 was made available for Android on April 21, 2011. Starting with 4.0, the SkyBar toolbar is now configurable and expandable, enabling users to customize their Skyfire experience. With the new scrollable SkyBar, users now have access to fourteen Skyfire features and have the ability to enable, disable and position each button as desired. Also, eight new feature buttons were added into the SkyBar.
Also, with this version, all new customers must download the $2.99 Skyfire Video License Key to use the video feature after a 3-day trial.
Although the recently-added Android version of Skyfire has been updated to 2.0, Symbian and Windows Mobile are limited to version 1.5. Skyfire 1.5 users have, for more than six months, registered complaints regarding slow page loading and the inability to view web videos without severe frame rate and audio glitches. Though since skyfire has implemented restrictions to prevent use from most unsupported countries, page loading and viewing web videos has improved. Other complaints center on a text-rendering feature that enlarges some text several times its normal size. The original intent was to remove the need for the user to "zoom in" to the text of articles. However, the fragmented and seemingly random nature of the feature requires repeated zooming in to read captions, view pictures, find links and navigate a given website, then zooming out to read an article. The large, pixellated characters thus make even casual browsing (according to one editor's opinion) an awkward proposition. Unlike in prior versions of Skyfire, the text-rendering feature is locked in with no option to turn it off.
A new concern has cropped up as of early June: in conjunction with virtually unplayable video, standard web pages can take between two and three minutes to load.
In November 2010, Windows Mobile users began reporting that Skyfire would immediately close upon opening, stating "Sorry: Due to strong demand we cannot provide service at this time. Please try again later." Several days later, the Skyfire developers announced that they would be ending support for Symbian and Windows Mobile, and possibly releasing Skyfire 2.x for the Windows Phone 7 and MeeGo platforms at a later date.
Skyfire's Web Browser has won numerous awards over the years. In 2008, it was voted one of the six must have applications for Windows Mobile by Read Write Web and also received the Mobile Maverick Award from Laptop Magazine. It received the Webby People's Voice Award for Best Mobile Application in 2009 and was also recognized in 2010 by PC World as the World's Best Third-Party Android Browser.
Vision Mobile Browser
The Motorola Q9c is a Windows Mobile 6 Smartphone, a thin device with similar styling to Motorola's immensely popular MOTORAZR.
Sprint first offered the Motorola Q9c in November 2007. It is the second generation Motorola Q, with updated features and software. Measuring at less than ½” thick, the Motorola Q9c offers the Windows Mobile smartphone Home screen, with direct links into essential business applications - email, calendar, contacts, to-dos and more, but it can be customized using XML to contain other information, including links to voicemail, SMS, weather (via the free Weather Bug plugin) . The Motorola Q9c has Windows Mobile 6, stereo Bluetooth, EV-DO Rev. A broadband-speed downloads, voice dialing and a full HTML Web browser to surf the internet wherever the user has service.
Verizon released the Q9m in late 2007, which has music features specific to Verizon, as well as the Q9c for their network in June 2008 with a black metal bezel. Alltel and U.S. Cellular released the Q9c in the late summer of 2008, offering the same model in lime-green. AT&T currently uses the Q9h model (which is the GSM version of the same phone.)
In June 2008, Motorola added a Software Update allowing Sprint Customers to officially upgrade their Operating System to Windows Mobile 6.1.
MOTO Q 9c delivers high-speed mobile Web at EV-DO speeds with Microsoft Internet Explorer and USB 1.1 connectivity Easy configuration of virtually any consumer email account (POP3/ IMAP4) and Windows Mobile with Direct Push technology keeps users connected to both work and personal email accounts, in real time.MOTO Q 9c boasts 128 MB of internal memory and is upgradable up to 32GB of optional removable memory2, to store documents, files and images while Microsoft ActiveSync allows users to sync email, contacts and calendars with their PC.
Personalization and fun features
Vision (formerly nWeb) is an internet browser platform for mobile devices developed by Novarra Inc. The product consists of a server that acts as a proxy and a small footprint browser that runs on Java Platform, Micro Edition, BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless), or native handset environments via C++.
Novarra created and holds patents for this distributed browsing architecture that combines an in-network server with a handset browser client. The architecture performs a portion of web page content processing on an in-network server thus reducing the workload on the handset. It also reduces data transferred over-the-air for faster page load times and provides access to more content than is possible by a handset browser alone.
Novarra offers the mobile browser to mobile network operators and handset manufacturers who typically rebrand the software as their own service. It was first made commercially available in 2002 through Palm, Inc for Tungsten (handheld) PDAs branded as “WebPro”. Some later releases of the mobile browser include U.S. Cellular as easyedgeSM mobile browser, Alltel as “My Mobile Web” Celltop application, Hutchison 3G as “www3” in Italy and “3Xplorer” in Hong Kong. Version 8.0 was released March, 2009.
Mobile phone users can access and use the same web sites on their wireless handsets that they visit using personal computers. Full web pages load in seconds due to compression and in-network processing of content by the server.
Multimedia Support: Adobe Flash, FLV, WMV, AVI, MPEG-2/MPEG-4, 3GP, 3GP2, MP3, SVG Tiny, SMIL, MIDI (supported on handsets with appropriate APIs)
Network Protocols and Security: HTTP1.1, HTTPS, SSL 2.0/3.0, WTLS, Certificates
Push: WAP 2.0 Push Access Protocol (PAP)
Download: OMA][ Download 1.0, MIDP OTA 1.0 & 2.0
• On-Device Portal: Locally store pages with categories and sites that can be predefined by the service provider and updated over the air, also "History" and "Favorites" can be customized by the end user
• PC View: Site pages load with a visual representation of the full web page.
• Fit to Screen View: Choice of reformatted layout with image sizes adapted to fit within the width of the phone’s screen.
• Content Prioritization and Mobile Navigation Aids: The browser attempts to automatically find the main information on a web page and focus on that content. Additionally, a user can “jump to” other prioritized content such as login, search or forms.
• Adobe Flash and Streaming Video (Streaming media): The browser adapts Flash animations, Flash video, and other video formats to a format supported by the handset (usually RTSP/3GPP).
• RSS: Users can view or subscribe to an available RSS feed on a site.
• Widget engine: Ability to run widgets on mobile handsets.
The Motorola Devour is an Internet and multimedia enabled smartphone designed by Motorola, which runs Google's Android operating system. In the United States, the handset is distributed exclusively by Verizon Wireless. The Devour has a Hearing Aid Compatibility (HAC) rating of M4/T4. Although it runs Android, the Devour was not branded or marketed as part of Verizon's "DROID" series of Android smartphones.
The Devour marks the second smartphone from Motorola to feature MOTOBLUR. MOTOBLUR provides contact sync from email services like gmail and social networking sites like Twitter, Facebook etc. MOTOBLUR is a re-branded interface developed by Motorola for the Android OS. It replaces both the Google Experience skin and application stack.
MOTOBLUR's primary function is to enable the user to receive various updates from a variety of sources such as Twitter, Facebook, and Email clients directly on their phone's main screen.
Cellco Partnership doing business as Verizon Wireless, is the second-largest mobile network operator in the United States Headquartered in Basking Ridge, New Jersey the company is a joint venture of American telecommunications firm Verizon Communications and UK-based Vodafone. Verizon Communications holds 55 percent ownership and Vodafone hold the remaining 45 percent ownership of the joint venture.
On April 3, 2000, Verizon Communications began operations as the result of the merger between Bell Atlantic Mobile and GTE Wireless. In September 1999, UK-based Vodafone AirTouch Plc. had announced a $90-billion joint venture with Bell Atlantic to establish a wireless service provider. The venture received regulatory approval in six months, and began operations as Verizon Wireless on April 4, 2000. Verizon Communications owns 55%, which is held through its subsidiaries Bell Atlantic Mobile Systems LLC and GTE Wireless, Inc., which hold 24.2% and 30.8% respectively, and UK-based Vodafone Group (formerly Vodafone AirTouch) owns 45% through its subsidiaries PCS Nucleus, L.P. and JV PartnerCo, LLC which owns 6.2% and 38.8% respectively. It consisted of the two companies' U.S. wireless assets: Bell Atlantic Mobile and AirTouch Paging. On June 30, with the addition of GTE Wireless' assets, in connection with the formation of Verizon Communications, made Verizon Wireless the largest mobile network operator in the United States. It held that position until Cingular's acquisition of AT&T Wireless in 2004, and again after their acquisition of Alltel in 2009.
At the end of 2006, Verizon Wireless acquired West Virginia Wireless, a regional GSM cell phone company. On July 30, 2007, Rural Cellular Corporation (Unicel) announced it agreed to be acquired by Verizon Wireless (a CDMA cellular network technology carrier). Verizon said that it plans to convert RCC's GSM customers to CDMA-based cellular technology, but will continue to operate RCC's current GSM network in order to generate roaming revenue. The sale is expected to close in early 2008, pending approvals from the FCC and potentially the Department of Justice, to ensure that the acquisition won't be anti-competitive in some geographic areas. On October 4, 2007, Rural Cellular Corporation Shareholders Approve Merger Agreement with Verizon Wireless "ALEXANDRIA, Minn., October 4, 2007 (BUSINESS WIRE) – Rural Cellular Corporation ("RCC" or "the Company") (NASDAQ:RCCC) today announced that its shareholders voted to approve the merger agreement providing for the acquisition of Rural Cellular Corporation by Verizon Wireless for approximately $2.67 billion in cash and assumed debt." On August 1, 2008, the FCC voted to approve the deal. Per the Department of Justice, Verizon will divest certain properties in New York, Vermont, and Washington in order to complete the acquisition. In mid-2007, Ramcell of Oregon made a deal to sell its assets to Verizon Wireless, Integration of local company to increase coverage area in Southern Oregon began in late 2010. On January 22, 2008 SureWest Communications announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to sell the operating assets of its Wireless business to Verizon Wireless. On June 5, 2008, Verizon Wireless announced that it has entered into an agreement to acquire Alltel for US$5.9 billion, plus the assumption of debt, in a deal that will create the biggest mobile phone company in the U.S. surpassing AT&T. Based on Alltel's projected net debt at closing of $22.2 billion, the aggregate value of the deal is $28.1 billion. The FCC approved Verizon's purchase of Alltel Wireless by a vote of 5–0 on November 4, 2008. The FTC approved of the acquisition on December 10, 2008. On January 9, this deal was finalized, making Verizon Wireless the largest carrier in the country. November 2008, Verizon Wireless purchased 2 markets in Kentucky formerly belonging to Dobson Communications from AT&T. This purchase closed the I75 corridor from Lexington, KY to Tennessee in which Verizon was lacking service. It also added about 40,000 customers to the Verizon wireless network.
On May 8, 2009, AT&T announced an agreement to sell five Centennial Wireless service areas in Louisiana and Mississippi to Verizon Wireless, pending upon FCC approval of AT&T's acquisition of Centennial. Also on May 8, 2009 AT&T announced a definitive agreement to acquire wireless assets from Verizon Wireless for $5.35 billion in cash. Under terms of the agreement, AT&T will acquire wireless properties, including licenses, network assets and 1.5 million current subscribers in 79 service areas, primarily in rural areas across 18 states. Verizon Wireless is required to divest these properties as part of the regulatory approvals granted for its purchase of Alltel earlier this year. The states represented are: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia and Wyoming. On February 17, 2012, Verizon announced the purchase of Southeastern New Mexico wireless markets belonging to Plateau Wireless. The purchase will expand Verizon Wireless' brand and network footprint in southeastern New Mexico to the counties of Eddy, Chaves, Lea and a portion of Lincoln that it doesn't already serve with its own native network.
In June 2013, it was revealed, through a leaked secret court document and subsequent commentary from elected officials, that for the previous seven years the NSA has required Verizon to provide all metadata relating to the phone calls of its customers. This practice continues.
Verizon Wireless is one of two major U.S. carriers that use CDMA2000, the other being Sprint Corporation. Alltel also used CDMA2000 before becoming part of Verizon Wireless. Other regional carriers that use CDMA2000 are: U.S. Cellular, Cricket, and MetroPCS (see List of United States mobile phone companies for more information). Verizon supports 3 generations of CDMA-based cellular network technologies (IS-95, 1x, and EV-DO) in addition to 4G LTE. LTE connectivity was released on Sunday December 5, 2010 in 38 cities. At that time, 4G LTE service was only offered as a mobile broadband data option. 4G LTE-Compatible Verizon mobile phones were released in the first quarter of 2011.
Verizon Wireless offers voice services as well as 3G data services such as wireless broadband based on EV-DO Rev A, text and picture messaging, over-the-air downloadable applications and content from its "Media Center" ( previously called, Get-It-Now) service, Video on Demand in the form of V CAST (which allows customers to download and view video content), location-based services, and Push-to-Talk.
On June 30, 2007, Verizon Wireless completed the overhaul of the entire EV-DO network to EV-DO Rev. A. This enables PC Cards and certain phones to obtain theoretical peak download speeds of 3.1 Mbit/s and upload speeds of up to 1.8 Mbit/s. The actual download and upload speeds vary due to a number of factors, and users will typically see speeds close to 1 Mbit/s down, and 500 kbit/s up.
On November 27, 2007, Verizon Wireless announced plans to allow all cell phones compatible with their CDMA-based cellular network technology to run on their network. Users of such phones are also allowed to use any application they wish.
However, on September 20, 2007, Verizon Wireless announced a joint effort with the Vodafone Group to transition their networks to the 4G standard LTE and on November 29, 2007, Verizon Wireless announced that they would start LTE trials in 2008. On December 9, 2008, Verizon announced that they intend to build and begin to roll out an LTE network, by the beginning of 2011. Adopting LTE would make for a gradual shift away from Verizon Wireless’ current use of CDMA-based cellular network technology and offer increased operability for users traveling worldwide.
On January 25, 2009, Verizon Wireless released its first Femtocell called the Verizon Wireless Network Extender.
Verizon claims to operate "America's Largest and Most Reliable Wireless Network," covering approximately 300 million people.
On December 5, 2010 Verizon Wireless launched its “4G LTE" (Long Term Evolution) network. In an announcement made on January 6, 2011, from the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Verizon Wireless stated in the first half of 2011 they will release: 10 new LTE devices including, five smartphones, two tablets, two netbooks, and two MiFi hotspots. According to OpenSignal average download speeds on Verizon LTE in June 2013 were 9.9Mb/s.
The following is a list of known frequencies which Verizon employs in the United States:
In 2000, Verizon Wireless advertised they were, for a time, the largest cellular network in the country by showing people using cell phones and then gesturing with two fingers, much like the World War II-era "V for Victory" sign, to show that the person was on the Verizon ("V" or "iN") network. The slogan for Verizon Wireless at that time was "Join in." (Reminiscent of the slogan "Join in" was used in their marketing scheme up to this day. i.e., "iN-calling," "iN-messaging," and even the toll-free number "1-800-2-JOIN-IN.").
Later, Verizon adopted the slogan "We never stop working for you," with commercials (starting in 2002) depicting a Verizon employee roaming about in strange places continuously asking, "Can you hear me now? Good." (The "employee" is played by stage actor Paul Marcarelli) The "test man" represents Verizon test technicians.
In 2005, Verizon Wireless added an "army" of network engineers into their commercials in conjunction with the "test man" and introduced the slogan "It's the Network." to emphasize their network quality. (Verizon Wireless still uses the slogan "We never stop working for you." from time to time – especially on their website, toll-free number, and shopping bags.)
In 2008, Verizon Wireless sponsored Korean pop sensation Se7en further helping Se7en trademark his name in America and promote his U.S. debut single that was released in spring 2009.
Also in 2008, Verizon Wireless began a new television advertising campaign, with parodies of horror movies (including The Shining), with people trying to scare a main character with tales of a Dead Zone where calls cannot be made, who calmly responds that he or she has Verizon, and then the slogan appears, "Don't be afraid of Dead Zones."
In early 2009, Verizon Wireless officially dropped the "IN" campaign. Previously, calls between two Verizon Wireless subscribers were referred to as IN calling, but will now be referred to as Mobile-to-Mobile calling. With this change, Verizon Wireless also renamed their prepaid service Verizon Wireless Prepaid from iNPulse to Prepay.
Late in 2009, Verizon began ads that made use of the iPhone "There's an app for that" slogan, changing it to "There's a map for that" (see below). They began with maps showing large areas of the United States covered in red to represent Verizon's 3G service, with very limited areas in blue to show 3G service for AT&T, which at the time was required to use the full capabilities of the iPhone. The ads progressively got more aggressive, including one where the iPhone was placed on the Island of Misfit Toys.
In 2010 Verizon launched its latest advertising campaign creating the new tagline "Rule The Air." The campaign boasts Verizon's allegedly superior ability to "send a strong signal" and early advertisements heavily feature Verizon's range of Android powered smartphones.
In 2011, Paul Marcarelli reprised his role as the Verizon test man to promote the Verizon iPhone 4, slamming AT&T's network when he answers a phone call using the iPhone with, "Yes, I can hear you now."
At the 2012 United States Grand Prix the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes team, featured Verizon logos on their cars sidepods and drivers overalls.
Get It Now is Verizon Wireless' implementation of Qualcomm's BREW technology, allowing a user to download and use applications on a Verizon Wireless Get It Now-enabled phone. It is a proprietary interface to download ringtones, music, games, applications, and use instant messaging on a phone. Users usually are unable to load content on the Verizon Wireless phones outside of Get It Now system; this is done for financial reasons. Verizon Wireless has exclusivity agreements with its Get It Now content providers (this is a walled garden system). Sometimes cell phone enthusiasts perform unsupported modifications to their phones or use 3rd-party software to make the phone accept non- Get It Now -originated content, or use free services that send ring tones through picture messaging, like Mobile17. In 2008 Verizon Wireless announced that their "Get It Now" service will be renamed "Media Center" on all their future phones beginning with the LG EnV2.
On March 25, 2011, Verizon sent a software update to Get It Now to users of some older phones. If the phone was not activated at that time, or had a data block, the phone did not receive the required update to continue Get It Now functionality. Phone models known to be affected include the LG VX8100, LG VX8300 and LG VX9100 series. Subscribers with these phones can no longer acquire applications, update applications and software or access Backup Assistant from their phones unless they visit a Verizon Wireless Retail Store and have the phone flashed with the update.
All applications through Get It Now/Media Center are BREW-based and the selection differs depending on what Verizon phone one is using.
Many first-time mobile phone users freely access the internet through internet-capable phones ("Mobile Web"), only to find that a sizable charge has been added to their phone bill at month's end. Verizon currently charges $1.99 USD per megabyte (in 2009) and $10 USD per 75 megabytes downloaded into the phone from the internet. This is called "Megabyte Usage" or "Data Usage". Whenever anyone accesses the internet, the charge is incurred, because in order to access the web, web pages must be downloaded into the phone for viewing. New customers are often confused on what activities incur a charge and which activities do not. Visiting 50 web pages is a download of .3 MB. A visit to Media Center/Get It Now page incurs a charge, even if nothing is bought/downloaded. Music, games or ringtones downloads incurs the MB charge, but Picture/Video messaging (MMS) does not charge. Whenever data is being downloaded into the phone, a little phone icon with arrows going back and forth appears. Blocks can be set by account owner to block specific types of downloads. If a specific type of unlimited download is included in the customer's plan, then the customer is charged a flat fee per month instead of per MB.
Within Get It Now, Verizon has implemented an aGPS navigation application, VZ Navigator, that works for the most part like a standalone aGPS unit. Users can also locate businesses within their vicinity, searching by category or business name. Users can type in addresses and receive turn by turn directions to their destination.
Also within Get It Now/Media Center is V CAST, Verizon Wireless' high-speed audio, video on demand, and entertainment delivery system.
Verizon Wireless uses Qualcomm's MediaFLO technology to broadcast live TV to certain phones, such as the LG Voyager. A VCAST mobile TV subscription is required. This service was discontinued in November 2010.
A subscription based service which allows access for $9.99 per month for unlimited song downloads to a person's computer using the VCAST with Rhapsody software. This program also allows the user to sync the music with up to three different media devices examples (mobile phones and mp3 players). The user has to authorize these devices through the VCast with Rhapsody software in order to sync the music. However if the consumer wants to move the music from a digital medium to a physical medium example (compact disc) the consumer will need to pay $.99 per song in order to move it to that physical medium.
Backup Assistant is a white label product that backs up the mobile address books of Verizon Wireless subscribers. The contacts are stored on My Verizon and can be edited and migrated to a new device if needed. However, on March 25, 2011, Verizon discontinued offering Get It Now to users of some older phones. Subscribers with these phones can no longer access Backup Assistant from their phones. Backup Assistant is free for Verizon Wireless customers. The technology for Backup Assistant is provided by Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. In February 2010, Backup Assistant became free to all VZW subscribers. Verizon has also introduced Backup Assistant Plus, which allows customers to back up additional media such as pictures for a small fee and different plan sizes.
On February 16, 2009, Verizon Wireless launched its new service, called Friends & Family, in light of their recent acquisition of Alltel Wireless, which had a similar service called My Circle. With an eligible plan, customers will have unlimited calling to a select group of numbers outside their standard mobile-to-mobile calling group, including landlines. This will give single line accounts up to 5 numbers to choose from on plans with 900 or more minutes, and family plan accounts up to 10 numbers to choose from on plans with 1,400 or more minutes.
In February 2011, Verizon Wireless rolled out "Home Phone Connect". This wireless local loop service competes directly with landline services from local carriers and offers unlimited US calling for $19.99/month plus taxes and surcharges. Although the Verizon Wireless Network is used to carry signal to and from the residence where the service is installed, subscribers use their home phones rather than a mobile handset to make and receive calls. The device which interfaces between the Verizon network and home phones is identical in function to the devices called ATAs which VoIP providers like Vonage use as an interface between the Internet and phones. Verizon Wireless promotes the fact that no Internet connection is required and supplies the interface device for free with a two-year contract or charges a one time fee of $99.99 on a month-to-month plan.
The device supplied by Verizon Wireless includes battery backup so that, like a PSTN line, it will continue to function during a power outage. It also has a GPS so that accurate location information can be provided on a 911 call.
The service is not compatible with satellite TV DVRs, medical monitoring devices, fax machines, and most wired home monitoring systems. Wireless security systems, however, circumvent the need for a landline connection and are therefore unaffected by the switch to Verizon's device.
A variant of the service is available for a $9.99/month plus taxes and surcharges. This is essentially an extra line on an existing Verizon Wireless mobile phone plan and does not include unlimited calling.
Main article: Claro Puerto Rico
The Claro brand ("claro" being Spanish for "sure" or "clear") was launched in Puerto Rico on May 18, 2007 as rebranding the Verizon Wireless trademark, after Verizon International sold its stake in Puerto Rico Telephone Co. (PRTC). Claro is the wireless arm of PRTC, which serves wireline telephone and data services in the island. The brand was introduced to the wireless segment after March 30, 2007 acquisition of the telecom by América Móvil.
The company has made public its plans to launch a GSM/UMTS network parallel to the CDMA/EvDO network it operates since 2002. Claro has mobile voice and data services in Puerto Rico's 78 cities and towns and its coverage is constantly expanding, the company says.
Verizon Wireless still offers voice coverage in Puerto Rico by roaming on the Claro network. On America's Choice II and Nationwide calling plans, usage on this network is included at no cost (considered Extended Network) but on any other plan it costs $.69 per min.
Starting May 1, 2009, due to an agreement with the CDMA company "Iusacell", Verizon Wireless offers the Nationwide + Mexico calling plans. These plans allow users to call Mexico as part of their regular minutes.
On August 17, 2009 Verizon began their work with Catalyst Communications Technologies. Catalyst integrated Verizon Wireless Push-to-Talk service with traditional Land Mobile Radio (LMR) Systems. This allowed for greater RoIP. This advanced solution dynamically routes Push-to-Talk voice on the Verizon Wireless nationwide network and calls placed on private radio systems and connects the two together. The new solution routes push-to-talk voice and calls placed on private radio systems on the Verizon Wireless nationwide network. The Catalyst IP|Console provides dispatch of Verizon Wireless push-to-talk calls as well as legacy Land Mobile Radio calls. The solution is designed for public safety, transportation, energy, federal and other critical communications agencies.
On October 14, 2010 Apple Inc. and Verizon Wireless announced a partnership that would bring the Apple iPad to Verizon Wireless Stores across the United States on October 28, 2010. While the collaboration will not see Verizon compatible technology embedded in the iPad, it will bundle the iPad Wi-Fi with a Verizon MiFi 2200 Mobile Hotspot.
On January 5, 2011, at the International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas, Verizon Wireless demonstrated the Onsight mobile collaboration system by Librestream using the Verizon Wireless 4G LTE network. The system allows field workers to stream high resolution video, speak, and draw onscreen with remote workers, extending the power of mobile collaboration to locations previously difficult to reach.
On January 11, 2011, Verizon announced during a media event that it had reached an agreement with Apple Inc. and would begin selling a CDMA2000 iPhone 4. The Verizon iPhone 4 went on sale on February 10, 2011. It includes features such as 'Mobile Hotspot', which allows a user to use the iPhone as a wireless hotspot, with up to 5 devices connecting at one time. It also has a new antennae that is said to solve the 'death grip', which means that holding the iPhone 4 in a certain way would deplete its signal rapidly. Due to the minor 2-mm downward movement of the volume buttons, cases were adapted to specifically fit the Verizon iPhone.
On December 19, 2011, General Motors announced plans to join with Verizon to offer video chat and streaming content to automobile passengers.
MiFi devices used through Verizon Wireless have gotten wildly mixed reviews. While newer models are fast, there are data usage accounting issues associated with Verizon Wireless' determination of data used. As seen in the "Community blogs" on the Verizon Wireless website, many users are getting charged for data that they never used. The actual usage can be seen by going to the "detailed usage" link on the website which details the specific times the MiFi device was used. In many cases the actual data use was not even 10% as much as claimed on the Verizon bill. Verizon seems either unwilling or unable to rectify this problem for many users, despite exhaustive attempts to contact them and fix the problem (community.verizonwireless.com/thread/733756?...). One person that relayed their story of dealing with the Customer Service Dept on a billing issue was told by the representative that "There was obviously a problem with the amount of data usage listed and subsequently charged, and that the problem would be fixed within 24-48 hours. Please call back and we will rectify the billing issues after we fix the data usage issue." Unfortunately even a week later the account is still wrong with nothing corrected and even more data usage listed.
Verizon no longer restricts or disables GPS chips in their phones. However, in previous years, Verizon restricted GPS functionality on many of the devices it sold. On November 30, 2007 Verizon Wireless was named in a class action lawsuit alleging the company deceived customers by advertising the devices as "GPS enabled". The suit alleged that, before sale, Verizon intentionally disabled the devices' built-in global positioning systems (GPS), offering instead a proprietary, fee-based GPS service.
Since this dispute, all smartphones sold on the Verizon network have their GPS receivers unlocked by default, and some older devices can be unlocked with a firmware upgrade. Phone hackers were able to restore GPS functionality in some older models that did not receive firmware updates. Assisted GPS (aGPS), however, remains unavailable on some Verizon smartphones, notably the Palm Pre Plus, which requires aGPS to function as a standalone GPS, as Verizon claims it will.
Today, Verizon no longer restricts any bluetooth settings or capabilities. However, at one point Verizon did lock out some bluetooth options. Verizon advertised the Motorola V710 as having full Bluetooth capability, when in reality it had no OBEX or OPP functions built in. After many complaints, a class action suit was filed for false advertising, not only for advertising missing capabilities, but also for telling customers who complained to Verizon that an update was coming out "in November." The lawsuit was initiated in January 2005 and settlement decision became final on March 20, 2006, with Verizon offering to qualified members of the class action suit (purchased a V710 BEFORE February 2, 2005) a $25 credit to all of its V710 customers, or the option to trade in the V710 for $200 or original purchase price and allow them either to keep their phone number and service or to break their contract and discontinue service with Verizon. The settlement to the lawsuit did not directly address the V710's restrictions. The same hardware crippling exists with Motorola's successor to the V710, the E815, but unlike the V710, the E815 was marked clearly that OBEX and OPP was disabled. Additionally, through a SEEM edit, OBEX could be enabled on the 815, but not on the 710 (the Verizon e815 lacks the OPP profile altogether).
OBEX and OPP was disabled on the majority of Verizon's handsets. This prevents phone to phone transfers through bluetooth. The reasoning given by Verizon is to prevent lawsuits involving the use of bluetooth to transfer licensed or copyrighted materials.
In previous years, Verizon Wireless had removed the ability to use MP3s as ringtones for some phones. This included blocking the feature in firmware updates for the Motorola V710 and several other newer phones for ringtone transfers, making it more difficult – but not impossible – to transfer MP3s from the phone's microSD card at that time. This update also disabled editing of the homepage field in WebSessions, making it more difficult to use alternate WAP gateways. One result of this crippling has been a prominent network of "unofficial" web sites, documenting how to enable, access, or use hidden or crippled features.
Today, nearly all Verizon Wireless phones can save an MP3 as a ringtone, simply by Picture messaging or e-mailing the file as an attachment.
Verizon Wireless had come under fire by "power users" of its EV-DO wireless data network (called Mobile Broadband, formerly BroadbandAccess), for using language in its terms of service which heavily restricts what activities an EV-DO user can conduct even though the service is advertised as offering "Unlimited" data usage. The service was in fact limited to 5 GB of data transfer per month (as part of a fair use policy). The language in Verizon Wireless' previous usage agreement stated:
Unlimited NationalAccess/BroadbandAccess services cannot be used (1) for uploading, downloading or streaming of movies, music or games, (2) with server devices or with host computer applications, including, but not limited to, Web camera posts or broadcasts, automatic data feeds, Voice over IP (VoIP), automated machine-to-machine connections, or peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing, or (3) as a substitute or backup for private lines or dedicated data connections... We reserve right to limit throughput or amount of data transferred, deny or terminate service, without notice, to anyone we believe is using NationalAccess or BroadbandAccess in any manner prohibited above or whose usage adversely impacts our network or service levels.
These plans were quickly eliminated in favor of 5GB plans, which cost the same as the prior "Unlimited" plan. Verizon Chief Financial Officer Fran Shammo dismissed the term "Unlimited" as just a word.
On June 2, 2007, Kelsey Smith, a teenager from Overland Park, Kansas, was abducted in a Target parking lot behind the Oak Park Mall. She was murdered later that night, and immediately after an abandoned car was found, a search began for her. Local law enforcement involved in the investigation contacted Verizon Wireless, the family's cell phone provider at the time of the murder, for records to pinpoint a search location for her. Despite efforts made by the local investigators and eventually the FBI, it took Verizon three days to hand over cell phone records to law enforcement. A Verizon technician pinpointed a cell phone tower and told investigators to search 1.1 miles (1.8 km) north of the tower. Within 45 minutes, the body of Kelsey Smith was found.
In late 2009, Verizon started an ad campaign "There's A Map For That," to parody the iPhone's "There is an app for that" and the AT&T network coverage. Since iPhones used AT&T, and maps used in the commercials claimed Verizon had five times the 3G coverage of AT&T, iPhones were not as useful as they could be with Verizon's 3G coverage. This campaign was followed by new "iDon't" ads for Droid phones which pointed out that Droids could do more than the iPhone could do. In November, AT&T filed a lawsuit against Verizon stating that they reach the same number of customers as Verizon Wireless, and claiming the ads were "misleading" and caused a loss of "incalculable market share." The ads only refer to 3G, and not overall coverage. However, the ads claim that many people outside urban areas may not receive 3G, in an industry where 4G may soon be the premium standard. Verizon has edited their ads, removing "out of touch" and adding in small print, "Voice and data services available outside of 3G areas." AT&T still does not agree with the ads, stating in their response, "The ads still confuse non-technical viewers into thinking AT&T provides no service at all outside of its 3G coverage." Verizon responded as follows: "AT&T did not file this lawsuit because Verizon’s 'There’s A Map For That' advertisements are untrue; AT&T sued because Verizon’s ads are true and the truth hurts." AT&T was defeated and Verizon continued][ to air their "There's A Map For That" ad campaign for a number of months after. AT&T has since issued a response featuring actor Luke Wilson, stating that AT&T covers 97% of Americans, although this is not entirely 3G coverage.
On October 3, 2010, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) confirmed that they were investigating so-called "mystery fees" that Verizon Wireless was charging their customers. The "mystery fees" were charged to customers who did not have data usage plans, or had data blocks, but had devices capable of using data. These devices could access web-pages that were supposed to be free, and instead, they would incur charges. This happened as Verizon changed its plans from minutes to include data charges. At first there were no issues, however internally executives were warned by employees by internal forums. These were reported by several employees and refereed to as "Phantom MB charges". Verizon charged $1.99/MB to customers without data plans.
On October 28, 2010, the FCC announced that they had reached a settlement with Verizon. Verizon refunded a minimum of $52.8 million to 15 million customers. In addition to the refund Verizon Wireless provided relevant customer service training, information to consumers wanting refunds, and plain-language explanations of data charges.
In addition to the $52.8 million Verizon Wireless paid in refunds, they also made a $25 million payment to the U.S. Treasury. Verizon stated that the payment to the treasury was voluntary, and that they accepted responsibility for their errors. The payment to the treasury is the largest in history, followed by a $24 million fine that Univision paid in 2007.
On April 5, 2011, Verizon Wireless agreed to pay the federal government $93.5 million (later increased to $96.5 million) to settle a “qui tam” case brought by a whistleblower. The lawsuit, brought under the federal False Claims Act, alleged Verizon fraudulently billed the U.S. government for voice and data communication surcharges for six years.
On August 21, 2012, the FCC approved Verizon's $3.6 billion purchase of cellular frequencies from cable companies Comcast, Time Warner, Cox and Bright House.
Early in 2006, Verizon announced their intent to buy out the remaining 45% of stock of Verizon Wireless from Vodafone. Vodafone, however, stated they "have no current plans to exit" the US market by giving up its stake in Verizon Wireless.
On December 19, 2006, it was announced Verizon Wireless' CEO Denny Strigl has been called up to parent Verizon Communications to be the company's new President and COO. He was to begin serving in the new post on January 1, 2007. Verizon Wireless COO Lowell McAdam was to take over Strigl's role as CEO of VZW.
On September 20, 2010, it was announced Verizon Wireless's CEO, and Verizon COO Lowell McAdam has been called up to parent Verizon Communications to be the company's new CEO, replacing Ivan Seidenberg. He was to begin serving in the new post on October 1, 2010. Verizon Wireless Daniel Mead was to take over McAdam's role as CEO of VZW.
Qwest Communications International Inc. (NYSE: Q) and Verizon Wireless announced on May 5, 2008 that they have signed a 5-year agreement for Qwest to market and sell Verizon Wireless service beginning the summer of 2008.
On November 28, 2011 Verizon Wireless retail workers in Bloomington, Illinois filed for union representation from the Communications Workers of America. If the union election passes, this will be the first union-represented Verizon Wireless retail location in the United States.
On February 21, 2012, T-Mobile filed a formal petition with the FCC asking them to block the sale to Verizon Wireless of spectrum first purchased at auction in 2006 by Comcast, Time Warner Cable, and Cox Communications.
Android is an operating system based on the Linux kernel, and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. The first Android-powered phone was sold in October 2008.
The user interface of Android is based off direct manipulation, using touch inputs that loosely correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching and reverse pinching to manipulate on-screen objects. Internal hardware such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and proximity sensors are used by some applications to respond to additional user actions, for example adjusting the screen from portrait to landscape depending on how the device is oriented. Android allows users to customize their homescreens with shortcuts to applications and widgets, which allow users to display live content, such as emails and weather information, directly on the homescreen. Applications can further send notifications to the user to inform them of relevant information, such as new emails and text messages.
Android is an operating system for mobile devices that includes a modified versions of the Linux kernel, middleware, and key applications. This page seeks to list and compare hardware devices that are shipped with either Google's Android operating system or its OPhone derivative from China Mobile.
Google announced that in Q3 2011 the total number of Android activations had surpassed 190 million, which was a significant increase from 135 million the previous quarter. The increase was boosted by sales of Android smartphones at lower prices from Chinese and Indian manufacturers. As of 3 September 2013, there have been 1 billion Android devices activated.
HTC Touch Pro2
Websites designed for access from these browsers are referred to as wireless portals or collectively as the Mobile Web. They may automatically create "mobile" versions of each page, for example this one.
The HTC Touch Pro2 (also known as the AT&T Tilt 2, HTC Tytn III; codename: HTC Rhodium, HTC Barium, HTC Tungsten) is a slate smartphone, part of the Touch series of Internet-enabled, Windows Mobile, Pocket PC smartphones designed and marketed by HTC Corporation of Taiwan. It is an enhanced version of the HTC Touch Pro with a left-side slide-out QWERTY keyboard, with tilting screen. The Touch Pro2 smartphone's functions include those of a camera phone and a portable media player in addition to text messaging and multimedia messaging. It also offers Internet services including e-mail, instant messaging, web browsing, and local Wi-Fi connectivity. Visual voicemail is not a standard feature for the Touch Pro2, unlike its predecessor the Touch Pro. The Verizon Wireless version does include a visual voicemail application, however. All versions feature TouchFLO 3D — a new enhanced version of the TouchFLO interface, unique only to the latest Touch series. The latest update renamed TouchFLO 3D to SenseUI, to match HTC's Android offering. The Touch Pro2 — along with its sister model, the Touch Diamond2 — were unveiled on February 16, 2009 in Barcelona, Spain at the Mobile World Congress 2009. Specific enhancements over the original Touch Pro include:
The Touch Pro2 was released in May 2009.
As can be learned from the article Linux range of use, Linux kernel-based operating systems are ubiquitously found on diverse hardware platforms. This article, Linux for embedded systems, is about the use of Linux kernel-based operating systems on embedded systems such as customer-premises equipment, in-vehicle infotainment (IVI), networking equipment, machine control, industrial automation, navigation equipment and medical instruments in general. The term Customer-premises equipment (CPE) comprises Smart TVs, Home theater PCs, set-top boxes, wireless routers and similar networking equipment, and other consumer electronics devices.
The article Linux for mobile devices covers all Linux kernel-based operating systems for touchscreen-based embedded devices, such as smartphones and tablet computers, but also some mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) portable media players that come with a touchscreen separately.