The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve, and informally as the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. It was created on December 23, 1913, with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, largely in response to a series of financial panics, particularly a severe panic in 1907. Over time, the roles and responsibilities of the Federal Reserve System have expanded and its structure has evolved. Events such as the Great Depression were major factors leading to changes in the system.
The U.S. Congress established three key objectives for monetary policy in the Federal Reserve Act: Maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates. The first two objectives are sometimes referred to as the Federal Reserve's dual mandate. Its duties have expanded over the years, and today, according to official Federal Reserve documentation, include conducting the nation's monetary policy, supervising and regulating banking institutions, maintaining the stability of the financial system and providing financial services to depository institutions, the U.S. government, and foreign official institutions. The Fed also conducts research into the economy and releases numerous publications, such as the Beige Book.
Hymenopodidae is a family of the order Mantodea (mantises), which contains four subfamilies. These are sometimes referred to as Flower Mantises, as many species in this family mimic flowers and are found camouflaged among them. The coloration is aggressive mimicry, luring prey to approach close enough to be seized and eaten.
Sudanese Hymenopodid Mantis, Pseudocreobotra species
Pseudoharpax virescens, common name Gambian Spotted-eye Flower Mantis, is a species of praying mantis native to East, Central and West Africa. It takes its name from two eye spots on the dorsal side of the abdomen of adult females.
Deroplatys desiccata, known by the common names Giant Dead Leaf Mantis and (less-frequently) Malaysian Dead Leaf Mantis, is a species of praying mantis from Southeast Asia.
D. desiccata takes its common name from its resemblance to dead, leafy vegetation including having a flattened, greatly extended thorax and "intricate leaf patterns" on its wings. This insect varies in color from mottled brown through "pale orangey brown" to a very dark brown that is almost black.