Weight Watchers International is an international company based in the United States that offers various products and services to assist weight loss and maintenance. Founded in 1963 by Brooklyn homemaker Jean Nidetch, it now[update] operates in about 30 countries around the world, generally under names that are local translations of “Weight Watchers”. The core philosophy behind Weight Watchers programs is to use a science-driven approach to help participants lose weight by forming helpful habits, eating smarter, getting more exercise and providing support.
The term weight-watcher, in the same sense, had circulated publicly for several years before the company was formed.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.
Historically, people secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering, and agriculture. Today, most of the food energy consumed by the world population is supplied by the food industry.
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or drink whose recipe has been altered in some way to make it part of a body modification diet. Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type, although bodybuilding supplements are designed to aid in gaining weight or muscle.
In addition to diet other words or phrases are used to identify and describe these foods including light, zero calorie, low calorie, low fat, no fat and sugar free. In some areas use of these terms may be regulated by law. For example in the U.S. a product labeled as "low fat" must not contain more than 3 grams of fat per serving; and to be labeled "fat free" it must contain less than 0.5 grams of fat per serving.
Dietary fiber, dietary fibre, or sometimes roughage and ruffage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants and waste of animals that eat dietary fiber.
There are two main components:
Food energy is energy that animals (including humans) derive from their food, through the process of cellular respiration, the process of joining oxygen with the molecules of food (aerobic respiration) or of reorganizing the atoms within the molecules for anaerobic respiration.
Humans and other animals need a minimum intake of food energy to sustain their metabolism and drive their muscles. Foods are composed chiefly of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins, and minerals. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water represent virtually all the weight of food, with vitamins and minerals making up only a small percentage of the weight. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins comprise ninety percent of the dry weight of foods. Food energy is derived from carbohydrates, fats and proteins as well as organic acids, polyols, and ethanol present in the diet. Some diet components that provide little or no food energy, such as water, minerals, vitamins and fiber, may still be necessary to health and survival for other reasons. Water contains very stable chemical bonds and so cannot be oxidized to provide energy. Vitamins and minerals are present in very small amounts (in milli- or micrograms) and also cannot be used for energy. Fiber, a type of carbohydrate, cannot be completely digested by the human body. Ruminants can extract food energy from the respiration of cellulose thanks to bacteria in their rumens.
Cracklin' Oat Bran is a breakfast cereal introduced in 1977 by Kellogg's. The cereal is made of oat bran flavored with cinnamon and nutmeg, and held together by brown sugar in the form of a rectangle. The cereal is a source of dietary fiber, as its first two ingredients are whole oats and sugar, but it contains a significant amount of saturated fat due to the use of palm oil. The palm oil used in the cereal is modified slightly to suggest more of a sugary flavor than normal palm oil.
The recipe for Cracklin' Oat Bran underwent a major change in 1989, when consumer health advocates pushed for Kellogg's to remove coconut oil, which is 92% saturated fat, from the cereal. Another addition made was increasing the level of crackling. One serving of Cracklin' Oat Bran (minus milk) contains 34 grams of carbohydrates, 14 grams of sugar, 6 grams of dietary fiber, 4.4 grams of protein, 3.4 grams of saturated fat, 0.1 grams of trans fat, and 200 calories.
A bacon, egg and cheese sandwich is a breakfast sandwich popular in the United States, made with bacon, eggs (typically fried or scrambled), cheese and bread, which may be buttered and toasted. Many similar sandwiches exist, substituting alternate meat products for the bacon or using different varieties of cheese or bread. The sandwich is often served as a breakfast item with coffee. BEC is sometimes used as an acronym for the sandwich, as is BE&C.
Many variations of the sandwich exist. Common choices for cheese include American, cheddar, and Swiss. The bacon can be substituted with many other types of preserved or seasoned meat like breakfast sausage, ham, back bacon, or pork roll. Various types of bread roll can be used as the bread for the sandwich, such as a croissant, bagel or kaiser roll. Tomato is sometimes used as an addition, and more robust version includes a hash brown. The dish can also be served as a burrito or taco.