Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon , // POH-kay-mon) is a media franchise published and owned by Japanese video game company Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games developed by Game Freak, Pokémon has since become the second-most successful and lucrative video game-based media franchise in the world, behind only Nintendo's own franchiseMario. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary in 2006, and as of 28 May 2010 [update], cumulative sales of the video games (including home console versions, such as the "Pikachu" Nintendo 64) have reached more than 200 million copies. In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc. (now The Pokémon Company International), a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.
The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters (ポケットモンスター Poketto Monsutā ). The term Pokémon, in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 718 known fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the release of the sixth generation titles Y and Pokémon X. "Pokémon" is identical in both the singular and plural, as is each individual species name; it is grammatically correct to say "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon", as well as "one Pikachu" and "many Pikachu".
The gameplay of the Pokémon series of role-playing video games involves the capture and training of a variety of fictional creatures called "Pokémon" and using them to battle other trainers. Each successive generation of games builds upon this concept by introducing new Pokémon, items, and gameplay concepts. Some of the general concepts were featured elsewhere before being introduced in the games; double battles appeared in the anime long before appearing in the games, and Pokémon abilities are similar to the Pokémon Powers introduced in the Pokémon Trading Card Game, which also introduced Shiny Pokémon.
Cyndaquil, Quilava, and Typhlosion, known in Japan as Hinoarashi (ヒノアラシ), Magmarashi (マグマラシ), and Bakphoon (バクフーン) are three Pokémon species in Nintendo and Game Freak's Pokémon franchise. Created by Ken Sugimori, Cyndaquil, Quilava, and Typhlosion first appeared in the video games Silver and Pokémon Gold and subsequent sequels, later appearing in various merchandise, spinoff titles and animated and printed adaptations of the franchise.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team (ポケモン不思議のダンジョン 青の救助隊 Pokemon Fushigi no Danjon Ao no Kyūjotai ) and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Red Rescue Team (ポケモン不思議のダンジョン 赤の救助隊 Pokemon Fushigi no Danjon Aka no Kyūjotai ) are a matched pair of Pokémon games for the Nintendo DS and Game Boy Advance, respectively. These two games were developed by Chunsoft and published by Nintendo. It was the last Pokémon-themed video game to be released on the Game Boy Advance. The two versions are mostly identical, with the Blue version taking advantage of the dual-screen features and increased graphical capabilities of the Nintendo DS. The game has six Pokémon exclusive to each version.
Similar to other Chunsoft 'Mystery dungeon' titles, the gameplay revolves around randomly changing dungeons which need to be explored by the player and their partner Pokémon using turn based moves. The story focuses on the player who has been turned into a Pokémon and has developed amnesia who later joins a rescue team with a partner Pokémon while finding out who they are. The game received mixed reviews, being criticized for the repetitive nature of the changing dungeons but praised for its addictive nature. As of July 25, 2007, Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team had sold 3.08 million copies worldwide. Sequels, Explorers of Darkness and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time were released in Japan on September 13, 2007, and were released in North America on April 20, 2008. They featured Generation IV Pokémon, improved Wi-Fi features, and more touch-screen options.
Mystery Dungeon (不思議のダンジョン Fushigi no Dungeon ) is a series of roguelike video games, most of which were developed by Chunsoft (later Spike Chunsoft), but with select titles in the series developed by other companies with Chunsoft's permission. The series began as co–creator of Dragon Quest Koichi Nakamura was inspired by a fellow developer's experience with the video game Rogue, and a desire to create an original series. The franchise has had games across different platforms, starting on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, and later on the Game Boy, Nintendo 64, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Nintendo Wii, and the Nintendo 3DS.
Original characters include Shiren the Wanderer and his companions. The series has inspired similar titles in Japan, most of which appropriate their games mechanics from Mystery Dungeon, rather than Rogue itself. The franchise has expanded its gameplay and story features over time to popularize the game with less "hardcore" players, with a mixed reception. The series has had moderate popularity, and has found most of its success with the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series, and to a lesser extent the Chocobo games.
Chikorita (チコリータ Chikorīta ), Bayleef (ベイリーフ Beirīfu ), and Meganium (メガニウム Meganiumu ) are three Pokémon species in Nintendo and Game Freak's Pokémon franchise. Created by Ken Sugimori, Chikorita, Bayleef, and Meganium first appeared in the video games Silver and Pokémon Gold and subsequent sequels, later appearing in various merchandise, spinoff titles and animated and printed adaptations of the franchise.
In journalism, a human interest story is a feature story that discusses a person or people in an emotional way. It presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest, sympathy or motivation in the reader or viewer.
Human interest stories may be "the story behind the story" about an event, organization, or otherwise faceless historical happening, such as about the life of an individual soldier during wartime, an interview with a survivor of a natural disaster, a random act of kindness or profile of someone known for a career achievement.