Did most people live in the North or South in the 1800s?


North had a higher population.

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Hemba language The Hemba people (or Eastern Luba) are an ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Hemba language belongs to a group of related languages spoken by people in a belt that runs from southern Kasai to northeastern Zambia. Other peoples speaking related languages include the Luba of Kasai and Shaba, the Kanyok, Songye, Kaonde, Sanga, Bemba and the people of Kazembe. Today the Hemba people live in the north of Zambia, and their language is understood throughout Zambia. Some also live in Tanzania. They live west of Lake Tanganyika and Lake Mweru in the DRC, and their villages are found several hundred miles up the Lualaba River. The Hemba people migrated eastward to the Lualaba valley from the Luba empire, probably some time after 1600. They traded salt for iron hoes made in the Luba heartland, and wore raphia cloth that came by way of the Luba from the Songye people further to the west. At the time of the eastward expansion of the Luba Kingdom under King Ilunga Sungu around 1800, Hemba people were living in a territory bounded by the Lukuga River in the north, the Luvua River in the south and the Lualaba River to the west. The lower Lukuga and the Lualaba provided natural lines of communication, and the river valleys were densely populated. During Ilunga Sungu's rule the southern Hemba became tributaries to the Luba. They were headed by a "fire king", who symbolically represented the Luba king. The Hemba fire kingdom cut its links to the Luba empire after Ilunga Sungu died. His successor, Kumwimbe Ngombe, had to fight several campaigns to recover the eastern territories. Kumwimbe created a client state that united the Hemba villages of the Lukushi River valley, and that played an important role in preserving Luba dominance over other small states in the region. Later the Hemba regained their independence, but were subject to attacks by Arab slave traders in the later part of the nineteenth century, and then to colonization by the Belgians. The Hemba people live in villages, recognizing chiefs as their political leaders. A chief will be the head of an extended family of landowners, inheriting his title through the maternal line. Hemba people may also belong to secret societies such as the Bukazanzi for men and Bukibilo for women. The So'o secret society is guarded by the beautifully carved mask of a chimpanzee, which is used in rituals that relate to the ancestral spirits. These societies serve to offset the power of the chief. Although the Luba people failed to keep the southern Hemba in their kingdom they did have considerable cultural influence. Art forms, including wooden sculptures representing ancestors, are similar in style to Luba sculptures. The Hemba religion recognizes a creator god and a separate supreme being. The Hemba make sacrifices and present offerings at the shrines of ancestors. When social harmony has been upset, religious leaders may demand offerings to the specific ancestors that have become displeased and are causing the trouble. Each clan owns a kabeja, a statuette with one body and two faces, male and female, on one neck. Sacrifices are made to the kabeja, which will convey them to the spirits. A receptacle on the top of the kabeja is used to receive magic incredients. A kabeja is dangerous to handle. The villagers live by subsistence agriculture, growing manioc, maize, peanuts, and yams. They also hunt and fish to a small extent to supplement their diet. Cash is obtained through panning alluvial copper from the streams. Many Hemba men are also employed as miners in the copperbelt. The Hemba artistic tradition is well-known. Subjects include ancestral figures, spirits, human faces and ceremonial masks. Mask from the Bakali-Kwenge region Warrior Ancestor Figure; 19th century Male figure, Niembo chiefdom, late 19th to early 20th century Male figure, Niembo chiefdom, late 19th to early 20th century
North Spearfish is a census-designated place (CDP) in Lawrence County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 2,221 at the 2010 census. North Spearfish is located at (44.507983, -103.885173). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.2 square miles (10.7 km²), all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,306 people, 857 households, and 611 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 556.2 people per square mile (214.5/km²). There were 914 housing units at an average density of 220.5 per square mile (85.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.96% White, 0.09% African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population. 37.2% were of German, 17.3% Norwegian and 7.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 857 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04. In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $35,750, and the median income for a family was $40,455. Males had a median income of $29,559 versus $19,970 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,865. About 7.7% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
Higher Macdonald is a locality of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the City of Hawkesbury north of Upper Macdonald. Population (incl. Central Macdonald, Upper Macdonald and Lower Macdonald) is 174 (Census 2001).
Trinny Cove was a settlement located North-west of Long Harbour in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Trinny Cove was first shown in a 1706 French map of Placentia Bay, it was then named Tinny Cove. It was settled in the early 1800s with the 1835 census showing 12 people living in the community. A Rev. Wix visited the area around this time, mistakingly calling it Tilley Cove. Rev. Wix visited from Great Placentia on a punt of Joseph Dicks', son of Christopher Dicks, a planter, who lived there at the time. At this time many settlers had winter houses in "The Bottom" at Long Harbour. By 1845 the population had grown to its height of 32 people. By 1884 the population had dropped to a low of 6 people. At the start of the 20th Century in 1921 the population had again grew to 23 people in 4 households. The two family names of the community at the time were Thorne and Crann. By 1935 the community had been abandoned, with most people moving to nearby Long Harbour.
The Patwin (also Patween, Southern Wintu) are a Wintun people native to the area of Northern California. The Patwin comprise the southern branch of the Wintun group, native inhabitants of California since approximately 500 AD (Golla 2011: 250). The Patwin were bordered by the Yuki in the northwest; the Nomlaki (Wintun) in the north; the Konkow (Maiduan) in northeast; the Nisenan (Maiduan) and Plains Miwok in the east; the Bay Miwok to the South; the Coast Miwok in the southwest; and the Wappo, Lake Miwok, and Pomo in the west. The "Southern Patwins" lived between what is now Suisun, Vacaville and Putah Creek. By 1800 they had been forced by Spanish and European invaders into small tribal units - Ululatos (Vacaville), Labaytos (Putah Creek), Malacas (Lagoon Valley), Tolenas (Upper Suisun Valley) and Suisunes (Suisun Marsh and Plain). The Patwin spoke a Southern Wintuan language called Patwin. Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. (See Population of Native California.) Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) put the 1770 population of the Wintun, including the Patwin, Nomlaki, and Wintu proper, at 12,000. Sherburne F. Cook (1976a:180-181) estimated the combined population of the Patwin and Nomlaki at 11,300, of which 3,300 represented the southern Patwin. He subsequently raised his figure for the southern Patwin to 5,000 (Cook 1976b:8). Kroeber estimated the population of the combined Wintun groups in 1910 as 1,000. Today Wintun descendants of the three groups total about 2500 people.
Upper Macdonald is a small village of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the City of Hawkesbury on the Macdonald River (a tributary of the Hawkesbury River) north of St Albans. The village was previously known as Howick. Population (incl. Higher Macdonald, Central Macdonald and Lower Macdonald) is 174 (Census 2001).
Mengho Fakir Shar مینگھو فقیر شر is a village of District Khairpur, Pakistan. The village is named after poet Hazrat Mengho Fakir Shar, who was the son of poet Hazrat Ghulam Hyder Godrya Fakir. The village of Mengho Fakir Shar مینگھو فقیر شر is located at a distance of 60 km south of district headquarters Khaipur, and approximately 400 km north of Karachi. This village has almost 500 houses and a population of between 1800 and 2000 people with top of literacy rate in male and female.

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