An athletic trainer is a certified health care professional who practices in the field of sports medicine. Athletic training has been recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA) as an allied health care profession since 1990.
As defined by the Strategic Implementation Team of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) in August 2007:
The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) is a professional membership association serving certified athletic trainers and others who support the athletic training profession in the United States. It also operates in some of the Provinces of Canada.
Founded in 1950, the NATA represents more than 30,000 members worldwide today which equals more than 82 percent of all athletic trainers practicing in the United States.
The Board of Certification (BOC) Inc. was originally established in 1970 to set up a program for certifying Athletic Training Students and created qualifications for recertifying current Certified Athletic Trainers. The certification program for entry-level Athletic Trainers was meant to establish standards to meet in order to enter the profession of Athletic training.
When the BOC began it was part of the National Athletic Trainers' Association and is now commonly called NATABOC, incorporating both names. In 1989 the BOC became an independent corporation. By 1999 this organization had finished defining the profession of athletic training by completing a role delineation study. Through this study the NATABOC wanted to determine what skills and knowledge should be required in order to perform the daily tasks of a Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC). This is when the six domains of athletic training were established and include:
Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. Although most sports teams have employed Team physicians for many years, it is only since the late 20th century that Sport and Exercise Medicine has emerged as a distinct entity in health care.
Athletic training has been recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA) as an allied health care profession since 1990.
As defined by the Strategic Implementing Team of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) in August 2007.
"Athletic training is practiced by athletic trainers, health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients. Athletic training encompasses the prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of emergency, acute and chronic medical conditions involving impairment, functional limitations and disabilities."